Daniel J Reis, Adam R Kinney, Jeri E Forster, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Julie A Kittel, Amanda E Wood, David W Oslin, Lisa A Brenner, Joseph A Simonetti
Comparing self-reported symptom scores across time requires longitudinal measurement invariance (LMI), a psychometric property that means the measure is functioning identically across all time points. Despite its prominence as a measure of depression symptom severity in both research and health care, LMI has yet to be firmly established for the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression module (PHQ-9), particularly over the course of antidepressant pharmacotherapy. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to assess for LMI of the PHQ-9 during pharmacotherapy for major depressive disorder...
May 16, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Courtney M Goetz, Taylor A Miller, Paul J Frick
Recent changes to diagnostic criteria for serious conduct problems in children and adolescents have included the presence of elevated callous-unemotional traits to define etiologically and clinically important subgroups of youth with a conduct problem diagnosis. The Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions (CAPE) is an intensive assessment of the symptoms of this limited prosocial emotions specifier that uses a structured professional judgment method of scoring, which may make it useful in clinical settings when diagnoses may require more information than that provided by behavior rating scales...
May 6, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Farron E Wielinga, Mark E Olver
The present study examined the convergent, structural, and predictive properties of Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (VRS-SO) scores in a sample of 200 men on community supervision for sexual offenses, attending forensic community outpatient services and followed up an average 8.6 years. The VRS-SO and two additional dynamic sexual recidivism risk measures-STABLE 2007 and Sex Offender Treatment Intervention and Progress Scale (SOTIPS)-were coded archivally from clinic files; Static-99R ratings were extracted...
April 15, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Gisele Magarotto Machado, Felipe Valentini, David Watson, Lucas de Francisco Carvalho
The Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms-Expanded version (IDAS-II) is one of the few tools designed to assess internalizing symptoms based on dimensional models. We conducted two studies, the first testing internal validity aspects of the IDAS-II and the second testing the external validity of the scales. In the first study we adapted the IDAS-II to Brazilian Portuguese and tested its internal structure, including a higher order factorial solution coherent with the internalizing spectrum, the stability of the factor structure, and its measurement invariance for sex and racial groups...
April 11, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Anton A Mays, Cameron J Mills, Joshua R Oltmanns
The International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition (ICD-11) adopted a fully dimensional model of personality disorder. The Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD) and Informant-Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (IPiC) were developed to assess the ICD-11 trait model, and the PiCD has since received significant validation support. However, there has only been one prior study of longitudinal predictive validity of the PiCD, two relatively short test-retest reliability studies of the PiCD, and no prior longitudinal tests of the IPiC...
April 8, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Neil R Hogan, Gabriela Corăbian
Racial disparities in criminal justice outcomes are widely observed. In Canada, such disparities are particularly evident between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons. The role of formal risk assessment in contributing to such disparities remains a topic of interest to many, but critical analysis has almost exclusively focused on actuarial or statistical risk measures. Recent research suggests that ratings from other common tools, based on the structured professional judgment model, can also demonstrate racial disparities...
March 21, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Leon P Wendt, Johannes Zimmermann, Carsten Spitzer, Sascha Müller
Mindreading ability-also referred to as cognitive empathy or mentalizing-is typically conceptualized as a relatively stable dimension of individual differences in the ability to make accurate inferences about the mental states of others. This construct is primarily assessed using self-report questionnaires and task-based performance measures. However, the validity of these measures has been questioned: According to rival interpretations, mindreading tasks may capture general cognitive ability, whereas mindreading self-reports may capture perceived rather than actual mindreading ability...
February 29, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Markus Grill, Martin Heller, Anke Haberkamp
The behavioral avoidance test (BAT) is a well-known diagnostic tool assessing fear by directly measuring avoidance behavior. For instance, in spider phobia, participants or patients gradually approach a live spider until they feel too uncomfortable to continue. However, the use of different BAT protocols in various studies hampers the comparability of results. Moreover, conducting the test requires considerable preparation by researchers and clinicians. Thus, we have developed an open-access online BAT (vBATon)...
May 2024: Psychological Assessment
Martin Sellbom, Tiffany A Brown, Mark H Waugh, Christopher J Hopwood
The purpose of the present study was to revise and update the MMPI-2-RF personality disorder (PD) syndrome scales for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-3 (MMPI-3). Study 1 describes the development of the MMPI-3 PD syndrome scales in three separate samples of community participants (n = 1,591), university students (n = 1,660), and outpatient mental health patients (n = 1,537). The authors independently evaluated each of the 72 new MMPI-3 items and rated them for appropriateness for scale inclusion and used various statistical procedures for final item selection...
May 2024: Psychological Assessment
Tiffany A Brown, Martin Sellbom
The International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition (ICD-11) includes a new personality disorder (PD) severity diagnosis that may be further characterized using up to five trait domain specifiers. Most of the previous studies have investigated the ICD-11 trait domains using self-report measures. The present study aimed to validate ICD-11 PD trait domains using a multimethod design in a community mental health sample (n = 336). We conducted two confirmatory factor analyses to examine the factor structure of the ICD-11 PD trait model, utilizing clinician-rating, self-report, and informant-report measures...
May 2024: Psychological Assessment
Elif Kimya, Osman Hatun, Halil Ekşi
The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Personalized Psychological Flexibility Index (PPFI) in a Turkish adult community sample, which consisted of 837 people (65% female) aged between 18 and 68 (Mage = 29.93, SD = 13.21). Exploratory factor analysis yielded a three-factor structure corresponding to acceptance, avoidance, and harnessing, in accordance with the original PPFI. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor model outperformed the one-factor model and showed a good model fit...
