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Journal of Women & Aging

Ewa Zasadzka, Tomasz Trzmiel, Magdalena Roszak, Mariola Pawlaczyk
We assessed the relationship between the stages of the frailty syndrome and the development of limitations in the activities of daily living, hospitalization, and death among women aged ≥80 as compared to men over the course of 12 months. The Fried criteria and selected tests of comprehensive geriatric assessment were performed in 213 participants (phase 1). After 12 months, detailed feedback on the general health and functioning was collected (phase 2). Statistically significantly higher mortality (p < ...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Women & Aging
Deana A Rohlinger, Rebecca A Redmond, Tara Stamm
We assess whether media professionals construct stories in ways that enhance or diminish women's legitimacy as agents of change. Our analysis of 269 broadcast news stories sampled between 1970 and 2012 examines depictions of activists in five social movements-Women's Rights, Gay Rights, Immigrant Rights, Occupy Wall Street, and Tea Party-at the intersection of gender, age, and race. We find that broadcast news coverage diminishes the legitimacy of women and older activists and activists of color by underrepresenting them, presenting opponents' claims at higher rates, and reinforcing dominant cultural narratives about political authority...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Women & Aging
Paige Averett, Jordan Pylant, Katelyn Craft, Imani Ricks
Few studies have asked older lesbians to reflect on the primary experiences of their life. The following provides the responses of a nationally representative sample of 221 lesbians over the age of 55 to an open-ended question on anything they wanted to share. Through triangulated data analysis, resulting themes include the importance of the Women's Movement, coming out, as well as the role of discrimination. Underlying each of these were the importance of social connection and for some the increasing experience of disconnection...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Vida Henderson, Jessica M Madrigal, Arden Handler
African American women (AAW) are particularly at risk for deleterious health outcomes that might be mitigated through increased preventive care use. A mixed methods study that examined relationships between knowledge of, beliefs about, and barriers to well-woman visits, flu vaccines, and mammograms was conducted with midlife AAW who participated in an online survey (n = 124) and in-depth interviews (n = 19). Findings showed that greater knowledge of preventive service recommendations and positive patient-provider relationships were associated with greater preventive service use...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Hamid Arazi, Reyhaneh Asadi, Behzad Taati
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week aerobic training in mineral geothermal water on hemodynamic variables, VO2max , and body composition in sedentary hypertensive women. Twenty postmenopausal women (58.55 ± 3.28 years) were divided into an exercise group (2 days/week, 30-40 minutes, 60%-75% of HRmax ) and control group. Compared to the control group, a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, rate pressure product, body fat percent, and a significant improvement in VO2max values was found...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Susan M McLennon, Joel G Anderson, Fayron Epps, Karen M Rose
The purpose of this study was to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of African American daughters caring for parents with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia (ADRD). In this secondary analysis of a subset (N = 12) of the sample from a previous study, daughters averaged 54 years of age and were caring for parents with moderate to severe ADRD. Results revealed two main categories: Caregiver Concerns and Caregiver Coping. Subcategories included challenging behaviors, social aspects, integration, and family culture and values...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Ana Luísa Patrão, Vicente Paulo Alves, Tiago Sousa Neiva
This article aims to identify the psychosocial factors associated with self-perceived health status in the Brazilian elderly population and to present differences related to gender. The data were collected by questionnaire, including sociodemographic and behavioral questions, and scales for psychological dimensions. Self-perceived health status is related to level of education, physical activity, and self-efficacy in the total population. Regarding gender differences, self-rated health status among men is related to education level and self-efficacy and in women to level of education, physical activity, social support, and self-efficacy...
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Elizabeth Crouch, Janice Probst, Kevin Bennett, Jan Eberth
End-of-life issues are important for senior women, particularly rural women, who are more likely than their urban counterparts to live alone. The role of residence as a factor for health-care utilization among Medicare beneficiaries during the last six months of life has yet to be investigated. The purpose of this study is to examine whether service utilization in the last six months of life differs across gender and rurality. The sample was restricted to fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries who died between July 1, 2013, and December 31, 2013 (n = 39,508)...
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Isabel de Salis, Amanda Owen-Smith, Jenny L Donovan, Debbie A Lawlor
We investigated the experience and perspectives of menopause among 48 UK mothers through qualitative in-depth interviews. Interviews were analyzed thematically then explored using social science theories. Three interdependent narratives emerged: menopause as a normal, biological process, distinct from self and social transitions; menopause as struggle, an "idiom of distress" expressing upset, identity loss, shame, and social upheaval; and menopause as transformative and liberating, arising from biopsychic and relational changes...
