Fabrizio Pasotti, Edoardo Nicolò Aiello, Alessandra Bollani, Matteo Querzola, Sara Cozzi, Francesca Manfrin, Stefania Bruno, Barbara Poletti, Nicola Ticozzi, Vincenzo Silani, Gabriella Bottini
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at validating and providing Italian norms for the Single-Matrix Digit Cancellation Test (SMDCT), a cancellation task to screen for selective attention deficits, as well as providing clinical usability evidence for it in acute stroke patients. METHODS: The SMDCT stimulus is a specular, 4-quadrant, horizontally oriented matrix, across which target distribution is homogeneous. Both Accuracy (-A) and Time (-T) outcomes were computed. N=263 healthy participants (HPs) and N=76 acute stroke patients were recruited...
June 1, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Chih-Hao Chen, Shuo-Fu Chen, Hsin-Hsi Tsai, Ya-Fang Chen, Sung-Chun Tang, Jiann-Shing Jeng
INTRODUCTION: Several early noncontrast CT (NCCT) signs of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) can predict hematoma expansion (HE). However, the associations of underlying cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) on early NCCT signs and HE have been less explored. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of all patients with spontaneous supratentorial ICH and received follow-up imaging between 2016-2020 at a stroke center. The early NCCT signs were categorized as shape or density signs...
June 1, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Hongyu Zhou, Yuesong Pan, Weiqi Chen, Yue Suo, Hongyi Yan, Xia Meng, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Yongjun Wang
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the impact of smoking on dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with minor stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) under different glycated albumin (GA) levels. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Clopidogrel in High-risk patients with Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events (CHANCE) trial. A subgroup of 3044 patients with baseline GA levels was included and categorized by smoking status and GA levels. The primary efficacy outcome was a new stroke within 90 days...
June 1, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Sohei Yoshimura, Masatoshi Koga, Takashi Okada, Manabu Inoue, Kaori Miwa, Mayumi Fukuda-Doi, Rei Kondo, Takeshi Inoue, Masahiko Ichijo, Masafumi Ohtaki, Yoshinari Nagakane, Ryo Itabashi, Nobuyuki Sakai, Kazumi Kimura, Kenji Kamiyama, Yoshiaki Shiokawa, Yoshiki Yagita, Toru Iwama, Yusuke Yakushiji, Masayoshi Kusumi, Tetsu Yamaki, Jyunichi Uemura, Asuka Yasuura, Shouhei Noshiro, Daiki Fukunaga, Yukako Yazawa, Junya Aoki, Masaaki Yoshikawa, Masafumi Ihara, Kazunori Toyoda
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of intravenous (IV) alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg for patients with acute wake-up or unclear onset strokes in clinical practice. METHODS: This multicenter observational study enrolled acute ischemic stroke patients with last-known-well time >4.5 h who had mismatch between DWI and FLAIR and were treated with IV alteplase. The safety outcomes were symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) after thrombolysis, all-cause deaths and all adverse events...
June 1, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Patricia Hall, Maggie Lawrence, Catherine Blake, Olive Lennon
INTRODUCTION: Optimised secondary prevention strategies that include lifestyle change are recommended after stroke. Whilst multiple systematic reviews address behaviour-change interventions, intervention definitions and associated outcomes differ between reviews. This overview of reviews addresses the pressing need to synthesise high-level evidence for lifestyle-based, behavioural and/or self-management interventions to reduce risk in stroke secondary prevention in a structured, consistent way...
May 25, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Chengwei Cai, Chuangnan Yan, Shuxin Chen, Wenpeng Yang, Yiping Huang, Junqiang Ma, Hongwu Xu
INTRODUCTION: Primary brainstem hemorrhage (PBSH) is the most fatal subtype of intracerebral hemorrhage and associated with poor prognosis. We aimed to develop a prediction model for predicting 30-day mortality and functional outcome in patients with PBSH. METHODS: We reviewed records of 642 consecutive patients with first-time PBSH from three hospitals between 2016 and 2021. Multivariate logistic regression was used to establish a nomogram in a training cohort...
May 25, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Karly Zacharia, Emily Ramage, Margaret Galloway, Meredith Burke, Graeme J Hankey, Elizabeth Lynch, Catherine M Said, Coralie English, Amanda Patterson, Lesley Macdonald-Wicks
Background Diet quality is a marker of how closely eating patterns reflect dietary guidelines. The highest tertile for diet quality scores is associated with 40% lower odds of first stroke compared with the lowest tertile. Little is known about the diet of stroke survivors. We aimed to assess dietary intake and quality of Australian stroke survivors. Method Stroke survivors enrolled in the ENAbLE pilot trial (2019/ETH11533, ACTRN12620000189921) and Food Choices after Stroke study (2020ETH/02264) completed the Australian Eating Survey Food Frequency Questionnaire (AES), a 120-item, semi quantitative questionnaire of habitual food intake over the previous 3-6 months...