April 2024: Psychological Assessment
Yana Suchy, Michelle Gereau Mora, Libby A DesRuisseaux, Madison A Niermeyer, Stacey Lipio Brothers
The term "ecological validity" (EV) has traditionally referred to test scores' ability to predict real-world functioning. However, a test's similarity to real-world tasks is sometimes mistaken for evidence of its ability to predict daily life, sometimes bypassing rigorous validation research. The goal of this systematic review was to examine the type and quality of evidence used to support claims of EV of novel face-valid tests of executive functions (EF). MEDLINE and PsychINFO databases were searched using the following terms: ecologic* AND neuropsychol* AND (executive function* OR executive dysfunction OR executive abilit*)...
April 2024: Psychological Assessment
Jonathan David, Miriam K Forbes, Melissa M Norberg
Our consumer-driven culture has negative impacts for individuals who are vulnerable to clinical hoarding and compulsive shopping. Because of this, there is an ever-present need to have standardized tools to assess why we acquire and save things we might not need. In this article, we present the development of the Acquiring Motives Questionnaire (AMQ) and Saving Motives Questionnaire (SMQ), which were written based on a thorough literature review and consultation with 22 experts in the field. After piloting with two large nonclinical samples, we administered the measures to another large nonclinical sample (N = 535; Mage = 24...
March 2024: Psychological Assessment
Nicholas A Bellamy, Craig S Neumann, Beatriz Mendez, Blair D Batky, Harriet R DeGroot, Robert D Hare, Randall T Salekin
The Proposed Specifiers for Conduct Disorder (PSCD; Salekin & Hare, 2016) is a new self-report and informant measure designed to assess psychopathic characteristic domains along with symptoms of conduct disorder in youth. Previous factor analytic studies on the PSCD have found that the items are accounted for by a four-factor model reflecting grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, daring-impulsive, and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms. The present study examined the factor structure, psychometric properties, and criterion-related validity of the parent-report version of the PSCD (PSCD-P) in a nationally representative U...
March 2024: Psychological Assessment
Katarina Prnjak, Deborah Mitchison, Scott Griffiths, Phillipa Hay
Specific facets of body image disturbance have an important role in eating disorder (ED) onset and maintenance yet have been assessed with single items and/or questionnaires predominantly developed in female samples to capture desire for a thinner body. The aim of this multipart study was to develop the multifaceted instrument for body image disturbance (MI-BoD) that will assess body image disturbance across gender and body size. In Study 1, interviews were conducted with 31 ED lived experience experts (45% females) to develop an initial item pool which was then rated for relevance and clarity by 59 international field experts, shortened and refined by the research team, and then rerated by 20 field experts and 91 ED lived experience experts...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Min Eun Jeon, Nikhila S Udupa, Miracle R Potter, Morgan Robison, Lee Robertson, Megan L Rogers, Thomas E Joiner
Measurement invariance across diverse groups, though crucial for determining the generalizability of a measure, has not yet been tested in many assessments of suicidal thoughts. The present study assessed the measurement invariance and psychometric properties of one such assessment, the Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale, across multiple identity dimensions in a large data set ( n = 1,118) that combined three diverse samples. Findings supported measurement invariance of the scale by race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation when comparing those who were majority-aligning with their minoritized counterparts, as well as good internal consistency and expected convergent validity...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Nalan Zhan, Chang Gao, Yawei Cao, Fan Li, Fulei Geng
The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) is a widely used self-report tool to assess negative posttraumatic cognitions about self, world, and self-blame, but the factor structure remains controversial. Recently, a brief version of the PTCI with nine items (PTCI-9) loading onto three factors has been developed, and an excellent model fit was obtained. In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the PTCI and PTCI-9 in a large sample of trauma-exposed Chinese adolescents ( n = 1,451; mean age = 13...
February 8, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Radosław Rogoza, Georg Krammer, Emanuel Jauk, Maria Flakus, Lidia Baran, Marco Di Sarno, Rossella Di Pierro, Marcin Zajenkowski, Michael Dufner, Ramzi Fatfouta
Although interindividual differences in narcissism are well studied, little is known about assessing narcissism at the within-person level. To fill this research gap, we investigated whether the narcissism construct is represented in the same way at the between- and within-person levels. We analyzed four established narcissism measures across multiple studies. In each of the studies, participants completed narcissism measures in ecological momentary assessment or daily diary studies. Equivalent construct representation across between- and within-person narcissism (i...
February 2024: Psychological Assessment
Lynne Steinberg, Anka A Vujanovic
Rasmussen et al. (2019) described the proliferation of factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) measures and raised concerns about the construct validity of factors that include two or three items. In this brief report, we describe how the pattern of covariation among the responses to items of well-established measures, such as the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5), can give the appearance of multidimensionality. We evaluated whether the structure of the 20-item PCL-5 is unidimensional, using the methods of multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) and the concept of a testlet...
January 18, 2024: Psychological Assessment
Emily P Rabinowitz, Megan R Whitman, Ryan J Marek, Andrew R Block, Yossef S Ben-Porath
Approximately 30% of patients who undergo spinal surgery for chronic back pain continue to experience significant pain and disability up to 2 months following surgery. Prior studies have identified mental health variables including depression and anxiety as predictors of poorer postsurgical outcomes using screening instruments, but no studies have examined long-term outcomes using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-3 (MMPI-3), a commonly used tool used in presurgical psychological evaluations (PPE)...
January 18, 2024: Psychological Assessment
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