Read by QxMD icon Read

Endocrine Pathology | Page 2

Talia L Fuchs, Stephen E Bell, A Chou, Anthony J Gill
C cell hyperplasia is considered a precursor lesion for hereditary forms of medullary thyroid carcinoma. It has therefore been suggested as a morphological marker to distinguish hereditary from sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma and to triage genetic testing in resource poor settings. However, numerous definitions for C cell hyperplasia have been suggested, and there is surprisingly little data regarding the number of C cells present in thyroid glands removed for conditions other than medullary carcinoma...
January 29, 2019: Endocrine Pathology
Hye-Seon Oh, Sun Jae Kim, Eyun Song, Yu-Mi Lee, Tae-Yon Sung, Won Gu Kim, Tae Yong Kim, Dong Eun Song
The diagnosis of encapsulated follicular-patterned thyroid carcinoma (EFPTC) is challenging, and the detection of capsular invasion and/or vascular invasion is essential in distinguishing benign lesions from malignant lesions. In this study, we present a modified transverse-vertical gross examination method with additional vertical cuts at the upper and lower ends of thyroid nodules. In addition, we compared the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with EFPTC between conventional and modified methods...
January 19, 2019: Endocrine Pathology
Karen M Tordjman, Yona Greenman, Zvi Ram, Dov Hershkovitz, Orna Aizenstein, Ofra Ariel, Sylvia L Asa
Thyrotropin (TSH)-secreting pituitary tumors are the rarest functioning pituitary tumors. Nonetheless, they are not infrequently plurihormonal, as they may express/secrete hormones made by other pituitary cells derived from the Pit-1 lineage such as growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), and α-subunit (αSU). However, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) or gonadotropin secretion by such a tumor is exceptional. Although double pituitary tumors are rare, they often combine ACTH and GH secretion. A 41-year-old presented almost 2 years after delivering her 10th child; she had thyrotoxicosis (goiter and palpitations) masquerading as autoimmune postpartum thyroiditis...
January 4, 2019: Endocrine Pathology
Rovshan Hasanov, Berna İmge Aydoğan, Saba Kiremitçi, Esra Erden, Sevim Güllü
The fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of pituitary tumors recommended evaluation of tumor proliferation and invasion to identify aggressiveness. We aimed to assess the prognostic roles of the Ki-67 proliferation index, mitotic index, P53 expression, and cavernous sinus invasion in pituitary adenomas (PAs). Among the 601 patients who underwent transnasal/transsphenoidal adenomectomy from 2001 to 2016, 101 patients (16.8%) who had tumors with a high (≥ 3%) Ki-67 index (group A) and a control group consisting of 43 patients with a low (< 3%) Ki 67 index who were matched for age, gender, and tumor type were included...
January 4, 2019: Endocrine Pathology
Ying-Hsia Chu, Heather Hardin, Jens Eickhoff, Ricardo V Lloyd
Recent studies suggest onco-regulatory roles for two long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), MALAT1 and HOTAIR, in various malignancies; however, these lncRNAs have not been previously examined in neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) of gastroenteropancreatic origins (GEP-NENs). In this study, we evaluated the expressions and prognostic significance of MALAT1 and HOTAIR in 83 cases of GEP-NENs (60 grade 1, 17 grade 2, and 6 grade 3 tumors) diagnosed during the years 2005-2017. Expression levels of MALAT1 and HOTAIR were digitally quantitated in assembled tissue microarray slides labeled by chromogenic in situ hybridization (ISH) using InForm 1...
January 2, 2019: Endocrine Pathology
Martyna Borowczyk, Ewelina Szczepanek-Parulska, Michał Olejarz, Barbara Więckowska, Frederik A Verburg, Szymon Dębicki, Bartłomiej Budny, Małgorzata Janicka-Jedyńska, Katarzyna Ziemnicka, Marek Ruchała
The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the performance of the Gene Expression Classifier (GEC) and ThyroSeq v2 (ThyroSeq) in the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules with indeterminate fine-needle aspiration biopsy results. We searched literature databases from January 2001 to April 2018. The bivariate model analysis was performed to estimate pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (LR+), negative likelihood ratio (LR-), positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV)...
