journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36091221/revealing-the-role-of-social-support-on-cognitive-deficits-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#61
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carmen M Galvez-Sánchez, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso, Casandra I Montoro
Despite the relevance of cognitive deficits in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and the attempts to elucidate the influence of the disorder symptoms in the cognitive decline reported by patients, no studies have explored the specific role of social support on cognition in FMS. Social support has been shown to be an essential modulator factor on cognitive performance in other diseases. Sixty-four women with FMS and 32 healthy women participated in the study and completed questionnaires pertaining to anxiety, depression, fatigue, insomnia, clinical pain, and social support, along with a neuropsychological battery assessing verbal memory, organization, strategic and planning abilities, self-regulation, processing speed, attention, and cognitive flexibility...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36039334/establishment-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-for-radiation-associated-aspiration-pneumonia-in-patients-with-radiation-induced-dysphagia-after-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#62
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Honghong Li, Yong He, Xiaohuang Zhuo, Zongwei Yue, Xiaoming Rong, Yike Li, Yi Li, Lei He, Jinping Cheng, Dong Pan, Ruiqi Xue, Jinhua Cai, Jingru Jiang, Yongteng Xu, Yamei Tang
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancers raises their risk of aspiration pneumonia-related death. We aimed to develop and validate a model to predict radiation-associated aspiration pneumonia (RAP) among patients with dysphagia after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 453 dysphagic patients with NPC were retrospectively recruited from Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital from January 2012 to January 2018...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35992960/characterizing-cerebral-imaging-and-electroclinical-features-of-five-pseudohypoparathyroidism-cases-presenting-with-epileptic-seizures
#63
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zijuan Qi, Zhensheng Li, Quwen Gao, