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New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782079/training-for-workers-and-safety-representatives-on-manufactured-nanomaterials
#1
Aida Ponce Del Castillo
Although nanotechnologies are increasingly present in numerous sectors of the economy, training resources available to workers exposed to them are still rare. In the European Union (EU), some initiatives exist that inform workers about exposure and risks, but they lack two key dimensions: the involvement of workers themselves in designing and implementing training materials and the key role played by safety representatives in improving occupational health and safety in EU member states. Making workers actors of their own training, rather than recipients of it, and empowering them, so that they can collectively question unsafe situations and ask for changes in their working conditions, is how training can positively impact their health and safety...
February 19, 2019: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782078/essential-elements-for-effective-safety-and-health-education-in-postsecondary-construction-career-technical-education
#2
Diane Bush, Charlotte Chang, Kimberly Rauscher, Doug Myers
Because Career Technical Education (CTE) programs at the community/technical college level are among the few places new construction workers receive training or preparation, they are an important vehicle for educating new and young workers about occupational health and safety (OSH). We developed recommendations for (1) OSH "core competencies" that all postsecondary construction students should achieve and (2) "essential elements" for OSH education in construction training programs. Based on a review of the literature, subject matter expert focus groups, and iterative engagement with an expert advisory group, we identified fourteen core competencies and a list of essential supporting elements at the school, program, and instructor levels...
February 19, 2019: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30526326/the-gap-between-tools-and-best-practice-an-analysis-of-safety-prequalification-surveys-in-the-construction-industry
#3
Kang-Hung Liu, Jamie Tessler, Lauren A Murphy, Chien-Chi Chang, Jack T Dennerlein
This study characterizes safety prequalification surveys currently in use in the construction industry to identify approaches that include leading indicators of worker safety performance. We collected prequalification surveys available in the public domain from internet searches, construction company websites, published literature, and construction industry partners. We utilized a conceptual framework, based on safety theory and best practices, to categorize survey questions. Fifty-two prequalification surveys were identified containing 112 unique questions...
December 10, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30518295/climate-change-action-requires-unity-among-movements-for-justice-and-peace
#4
Craig Slatin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30463468/causality-advocacy-workers-compensation-cases-as-resources-for-identifying-and-preventing-diseases-of-modernity
#5
Michael Gilbertson, James Brophy
An appeal process for an injured worker compensation case is a unique opportunity to debate and integrate evidence concerning a potential causal relationship between observations of occupational disease and exposures to various putative risk factors that may also be of significance in public health protection. Through application of Hill's indicia to the evidence presented in a recent appeal process concerning a breast cancer case for a female border guard, a novel epidemic, tentatively called "occupational BRCAness" has been identified and a causal relationship with exposures to traffic-related air pollution and shift work and possibly secondhand tobacco smoke is inferred...
November 22, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30463478/social-justice-and-environmental-justice-is-an-easy-blend-for-us-you-can-t-have-one-without-the-other-an-interview-with-ceej
#6
John Sullivan, Katelyn Parady
Reverend James Black and his daughter, Joi Black-Tate, are key members of the Center for Environmental and Economic Justice team that served as a community hub for risk dissemination and clinical cohort management during the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health risks related to the Macondo Spill effort to characterize risk from the Deepwater Horizon well explosion and crude oil spill. In this interview, Reverend James Black and Ms. Black-Tate discuss how their community in Biloxi, Mississippi, was impacted by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and connect this catastrophe to their previous experiences with collaborative Environmental Protection Agency projects measuring dioxin in "Back Bay Biloxi" and toxic chemical seepage from the Keesler Air Force Base...
November 21, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30463477/always-on-the-edge-of-the-next-big-storm-the-next-big-spill-always-vulnerable-an-interview-with-bayou-interfaith-shared-community-organizing
#7
John Sullivan, Katelyn Parady
In this interview, Sharon and David Gauthe of Bayou Interfaith Shared Community Organizing (Thibodaux, Louisiana) document their personal experiences with adverse health outcomes that seem connected with oil spill exposures and explain their community organizing model based on interfaith collaboration and informed by the methodology and practice values of social work. They also comment on their conceptual framework of the entire Gulf Coast as a regional environmental justice zone, for which they received a Guardian of the Gulf Award by the U...
