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Cerebrovascular Diseases | Page 2

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30602146/baseline-characteristics-and-readmissions-after-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-nationally-representative-database
#21
Yaowaree Leavell, Mian Khalid, Stanley Tuhrim, Mandip S Dhamoon
BACKGROUND: There are limited epidemiologic data on cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). We aim to summarize baseline characteristics and outcomes using a large nationally representative administrative database. METHODS: Using the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database, we used validated International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision codes to identify baseline characteristics of patients admitted with CVST. We calculated readmission rates (per 100,000 index hospitalizations) for neurological complications...
January 2, 2019: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30921792/air-pollution-and-stroke-is-there-really-a-significant-relationship
#22
Marc Fatar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30897566/serum-albumin-is-negatively-associated-with-hemorrhagic-transformation-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#23
Changyi Wang, Linghui Deng, Shi Qiu, Haiyang Bian, Lu Wang, Yuxiao Li, Ming Liu, Bo Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a major complication of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Serum albumin is known for its neuroprotective effects and is a marker of improved AIS patient outcomes. However, it is not known whether there is a relationship between serum albumin and HT. METHODS: AIS patients admitted to the Department of Neurology of West China Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were prospectively and consecutively enrolled. Baseline characteristics were collected...
2019: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30844812/serotonergic-regulation-and-cognition-after-stroke-the-role-of-antidepressant-treatment-and-genetic-variation
#24
Andreas Gammelgaard Damsbo, Kristian Lundsgaard Kraglund, Henriette Nørmølle Buttenschøn, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Grethe Andersen, Janne Kaergaard Mortensen
INTRODUCTION: Serotonin affects several brain functions including cognition. The serotonin transporter (SERT) regulates brain serotonin levels through reuptake into neurons. The gene encoding this transporter, the SERT gene, has several functional polymorphisms affecting the number of transporters and thereby the serotonin levels. SERT gene expression may be important for cognition and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) may improve cognition post stroke. We therefore examined the association between SERT genotypes, cognitive function and early treatment with the SSRI citalopram among non-depressed Caucasian stroke patients...
2019: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30808821/endovascular-thrombectomy-in-the-elderly-do-radiological-and-clinical-outcomes-differ-from-those-in-younger-patients-a-prospective-single-center-experience
#25
Mehdi K Rezai, Rajiv Advani, Ingvild Dalen, Lars Fjetland, Kathinka D Kurz, Martin W Kurz
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular treatment (EVT) has emerged as the gold standard therapy for stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO). There is however limited evidence to suggest that similar efficacy can be expected in elderly patients. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of EVT in elderly patients (aged > 80), comparing outcomes to younger patients (aged < 80). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 195 patients with LVO stroke treated with EVT were included and dichotomized by age...
2019: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30726839/using-the-region-of-interest-from-time-of-flight-magnetic-resonance-angiography-to-differentiate-between-intracranial-arterial-dissection-and-true-atherosclerotic-stenosis
#26
Jung Won Hwang, Jin-Man Jung, Jae Hyung Cha, Il Eok Jung, Moon Ho Park, Do-Young Kwon, Jiyeon Kim, Yool Hee Kim, Sang Hun Lee
BACKGROUND: Noncontrast three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D TOF MRA) is commonly used to examine intracranial arterial stenosis, although it can be difficult to identify the etiology of the stenosis. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of 3D TOF MRA in differentiating an intracranial arterial dissection from atherosclerosis. METHODS: During 2015-2017, 356 patients had confirmed intracranial arterial stenosis based on high resolution-magnetic resonance imaging...
2019: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517919/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-molecular-biomarkers-associated-with-early-neurological-deterioration-following-acute-stroke
#27
REVIEW
Alexander J Martin, Christopher I Price
BACKGROUND: Early neurological deterioration (END) following acute stroke is associated with poorer long-term outcomes. Identification of patients at risk could assist early monitoring and treatment decisions. This review summarised the evidence describing non-radiological biomarkers for END. SUMMARY: Electronic searches from January 1990 to March 2017 identified studies reporting a blood/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/urine biomarker measurement within 24 h of acute stroke and at least 2 serial assessments of clinical neurological status (< 24 h and < 7 days)...
December 5, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30419561/challenge-of-attaining-flow-arrest-in-anterior-circulation-tandem-occlusions-in-large-vessel-ischemic-stroke-wedged-save-technique
#28
LETTER
Volker Maus, Utako Birgit Barnikol, Anastasios Mpotsaris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30419559/letter-to-the-article-by-maus-et-al-order-of-treatment-matters-in-ischemic-stroke-mechanical-thrombectomy-first-then-carotid-artery-stenting-for-tandem-lesions-of-the-anterior-circulation
#29
LETTER
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30408800/the-impact-of-cerebral-atherosclerosis-according-to-location-on-prognosis-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#30
Eun-Jae Lee, Cheol-Hyun Chung, Kyoung-Hyo Choi, Jae-Won Lee, Suk-Jung Choo, Sung-Ho Jung, Dong-Wha Kang, Jong S Kim, Sun U Kwon
BACKGROUND: In the previous prospective observational study, we found that cerebral atherosclerosis is an independent predictor of acute stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, it is unknown whether intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS) is important as much as extracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ECAS) in estimating the risk of post-CABG adverse events. Extending the previous study, we aimed to investigate the immediate and long-term prognostic value of the location of cerebral atherosclerosis in CABG patients...
