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Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology

Junaidi Khotib, Mahardian Rahmadi, Chrismawan Ardianto, Khoirotin Nisak, Rianur Oktavia, Ayu Ratnasari, Yunita Dinintia, Dewi Wara Shinta, Toetik Aryani
Background Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have recently become potential candidates for a new therapeutic approach to ulcer and gastric bleeding. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) plays an important role in cellular resistance to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). However, there is lack of evidence that fluvoxamine recruits Hsp70 to affect stress-induced gastric ulcer. Therefore, we investigated the effect of fluvoxamine on NSAID- and stress-induced gastric ulcer and the possible involvement of Hsp70...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Reham Z Hamza, Rasha A Al-Eisa, Amir E Mehana, Nahla S El-Shenawy
Background Aspartame (ASP) is used for treatment of obesity and diabetes mellitus. This study was designed to illustrate the biochemical responses and histopathological alterations besides the genotoxicity of ASP alone or with l-carnitine (LC) in the liver of rats. Methods Animals were separated into six groups: control, lower dose of ASP (ASP-LD; 75 mg/kg), higher dose of ASP (ASP-HD; 150 mg/kg), l-carnitine (LC; 10 mg/kg), ASP-LD plus LC, and ASP-HD plus LC. Treatment was carried out orally for 30 consecutive days...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Ebenezer Olatunde Farombi, Amos Olalekan Abolaji, Babatunde Oluwafemi Adetuyi, Olaide Awosanya, Mobolaji Fabusoro
Background Acrylonitrile (AN) is a neurotoxin that is widely used to manufacture synthetic fibres, plastics and beverage containers. Recently, we reported the ameliorative role of 6-gingerol-rich fraction from Zingiber officinale (Ginger, GRF) on the chlorpyrifos-induced toxicity in rats. Here, we investigated the protective role of GRF on AN-induced brain damage in male rats. Methods Male rats were orally treated with corn oil (2 mL/kg, control), AN (50 mg/kg, Group B), GRF (200 mg/kg, Group C), AN [50 mg/kg+GRF (100 mg/kg) Group D], AN [(50 mg/kg)+GRF (200 mg/kg) Group E] and AN [(50 mg/kg)+N-acetylcysteine (AC, 50 mg/kg) Group F] for 14 days...
December 22, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Assia Berrani, Ilias Marmouzi, Mourad Kharbach, Abdelhakim Bouyahya, Maha El Hamdani, Meryem El Jemli, Aicha Lrhorfi, Hayat Benassaoui, Meryem Zouarhi, Ouahidi My Larbi, My El Abbes Faouzi, Rachid Bengueddour
Background Based on our previous ethnobotanical survey, the non-investigated Saharan plant Anabasis aretioides Coss. & Moq., growing in the region of Errachidia, was selected for pharmacological investigation. In Moroccan traditional medicine, A. aretioides is being used for diabetes treatment. Thus, the current work aims at evaluating the antidiabetic, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities of the plant in relation to the digestive tract. Methods The different parts of the plant (aerial parts, roots, seeds) were extracted with methanol (MeOH) and screened in enzymatic assays for their inhibitory potential against α-amylase and α-glucosidase, as well as antioxidant and antibacterial activities...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Rajiv Balyan, Ma Cai, Wenhong Zhao, Zhao Dai, Yujia Zhai, Guangping Chen
BackgroundSulfotransferases (SULTs) are phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes. SULTs also regulate the biological activities of biological signaling molecules, such as various hormones, bile acids, and monoamine neurotransmitters; therefore, they play critical roles in the endocrine and nervous systems. People are subject to various kinds of physical, chemical, toxicological, physiological, and psychological stresses at one time or another. The study of the effects produced by stress may lead to finding novel remedies for many disease conditions...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Bahram Eslami Farsani, Samaneh Karimi, Esrafil Mansouri
Background The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of pravastatin (PS) against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced testicular toxicity. Methods A total of 24 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into four groups. Group I received normal saline, Group II received PS (20 mg/kg b.w.) by gavage, Group III was treated with DOX alone (15 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) and Group IV received the combination of DOX and PS. Results After 8 weeks, the results displayed that DOX caused a decrease in testicular volume and index, epididymal sperm count, seminiferous tubule diameter and germinal epithelium...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Priya Arjunwadekar, Savitri Parvatgouda Siddanagoudra
