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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30994919/predicting-early-mild-cognitive-impairment-with-free-recall-the-primacy-of-primacy
#1
Deborah Talamonti, Rebecca Koscik, Sterling Johnson, Davide Bruno
OBJECTIVES: Serial position effects have been found to discriminate between normal and pathological aging, and to predict conversion from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Different scoring methods have been used to estimate the accuracy of these predictions. In the current study, we investigated delayed primacy as predictor of progression to early MCI over established diagnostic memory methods. We also compared three serial position methods (regional, standard and delayed scores) to determine which measure is the most sensitive in differentiating between individuals who develop early MCI from a baseline of cognitively intact older adults...
April 17, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30994913/free-recall-of-bound-information-held-in-short-term-memory-is-unimpaired-by-age-and-education
#2
Mônica Sanches Yassuda, Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart, Mario Amore Cecchini, Luciana Cassimiro, Katarina Duarte Fernandes, Roberta Roque Baradel, Ricardo Basso Garcia, Ricardo Nitrini, Sergio Della Sala, Mario Alfredo Parra
OBJECTIVES: It has been challenging to identify cognitive markers to differentiate healthy brain aging from neurodegeneration due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) that are not affected by age and education. The Short-Term Memory Binding (STMB) showed not to be affected by age or education when using the change detection paradigm. However, no previous study has tested the effect of age and education using the free recall paradigm of the STMB. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate age and education effects on the free recall version of the STMB test under different memory loads...
April 17, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30994910/personal-problems-questionnaire-ppq-normative-data-and-utility-in-assessing-acquired-neurological-impairment
#3
Martin D van den Broek, Linda Monaci, Jared G Smith
OBJECTIVE: The Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ) is a measure designed to assess acquired cognitive, emotional, and physical complaints. The present study sought to develop a normative database to allow clinicians and researchers to assess self-reported complaints among people with disabilities, and evaluate the response consistency and validity of their self-report. METHOD: 404 community-dwelling participants (n 200 males, 204 females) completed the PPQ, as well as an acquired brain injury (ABI) group (n 59), mainly following stroke and traumatic brain injuries, and seen for clinical (i...
April 17, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30994886/an-examination-of-semantic-impairment-in-amnestic-mci-and-ad-what-can-we-learn-from-verbal-fluency
#4
M-J Chasles, A Tremblay, F Escudier, A Lajeunesse, S Benoit, R Langlois, S Joubert, I Rouleau
INTRODUCTION: The Verbal Fluency Test (VF) is commonly used in neuropsychology. Some studies have demonstrated a marked impairment of semantic VF compared to phonemic VF in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) is associated with increased risk of conversion to incident AD, it is relevant to examine whether a similar impairment is observed in this population. The objective of the present empirical study is to compare VF performance of aMCI patients to those of AD and elderly controls matched one-to-one for age and education...
April 17, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957141/half-of-purposeful-baseline-sandbaggers-undetected-by-impact-s-embedded-invalidity-indicators
#5
Courtney A Raab, Amy Sutton Peak, Chad Knoderer
OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study were to determine how accurately the embedded invalidity indicators (EIIs) identify purposeful underperformers on the baseline Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT); and to assess the effectiveness of each individual EII. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in which all participants completed a baseline ImPACT assessment. Participants were randomized into a control or purposeful underperformance (sandbagging) group...
April 8, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30927353/concussion-history-and-career-status-influence-performance-on-baseline-assessments-in-elite-football-players
#6
Brittani Cookinham, Chad Swank
OBJECTIVE: To determine if concussion history and career status is associated with neurocognitive performance in elite football players. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional single assessment. Fifty-seven elite football players (age 29.39 ± 7.49 years) categorized as draft prospects, active professional players, and retired professional players were assessed on the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool - third edition (SCAT-3), in an outpatient therapy setting...
