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International Psychogeriatrics

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782238/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-an-elderly-patient-with-mental-depression
#1
Ting Cai, Xiao Shi, Ling-Zhi Yuan, Dan Tang, Fen Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782235/prosocial-behavior-in-aging-which-factors-can-explain-age-related-differences-in-social-economic-decision-making
#2
Alessia Rosi, Marta Nola, Serena Lecce, Elena Cavallini
ABSTRACTObjectives:Older adults tend to exhibit more prosocial behavior than younger adults. However, little research has focused on understanding the factors that may explain such differences in the social decision-making process. The first aim was to examine if, and to what degree, the content of social information about a recipient has an impact on young vs. older adults' prosocial behavior. The second aim was to understand if empathic concern, Theory of Mind, and reasoning explain the (expected) age differences in prosociality...
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782232/the-pain-catastrophizing-scale-short-form-psychometric-properties-and-threshold-for-identifying-high-risk-individuals
#3
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Phoon Ping Chen, Yu Fat Chow, Joanne W Y Chung, Alexander C B Law, Jenny S W Lee, Edward M F Leung, Cindy W C Tam
ABSTRACTObjective:The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) measures three aspects of catastrophic cognitions about pain-rumination, magnification, and helplessness. To facilitate assessment and clinical application, we aimed to (a) develop a short version on the basis of its factorial structure and the items' correlations with key pain-related outcomes, and (b) identify the threshold on the short form indicative of risk for depression. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Social centers for older people...
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782229/translating-knowledge-into-practice-at-the-local-level-evaluation-of-a-pilot-cme-for-primary-care-physicians-on-dementia-early-diagnosis-and-management
#4
Rakel Berenbaum, Julian Dresner, Yoram Maaravi, Bracha Erlich, Nechama Pivko, Chariklia Tziraki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782226/managing-the-transition-to-non-driving-in-patients-with-dementia-in-primary-care-settings-facilitators-and-barriers-reported-by-primary-care-physicians
#5
T L Scott, J Liddle, N A Pachana, E Beattie, G K Mitchell
ABSTRACTObjectives:This research addresses dementia and driving cessation, a major life event for affected individuals, and an immense challenge in primary care. In Australia, as with many other countries, it is primarily general practitioners (GPs) who identify changes in cognitive functioning and monitor driving issues with their patients with dementia. Qualitative evidence from studies with family members and other health professionals shows it is a complicated area of practice. However we still know little from GPs about how they manage the challenges with their patients and the strategies that they use to facilitate driving cessation...
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782222/differential-item-functioning-in-the-cognitive-screener-used-in-the-longitudinal-aging-study-in-india
#6
Ashish Goel, Alden Gross
ABSTRACTIntroduction:The Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI) was initiated to capture data to be comparable to the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) and hence used study instruments from the HRS. However, a rigorous psychometric evaluation before adaptation of cognitive tests may have indicated bias due to diversities across Indian states such as education, ethnicity, and urbanicity. In the present analysis, we evaluated if items show differential item functioning (DIF) by literacy, urbanicity, and education status...
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782219/a-network-approach-on-the-relation-between-apathy-and-depression-symptoms-with-dementia-and-functional-disability
#7
Lennard L van Wanrooij, Denny Borsboom, Eric P Moll van Charante, Edo Richard, Willem A van Gool
ABSTRACTBackground:Studies on the association between depression and dementia risk mostly use sum scores on depression questionnaires to model symptomatology severity. Since individual items may contribute differently to this association, this approach has limited validity. METHODS: We used network analysis to investigate the functioning of individual Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) items, of which, based on studies that used factor analysis, 3 are generally considered to measure apathy (GDS-3A) and 12 depression (GDS-12D)...
February 20, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761974/the-key-factors-for-the-engagement-of-primary-stakeholders-in-decision-making-for-the-future-care-of-people-with-dementia-living-in-the-community-a-systematic-integrative-review
#8
Michelle Lai, Yun-Hee Jeon, Heather McKenzie
ABSTRACTBackground:Engagement of people with dementia who are living in the community, their family or carers, and healthcare professionals in decision-making related to their future care is an area yet to be explored in the literature. In particular, little is known about the factors most likely to underpin their engagement. OBJECTIVES: To identify key factors for the engagement of the person with dementia living in the community, as well as their family or carer and their healthcare professionals in decision-making processes related to future care...
February 14, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761967/rest-activity-rhythms-and-depression-symptoms-in-older-bereaved-adults
#9
Stephen F Smagula, Martica H Hall, Sarah T Stahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739634/validation-of-the-personal-wellbeing-index-pwi-for-older-chilean-adults
#10
Lorena P Gallardo-Peralta, María Ángeles Molina Martinez, Rocío Schettini Del Moral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724149/self-management-and-social-participation-in-community-dwelling-people-with-mild-dementia-a-review-of-measuring-instruments
#11
Floriana Mangiaracina, Franka Meiland, Yvonne Kerkhof, Martin Orrell, Maud Graff, Rose-Marie Dröes
ABSTRACTBackground:In order to evaluate interventions promoting social health in people with dementia it is essential to have reliable and valid measures. The present review aims to provide an overview of available instruments for the assessment of two domains of social health in community-dwelling people with mild dementia, i.e., the ability to manage life with some degree of independence (self-management) and participation in social activities. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO...