Background A significant relationship has been documented in the literature between the autonomic nervous system imbalance and cardiovascular mortality. In patients with autonomic failure, water ingestion has been shown to increase blood pressure (BP), induce bradycardia, and cause low heart rate variability (HRV). A few studies showed the altered HRV as an acute effect of ice water intake in healthy subjects. None of the studies have shown light on the relationship of BP and HRV to ice water intake in obese and overweight subjects...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Bisi O Adeoye, Ademola A Oyagbemi, Ebunoluwa R Asenuga, Temidayo O Omobowale, Adeolu A Adedapo
Background Cisplatin (CP) is a novel drug of choice in the treatment of cancer but its major limitation is nephrotoxicity, which is dose limiting. Andrographis paniculata (AP) is a common Indian dietary component. It is well known for its medicinal properties. This present study investigated the nephroprotective effect of ethanol leaf extract of Andrographis paniculata (EEAP) on CP-induced nephrotoxicity. Methods CP was used to induce nephrotoxicity in male Wistar rats to study the effect of EEAP on renal damages using hematological parameters, biochemical parameters, histology, and immunohistochemistry studies...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Lucky Legbosi Nwidu, Yibala I Oboma, Ekramy Elmorsy, Wayne Grant Carter
Background Glyphae brevis leaf is reported in ethnomedicine as a treatment for hepatitis and jaundice; however, no studies have hitherto investigated the mechanistic basis of these claims. Methods A hepato-protective role of G. brevis hydromethanolic (GBH) leaf extract was established against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity. Twenty-four hours after a CCl4 challenge, rats were sacrificed and serum hematological indices, lipid profile, and biochemical parameters were determined. The antioxidant enzymes parameters (glutathione, catalase, and superoxide dismutase) and lipid peroxidation product (thiobarbituric reactive substances) levels in liver homogenates were evaluated...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Oumar Mahamat, Tume Christopher, Njouonkou Andre-Ledoux, Amadoh Jude, Nfor Ndiane, Kamanyi Albert
Background Globally, Termitomyces letestui is used by different communities to treat various illnesses, including bacterial infection, although with limited scientific evidence. The current study aims to assess the immunomodulatory and antibacterial properties of the water extract of a wild mushroom, T. letestui in mice model. Methods The base study was completed following the standard methods and procedures using white mice Mus musculus. The immunomodulatory was investigated for humoral and cell-mediated response in both the normal and dexamethasone-immunosuppressed mice...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Hilal Ahmad, Vijay L Kumar
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic mucosal inflammation of the large intestine restricted to the rectum and colon. Its clinical course follows an intermittent pattern with episodes of relapse, followed by remission and eventually resulting in mucosal damage. Although there is no permanent cure for UC, the currently available pharmacotherapy aims to induce and maintain clinical remission, promote the healing of colonic mucosa and avert any surgical intervention. The conventional drug therapy comprising of 5-aminosalicylates, thiopurines and corticosteroids has advanced recently in terms of formulations and dosing schedule, resulting in improved efficacy, safety and compliance...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Deotima Sarkar, Arijit Chakraborty, Adipa Saha, Amar K Chandra
Background Iodine is a nonpareil constituent of thyroid hormones (THs) and a prime regulator of thyroid gland functioning. Although essential at recommended levels for the prevention of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs), exposure to excess iodine reportedly causes hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and several other emerging deleterious impacts. The objective of the present study is to explore the influence of excess iodide exposure on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism along with the histoarchitecture of certain associated organs such as the pancreas, liver, kidney, and skeletal and cardiac muscle because information on those aspects was found to be scanty...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Dilip Chandrasekhar, Athira Dollychan, Bincy Mary Roy, Shinu Cholamughath, Jaffer Chalil Parambil
BACKGROUND: A prospective observational study was carried out over a period of 6 months among the inpatients and outpatients in the departments of general medicine, urology, obstetrics, and gynecology of a tertiary level referral hospital in south Malabar region of Kerala to assess the prevalence of various bacterial isolates and their changing susceptibility to antimicrobial agents and to evaluate the pattern of antibiotic utilization in urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: A total of 680 samples were analyzed from December 2015 to May 2016; among them, only 74 patients met the inclusion criteria...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Newman Osafo, David D Obiri, Aaron O Antwi, Oduro K Yeboah
