Journals Archives of Orthopaedic and Tr...

Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Sumin Lim, Hyung Keun Song, Tae Hun Kim, Do Young Park, Jong Wha Lee, Jun Young Chung
PURPOSE: To compare union rate, union time, alignment, and complication rate in ipsilateral tibia plateau and shaft fractures treated via suprapatellar intramedullary nailing with screw fixation and minimally invasive locking plate fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 48 patients who underwent minimally invasive plate fixation (n = 35) or suprapatellar intramedullary nailing with screw fixation (n = 13), for the treatment of ipsilateral tibial plateau and shaft fractures with at least 1-year follow-up...
November 30, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Manuel Kramer, Martin Olach, Vilijam Zdravkovic, Melanie Manser, Patric Raiss, Bernhard Jost, Christian Spross
INTRODUCTION: To preserve humeral bone during RTSA, stems have been made shorter and cement avoided whenever possible. However, with the increased use of uncemented RTSA, a phenomenon comparable to the stress shielding of the hip has been described for the proximal humerus. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of stem length and width on proximal humeral bone resorption after primary uncemented RTSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective shoulder arthroplasty database of our institution was reviewed for all primary uncemented RTSAs from 2017 to 2020 in osteoarthritis and cuff tear arthropathy cases with > 2-year follow-up...
November 27, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Robert Kaspar Wagner, Clinton Hugo van Trikt, Caroline E Visser, Stein J Janssen, Peter Kloen
INTRODUCTION: In pre-operatively presumed aseptic nonunions, the definitive diagnosis of infection relies on intraoperative cultures. Our primary objective was to determine (1) the rate of surprise positive intraoperative cultures in presumed aseptic long-bone nonunion (surprise positive culture nonunion), and (2) the rate of surprise positive cultures that represent infection vs. contamination. Secondary objectives were to determine the healing and secondary surgery rates and to identify cultured micro-organisms...
November 25, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Daxing Xu, Zesong Tu, Muqiang Ji, Wei Niu, Weipeng Xu
INTRODUCTION: After locking plate (LP) fixation, secondary screw perforation (SSP) is the most common complication in proximal humerus fracture (PHF). SSP is the main cause of glenoid destruction and always leads to reoperation. This study aimed to identify independent risk parameters for SSP and establish an individualized risk prognostic model to facilitate its clinical management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical information of patients with PHF who underwent open reduction and internal LP fixation at one medical center (n = 289) between June 2013 and June 2021...
November 25, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Alexander Edelstein, John McDonald, Andrew D Lachance, Margaret Elizabeth Giro, Wonyong Lee
INTRODUCTION: There is still a lack of information on the role of Tranexamic acid (TXA) in total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). The purpose of this study is to comprehensively review, consolidate, and analyze findings from existing research on the effectiveness and safety of TXA in TAA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The comprehensive literature review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases, for original, English-language studies investigating the efficacy and safety of TXA in TAA, through February 2023...
November 25, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Ehud Hamburger, Nir Cohen, Yoav Rosenthal, Bar Mazilis, Michael Drexler, Shai Shemesh
INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck shortening is a common phenomenon following osteosynthesis for femoral neck fractures, which was shown to have a negative effect on hip function. There is paucity of literature on the effect of shortening on the ipsilateral limb mechanical axis and knee coronal alignment. We hypothesized that postoperative femoral neck shortening can alter the limb's mechanical axis into valgus. METHODS: Of 583 patients screened, 13 patients with severe neck shortening (< 10 mm) following femoral neck fracture fixation, were found eligible and agreed to participate...
November 25, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Cléa Nüesch, Andreas Schweizer, Andreas Weber, Lisa Reissner
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the radiological outcomes of proximal closing metacarpal extension osteotomies using patient-specific guides and instruments (PSI) in early-stage trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis to gain further insight into the joint loading surface and the benefits of the procedure. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, nine patients were included between 11/2020 and 12/2021, undergoing a total of ten proximal metacarpal extension osteotomies for basal thumb osteoarthritis...
November 24, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Antonio Mazzotti, Alberto Arceri, Simone O Zielli, Simone Bonelli, Elena Artioli, Pejman Abdi, Cesare Faldini
INTRODUCTION: Ankle osteoarthritis is more commonly posttraumatic. Consequently, dealing with hardware removal is quite frequent when performing a total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes regarding either a staged or concurrent hardware removal when performing TAA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 275 consecutive patients with TAA previously treated with internal fixation were retrospectively reviewed. Finally, 57 patients were enrolled based on exclusion criteria, and were differentiated into two groups considering the timing of hardware removal (staged-group A vs concurrent-group B) to compare: neurovascular and wound complications, time to recover full weight bearing, scar-tissue esthetic, and surgical time...
November 23, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Carlos Torrens, Beatriz Bellosillo, Joan Gibert, Amaya Suárez-López, Fernando Santana, Albert Alier
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to determine whether the deep tissues are inoculated during surgery with the Cutibacterium acnes still present in the skin after the surgical preparation in reverse shoulder arthroplasties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study including patients undergoing surgery with reverse shoulder arthroplasty. All the patients received preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin (2 g IV) and the skin was prepared with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate and 70% isopropyl alcohol...
November 23, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Tomoyuki Nakasa, Yasunari Ikuta, Junichi Sumii, Akinori Nekomoto, Shingo Kawabata, Nobuo Adachi
PURPOSE: Repeated ankle sprains can lead to chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). It is unclear whether CLAI causes pain unless complicated by intra-articular lesions. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of pain and the relationship between pain and intra-articular pathology in patients with CLAI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three ankles in 46 patients with CLAI who had undergone surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q) was given to patients the day before surgery...