December 27, 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Madhuchhanda Roy, Darya G Buehler, Ranran Zhang, Michael L Schwalbe, Rebecca M Baus, M Shahriar Salamat, Ricardo V Lloyd, Jason N Rosenbaum
Insulinoma-associated protein 1 (INSM1) and orthopedia homeobox (OTP) are transcription factors that play a critical role in neuroendocrine (NE) and neuroepithelial cell development. INSM1 has been identified in multiple tumors of NE or neuroepithelial origin, whereas OTP expression has been mainly studied in NE tumors of pulmonary origin. Expression of OTP appears to correlate with poorer prognosis in pulmonary carcinoids; however, its expression patterns in other NE/neuroepithelial tumors need further investigation...
December 6, 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Alisha Kapur, Narendra Singh, Ozgur Mete, Robert A Hegele, I George Fantus
Hyperparathyroidism, commonly observed in asymptomatic middle-aged women, with mild hypercalcemia, is usually caused by a benign adenoma. Some cases present with more severe manifestation and greater hypercalcemia. Within this spectrum, several familial/genetic associations have been discovered. While the majority are caused by benign disease, adenomas, or hyperplasia, a small proportion (< 1%) are associated with malignant tumors and present with more severe symptoms. Although usually sporadic, recent reports document various gene mutations that strongly predispose to the development of parathyroid carcinoma...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Levent Trabzonlu, Nadir Paksoy
Follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) is the second most common subtype of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) after classical PTC (cPTC). Follicular thyroid lesions such as follicular adenomas/carcinomas, FVPTC, and noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) pose some diagnostic challenges for FNAC. In this study, we aimed to explore whether FNAC can demonstrate diagnostic clues by re-evaluating cytology slides from histopathologically diagnosed FVPTC cases...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Johan O Paulsson, Anton Olander, Felix Haglund, Jan Zedenius, C Christofer Juhlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Zhouci Zheng, Xiaofen Zhou, Yefeng Cai, Endong Chen, Xiaohua Zhang, Ouchen Wang, Qingxuan Wang, Haiguang Liu
Thyroid carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the endocrine system worldwide, but its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Some diseases are associated with TEKT4 gene. However, its role in thyroid carcinoma has yet to be fully examined. This study was designed to investigate the function of TEKT4 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The effect of TEKT4 on aggressive behavior of PTC cell lines, namely, TPC1 and BCPAP, transfected with small interfering RNA was identified through cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Tyler Janovitz, Justine A Barletta
Although differentiated thyroid carcinomas typically pursue an indolent clinical course, it is important to identify the subset of tumors that are most likely to behave aggressively so that patients with these tumors are counseled and treated appropriately. Extent of disease is fundamental to the prognostication for differentiated thyroid carcinoma; however, there are additional histologic features of the tumor separate from extent of disease that have been shown to affect clinical course. This review will start with a discussion of aggressive variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma, move to the prognostic significance of vascular invasion in follicular thyroid carcinoma, and finish with a discussion of Hürthle cell carcinoma, with an emphasis on why it is not considered a subtype of follicular thyroid carcinoma in the 2017 WHO Classification of Tumors of Endocrine Organs...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Ozgur Mete, Omalkhaire M Alshaikh, Amber Cintosun, Shereen Ezzat, Sylvia L Asa
We report clinicopathological features of a large series of synchronous multiple pituitary neuroendocrine tumors (PitNETs) of different cell lineages. Retrospective review of pathology records from 2001 to 2016 identified 13 synchronous multiple PitNETs from 1055 PitNETs classified using pituitary cell-lineage transcription factors, adenohypohyseal hormones, and other biomarkers. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of these tumors were reviewed. The series included seven females and six males...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Xiaotun Zhang, Joshua M Howell, Yajue Huang
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology coupled with needle-wash thyroglobulin (FNA-Tg) testing is recommended for cervical lymph node (LN) biopsies in patients with a history of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the procedure has not been standardized with the assay for FNA-Tg testing. A standard operating procedure (SOP) has been generated at our facility for cervical LN FNAs with Tg reflex testing on patients with a history of PTC. The procedure requires FNA cytology to be reviewed first, and all cases not positive for PTC are reflexed for FNA-Tg testing with the Beckman Access thyroglobulin assay...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Khurram Shafique, Virginia A LiVolsi, Kathleen Montone, Zubair W Baloch
Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) accounts for nearly 50% of newly diagnosed PTC cases. There is considerable debate in literature about the clinicopathologic features and prognostic significance of PTMC and whether it should be treated as a separate entity. Due to lack of agreement and supportive data, the consensus study group that established the criteria for non-invasive thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like features (NIFTP) kept its size above 1 cm i.e., excluding PTMC from this new group. As a result, to date, some patients diagnosed with PTMC get aggressive treatments such as partial or total thyroidectomy and even radioactive iodine ablation...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Sachiko Konosu-Fukaya, Kei Omata, Yuta Tezuka, Yoshikiyo Ono, Yayoi Aoyama, Fumitoshi Satoh, Fumiyoshi Fujishima, Hironobu Sasano, Yasuhiro Nakamura
In chromaffin cells, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH), and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) are mainly involved in catecholamine synthesis. In this study, we evaluated the association between the status of catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes and histopathological features of pheochromocytoma and extraadrenal paraganglioma with special emphasis upon their postoperative clinical behavior. Immunohistochemical evaluation of TH, DBH, AADC, PNMT, Ki 67, and S-100 was performed in 29 pheochromocytoma and 10 extraadrenal paraganglioma and one lymph node harboring metastatic pheochromocytoma...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Daniel Lubin, Ezra Baraban, Amanda Lisby, Sahar Jalali-Farahani, Paul Zhang, Virginia Livolsi
There is evidence that programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is expressed by thyroid follicular epithelium in thyroiditis, but the role of PD-L1 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether (1) the presence of background chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) or Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) influenced the expression of PD-L1 in benign follicular epithelium or in PTC and (2) if PD-L1 expression in PTC persisted with lymph node metastasis. We performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) for PD-L1 on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Ya-Sian Chang, Chun-Chi Chang, Hsi-Yuan Huang, Chien-Yu Lin, Kun-Tu Yeh, Jan-Gowth Chang
Genetic and epigenetic alterations are associated with the progression and prognosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). We performed whole-exome sequencing of tumor tissue from seven patients with sporadic MTC using an Illumina HiSeq 2000 sequencing system. We conducted Sanger sequencing to confirm the somatic mutations in both tumor and matched normal tissues. We applied Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes functional enrichment analysis with the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery and STRING for pathway analysis...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Francesca Capuano, Oneda Grami, Luigi Pugliese, Marco Paulli, Andrea Pietrabissa, Enrico Solcia, Alessandro Vanoli
Grade 3 well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (G3 NETs) have been characterized in the pancreas and stomach and distinguished from low-to-intermediate grade (G1-G2) NETs, as well as from highly malignant, poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). Up to now, no G3 NET has been thoroughly described in the distal small intestine. We herein report a case of a 61-year-old man presenting with carcinoid syndrome. The surgical specimen showed, in a background of small G1 ileal NETs, a larger, grade 3 NET, which retained the nesting pattern and the expression of serotonin, chromogranin-A, and type 2A somatostatin receptors, typical of well-differentiated jejuno-ileal NETs...
December 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Xiaoxu Zhang, Miao Guo, Jing Yang, Yuxiao Zheng, Yanjie Xiao, Wei Liu, Fu Ren
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are immunosuppressive immune cells that play an important role in tumor development. Suppression of Treg function is considered to be an effective strategy for cancer therapy. Glycoprotein A repetitions predominant (GARP) has been found on the surface of activated Tregs. GARP has been recently observed in only a few solid tumors including breast, colon, lung cancers, and melanoma. However, its function in cancers remains unknown. Here, we investigated the expression of GARP in human papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and its prognostic significance...
November 16, 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"