Background Our earlier studies had given evidence of the traditional application of Xylopia aethiopica in the management of inflammation. The principal constituent obtained from its bio-fractionation is xylopic acid. It is a crystalline diterpene that belongs to the class of kauranes. This work sets out to investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of the xylopic acid isolated from the dried fruit of X. aethiopica. Methods A preliminary anti-inflammatory study, using the protein denaturation model, and in vivo anti-inflammatory assay were employed in the investigation of acute inflammation...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Andriy L Zagayko, Tetiana Ye Kolisnyk, Olena I Chumak, Olena A Ruban, Oleh M Koshovyi
Background Vaccinium myrtillus leaves are known to be rich in phenols and have been used in traditional medicine as an antidiabetic remedy. This study evaluated the powder extract of V. myrtillus leaves obtained with the use of L-arginine and myo-inositol for anti-obesity and lipid-lowering potential in hamsters. Methods Standard phytochemical methods were used to determine the total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of the extract. The obesity condition was induced in Syrian hamsters by feeding them with highly palatable fat- and sugar-rich diet (40...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Md Imamul Islam, Meena Afroze Shanta, Milon Mondal, Nazia Hoque, Senjuti Majumder, Taksim Ahmed, Md Sohel Rana
Background This study was designed to evaluate the free radical scavenging property of chloroform extract of the bark of Stereospermum chelonoides (SCBC) and to investigate its potential in Alzheimer's disease and inflammation, two oxidative stress related disorders. Methods Preliminary phytochemical analysis and in vitro antioxidant potential of SCBC were evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) and total antioxidant capacity determination assay...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Ahmed Abdelsadik
BACKGROUND: Obese patients have a higher risk of developing different metabolic syndromes (MeS), including acute pancreatitis (AP). Although obese individuals are more prone to MeS and more susceptible to local and systemic inflammation in response to AP, thus causing long-lasting hospitalization, higher morbidity and mortality, their underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between obesity and the outcomes of AP in the rat model of AP. METHODS: To assess the link between obesity and AP, 40 male albino rats were divided into two groups: control and those given a high-fat diet for 12 weeks...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Ganiyu Oboh, Adeniyi A Adebayo, Ayokunle O Ademosun
BACKGROUND: Herbs have been used from ages to manage male sexual dysfunction. Hence, this study sought to investigate the effects of Eurycoma longifolia (EL) and Cylicodiscus gabunensis (CG) stem bark extracts on some enzymes implicated in erectile dysfunction in vitro. METHODS: The extracts were prepared, and their effects on phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), arginase, and angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE) as well as pro-oxidant-induced lipid peroxidation were assessed...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Hemlata Gupta, Shripad B Deshpande
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical used in the manufacture of plastics, has toxic effects on various systems of the human body including the reproductive system. BPA possesses estrogenic activity and is implicated in altering oogenesis, ovulation, and fertility. In addition to ovulatory changes, uterine contractility is an important factor for fertility. However, the effects of BPA on myometrial contractions are not known. Therefore, we examined the effect of BPA on rat uterine contractions...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Teesta V Katte, Malempati Rajyalakshmi, Ravindranath H Aladakatti
BACKGROUND: The exploration of the biological assessment of technical azadirachtin, a tetranortritarpinoid from the neem seed kernel, was reviewed. The present study was, therefore, designed to evaluate the dose-dependent in vitro effects of azadirachtin-A, particularly on the functional studies and determination of molecular events, which are critical in the process of sperm capacitation. METHODS: To assess the effects of the azadirachtin-A on the functional studies, sperm capacitation, the total sperm adenosine triphosphate levels, acrosome reaction (AR), the sperm-egg interaction and the determination of molecular events like cyclic adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate and calcium levels, the appropriate volumes of the sperm suspension were added to the medium to a final concentration of 1×106 sperm/mL and incubated in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 37°C...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
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