November 8, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30179873/asia-pacific-stroke-conference-2018-abstracts-of-the-annual-conference-of-the-asia-pacific-stroke-organization-apso-jakarta-indonesia-september-6-9-2018
#31
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30673662/european-stroke-conference-27th-conference-athens-greece-april-11-13-2018
#32
(no author information available yet)
Click here for the free "http://misc.karger.com/websites/CED_2018_045_S1/index.html" Abstract E-Book
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661066/risks-of-acute-stroke-treatment-in-patients-with-cardiac-disease
#33
Michael G Hennerici
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646000/intra-plaque-vessels-on-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-sonography-predict-carotid-plaque-histology
#34
Takaaki Amamoto, Noriyuki Sakata, Toshiyasu Ogata, Hirofumi Shimada, Tooru Inoue
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the echogenicity of carotid plaques on carotid enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was reported to correlate with the historological density of intra-plaque neovessels, it is unclear whether the intra-plaque vessel size is associated with carotid plaque vulnerability. We evaluated the relationship of size of intra-plaque vessels on CEUS with carotid plaque histology. METHODS: We prospectively registered patients with carotid stenosis who were hospitalized to receive carotid endarterectomy between 2012 and 2016...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30645999/thrombus-enhancement-is-a-predictor-of-clinical-outcome-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-mechanical-thrombectomy
#35
Jonathan Kottlors, Volker Maus, Anastasios Mpotsaris, Özgür A Onur, Thomas Liebig, Christoph Kabbasch, Jan Borggrefe
BACKGROUND: Ex vivo computed tomography (CT) studies of artificial blood thrombi showed that contrast enhancement (CE) is determined by fibrin-content, while unenhanced density is associated with red blood cells. Thus, the present study investigates patient outcome in association with combined thrombus density measures in native and contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) of acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: This retrospective study includes 137 patients with M1 occlusions treated by mechanical thrombectomy (MT) between 2010 and 2016...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30602147/cholesterol-crystals-in-embolic-debris-are-associated-with-postoperative-cerebral-embolism-after-carotid-artery-stenting
#36
Kota Maekawa, Masunari Shibata, Hideki Nakajima, Yotaro Kitano, Masaru Seguchi, Kazuto Kobayashi, Takanori Sano, Tadashi Yabana, Fumitaka Miya
OBJECT: We investigated possible associations among the presence of cholesterol crystals in embolic debris, the proportions of debris components, and postoperative cerebral embolism in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS). METHODS: Sixty-seven consecutive procedures were performed for internal carotid artery stenosis with CAS at our hospital between November 2015 and February 2018. Procedures for emergency CAS for stroke in evolution or crescendo transient ischemic attack were excluded (n = 12)...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517929/left-sided-atrial-septal-pouch-as-a-risk-factor-of-cryptogenic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#37
Mateusz K Hołda, Mateusz Koziej
BACKGROUND: Despite some evidence of left-sided septal pouch (LSSP) involvement in the pathogenesis of cardioembolic stroke, the question of LSSP clinical significance still remains unsolved. In this study, we aimed to determine the association between the LSSP presence and cryptogenic stroke using meta-analytical approach. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of electronic databases for studies that compared the presence of LSSP in subjects with cryptogenic stroke and non-stroke control...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517918/cervical-artery-dissection-in-patients-of-african-ancestry
#38
REVIEW
Ilana E Green, Shareena A Rahman, Debra L Owens, Michèle M Sale, Lillian J Currie, Keith L Keene, Bradford B Worrall, Andrew M Southerland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The majority of published data in cervical artery dissection (CeAD), a common cause of stroke in young adults, derive from populations of European ancestry (EA), including a recent genome-wide study identifying an association with the rs9349379 polymorphism of the PHACTR1 gene. Little is known about CeAD in individuals of African ancestry (AA) despite robust epidemiological data showing increased risk of stroke at younger ages. We hypothesize that AA patients with CeAD have different epidemiology and clinical profiles compared to those of EA, and a different genetic architecture related to rs9349379 of the PHACTR1 gene...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30513514/the-management-of-acute-ischemic-strokes-and-the-prevalence-of-large-vessel-occlusion-in-left-ventricular-assist-device
#39
REVIEW
Cory J Rice, Sung-Min Cho, Lucy Q Zhang, Catherine Hassett, Randall C Starling, Ken Uchino
BACKGROUND: Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes are frequent complications among those with left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Scarce data exist regarding the prevalence of acute large vessel occlusion (LVO) and treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in this setting. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data of LVAD patient registry from a single, tertiary center from October 2004 to November 2016. Among those with AIS complications, patients were divided into early stroke (during implantation hospitalization) and late stroke (post-discharge) groups, and neuroimaging was reviewed and data on acute stroke therapy were collected...
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30439715/coincidence-and-management-of-non-motor-stroke-associated-risks-dysphagia-swallowing-deficits-visual-neglect
#40
EDITORIAL
Michael G Hennerici
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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