Journals Critical Reviews in Food Scien...

Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Marcus Schmidt, Marianna Raczyk
F ermentable o ligo-, d i- and m onosaccharides and p olyols (FODMAP) comprise several previously unrelated carbohydrates, such as fructans, fructo-oligosaccharides, galacto-oligosaccharides, fructose (in excess of glucose), mannitol and sorbitol, and among others. For many patients with gastro-intestinal disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome, the ingestion of FODMAP triggers symptoms and causes discomfort. Among the main contributors to the dietary FODMAP intake are baking products, in particular bread as a major global staple food...
March 31, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Shufang Yang, Yuwei Fan, Yue Cao, Yuxin Wang, Haijin Mou, Han Sun
Microalgae have great potential as a future source to meet the increasing global demand for foods. Several microalgae are permitted as safety sources in different countries and regions, and processed as commercial products. However, edible safety, economic feasibility, and acceptable taste are the main challenges for microalgal application in the food industry. Overcome such challenges by developing technology accelerates transition of microalgae into sustainable and nutritious diets. In this review, edible safety of Spirulina , Chlamydomonas reinhardtii , Chlorella , Haematococcus pluvialis , Dunaliella salina , Schizochytrium and Nannochloropsis is introduced, and health benefits of microalgae-derived carotenoids, amino acids, and fatty acids are discussed...
March 31, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Xu Wang, Guohua Shi, Sufang Fan, Junmei Ma, Yonghuan Yan, Mengtian Wang, Xiaozhi Tang, Pin Lv, Yan Zhang
With the high incidence of chronic diseases, precise nutrition is a safe and efficient nutritional intervention method to improve human health. Food functional ingredients are an important material base for precision nutrition, which have been researched for their application in preventing diseases and improving health. However, their poor solubility, stability, and bad absorption largely limit their effect on nutritional intervention. The establishment of a stable targeted delivery system is helpful to enhance their bioavailability, realize the controlled release of functional ingredients at the targeted action sites in vivo, and provide nutritional intervention approaches and methods for precise nutrition...
March 31, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Zhouyang He, Chenlu Yang, Yuxin Yuan, Wanzhou He, Hua Wang, Hua Li
Wine pomace (WP) is a major byproduct generated during winemaking, and skin pomace (SKP) comprises one of the most valuable components of WP. Since SKP differs in composition and properties from seed pomace (SDP), precise knowledge of SKP will aid the wine industry in the development of novel, high-value products. The current review summarizes recent advances in research relating to SKP presents a comprehensive description of the generation, composition, and bioactive components, primarily focusing on the biological activities of SKP, including antioxidant, gastrointestinal health promotion, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and metabolic disease alleviation properties...
March 30, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Muhammed Aslam Khan, Yacine Hemar, Jiecheng Li, Zhi Yang, Luis M De Leon-Rodriguez
Re-assembled casein micelles ( r CMs), were formulated in the 1970s as a model system to understand native casein micelles ( n CMs) in milk. These early works allowed an understanding of the critical factors involved in the formation of r CMs, such as minerals (citrate, phosphate, and calcium), casein type (αs -, β-, and κ-casein) and the extent of their phosphorylation. r CMs were also used to understand the effect of treatments such as ethanol, high hydrostatic pressure and heating on the stability and integrity of the micelles...
March 30, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Wei Tang, Xinyi Lin, Noman Walayat, Jianhua Liu, Peicheng Zhao
There is increasing attention on the modification of dietary fiber (DF), since its effective improvement on properties and functions of DF. Modification of DF can change their structure and functions to enhance their bioactivities, and endow them with huge application potential in the field of food and nutrition. Here, we classified and explained the different modification methods of DF, especially dietary polysaccharides. Different modification methods exert variable effects on the chemical structure of DF such as molecular weight, monosaccharide composition, functional groups, chain structure, and conformation...
March 30, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Jinghua Chang, Hao Luo, Lin Li, Junnan Zhang, Jagger Harvey, Yueju Zhao, Guangtao Zhang, Yang Liu
Maize gluten meal (MGM) is a by-product of maize starch and ethanol, produced by the wet milling process. Its high protein content makes it a preferred ingredient in feed. Given the high prevalence of mycotoxins in maize globally, they pose a significant challenge to use of MGM for feed: wet milling could concentrate certain mycotoxins in gluten components, and mycotoxin consumption affects animal health and can contaminate animal-source foods. To help confront this issue, this paper summarizes mycotoxin occurrence in maize, distribution during MGM production and mycotoxin risk management strategies for MGM through a comprehensive literature review...