February 6, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30722804/meaning-in-life-matters-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-residential-care-associations-with-life-satisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms
#12
Laura Dewitte, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Jessie Dezutter
ABSTRACTObjectives:To examine whether previously established associations between experiences of meaning in life on the one hand and life satisfaction and depressive symptoms on the other hand are transferable to a population of older residential care residents with Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using questionnaires administered in a structured interview format. SETTING: Nine residential care settings in Flanders, Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 138 older adults (+65) living in residential care with a diagnosis of AD...
February 6, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30722800/well-being-in-dementia-a-cross-sectional-dyadic-study-of-the-impact-of-multiple-dimensions-of-strain-on-persons-living-with-dementia-and-their-family-care-partners
#13
Lyndsey M Miller, Jeffrey A Kaye, Karen S Lyons, Christopher S Lee, Carol J Whitlatch, Michael S Caserta
ABSTRACTBackground and Purpose:The impact of dementia-related stressors and strains have been examined for their potential to threaten the well-being of either the person with dementia or the family care partner, but rarely have studies considered the dyadic nature of well-being in dementia. The purpose of this study was to examine the dyadic effects of multiple dimensions of strain on the well-being of dementia care dyads. METHODS: Using multilevel modeling to account for the inter-relatedness of individual well-being within dementia care dyads, we examined cross-sectional responses collected from 42 dyads comprised of a hospitalized patient diagnosed with a primary progressive dementia (PWD) and their family care partner (CP)...
February 6, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30722799/compliance-and-drug-related-problems-in-probable-alzheimer-s-disease-elderly
#14
Patrícia de Carvalho Mastroianni, Marcela Forgerini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719960/distinct-age-related-associations-for-body-mass-index-and-cognition-in-cognitively-healthy-very-old-veterans
#15
James Schmeidler, Cecilia N Mastrogiacomo, Michal S Beeri, Clive Rosendorff, Jeremy M Silverman
ABSTRACTAssociations between high body mass index (BMI) and subsequent cognitive decline, reported in elderly averaging below age 75, become less consistent at older ages. We compared the associations of BMI with cognition in moderately old (ages 75-84, N = 154) and oldest-old (85+, N = 93) samples. BMI and cognition were assessed cross-sectionally in cognitively intact elderly (mean age = 84.5, SD = 4.4) male veterans. Regression analyses of three cognitive domains - executive functions/language, attention, and memory-compared relationship with BMI between the moderately old and oldest-old...
February 5, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714564/unmet-needs-in-community-living-persons-with-dementia-are-common-often-non-medical-and-related-to-patient-and-caregiver-characteristics
#16
Betty S Black, Deirdre Johnston, Jeannie Leoutsakos, Melissa Reuland, Jill Kelly, Halima Amjad, Karen Davis, Amber Willink, Danetta Sloan, Constantine Lyketsos, Quincy M Samus
ABSTRACTObjective:Understanding which characteristics of persons with dementia (PWD) and their caregivers are associated with unmet needs can inform strategies to address those needs. Our purpose was to determine the percentage of PWD having unmet needs and significant correlates of unmet needs in PWD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were analyzed using bivariate and hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses. SETTING: Participants lived in the greater Baltimore, Maryland and Washington DC suburban area...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714550/disability-in-older-adults-across-the-continuum-of-cognitive-decline-unique-contributions-of-depression-sleep-disturbance-cognitive-deficits-and-medical-burden
#17
Haley M LaMonica, Ian B Hickie, Jerome Ip, Catriona Ireland, Loren Mowszowski, Amelia English, Nick Glozier, Sharon L Naismith
ABSTRACTObjectives:Disability in older adults is associated with a need for support in work, education, and community activities, reduced independence, and poorer quality of life. This study examines potential determinants of disability in a clinical sample of older adults across the continuum of cognitive decline, including sociodemographic, medical, psychiatric, and cognitive factors. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Participants were recruited from a specialty clinic for adults "at risk" of or with early dementia (including subjective cognitive complaints, mild cognitive impairment, and early dementia)...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714541/potentially-modifiable-factors-associated-with-agitation-and-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-disease-results-of-the-ictus-study
#18
Adelaide de Mauleon, Maria Soto, Pierre Jean Ousset, Fati Nourhashemi, Benoit Lepage, Bruno Vellas
ABSTRACTObjectives:To study potentially modifiable factors associated with the severity of agitation or aggression (A/A) symptoms among Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. DESIGN: Data from the Impact of Cholinergic Treatment Use (ICTUS) study, European longitudinal prospective observational study. SETTING: Community dwelling outpatients included in 29 European memory clinics. PARTICIPANTS: 1375 participants with probable AD (Mini-Mental State Examination score of 10-26) with an informal caregiver...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712519/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-effect-of-reminiscence-therapy-for-people-with-dementia
#19
Kyongok Park, Seonhye Lee, JeongEun Yang, Taekwon Song, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
ABSTRACTBackground:The main objective of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to identify the effects of reminiscence therapy in people with dementia (PWD). METHODS: A systematic search of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted using bibliographic databases. A total of 157 original published studies were identified in the search, and 24 complete articles were included in the final review to check for the level of evidence. Two of the study authors independently assessed the quality of the included studies using the "Risk of Bias" (ROB) tool developed by the Cochrane Collaboration...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712518/impact-of-mind-body-interventions-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review
#20
Maryam Farhang, Claudia Miranda-Castillo, Miriam Rubio, Guilherme Furtado
ABSTRACTBackground:Mind-body interventions have been associated with a range of positive outcomes in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of the present study was to review the impact of different non-pharmacological programs based on mind-body intervention for older adults with MCI. METHODS: A comprehensive search method as required by the Cochrane Collaboration has been performed through the following databases: Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, Cochrane, Ebsco...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
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