May 24, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Jennifer Dearborn Tomazos, Catherine Viscoli, Hardik Amin, Laurel Jean Lovelett, Jessica Rivera, Anum Gull, Walter N Kernan
INTRODUCTION: Over half of patients with acute ischemic stroke are overweight or obese as defined by a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2. Professional and government agencies recommend weight management for these persons to improve risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, vascular inflammation, and diabetes. However, approaches to weight loss have not been adequately tested specifically in patients with stroke. In anticipation of a larger trial with vascular or functional outcomes, we tested the feasibility and safety of a 12-week partial meal replacement (PMR) intervention for weight loss in overweight or obese patients with a recent ischemic stroke...
May 15, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Yong Kyun Kim, Yong Bum Kim, Bum Chun Suh, Yun Hyeong Jeong, Soei Ann, Pil Wook Chung
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify course of corticobulbar tract and factors associated with the occurrence of facial paresis (FP) in lateral medullary infarction (LMI). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with LMI who were admitted totertiary hospital were retrospectively investigated and divided into two groups based on the presence of FP. FP was defined as grade II or more by the House-Brackmann scale. Differences between the two groups were analyzed with respect to Anatomical location of the lesions, demographic data (age, sex), risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, smoking, prior stroke, atrial fibrillation and other cardiologic factors), large vessel involvement on magnetic resonance angiography, other symptoms and signs (sensory symptom, gait ataxia, limb ataxia, dizziness, Horner syndrome, hoarseness, dysphagia, dysarthria, nystagmus, nausea/vomiting, headache, neck pain, diplopia and hiccup)...
May 10, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Elizabeth A LaValley, Souvik Sen, Emma Mason, Makenzie Logue, Tushar Trivedi, Kevin Moss, James Beck, Wayne Rosamond, Rebecca F Gottesman
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus mutans is a known cause of dental caries that contains a collagen-binding protein, Cnm, and exhibits inhibition of platelet aggregation and matrix metalloproteinase-9 activation. This strain has been linked to aggravation of experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and may be a risk factor for ICH.The purpose of this study was to test the association between dental caries and incident ICH. METHODS: Presence of dental caries and periodontal disease was assessed in subjects from the Dental Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (DARIC) without prior stroke or ICH...
May 9, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Souvik Sen, Jaclyn Meyer, Rachel Mascari, Tushar Trivedi, Fareed Suri, Bruce Wasserman, Wayne Rosamond, Kevin Moss, James Beck, Rebecca F Gottesman
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease (PD) and dental caries are oral infections leading to tooth loss that are associated with atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease. We assessed the hypothesis that PD and caries are associated with asymptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. METHODS: Full-mouth clinical periodontal measurements (7-indices) collected at 6 sites per tooth from 6155 subjects from the Dental Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (DARIC) without prior stroke were used to differentiate seven periodontal disease stages (PPC-I to VII) and dental caries on coronal dental surface (DS) and dental root surface (DRS)...
April 28, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Xinmao Wu, Wendan Tao, Yanan Wang, Qian Wu, Chen Ye, Xindi Song, Xiaonan Guo, Junfeng Liu
Introduction Previous preclinical studies reported that the level of serum EphrinA1 was associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption, while its role in predicting parenchymal hematoma (PH) after ischemic stroke has not been investigated. We aimed to explore the association between the level of serum EphrinA1 and PH in patients with ischemic stroke. Methods Patients with ischemic stroke within 24 hours after onset from West China hospital, Sichuan University, were prospectively enrolled between January 2017 and December 2019...
April 27, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Keli He, Xiaorui Xie, Xiangjie Duan, Quan Zhou, Jianhua Wu
INTRODUCTION: The red blood cell distribution width-to-platelet ratio (RPR), a novel inflammatory index, has already been proven as a prognostic factor in some other diseases, but its prognostic effect on critically ill patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has been rarely investigated. This study aimed to investigate the association between RPR and in-hospital mortality in these patients. METHODS: We extracted clinical data from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV 1...
