journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282817/role-of-fnac-in-identifying-the-mysterious-mite
#1
Premalatha Balakrishnan, Kumar Dhanalakshmi, V Ramesh, M Dharani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282816/diagnosis-of-infarcted-breast-lesions-on-fnac-a-blustering-fool-short-case-series
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sachin R Chaudhari, Nisha B Meshram, Milind A Bhatkule, Rasika U Gadkari
INTRODUCTION: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is often used as a screening tool. Cytopathologist should be aware of various mimickers of the malignancy. One of these is infarction of benign breast lesions. Careful examination of cytomorphological features will avoid the misdiagnosis of malignancy in such cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six cases were diagnosed as benign breast lesion for 4 years and 5 months in our newly established tertiary referral center...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282815/mucormycosis-cytomorphological-spectrum-in-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Malvika Shastri, Radhika Srinivasan, Reetu Kundu, Pranab Dey, Nalini Gupta, Parikshaa Gupta, Manish Rohilla, Mandeep Kang, Naveen Kalra, Harsimran Kaur, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy
BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis is a fungal infection that can affect multiple organs. The role of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in its diagnosis is not well documented. AIM: The objective of this study was to describe the detailed cytomorphologic features of mucormycosis on FNAC samples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all cases diagnosed as mucormycosis on FNAC between January 2014 and July 2021 was performed for detailed cytomorphological evaluation and correlation to clinical data and microbiological studies wherever available...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282814/environment-friendly-rehydrants-for-air-dried-oral-buccal-smears-a-comparative-study-with-conventional-method
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tanvi Handa, Shally Gupta, Anubha Gulati, Simranjit Singh
BACKGROUND: Cytopathology is defined as a branch of pathology which involves studying diseases and their diagnosis. The conventional method involves fixing the cells in alcohol, but its poor availability in ill-equipped areas can pose problems. One solution to this problem is air-drying of smears followed by rehydration. In this study, we intend to assess the cytomorphologic changes in air-dried smears rehydrated using various agents and to correlate them with the smears prepared using conventional wet technique...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282813/value-of-imprint-cytology-for-the-rapid-diagnosis-of-mucormycosis-in-the-covid-19-pandemic-setting-a-pilot-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Varna Menon, Ahmed Al Salami, Maryam Al Balushi, Faisal Israr, Noora Al Balushi, Sheikha Al Anboori
BACKGROUND: The second wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic recorded a surge in rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) infection in COVID-19-positive patients with diabetes and on concomitant steroid therapy. The rapidly progressive and devastating nature of the disease necessitated prompt diagnosis and early intervention to improve patient outcomes. Histopathology and fungal culture remain essential tools; however, these investigations have long and variable turn-around times (TATs) and may delay the initiation of treatment...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282812/gross-appearance-of-fine-needle-aspiration-smears-can-adequacy-of-the-sample-be-assessed-and-correlated-with-their-microscopic-cytological-yield
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sushma Ramraje, Prabal Deb, Buddheshwar N Hiwale, Bishakha Deb
BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a simple procedure that is widely accepted as a first-line investigation. It should ideally be performed near the patient with microscopic assessment for evaluation of adequacy of aspirate. Since this is not always possible, a worthwhile substitute is to assess the gross appearance of the material obtained. This study was aimed to determine the value of this alternative rapid, bed-side approach. METHOD: This study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital for a duration of 1 year, where 50 cases undergoing FNAC in the out-patient department (OPD) were included...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282811/detection-of-circulating-tumor-cells-by-cell-block-technique-in-malignant-tumors
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jahnvi Vijay, B Deepak Kumar, V Srinivasa Murthy
