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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Leon Bilder, Elena Stepco, Diana Uncuta, Eli Machtei, Harold Sgan-Cohen, Amir Bilder, Dror Aizenbud
Objectives: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the epidemiological data on dental injuries in permanent teeth among seventh and tenth grade schoolchildren in the Republic of Moldova. STUDY DESIGN: The pathfinder study model was chosen to evaluate the prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries (TDI). Schoolchildren ages 12 and 15 years old were examined: In the capital city (four schools), in two other major cities-(two schools each city), and in four villages (one per each village) in accordance with the WHO's recommendations...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Katarzyna Emerich, Malgorzata Tomczak, Marcin Kozakiewicz
Idiopathic solitary cysts have a predilection for long bones and the mandible. Although the origin of these cysts is unclear, the prognosis seems to be good, given proper diagnosis and surgical treatment. A 14-year-old female patient with a bone lesion in the right mandibular ramus was referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland. Due to severe headache lasting two days, the patient had previously undergone magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination of the head...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Tyler R Mesa, Xiaoming Xu, Zafer C Cehreli, Suzanne E Fournier, Courtney Tremmel Brashier, Qingzhao Yu, Janice A Townsend
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of an adhesive layer and its photopolymerization on the microleakage of sealants. Study design: 0.5mm-deep standardized fissurectomies were performed on extracted molars (n = 72). Teeth were randomly assigned to 3 different sealant materials (n = 24/group). Teeth were further divided to receive sealants with or without an adhesive layer. Each sealant with adhesive was also divided into two groups: adhesive was light-cured separately or light cured together with the sealant...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Katsuaki Mishima, Mami Shiraishi, Hirotsugu Umeda
The 13q deletion syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by structural and functional monosomy of chromosome 13. On 13q34, which is the terminal of the long arm, causative genes of coagulation factors VII and X (FVII and FX) are mapped. Patients with a combination of FVII and FX deficiencies are extremely rare and there have been few articles about perioperative coagulation support for such patients. Herein, we report on a case of bilateral cleft lip and palate accompanied by 13q deletion syndrome with deficiencies of FVII and FX...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Amel Mahmoud Ahmed, Dina Nagy, Mona Abdallah Elkateb
Aim: To investigate the etching patterns of hypocalcified amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) in primary molars pretreated with 5.25% NaOCl prior to phosphoric acid application using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Study design: Ten hypocalcified AI primary molars were collected, sectioned longitudinally into 2 parts and allocated into two groups of ten specimens each. The enamel surface in the first group (control group) was etched using 37% phosphoric acid gel for 15 seconds; while in the second group (study group), it was pretreated using 5...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Gye Hyeong Lee, Jae Hyun Park, Sang Mi Lee, Da Nal Moon
Treatment of orthodontic patients with idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR) in challenging for clinicians due to the continuous change of occlusion caused by the unstable condylar position and symptoms in the TMJ. As an unstable condylar position can lead to confusion during orthodontic evaluation, stabilization of TMJ with splint therapy should precede orthodontic and/or orthognathic treatment. In this case report, a patient with Class II open bite and progressive condylar resorption was treated with an appropriate treatment protocol...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Priya Subramaniam, Revathy Suresh
OBJECTIVE: Dental caries is both an infectious and transmissible disease. Maternal transfer of Mutans Streptococci occurs at an early age and is important in the initiation of dental caries in children. The aim of this study was to identify certain strains of Streptococcus mutans in mother-child pairs, of children with early childhood caries. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty mother-child pairs of healthy children aged 18-36 months were selected. Mothers with high levels of Streptococcus mutans in their saliva and only children with ECC were included...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Tamar Finkelstein, Yehoshua Shapira, Aikaterini Maria Pavlidi, Shirley Schonberger, Sigalit Blumer, Ofer Sarne, Nir Shpack
BACKGROUND: Supernumerary teeth are one of the most common anomalies in the human dentition, found most frequently in the maxillary anterior region causing impaction or displacement of the adjacent permanent teeth. AIM: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of supernumerary teeth in orthodontically treated patients. STUDY DESIGN: Pre-treatment facial and intraoral photographs, study models, panoramic and periapical radiographs of 3,000 consecutively treated orthodontic patients (mean age 12...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Aline Dos Santos Letieri, Liana Bastos Freitas-Fernandes, Ana Paula Canedo Valente, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza
Background: Our aim was to compare salivary levels of secretory immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) in children with early childhood caries (ECCG) and those who are caries-free (CFG) and verify these levels in a follow-up period after restorative treatment. Materials and methods: We selected 46 systemically healthy children in the complete primary dentition period, who were allocated into two groups: CFG (n = 23) and ECCG (dmf-s > 0; n = 23). Unstimulated whole saliva was obtained at baseline from both groups and during the follow-up period (7 days, 1, 2 and 3 months) in the ECCG group...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hyeonjong Lee, Yong Kwon Chae, Hyo-Seol Lee, Sung Chul Choi, Ok Hyung Nam