April 21, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
XiaoQing Cheng, HongXia Li, Jia Liu, ChangSheng Zhou, QuanHui Liu, XingZhi Chen, ChenCui Huang, YingLe Li, WuSheng Zhu, GuangMing Lu
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes markedly affects the formation and development of intracranial atherosclerosis. The study was aimed at evaluating whether radiomics features can help distinguish plaques primarily associated with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who were admitted to our center because of acute ischemic stroke due to intracranial atherosclerosis between 2016 and 2022. Clinical data, blood biomarkers, conventional plaque features and plaque radiomics features were collected for all patients...
April 12, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
P N Sylaja, Jaya Pr, Mahesh Pundlik Kate, Aneesh Dhasan, Vivek Nambiar, Sunil Narayan, Vishnu Renjith, Deepti Arora, Shweta Jain Verma, Meenakshi Sharma, Dhaliwal Rs, Himani Khatter, P S Sarma, Jeyaraj Durai Pandian
BACKGROUND: In patients with ischemic stroke, motor and sensory impairments are common and are associated with functional disability. Conventional physiotherapy (CP) is the primary modality of rehabilitation for post-stroke sensorimotor dysfunction. Ayurveda is a commonly practiced alternative system of medicine that offers unique rehabilitative measures for post-stroke recovery. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that Ayurvedic rehabilitative treatment (ART) is superior to similar duration CP in improving the sensorimotor recovery of patients with ischemic stroke at 90 days after enrollment...
April 6, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Takanari Kitazono, Masahiro Kamouchi, Yuji Matsumaru, Toshiaki Shirai, Atsushi Takita, Takeshi Kuroda, Kazumi Kimura
INTRODUCTION: Patients with stroke are at a high risk of recurrence, and although they receive antiplatelet therapies such as clopidogrel for secondary prevention of non-cardioembolic stroke, the recurrence rate remains high. Three phase 3 trials (PRASTRO-I/II/III) were conducted to determine the efficacy of prasugrel in preventing recurrent stroke. Here, we performed an integrated analysis of these studies to confirm the generalizability of the PRASTRO-III findings and to supplement the small sample size of the study...
April 3, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Xuejiao Men, Mengyan Hu, Zhuoxin Guo, Yu Li, Lu Zheng, Ruizhen Wu, Xuehong Huang, Bingjun Zhang, Zhengqi Lu
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial branch atheromatous disease (BAD) has been applied to occlusions that occur at the origin of large caliber penetrating arteries due to the microatheromas or large parent artery plaques. This study aimed to explore the association between culprit plaques of large parent arteries, neuroimaging markers of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), and the risk of early neurological deterioration (END) in stroke patients with BAD. METHODS: A total of 97 stroke patients with BAD in the vascular territories of the lenticulostriate arteries or paramedian pontine arteries, diagnosed using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI), were prospectively recruited in this observational study...
March 30, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Xiaohao Zhang, Pengyu Gong, Shuaiyu Chen, Ting Wan, Xiaoke Wang, Meng Wang, Junshan Zhou, Yi Xie, Teng Jiang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endothelial dysfunction (ED) may result in parenchymal injury and, therefore, worsen the outcomes of ischemic stroke. This study aimed to determine whether ED could predict parenchymal hematoma (PH) in ischemic stroke patients treated with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). METHODS: Patients with large artery occlusion in the anterior circulation and treated with EVT were prospectively enrolled from 2 stroke centers. Serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, soluble E-selectin, and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were tested and summed to a standardized score to reflect the levels of ED...
March 27, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Gianluca De Rubeis, Sherief Ghozy, Sebastiano Fabiano, Enrico Pampana, Giuseppe Lanzino, Luca Saba, David F Kallmes
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) on the incidence of poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) in anterior circulation stroke. METHODS: Literature research was performed on PubMed/OVID/Cochrane CENTRAL for studies published in 2015-2022. A review of the references of the included papers was performed for further eligible articles. Clinical characteristics, NIHSS, dementia tests, and outcomes were recorded...
March 23, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Kuan-Lin Sung, Miao-Jen Kuo, Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Sheng-Feng Sung
INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may predict stroke-associated pneumonia, which is generally defined as pneumonia occurring in the first week after stroke. However, little is known whether the initial NLR is associated with pneumonia risk during the long-term follow-up in stroke survivors. We aimed to determine the relationship between admission NLR and the risk of post-stroke pneumonia within 1 year after discharge from acute stroke care. METHODS: Hospital databases were searched to identify adult patients hospitalized for acute stroke...
March 23, 2023: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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