November 21, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30463476/the-vietnamese-community-members-who-were-part-of-gc-harms-are-more-aware-of-their-health-environmental-impacts-on-their-health-and-how-they-can-have-better-health-an-interview-with-dustin-nguyen
#8
John Sullivan, Beth Rosenberg
In this interview, Mr. Nguyen, Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health risks related to the Macondo Spill Vietnamese community project hub manager (D'Iberville, Mississippi), describes his community's cultural and financial difficulties finding adequate avenues for healthcare and wellness information before the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. He comments extensively on how the project's clinical component in tandem with the Affordable Care Act promoted transformational changes in access to healthcare for his community and comments on generational shifts within the community in terms of language marginalization, its relationship to the pace of acculturation, and the allure of commercial fishing as a livelihood and a career...
November 21, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458675/studying-the-human-health-and-ecological-impacts-of-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-disaster-part-2-introduction-to-this-special-issue-of-new-solutions
#9
Sharon Croisant, John Sullivan
This introduction to the special issue continues an examination of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) project that began in New Solutions 28:3. GC-HARMS was part of a National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences-funded Gulf-wide consortium that created regional community-university research partnerships addressing health impacts from the oil spill exposures. Findings from this program enhanced regional preparedness and reinforced existing disaster-response networks...
November 20, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451569/-ag-gag-laws-evolution-resurgence-and-public-health-implications
#10
Caitlin A Ceryes, Christopher D Heaney
The term "ag-gag" refers to state laws that intentionally limit public access to information about agricultural production practices, particularly livestock production. Originally created in the 1990s, these laws have recently experienced a resurgence in state legislatures. We discuss the recent history of ag-gag laws in the United States and question whether such ag-gag laws create a "chilling effect" on reporting and investigation of occupational health, community health, and food safety concerns related to industrial food animal production...
November 19, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30439293/three-more-voices-papers-for-this-special-issue-of-new-solutions-environmental-justice-in-the-u-s-gulf-coast-region
#11
John Sullivan
The U.S. states along the northern shores of the Gulf of Mexico have often been described as America's Energy Colony. This region is festooned with polluting industries, storage and waste disposal sites for toxic products, and a history of generally lax approaches to environmental public health and enforcement of regulations. This issue of New Solutions includes three interviews of groups and individuals who work for Environmental Justice in the Gulf Coast region. The interviewees provide key insights into the diverse cultural texture and social fabric of the Gulf...
November 15, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30439292/implications-of-the-gc-harms-fishermen-s-citizen-science-network-issues-raised-lessons-learned-and-next-steps-for-the-network-and-citizen-science
#12
John Sullivan, Sharon Croisant, Marilyn Howarth, Wilma Subra, Marylee Orr, Cornelis Elferink
This paper is intended to complement our extended documentation and analysis of the activities of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks related to the Macondo Spill project Community Outreach and Dissemination Core entitled, "Building and maintaining a citizen science network with fishermen and fishing communities after the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach." We discuss nuances of CBPR practice, including trust-building, clarification of stakeholder expectations, balancing timelines and agendas, cultural fluency, and the importance of regional history-political-economic context, regulatory practices, and cultural life-ways-in creating social dynamics that overarch and underpin the entire process...
November 15, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30205745/a-global-perspective-is-needed-to-effectively-protect-environmental-and-occupational-health-and-safety
#13
Craig Slatin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30176788/-losing-your-land-you-feel-like-you-re-losing-your-identity-like-you-re-experiencing-slow-death-an-interview-with-chief-thomas-dardar-houma-nation
#14
John Sullivan, Beth Rosenberg
The Houma Nation was a major community hub for the Citizen Science Network seafood sampling conducted as part of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) research project. They also managed a clinical cohort to facilitate wellness checkups and collection of biological samples during the project. In this interview, Thomas Dardar, Principal Chief of the Houma Nation, outlines the historical and evolving changes-cultural as well as geophysical-that the Houma Nation must address in an uncharted era of climate-related impacts on weather patterns, sea levels, and sustainable land uses...
