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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

Narinder Kaur, Philip N Britton, David Isaacs, Joanne Ging, Dianne E Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Anna E Elder, Arjun Rao
AIM: Croup is a major cause of emergency department (ED) presentations, but there remains a paucity of evidence to guide clinical decision-making around which patients require admission. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of patients presenting to the ED with croup and to identify characteristics associated with a need for further intervention. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients presenting to the ED of a tertiary paediatric hospital with croup between 2011 and 2016...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Gloria J Dainty, David M Reith, Barry J Taylor
AIM: Childhood obesity continues to be a major health issue for children world-wide, with well-recognised major health effects. This study evaluated the prevalence of obesity in children presenting to secondary care in Southern New Zealand, as well as their clinical management. METHODS: Obesity prevalence was determined by a review of data contained in the electronic anthropometry database in the region for the period 19 July 2010-16 July 2015. All clinical records were further examined using a standard data extraction form for 333 obese children regarding their clinical management...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Phuong Tk Nguyen, Hoang T Tran, Huong Tt Truong, Vu T Nguyen, Steve M Graham, Ben J Marais
AIM: To characterise paediatricians' antibiotic-prescribing behaviour when managing community acquired pneumonia. METHODS: We conducted a knowledge and attitudes survey of paediatric doctors practicing at a regional provincial hospital in central Vietnam over a 2-week period (from 12 December 2017 to 29 December 2017). RESULTS: Of 79 eligible paediatric doctors, 69 (87.3%) completed the questionnaire, of whom 65 (94.2%) thought that antibiotics were overused in Vietnam...
February 17, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Hyun M Kim, Philip J Schluter, Brigid McNeill, John Everatt, Rose Sisk, Leon Iusitini, Leali'ie'e T Taleni, El-Shadan Tautolo, Gail Gillon
AIM: Pacific children fare poorly on health and educational outcomes, including literacy. Early interventions are considered critical in reducing educational disparities. A prediction model was constructed to analyse the factors associated with Pacific children's English receptive vocabulary, an important component of English language development. METHODS: A birth cohort study of Pacific children was used to construct a classification tree model and predict the proportions of Pacific children who performed strongly in a standardised test of English receptive vocabulary at 6 years of age (n = 1019)...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Natalie B Tan, Tiong Yang Tan, Melissa M Martyn, Ravi Savarirayan, David J Amor, Amanda Moody, Susan M White, Zornitza Stark
AIM: To investigate the diagnostic and service impact of chromosomal microarray and whole exome sequencing (WES) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This was a retrospective medical record review of NICU patients referred for genetics consultation at three time points over a 9-year period at a single centre to determine referral indications, genetic consultation outcomes and time to diagnosis. RESULTS: The number of NICU patients referred for genetics consultation increased from 44 in 2007 to 95 in 2015...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Peter Giudice-Nairn, Jenny Downs, Kingsley Wong, Dylan Wilson, Daniel Ta, Michael Gattas, David Amor, Elizabeth Thompson, Cathy Kirrali-Borri, Carolyn Ellaway, Helen Leonard
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and prevalence of MECP2 duplication syndrome in Australian children and further define its phenotype. METHODS: The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit was used to identify children with MECP2 duplication syndrome between June 2014 and November 2017. Reporting clinicians were invited to complete a questionnaire. Clinician data (n = 20) were supplemented with information from the International Rett Syndrome Phenotype Database and from caregivers (n = 7)...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Julie Huynh, Joel Vosu, Ben J Marais, Philip N Britton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
María Martín-Cazaña, Santiago Grau, Cristina Epalza, Patricia Brañas, Marta Flores, Marta Olmedilla, Daniel Blázquez-Gamero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Tara M Crawford, Chad C Andersen, Nicolette A Hodyl, Sarah A Robertson, Michael J Stark
Anaemia of prematurity will affect 90% of all very preterm infants, resulting in at least one red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. A significant proportion of preterm infants require multiple transfusions over the course of hospital admission. Growing evidence supports an association between transfusion exposure and adverse neonatal outcomes. In adults, transfusion-associated sepsis, transfusion-related acute lung injury and haemolytic reactions are the leading causes of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality; however, these are seldom recognised in newborns...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
David Isaacs, Chris Elliot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Erin T Paquette, Steven Joffe
AIM: This study describes the reliability and concurrent validity of the Multidimensional Illness Severity Questionnaire (MISQ), a five-item measure for capturing parents' reports of their child's illness severity. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of parents of children participating in a paediatric research study (n = 20). We assessed parents' perceptions of illness severity using five measures: (i) the MISQ, (ii) the Lansky Play Performance scale, (iii) the Severity of Illness Scale, (iv) subscales of the Parent Experience of Child Illness and (v) general health...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Fatma Sarac, Selman Yeniocak, Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu, Kamil Sahin, Esma Yucetas, Macit Koldas, Burak Katipoglu
AIM: The differential diagnosis of paediatric patients admitted to the emergency department presenting with acute abdominal pain may be difficult. This study aims to investigate the diagnostic value of ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain in children and in distinguishing surgical from non-surgical cases. METHODS: The study was conducted with a total of 152 subjects who provided informed consent, including 112 patients admitted to the paediatric emergency department and paediatric surgical clinic and 40 healthy control subjects...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Gurinder Kumar, Omar Al-Masri, Zubaida Alismaili, Eslam Tawfik, Mohammed K Al-Ghabra, Sadia H Ilyas, Eihab Al-Khasawneh
AIM: Atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) is a debilitating condition that can cause significant morbidity and mortality in children if not adequately and promptly treated. This report shares real-world data on the use of eculizumab in children with aHUS. METHODS: We report our experience with the use of eculizumab in 14 children with aHUS. RESULTS: The median age at aHUS diagnosis was 12 months (range: 2-108 months), with six (42...