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and is a major cause of morbidity. To deal with this magnitude of cancers and their diagnostic and prognostics, a multitude of prognostic biomarkers for various cancers have been explored over the decades, with detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood being one of them. This study was undertaken to explore the routine procedure of cell block in the cytopathology lab to isolate and detect CTCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 112 peripheral blood samples sent for routine blood investigations of various cancer patients were utilized for the preparation of cell block...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282810/cytomorphologic-features-of-orbital-myeloid-sarcoma-a-rare-case-and-diagnostic-clue
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Niraj Prasad, Ummiti Muniswari, Pritinanda Mishra, Pradeep Pradhan, Madhusmita Sethy, Chinmayee Panigrahi, Pavithra Ayyanar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282809/intraepithelial-inclusions-on-urinalysis-screening-among-covid-19-cases-are-they-covicytes-a-hospital-based-cohort-study-with-narrative-review
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pushpanjali R Ojha, Rakesh Kumar
TITLE: "Intraepithelial inclusions on urinalysis screening among COVID-19 cases: Are they Covicytes ? -A hospital-based cohort study with narrative review." CONTEXT: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated delayed acute kidney injury (AKI) is often reported in subsequent waves of the pandemic. Early intervention and regular follow-up influence the outcome and inhibit progression into chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is the first study to identify urinary cytomorphological abnormalities ( Covicytes ) and predict COVID-19-associated delayed AKI with a narrative review of the possible etiologies for intraepithelial inclusions...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282808/liquid-based-cervical-cytology-monitoring-the-laboratory-quality-indicators
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sonali Susmita Nayak, Anupurva Dutta, Rutvij Khedkar, Sabyasachi Roy
AIM: Many developments in cervical cancer screening have happened in the past century, helping women in earlier detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. Cytology still holds the fort as being a specific test, though it suffers in sensitivity. As a part of the quality control program, the aim of the study is to determine the total number of abnormal liquid-based cervical cytology (LBC) at our center and correlate the abnormal LBC with histology and human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test results...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38282807/exploratory-study-on-micronuclei-and-metanuclear-abnormalities-in-exfoliated-buccal-cells-of-covid-19-suspected-patients
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
B Vishnu, Senthil Murugan, Vinoth K Kalidoss, Kishore Sesham, Sarah Ramamurthy, Satvinder S Bakshi, Yuvaraj M Francis, Sankaran Ponnusamy Kasirajan
CONTEXT: SARS-CoV-2 virus causes COVID-19 by infecting nasal and oral cavities primarily by attaching its spike proteins to ACE 2 receptors expressed in epithelial cells. AIM: This study was done to evaluate the micronucleated cell count, metanuclear abnormalities, and genotoxic factor in exfoliated buccal mucosal cell among the COVID-19 suspected patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted at AIIMS, Mangalagiri, between August and October 2022...
2024: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058675/determination-of-autophagy-in-human-cervicovaginal-smears-by-cytological-and-%C3%A4-mmunocytochemical-methods
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Merve Özcan Türkmen, Sayeste Demirezen, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
BACKGROUND: Autophagy is a catabolic process whereby organelles and long-lived proteins are recycled through lysosomes to maintain cellular homeostasis. This process is being widely studied using culture techniques and animal models; however, cervicovaginal smears have not been used to detect autophagy. AIMS: Our study aims to detect and evaluate autophagy in normal, malignant, infectious, and atypical cells in cervicovaginal smears by using cytological and immunocytochemical methods...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058674/diagnostic-performance-comparison-of-liquid-based-preparation-methods-in-thyroid-fnas
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bahattin Erdoğan, Aral Karabağ, H Ahmet Kasap, Kısmet Çivi Çetin, Cengiz Bal, Gülay Şimşek
INTRODUCTION: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is recognized worldwide as the primary diagnostic method for evaluating thyroid nodules. Samples collected by FNA can be spread directly onto slides, prepared for cell blocks, or processed as liquid-based cytology. Advocates of the traditional smear technique emphasize that background material such as colloid, cell sequencing characteristics in cell clusters, and cellularity is important in cytological diagnosis. They state that these properties are not observed in liquid-based liquids...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058673/liver-metastasis-from-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-diagnosed-on-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#14
Ria Mahendru, Aanchal Kakkar, Manisha Jana, Rachna Seth
