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Annals of Epidemiology

Meynard John L Toledo, Sarah L Mullane, Miranda L Larouche, Sarah A Rydell, Nathan R Mitchell, Mark A Pereira, Matthew P Buman
PURPOSE: We evaluated the validity and sensitivity to change of a workplace questionnaire to assess sedentary behavior (SB) during and outside work. METHODS: Participants wore an activPAL and completed an SB questionnaire at two time points (baseline and 3-month follow-up). Ecological momentary assessments were used to assess workplace location (at desk vs. away from desk). Intraclass correlation coefficients, mean difference, root of mean square error, kappa agreement, and Bland-Altman plots assessed validity...
January 11, 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Angela D Liese
Career mentoring is beneficial for mobility, growth and development at all stages of an epidemiologist's career. The American College of Epidemiology (ACE) provides a variety of opportunities to be mentored and to mentor, facilitated through the Career Mentoring Committee. ACE has now moved to a new level of engagement in mentoring, offering a more inclusive and structured one-on-one mentoring program for epidemiologists to achieve their professional goals. This program has recently been formalized in the Mentoring Guidelines that were developed by the Career Mentoring Committee...
January 11, 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Yasuhiko Kubota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Gordon Mansergh, Jeffrey H Herbst, Jeremy Holman, Matthew J Mimiaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Ji-Yeon Park, Kwang-Hyun Choi, Chan-Bin Park
PURPOSE: This study examined the number of suicides in the Republic of Korea (ROK) Armed Forces and compared the relative suicide risk of military personnel with that in the general population. METHODS: Age-, sex-, and calendar year-adjusted standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to compare the number of suicides between the ROK Armed Forces and the general population. RESULTS: Between 2011 and 2016, there were 405 suicides by ROK Armed Forces Personnel...
January 5, 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Zefeng Zhang, Sandra Jackson, Robert Merritt, Cathleen Gillespie, Quanhe Yang
PURPOSE: The American Heart Association has identified seven modifiable cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics, including four health behaviors (body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and dietary intake) and three health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose). We sought to examine the association between CVH metrics and depression. METHODS: We analyzed data on 14,561 adults aged 20 years or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2014...
January 2, 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Lauri Kokkinen, Anne Kouvonen, André Buscariolli, Aki Koskinen, Pekka Varje, Ari Väänänen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate sickness absence due to mental disorders in human service occupations. METHODS: Participants (n = 1,466,100) were randomly selected from two consecutive national 9-year cohorts from the Statistics Finland population database; each cohort represented a 33% sample of the Finnish population aged 25-54 years. These data were linked to diagnosis-specific records on receipt of sickness allowance, drawn from a national register maintained by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, using personal identification numbers...
December 30, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Trevor A Crowell, Stefan D Baral, Sheree Schwartz, Rebecca G Nowak, Afoke Kokogho, Sylvia Adebajo, Babajide Keshinro, Olumide Makanjuola, Nelson L Michael, Merlin L Robb, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie A Ake
PURPOSE: This study characterized availability and uptake of condoms and condom-compatible lubricants (CCLs) at community-engaged condom education and distribution programs serving cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: Condoms and water-based CCLs were freely available to participants in the TRUST/RV368 cohort. Factors associated with their consistent use were assessed using Poisson regression with robust error variance to estimate relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
December 21, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Jonathan A Mayo, Ying Lu, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw, Michael L Eisenberg
PURPOSE: Parental age at delivery in the United States has been rising. Advanced maternal and paternal ages have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including stillbirth. However, these relationships come from studies that often do not present results for both mother and father concurrently. The purpose of this study was to estimate the risk of stillbirth for maternal and paternal age in the same cohort of deliveries. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of all live birth and stillbirth deliveries in California from 1991 to 2011...
December 21, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Susanna D Mitro, Sixto E Sanchez, Henry Palomino, Bizu Gelaye, Michelle A Williams
PURPOSE: Experiencing childhood abuse (CA) or intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. We examined whether CA history and current IPV are independently and jointly associated with placental abruption (PA). METHODS: We recruited 662 PA cases and 665 controls in Lima, Peru. We used multivariate logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (OR), adjusting for age, education, and parity. RESULTS: Approximately 42% of cases and controls reported CA; 50% of cases and 49% of controls reported IPV...
December 21, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Sarah C Haight, Carol J Hogue, Cheryl L Raskind-Hood, Katherine A Ahrens
PURPOSE: The purpose of the article was to examine the association between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse outcomes by maternal age among U.S. women. METHODS: Using publicly available natality files for 2013-2016 singleton births, we compared the risks of preterm birth, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, and maternal morbidity (delivery-related complications) for less than 6-month, 6 to 11-month, and 12 to 17-month to 18- to 23-month interpregnancy intervals, overall and by maternal age...