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30176787/studying-the-human-health-and-ecological-impacts-of-the-deep-water-horizon-oil-spill-disaster-introduction-to-this-special-issue-of-new-solutions
#15
Sharon Croisant, John Sullivan
Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) began in 2011 as a component project of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences' (NIEHS) Deep Water Horizon (DWH) Research Consortia program. This Gulf-wide consortium created regional community-university research partnerships focused on addressing health impacts resulting from oil spill exposures. Findings from this trans-National Institutes of Health program have helped enhance and refine community disaster preparedness and reinforced local-regional disaster response networks...
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30165800/environmentally-overburdened-gulf-state-residents-lack-access-to-environmental-specialty-care
#16
Kaitlyn W Meirs, Marilyn V Howarth
Residents in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama have experienced repeated natural and man-made environmental exposures. As frequency and intensity of exposures increase, the need for environmental specialty care rises in environmentally overburdened communities. We evaluated access to environmental health expertise in these states. We determined if providers accepted private health insurance and/or self-pay mapping their location using ArcGIS. Of sixty-four physicians meeting inclusion criteria, only eleven (17%) accepted private health insurance and thirty-four (53%) accepted self-pay...
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30131016/-keep-working-for-environmental-justice-no-matter-how-bleak-things-look-don-t-give-up-don-t-just-go-away-an-interview-with-wilma-subra
#17
John Sullivan, Katelyn Parady
MacArthur prize-winning community scientist, Wilma Subra participated in the research of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill project. Ms. Subra chronicles the arc of her career as a public health advocate who has informed communities nationwide of active and potential health risks. She has been most active in the U.S. Gulf Coast region where oil production infrastructure, petrochemical refining and production plants, and hazardous waste storage and treatment facilities seem as common as live oaks and red fish...
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30131015/-i-remember-the-mental-chaos-while-they-tried-to-seal-the-well-and-clean-up-the-oil-spill-how-much-fear-and-uncertainty-everyone-felt-an-interview-with-marylee-and-michael-orr-louisiana-environmental-action-network
#18
John Sullivan, Beth Rosenberg
In this interview, Marylee Orr and her son, Michael Orr, of the Louisiana Environmental Action Network (Baton Rouge, LA) recall the massive trauma among fishing families (including those whose boats were used in the clean-up effort) caused by the Deep Water Horizon spill, the state and federal closures of fishing grounds, and the moratorium on oil exploration and production activity during the clean-up efforts. They recount the history of their organization's vision and growth, their role in regional environmental justice efforts, and outline how they developed an approach to rapid response community empowerment based on colearning, respect, consensus, and action-a vision that parallels the work of Paulo Freire and the practice values of community-based participatory research...
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30126335/use-of-anti-warnings-to-falsely-reassure-downstream-users-an-asbestos-example
#19
David Egilman, Tess Bird, Remi Wilson
Product warnings are theoretically designed to reduce injuries associated with occupational, environmental, or consumer product exposures. Unfortunately, in an effort to protect sales, some companies have produced media and information to falsely reassure their customers about the risks associated with their products. These tactics have been termed "anti-warnings." We reviewed corporate documents uncovered in litigation alongside other historical publications to ascertain the types of anti-warnings used by Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) regarding their asbestos products...
November 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30180781/building-and-maintaining-a-citizen-science-network-with-fishermen-and-fishing-communities-post-deepwater-horizon-oil-disaster-using-a-cbpr-approach
#20
Academic Authors John Sullivan, Sharon Croisant, Marilyn Howarth, Gilbert T Rowe, Harshica Fernando, Amanda Phillips-Savoy, Dan Jackson, John Prochaska, Ghulam A S Ansari, Trevor M Penning, Cornelis Elferink
When the Deepwater Horizon oil rig blew out in 2010, the immediate threats to productive deep water and estuarial fisheries and the region's fishing and energy economies were obvious. Less immediately obvious, but equally unsettling, were risks to human health posed by potential damage to the regional food web. This paper describes grassroots and regional efforts by the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: health risks related to the Macondo Spill Fishermen's Citizen Science Network project. Using a community-based participatory research approach and a citizen science structure, the multiyear project measured exposure to petrogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, researched the toxicity of these polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds, and communicated project findings and seafood consumption guidelines throughout the region (coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama)...
September 4, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
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