Objectives: This study was designed to compare the surface morphologies and volumes of posterior prefabricated zirconia crowns and posterior stainless steel crowns (SSCs) using digitalized threedimensional (3D) reconstructed images. Study design: We tested prefabricated zirconia crowns (NuSmile ZR; Orthodontic Technologies, Houston, TX, USA) and SSCs (Kids Crown; Shinhung, Seoul, Korea) used to restore left maxillary and mandibular molars. A Rainbow scanner (Dentium, Seoul, Korea) was used to digitise the inner and outer surface morphologies of all crowns...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, César Gaitán-Fonseca, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
In order to include appropriate informed decisions on dental therapeutic or preventive procedures in children, Pediatric Dentists should apply the fundamentals of "Evidence-Based Dentistry" (EBD). This oral health approach assists clinicians in understanding and applying the most relevant research published on evidence in the clinical setting when treating their patients. One of the crucial steps of EBD is to critically appraise and use the primary articles about therapy or prevention, namely, Randomized Clinical Trials (RCT), the study design that best addresses the questions related with these clinical areas...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Beau D Meyer, Paul Casamassimo, William F Vann
The amount of emergency department dental utilization and related trend analysis data in peer-reviewed literature has increased; yet, little has been written on the actual management of dental emergencies. Often pre-existing medical conditions complicate what might otherwise be a straightforward dental emergency, challenging office-based dentists to manage dental emergencies in a safe manner. With the profession taking a stance on child safety, algorithms and checklists are becoming more important and common in healthcare during complicated scenarios...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sreekanth K Mallineni, Hessa Al-Mulla, Robert P Anthonappa, Joseph Cy Chan, Nigel M King
A 3 year and 8 months old Chinese boy was referred for a consultation regarding his missing maxillary anterior teeth. He had a history of trauma to his primary maxillary anterior teeth due to a fall at the age of 16 months. Clinical examination of the patient indicated multiple carious lesions and inadequate oral hygiene. Radiographic examination revealed intrusion of the primary left lateral incisor, with evidence of damage to the permanent tooth germ. Subsequently, the patient was followed-up for almost six years during which his permanent maxillary left lateral incisor erupted exhibiting an unusual morphology...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
J D Mejía, M Restrepo, S González, L G Álvarez, L Santos-Pinto, A Escobar
AIM: To determine prevalence, severity, and risk factors associated with Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren between 6 and 15 years of age in Medellin, Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective observational study including 1.075 children born and residing in Medellin, Colombia. A structured questionnaire addressing gestational period and first three years of child's life was administered to biological mothers. Two calibrated examiners established MIH diagnosis following the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry criteria...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Eluza Piassi, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Tereza Cristina Almeida Graça, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between malocclusion in mixed dentition and its impact on the oral health-related quality of life OHRQoL of children and their families as well to determine if there were any reported differences in OHRQoL due to malocclusion severity. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 144 subjects, which included 70 children (aged 8-10 years) and their parents, were recruited on the basis of predetermined criteria and divided into the following groups: children with malocclusion (case group) and children without malocclusion (control group)...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nurit Dagon, Ronit Bar-Ness Greenstein, Yardena Mazor, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the in vitro cariogenic potential of two infant formulas (IF, for ages 6-12 months) processed with sterile distilled water with or without 1 ppm fluoride. STUDY DESIGN: Nine specimens in each water type were inoculated with Streptococcus mutans (SM) suspension. The specimens were then divided into one group of samples cultured immediately on Mitis salivarius (MS) agar plates (T0 ) and another group of specimens cultured on MS agar plates after incubation at 37°C for 4 hours in anaerobic conditions (T4 )...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Marc Saadia, Roberto Valencia, Victor Saadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Murat Ünal, Arzu Koçkanat, Seniha Güler, Esra Gültürk
AIM: This in vitro study was aimed to investigate the performance of the new caries detection tools on the incipient occlusal caries. STUDY DESIGN: In our study, 100 permanent molar teeth, which were considered to have incipient, enamel caries (D1 and D2 threshold values) according to ICDAS II score. After the visual examination, caries measurements have been applied to all teeth by using DIAGNOdent pen (DP), CarieScan PRO (CP) and SoproLife camera (SC). In addition, in vitro examinations were repeated 2 weeks later...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Priyanka Karekar, Mohammed Nadeem Bijle, Hrishikesh Walimbe
OBJECTIVE(S): To assess the effect of three behavior guidance techniques on anxiety indicators of children undergoing diagnosis and preventive dental care. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-three subjects (7-9 years) were divided into three groups as per the behavior guidance technique namely tell-show-do, live and filmed modeling (using Tablet Computer) to receive diagnostic (Oral examination & radiographic assessment using intraoral periapical radiographs) and preventive dental care (Oral prophylaxis and topical fluoride application)...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sigalit Blumer, Diana Ram, Liora Costa, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: To measure the dental anxiety levels of post-graduate pediatric dental students (PGS) and their instructors, and their ranking of the most anxiety provoking situations in the dental situation; to investigate gender differences with regard to dental anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four PGS and 31 of their instructors completed a three-section questionnaire on sociodemographic information, dental anxiety scale (DAS) and dental fear survey (DFS). RESULTS: The overall mean DAS and DFS scores were similar for both groups...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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