December 11, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Cheryl Raskind-Hood, Carol Hogue, Katherine J Overwyk, Wendy Book
PURPOSE: Although congenital heart defects (CHD) are one of the most common types of birth defects in the United States, subnational prevalence estimates beyond early childhood are limited. METHODS: We used capture-recapture methodology and logistic regression to estimate CHD prevalence per 1000 residents as of January 1, 2010, separately for adolescents and adults treated and living within five metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia counties, during 2008-2010. RESULTS: Data sources differed by age...
December 5, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Natasha E Latzman, Heather Ringeisen, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Breda Munoz, Shari Miller, Sarra L Hedden
PURPOSE: This study examines trends in mental health service use among 18- to 64-year-old adults with serious mental illness (SMI). METHODS: Data are from approximately 22,200 adults with SMI who participated in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual nationally representative survey of the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population. A regression restricted spline modeled the trend in mental health service use by age among adults with SMI. RESULTS: Approximately 20 to 50% of adults with SMI did not receive past-year mental health services...
November 29, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Cole Brokamp, Andrew F Beck, Neera K Goyal, Patrick Ryan, James M Greenberg, Eric S Hall
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to conduct an individual-level analysis of hospital utilization during the first year of life to test the hypothesis that community material deprivation increases health care utilization. METHODS: We used a population-based perinatal data repository based on linkage of electronic health records from regional delivery hospitals to subsequent hospital utilization at the region's only dedicated children's hospital. Zero-inflated Poisson and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to quantify the causal role of a census tract-based deprivation index on the total number, length, and time until hospital utilization during the first year of life...
November 29, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Yongbo Wang, Yi Sun, Juan Tang, Wei Zhou, Xiaoxue Liu, Yongyi Bi, Zhi-Jiang Zhang
PURPOSE: Increasing epidemiologic evidence suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with a decreased risk of glioma. This systematic review assessed whether DM was associated with glioma risk. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases up to August 30, 2018. A random-effects model was performed to calculate summary effect size with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: In total, 10 studies (eight case-control studies and two cohort studies) matched the inclusion criteria...
November 26, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Stephen P Kantrow, Sarah E Jolley, Eboni G Price-Haywood, Xinnan Wang, Tung-Sung Tseng, Dodie Arnold, Lisanne F Brown, Claudia Leonardi, Richard A Scribner, Edward J Trapido, Hui-Yi Lin
PURPOSE: Smoking in young adults identifies the population at risk for future tobacco-related disease. We investigated smoking in a young adult population and within high-risk groups using emergency department (ED) data in a metropolitan area. METHODS: Using the electronic health record, we performed a retrospective study of smoking in adults aged 18-30 years presenting to the ED. RESULTS: Smoking status was available for 55,777 subjects (90...
November 24, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Symielle A Gaston, Nicolle S Tulve, Tekeda F Ferguson
PURPOSE: The objectives were to use National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to (1) estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors (elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, blood glucose, and low HDL cholesterol); (2) estimate the prevalence of MetS using three common definitions; and (3) compare the odds of MetS risk factors/MetS when using different measures of abdominal obesity (sagittal abdominal diameter [SAD] versus waist circumference [WC]) among U...
November 23, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Rose M C Kagawa, Magdalena Cerdá, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Daniel W Webster, Garen J Wintemute
PURPOSE: In 1991, California implemented a law that mandated a background check for all firearm purchases with limited exceptions (comprehensive background check or CBC policy) and prohibited firearm purchase and possession for persons convicted within the past 10 years of certain violent crimes classified as misdemeanors (MVP policy). We evaluated the population effect of the simultaneous implementation of CBC and MVP policies in California on firearm homicide and suicide. METHODS: Quasi-experimental ecological study using the synthetic control group methodology...
February 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Sarah McKetta, Katherine M Keyes
PURPOSE: Depression is a prevalent health problem affecting U.S. women. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are commonly used for pregnancy prevention, and evidence is mixed regarding any increased risk for incident depression among users, particularly adolescents. METHODS: We examined the relationship between OCP use and depressive disorders among female adolescents using validated, structured interview assessments in a general population sample of adolescents in the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement...
January 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
Jiajun Luo, Nicole C Deziel, Huang Huang, Yingtai Chen, Xin Ni, Shuangge Ma, Robert Udelsman, Yawei Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the association between cell phone use and thyroid cancer. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted in Connecticut between 2010 and 2011 including 462 histologically confirmed thyroid cancer cases and 498 population-based controls. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for associations between cell phone use and thyroid cancer...
January 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
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