February 3, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Tricia M Kleidon, Paula Cattanach, Gabor Mihala, Amanda J Ullman
AIM: To improve paediatric peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) care through the implementation of care bundles. METHODS: A pre-post study using mixed methods (clinical audit, staff survey, parent interviews) in 2016 at a tertiary paediatric hospital in Brisbane was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a PIVC insertion and maintenance bundle to improve PIVC insertion, promote function and support practice. Participants included children with PIVC, parents and staff inserting and managing PIVCs...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Ai-Lynn Wong, Elaine Meehan, Franz E Babl, Susan M Reid, Anthony Catto-Smith, Katrina Williams, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: To describe the characteristics of emergency department (ED) presentations due to complications from gastrostomy or gastrojejunal feeding tubes among children with cerebral palsy (CP), the complexity of complications and the management approaches taken. METHODS: The Victorian CP Register was linked to the ED databases of Victoria's two tertiary paediatric hospitals, and data on presentations due to feeding tube complications were identified based on discharge diagnosis codes...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Ronan McKenna, Lindsay Joseph, Philip Sargent, Meryta May, Sarah Tozer, Seweryn Bialasiewicz, Claire Heney, Luregn J Schlapbach, Julia E Clark
AIM: The human parechovirus (HPeV) has emerged as a pathogen causing sepsis-like presentations in young infants, but there is a lack of data on HPeV presentations requiring intensive care support. We aimed to characterise the clinical presentation, disease severity, management and outcome of a population-based cohort of children with microbiologically confirmed HPeV infection requiring admission to paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in Queensland, Australia during a recent outbreak...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Toby I Vinycomb, Kirby Laslett, Stella M Gwini, Warwick Teague, Ramesh M Nataraja
AIM: To evaluate the trend in presentation and postoperative outcomes of infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) over the last decade. METHODS: This was a multicentre retrospective study in two tertiary paediatric centres between 2005 and 2015 inclusive. Participants included 626 infants who underwent a pyloromyotomy for HPS. We collected data on presentation features (age, weight, clinical signs, blood gas results, ultrasound findings) and postoperative outcomes (length of stay (LOS), complications, time to first postoperative feed)...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Penelope Uther, Kerri-Anne Van Munster, Nancy Briggs, Susan O'Neill, Sean Kennedy
AIM: Both simulation and the flipped-classroom improve learning outcomes in medical education, with evidence emerging that they are effective in combination ('flipped-simulation'). Previous studies evaluating simulation in paediatrics have assessed efficacy for senior students. This study aimed to assess whether using flipped-simulation in early-phase medical student education would show similar benefits. METHODS: A flipped-simulation session was introduced into the earliest phase of the University of New South Wales Sydney's undergraduate medical program...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Deborah A Randall, Jennifer R Bowen, Jillian A Patterson, David O Irving, Rena Hirani, Jane B Ford
AIM: Blood product transfusions are a potentially life-saving therapy for fetal and neonatal anaemia, but there is limited population-based research on outcomes. We aimed to describe mortality, readmission and average hospital stay in the first year of life for infants with or without intra-uterine or neonatal blood product transfusions. METHODS: Linked birth, hospital and deaths data from New South Wales, Australia (January 2002-June 2014) were used to identify singleton infants (≥23 weeks' gestation, surviving to 29 days; n = 1 089 750) with intra-uterine or neonatal transfusion or no transfusion...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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