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Hila Axelrad, Tay K Mcnamara
The different pathways out of the labor force have been the focus of many recent studies, yet not enough scholarly attention has been paid to the effect of country-level, individual, and job characteristics and their potentially different influence across genders. The current article examines the relationships between retirement decisions and macroeconomic conditions, personal characteristics, and job satisfaction, while focusing on gender differences. Data came from 16,337 respondents in 13 European countries that participated in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)...
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Liat Ayalon
Online dating has become increasingly popular among older adults following broader social media adoption patterns. The current study examined the visual representations of people on 39 dating sites intended for the older population, with a particular focus on the visualization of the intersection between age and gender. All 39 dating sites for older adults were located through the Google search engine. Visual thematic analysis was performed with reference to general, non-age-related signs (e.g., facial expression, skin color), signs of aging (e...
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Margareth S Zanchetta, Christine Maheu, Abinet G Gebremariam, Pascale Baribeau, Ndeye L Ndiaye, Soumya Tamouro, Manon Lemonde, Patrick Cloos
Data from focus groups held in Montréal (Canada) with 13 women born in Cameroon, Colombia, and Democratic Republic of Congo were used to explore cancer knowledge among immigrant grandmothers and mothers-in-law and their influence over family cancer-preventative practices. Thematic analysis identified the following leading themes: cancer literacy and influence over family cancer preventative and early detection practices, cancer literacy in relation to family health behaviors, and barriers to accessing health services...
November 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
María Beatriz Fernández Lorca, Sui Lan Lay
Women who fulfill many roles, particularly caregivers who fulfill other social responsibilities, risk their well-being. Using a nationally representative sample, we studied the association between being a caregiver to elderly people, performing other social roles, and subjective well-being in middle-aged women in Chile. Using ordinary least squares models, we found that being a caregiver was negatively associated with life satisfaction, which significantly decreased if the caregiver was also head of household...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Kyle L Bower, Candace L Kemp, Elisabeth O Burgess, Jaye L Atkinson
Research on informal care for older adults tends to consider middle- and upper-class individuals. Consequently, less is known about caregiving among low-income families. We present findings from an exploratory qualitative study of low-income African American mothers (n = 5) and their caregiving daughters (n = 5). Guided by a feminist framework, we consider how individual, familial, and societal factors contribute to the intersectional complexities of caregiving. Despite the unavailability of formal resources, we found the 10 women positive in their outlook...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Jana Müllerová, Petr Weiss
Aesthetic surgery of the female genitalia is on the rise. Many procedures are performed. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder and often goes unrecognized in plastic surgery. This review examines actual knowledge of plastic surgery in gynecology, knowledge of motivational factors of women, and BDD. We carried out a systematic electronic search. We used a combination of relevant keywords to construct the search strategy. Included studies were systematic reviews or primary studies published 1990-2017 and containing information about BDD...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Saemyi Chung
Using intersectionality as a conceptual framework, this study investigated how older Korean women living in New Zealand perceived their aging bodies, antiaging practices and/or products, and how they used such products. Thematic analysis identified three themes: tension between acceptance of the aging body as an inevitable process and transformation of the aging body into a healthy body, juggling between abstinence and use of antiaging products and practices, and redefining natural aging. The findings challenge binary interpretations between "acceptance" of and "resistance" to the experiences of the aging process and the use of antiaging practices...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Bénédicte Mugnier, Aurélie Daumas, Anne-Laure Couderc, Barbara Mizzi, Thomas González, Anne Amrani, Pierre Lévêque, Brice Aymes, Jean-Nöel Argenson, Patrick Villani
The clinical efficacy of anti-osteoporotic treatments in old patients is discussed. The aim of this study was to assess if the use of anti-osteoporotic treatments for the secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures could reduce the risk of refractures in patients over 75 years old in a Fracture Liaison Service. In this population of frail, elderly patients presenting with a recent osteoporotic fracture, we observed that the refracture incidence was similar in the treated group and the untreated group during the first year...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Anusmita Devi, Tannistha Samanta
This study examines the representation of older adults in print advertisements in an English-language magazine in post-reform India. Employing content analysis, this study finds a growing disenchantment of the Indian media with the image of a "happy joint family." A higher proportion of older adults are now portrayed alone or with younger adults compared to earlier portrayals with people of all age groups in an ad. Further, the portrayal of older adults as both parent and grandparent in the same ad has also reduced over the years, hinting at the restructured ideas of time, successful aging, and later life identities...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
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