March 30, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Reza Karimi, Mina Homayoonfal, Narjes Malekjani, Mohammad Saeed Kharazmi, Seid Mahdi Jafari
Gut microbiota (GMB) in humans plays a crucial role in health and diseases. Diet can regulate the composition and function of GMB which are associated with different human diseases. Dietary fibers can induce different health benefits through stimulation of beneficial GMB. β-glucans (BGs) as dietary fibers have gained much interest due to their various functional properties. They can have therapeutic roles on gut health based on modulation of GMB, intestinal fermentation, production of different metabolites, and so on...
March 28, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Shaopeng Wang, Bo Zhang, Xintao Chang, Hailing Zhao, Haojun Zhang, Tingting Zhao, Huimin Qi
Seaweed polysaccharides (SPs) obtained from seaweeds are a class of functional prebiotics. SPs can regulate glucose and lipid anomalies, affect appetite, reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, and therefore have great potential for managing metabolic syndrome (MetS). SPs are poorly digested by the human gastrointestinal tract but are available to the gut microbiota to produce metabolites and exert a series of positive effects, which may be the mechanism by which SPs render their anti-MetS effects. This article reviews the potential of SPs as prebiotics in the management of MetS-related metabolic disturbances...
March 27, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Weiling Guo, Xin Tang, Shumao Cui, Qiuxiang Zhang, Jianxin Zhao, Bingyong Mao, Hao Zhang
Fresh mushrooms have a long history of cultivation and consumption, but high postharvest losses are a concern in the commercial production of mushrooms worldwide. Thermal dehydration is widely used in the preservation of commercial mushrooms, but the flavor and taste of mushrooms are significantly altered after dehydration. Non-thermal preservation technology, which effectively maintains the characteristics of mushrooms, is a viable alternative to thermal dehydration. The objective of this review was to critically assess the factors affecting fresh mushroom quality after preservation is remarkable, with the ultimate goal of developing and promoting non-thermal preservation technology for preserving fresh mushroom quality, effectively extending the shelf life of fresh mushrooms...
March 27, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Yilun Weng, Yang Li, Xiaojing Chen, Hao Song, Chun-Xia Zhao
Enzymes are widely used in the food industry due to their ability in improving the functional, sensory, and nutritional properties of food products. However, their poor stability under harsh industrial conditions and their compromised shelf-lives during long-term storage limit their applications. This review introduces typical enzymes and their functionality in the food industry and demonstrates spray drying as a promising approach for enzyme encapsulation. Recent studies on encapsulation of enzymes in the food industry using spray drying and the key achievements are summarized...
March 27, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
María Lourdes Vicente-Sánchez, María José Castro-Alija, José María Jiménez, López-Valdecillo María, Cao María Jose, Rosario Pastor, Irene Albertos
The depletion of freshwater resources, as well as climate change and population growth, are threatening the livelihoods of thousands of people around the world. The introduction of underutilized crops such as quinoa may be important in countries with limited productivity and/or limited access to water due to its resistance to different abiotic stresses and its high nutritional value. The aim of this review is to assess whether techniques such as germination, malting and fermentation would improve the nutritional and bioactive profile of quinoa...
March 24, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Sara Safaeian Laein, Iman Katouzian, M R Mozafari, Amir Farnudiyan-Habibi, Zahra Akbarbaglu, Mohammad Reza Shadan, Khashayar Sarabandi
Nowadays, the use of lipid-based nanocarriers for the targeted and controlled delivery of a variety of hydrophobic and hydrophilic bioactive-compounds and drugs has increased significantly. However, challenges such as thermodynamic instability, oxidation, and degradation of lipid membranes, as well as the unintended release of loaded compounds, have limited the use of these systems in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Therefore, the present study reviews the latest achievements in evaluating the characteristics, production methods, challenges, functional, and biological stabilization strategies of lipid-based carriers (including changes in formulation composition, structural modification, membrane-rigidity, and finally monolayer or multilayer coating with biopolymers) in different conditions, as well as molecular dynamics simulations...