March 30, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888041/corrigendum-to-exaggerated-functional-impairment-due-to-malingered-neurocognitive-dysfunction-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
David A Elias, Vance V MacLaren, Erin K Brien, Arron W S Metcalfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30882878/cognitive-theory-of-mind-influences-destination-memory-evidence-from-normal-aging-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Mohamad El Haj, Philippe Allain, Ahmed A Moustafa
OBJECTIVE: Theory of mind and destination memory are social abilities that require processing the attributes of interlocutors. Empirical research has demonstrated a relationship between performance on both abilities in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We therefore investigated whether processing attributes of interlocutors would result in better destination memory in AD. METHODS: Twenty-six mild AD participants and 28 controls were tested on two occasions...
March 18, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30844072/no-linear-association-between-number-of-concussions-or-years-played-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-retired-nfl-players
#9
Lindy Fields, Nyaz Didehbani, John Hart, C Munro Cullum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to examine whether concussion history and years played are linearly associated with cognitive outcomes in retired National Football League (NFL) players. METHOD: Thirty-five retired NFL players over the age of 50 who had sustained at least one concussion completed a clinical interview and brief neuropsychological battery. Correlational analyses were conducted between exposure variables [number of total concussions, concussions with loss of consciousness (LOC), and years played] and cognitive performance as characterized by cognitive composite scores based on performance on neuropsychological measures (attention/processing speed, language, memory, and overall composite scores)...
March 7, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30844064/does-the-key-task-measure-prospective-memory-cautionary-findings-from-parallel-studies-in-hiv-disease-and-older-adults
#10
Michelle A Babicz, Kelli L Sullivan, Michael Weinborn, Romola S Bucks, Amanda Ng, Erica Hodgson, Denise Parker, Maria Pushpanathan, Lara Fine, Shayne Loft, Steven Paul Woods
OBJECTIVE: Despite its brevity and face validity, little is known about the construct validity of the naturalistic "Key Task" of prospective memory (PM), in which an examinee is instructed to remind the examiner at a designated time to retrieve keys (or another belonging) placed out of sight. METHOD: Study 1 included 162 HIV+ and 52 HIV- comparison participants who completed the Key Task alongside well-validated measures of PM and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery that included everyday functioning measures...
March 7, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30805644/factors-associated-with-m%C3%A4-ori-performance-on-the-wais-iv
#11
Margaret D Dudley, Suzanne L Barker-Collo, Denise L Wilson, Nick K Garrett
Neuropsychological tests are routinely used to assess Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand, yet very few investigations of the psychometric properties of these tests with this population have been conducted. This paper focuses on factors that may impact performance of Māori adults on neuropsychological testing. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (WAIS-IV) was administered to a sample of 284 Māori stratified for age (between 16 years and 90 years) and gender in order to establish a Māori normative data set...
February 26, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30805597/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cognition-and-ultrasound-based-vascular-strain-indices
#12
N H Meshram, D Jackson, T Varghese, C C Mitchell, S M Wilbrand, R J Dempsey, B P Hermann
OBJECTIVE: We examine the relationship between variability in the plaque strain distribution estimated using ultrasound with multiple cognitive domains including executive, language, visuospatial reasoning, and memory function. METHOD: Asymptomatic (n = 42) and symptomatic (n = 34) patients with significant (>60%) carotid artery stenosis were studied for plaque instability using ultrasound strain imaging and multiple cognitive domains including executive, language, visuospatial reasoning, and memory function...
February 26, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30796808/using-rates-of-low-scores-to-assess-agreement-between-brief-computerized-neuropsychological-assessment-batteries-a-clinically-based-approach-for-psychometric-comparisons
#13
Brian J Ivins, Jacques P Arrieux, Karen A Schwab, F J Haran, Wesley R Cole
OBJECTIVE: To assess agreement between four brief computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (CNTs), ANAM, CogState, CNS Vital Signs, and ImPACT, by comparing rates of low scores. METHODS: Four hundred and six US Army service members (SMs) with and without acute mild traumatic brain injury completed two randomly assigned CNTs with order of administration also randomly assigned. We performed a base rate analysis for each CNT to determine the proportions of SMs in the control and mTBI groups who had various numbers of scores that were 1...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30796805/factor-analysis-of-the-texas-functional-living-scale-in-an-outpatient-clinical-sample
#14
Deborah A Lowe, Christopher M Nguyen, Christopher T Copeland, John F Linck
OBJECTIVE: Prior factor analysis of the Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS), a performance-based measure of functional abilities, in a military veteran sample supported four factors discrepant from the published subscales. This study analyzed TFLS factor structure in a non-veteran clinical sample. METHOD: Two hundred seventy adult outpatients completed the TFLS during neuropsychological evaluation. Principal axis factor analysis with oblique promax rotation was conducted with age and education effects partialed out...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30796801/visual-object-perception-in-premanifest-and-early-manifest-huntington-s-disease
#15
Emma M Coppen, Milou Jacobs, Kasper F van der Zwaan, Huub A M Middelkoop, Raymund A C Roos
OBJECTIVE: In Huntington's disease (HD), a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder, cognitive impairment in early disease stages mainly involves executive dysfunction. However, visual cognitive deficits have additionally been reported and are of clinical relevance given their influence on daily life and overall cognitive performance. This study aimed to assess visual perceptual skills in HD gene carriers. METHODS: Subtasks of the Visual Object and Space Perception battery and Groningen Intelligence Test were administered in 62 participants (18 healthy controls, 22 participants with a genetic confirmation of HD without symptoms, i...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30796799/scat5-vs-scat3-symptom-reporting-differences-and-convergent-validity-in-collegiate-athletes
#16
Breton M Asken, Zachary M Houck, Russell M Bauer, James R Clugston
OBJECTIVE: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT), fifth Edition, Symptom Evaluation (S5SE) differs from previous versions by having examinees report trait (i.e. "typical" feelings) as opposed to state (i.e., "how you feel right now") concussion-like symptoms at baseline. This study assessed differences among, and convergent validity of, scores on the S5SE, SCAT3 Symptom Evaluation (S3SE), and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18). METHODS: A total of 113 University of Florida varsity athletes completed symptom questionnaires on the same day in a counterbalanced administration...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715094/general-educational-development-ged-and-educational-attainment-equivalency-for-demographically-adjusted-norms
#17
Kelsey C Hewitt, Meghan W Cody, Craig D Marker, David W Loring
Objective: To investigate whether the General Educational Development (GED) certificate should be considered equivalent to a standard 12-year high school education when performing demographic corrections on neuropsychological performance levels. If the GED certificate and high school diploma reflect comparable levels of educational achievement, then performance on the Test of Premorbid Function (TOPF) and selected WAIS-IV indices should not differ between groups. Method: Archival neuropsychology data were reviewed to identify patients who either (1) did not complete high school and did not subsequently obtain a GED, (2) did not complete high school but subsequently obtained a GED, or (3) completed high school and did not obtain any further formal education...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715092/unique-effects-of-perceived-neighborhood-physical-disorder-and-social-cohesion-on-episodic-memory-and-semantic-fluency
#18
Afsara B Zaheed, Neika Sharifian, A Zarina Kraal, Ketlyne Sol, Alyssia Hence, Laura B Zahodne
Objective: Objective measures of neighborhood quality are associated with physical and mental health outcomes for older adults, but the relationship between perceived neighborhood quality and cognitive health has not been fully explored. Furthermore, positive and negative neighborhood characteristics may influence cognition through different mechanisms. The present study aimed to determine whether perceptions of neighborhood quality predict cognitive functioning in two domains, above and beyond individual-level risk factors, in a nationally representative sample of older adults...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715082/corrigendum-development-of-the-poor-validity-profile-analysis-for-the-medical-symptom-validity-test
#19
Kathryn J Dunham, Robert L Denney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30668629/duration-of-fame-and-extent-of-semantic-knowledge-of-famous-names-in-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#20
Emily J Kalscheur, Cassandra C Kandah, John L Woodard, Woojin Song, Michael Seidenberg
Objective: The greater resilience of older memories relative to recent memories has primarily been demonstrated in clinical groups, but this phenomenon has been less extensively examined in cognitively intact older adults. Additionally, most studies of person-identity have only examined recognition or familiarity of a famous face or name, and there has been less systematic study of access to more specific person-identity semantic knowledge. The current study examined the effect of both memory age and extent of semantic knowledge on famous name recognition and retrieval of person-identity biographical information in healthy older adults...
January 22, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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