November 20, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Abu Z Saeed, Tahir Khaleeq, Usman Ahmed, Randeep Ajula, Tarek Boutefnouchet, Peter D'Alessandro, Shahbaz S Malik
INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be performed with either conventional off-the-shelf (OTS) or customized individually-made (CIM) implants. The evidence for CIM implants is limited and variable, and the aim of this review was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes between CIM and OTS implants. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Studies reporting on clinical, radiological, or alignment outcomes for CIM and OTS implants were selected...
November 18, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Shai Factor, Ido Druckmann, Efi Kazum, Franck Atlan, Daniel Tordjman, Yishai Rosenblatt, Gilad Eisenberg, Tamir Pritsch
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether using a Fracture Healing Patch (FHP) device that generates pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF), applied at the fracture site immediately after open reduction and internal fixation surgery, can accelerate healing of acute distal radius fractures. METHODS: In a prospective, double-blind, randomized, and sham-controlled study, thirty-two patients with DRFs treated with ORIF were included. Patients were allocated to a PEMF (active) group (n = 15) or a control (sham) group (n = 17)...
November 16, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Cheng-Pang Yang, Shih-Feng Hung, Keng-Yi Lin, Yu-Chieh Hung, Yi-Jou Chen, Shang-Yu Yao, Chih-Hao Chiu, Yi-Sheng Chan
PURPOSE: To determine if there is a correlation between lateral tibial slope and long-term clinical results in patients who underwent double-bundle ACL reconstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients that received double-bundle ACL reconstruction at a single institution by a single surgeon from January 2011 to December 2014. All the magnetic resonance imaging were reviewed and lateral tibial slopes (LTS) were recorded by an experienced surgeon and rechecked by the other two authors of this study that specialized in orthopedic knee surgery...
November 14, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Sebastian Schmidt, Alexander Zimmerer, Tudor Cucos, Matthias Feucht, Luis Navas
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess the factual accuracy, completeness of medical information, and potential harmfulness of incorrect conclusions by medical professionals in automatically generated texts of varying complexity (1) using ChatGPT, Furthermore, patients without a medical background were asked to evaluate comprehensibility, information density, and conclusion possibilities (2). METHODS: In the study, five different simplified versions of MRI findings of the knee of different complexity (A: simple, B: moderate, C: complex) were each created using ChatGPT...
November 11, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Tal Frenkel Rutenberg, Elkin Leon Galvis, Oren Michaeli, Tuna Ozyurekoglu
INTRODUCTION: The superficial location of the extensor tendons makes them particularly vulnerable to lacerations. Patients most commonly present to the emergency department (ED) after these injuries. We aimed to measure the safety of immediate surgical repair of traumatic open extensor tendon injuries in an ED minor procedure room (MPR) under local anesthesia, and the associated post-operative infection and complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients undergoing traumatic open extensor tendon repairs in the ED MPR over a 3...
November 10, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
A Behrens, P Behrendt, M J Heintzen, J Finn, A Seekamp, K Mader, S Lippross, T O Klatte
INTRODUCTION: The current literature describes various operative stabilization strategies which achieve good clinical outcomes after acute acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation. The aim of this study was to compare the mid-term clinical and sonographic treatment outcomes after minimally invasive mini-open and arthroscopic reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective two-center study of patients with acute ACJ dislocation. Surgical treatment was performed using either a mini-open approach (MIOP) or an arthroscopic technique (AR)...
November 8, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Alexander Böhringer, Florian Gebhard, Christoph Dehner, Alexander Eickhoff, Raffael Cintean, Carlos Pankratz, Konrad Schütze
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment options for acromioclavicular joint separations are varied. Frequently, suspension devices (SD) are inserted for stabilization under arthroscopic view. This study investigates the feasibility and accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) digital-volume-tomography (DVT) C-arm navigated implantation with regard to the general trend toward increasingly minimally invasive procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The implantation of a TightRope® suture button system (SD) via a navigated vertical drill channel through the clavicle and coracoid was investigated in 10 synthetic shoulder models with a mobile isocentric C-arm image intensifier setup in the usual parasagittal position...
November 8, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Anil Agarwal, Sitanshu Barik, Ankur Upadhyay, Yogesh Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Melih Unal, Yusuf Alper Katı, Baver Acar, Adil Turan, Serra Ozturk, Halil Yalçın Yuksel
INTRODUCTION: Humeral shaft fractures are common fractures of the diaphysis of the humerus. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors affecting the clinical outcomes of humeral nonunions surgically treated with open reduction and single- versus double-plate fixation with grafting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients with nonunion treated with single- or double-plate screw fixation with bone grafting were retrospectively analysed. The patients were divided into two groups according to the treatment method as Group 1 (single-plate, n = 14) and Group 2 (double-plate, n = 17)...
November 6, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Nico Hinz, Giulia Marsoni, Hagen Mittelstädt, Falk Sonnabend, Karsten Wallroth, Carsten Johl, Ulrich Weigert, Conrad Anderl, Reinhold Ortmaier, Natividad Zeleny, Arndt-Peter Schulz
INTRODUCTION: Short stems are a valuable option in young patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) because of their bone stock preserving properties facilitating revision hip arthroplasty. Although the effect of obesity on conventional THA is well studied, data about short stem THA in obese patients are lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the influence of obesity on complications, revisions, and outcome after short stem THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter, observational cohort study included patients undergoing short stem THA with the optimys prosthesis...
November 4, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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