A 12-year-old boy presented with abdominal distention for 1 year. On examination, he had massive hepatomegaly. Facial swelling in the maxillary region, palpable left cervical lymph nodes, and a nasal twang to his voice were detected. Imaging showed multiple hypodense liver lesions, necrotic mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes, multiple lytic-sclerotic skeletal lesions, and lesions in the nasopharynx and maxilla. Fine needle aspirate (FNA) from the cervical lymph node yielded blood. FNA from the liver showed singly dispersed and cohesive clusters of tumor cells, with interspersed neutrophils and tingible body macrophages...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058672/the-international-system-for-reporting-serous-fluid-cytopathology-an-institutional-experience-on-its-implication-and-assessment-of-risk-of-malignancy-in-effusion-cytology
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chayanika Kala, Sanjay Kala, Anurag Singh, R K Jauhari, Ashutosh Bajpai, Lubna Khan
BACKGROUND: The "international system for reporting serous fluid cytopathology"(TIS) consists of five diagnostic categories: nondiagnostic (ND), negative for malignancy (NFM), atypia of undetermined significance (AUS), suspicious for malignancy (SFM), and malignant (MAL). The study was conducted to reclassify effusion cytology samples according to the newly proposed TIS to calculate the risk of malignancy (ROM) for each category and to conduct performance analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care institution in North India...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058671/masc-gets-unmasked-visiting-a-rare-tumor-with-emphasis-on-cytomorphological-features
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael L Anthony, Neha Kumari, Reshma Jeladharan, Vinay N Gowda, Prashant Pranesh Joshi, Prashant Durgapal, Arvind Kumar, Ashok Singh
BACKGROUND: Secretory carcinoma (SC) is a newly described entity which has been often misdiagnosed earlier as acinic cell carcinoma on cytology. Diagnosing SC was initially based upon identifying the ETV6 : NTRK3 fusion gene with the help of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Lately, with more knowledge of the reliable histomorphology, cytology, and immunohistochemistry features, definitive diagnosis can be confidently made without the help of FISH in almost every case. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six histologically confirmed cases of SC were studied...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058670/endometrial-secrets-unmasked-through-cytology-analysis
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sweety V Shinde, Kusum D Jashnani, Padmashree K Haldankar, Kallappa D Dodake
BACKGROUND: Endometrial aspiration (EA) is an economic, painless technique on an outpatient basis. Present study aimed at cytological evaluation of EA for (a) cellular yield and morphology and (b) utility of cell block (CB) and cytocentrifuge (CC) techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EA samples were divided into two aliquots. Colorless samples were processed (1000 rpm × 6 min) for conventional smear (CS) and CC, both stained by Papanicolaou. Hemorrhagic samples were processed for CS and CB (paraffin embedding, hematoxylin-eosin stain)...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058669/cytomorphological-and-clinical-features-of-follicular-variant-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-with-focal-insular-pattern-metastasis-to-kidney
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Senay Erdogan-Durmus, Cansu Yol, Lebriz Uslu-Besli, Nesrin Uygun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058668/cervical-cytology-and-histology-correlation-as-an-analytic-quality-assurance-exercise-experience-from-an-accredited-cytology-laboratory
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shubhangi V Belekar, Meherbano Kamal, Aishwarya S Warke
CONTEXT: The performance parameters of cervical cytology in any accredited cytology laboratory requires implementation of quality control exercise, which ensures acceptable performance by a laboratory. This study aims to assess the analytical aspect of quality control measures by evaluating the frequency and accuracy of epithelial abnormalities as detected in cervical Pap smears using histopathologic diagnosis as the gold standard. METHODS: A retrospective diagnostic test study from 2018 to 2020 was conducted...
2023: Journal of Cytology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38058667/benign-lymphoepithelial-cyst-of-parotid-gland-a-pathologist-s-perspective
#20
Sampa Choudhury
Benign lymphoepithelial cyst (BLEC) of the salivary gland is a gradually increasing cystic lesion commonly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In rare instances, it can be seen in immunocompetent patients. Here, such a classic case of BLEC of the parotid gland in an elderly seronegative patient has been reported. Proper medical history, physical examination, radiology, and fine needle aspiration can fetch a preoperative diagnosis. However, histopathology helps to rule out other possibilities...
2023: Journal of Cytology
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