March 23, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Parisa Hajihashemi, Awat Feizi, Zahra Heidari, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at summarizing earlier findings on the association of n-6 PUFAs levels in diets or blood with blood pressure. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched for observational studies. Publications with data on the risk of hypertension, or the correlation between n-6 PUFAs or mean values of serum n-6 PUFAs levels in normotensive and hypertensive were included. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies (16 cross-sectional studies, 5 cohorts and one case-control) were eligible...
March 20, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Anqi Liang, William Leonard, Jesse T Beasley, Zhongxiang Fang, Pangzhen Zhang, Chaminda Senaka Ranadheera
Anthocyanins are a subclass of flavonoids responsible for color in some fruits and vegetables with potent antioxidative capacity. During digestion, a larger proportion of dietary anthocyanins remains unabsorbed and reach the large intestine where they interact with the gut microbiota. Anthocyanins can modulate gut microbial populations to improve diversity and the proportion of beneficial populations, leading to alterations in short chain fatty acid and bile acid production. Some anthocyanins can be degraded into colonic metabolites, such as phenolic acids, which accumulate in the body and regulate a range of biological activities...
March 17, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Eduardo Puértolas, Izaskun Pérez, Xabier Murgui
Laser food processing has the breath-taking potential to revolutionize the industry in many aspects. Among the different laser configurations, CO2 laser has received special attention due to its relative high efficiency in power generation, its high-power output and its laser beam wavelength, infrared, which is strongly absorbed by water, the main component of food materials. Over the last 50 years, different uses of CO2 laser for processing foods have been proposed so far, including cooking, broiling and browning, selective laser sintering, marking, microperforation for improving downstream mass transfer operations (e...
March 17, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Mohammad Rezaul Islam Shishir, Hao Suo, Farah Saleena Taip, Maruf Ahmed, Jianbo Xiao, Mingfu Wang, Feng Chen, Ka-Wing Cheng
Seed mucilages are potential sources of natural polysaccharides. They are biodegradable, biocompatible, sustainable, renewable, and safe for human consumption. Due to the desirable physicochemical and functional properties (e.g. gelling, thickening, stabilizing, and emulsifying), seed mucilages have attracted extensive attention from researchers for utilization as a promising material for the development of advanced carrier systems. Seed mucilages have been utilized as natural polymers to improve the properties of various carrier systems (e...
March 15, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Hosam Elhalis, Xin Hui Chin, Yvonne Chow
Fermented soybean products, including Soya sauce, Tempeh, Miso, and Natto have been consumed for decades, mainly in Asian countries. Beans are processed using either solid-state fermentation, submerged fermentation, or a sequential of both methods. Traditional ways are still used to conduct the fermentation processes, which, depending on the fermented products, might take a few days or even years to complete. Diverse microorganisms were detected during fermentation in various processes with Bacillus species or filamentous fungi being the two main dominant functional groups...
March 14, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Saad Bakrim, Sara Aboulaghras, Tarik Aanniz, Taoufiq Benali, Nasreddine El Omari, Mohamed El-Shazly, Learn-Han Lee, Syed Khalid Mustafa, Nargis Sahib, Maksim Rebezov, Mohammad Ali Shariati, Jose M Lorenzo, Abdelhakim Bouyahya
The field of nutrigenomics studies the interaction between nutrition and genetics, and how certain dietary patterns can impact gene expression and overall health. The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), characterized by a high intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats, has been linked to better cardiovascular health (CVH) outcomes. This review summarizes the current state of research on the effects of nutrigenomics and MedDiet on cardiovascular health. Results suggest that MedDiet, through its impact on gene expression, can positively influence CVH markers such as blood pressure, lipid profile, and inflammation...
March 13, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Xiuping Liang, Long Chen, David Julian McClements, Jianwei Zhao, Xing Zhou, Chao Qiu, Jie Long, Hangyan Ji, Zhenlin Xu, Man Meng, Licheng Gao, Zhengyu Jin
Starch is a natural, abundant, renewable and biodegradable plant-based polymer that exhibits a variety of functional properties, including the ability to thicken or gel solutions, form films and coatings, and act as encapsulation and delivery vehicles. In this review, we first describe the structure of starch molecules and discuss the mechanisms of their interactions with guest molecules. Then, the effects of starch-guest complexes on gelatinization, retrogradation, rheology and digestion of starch are discussed...
March 12, 2023: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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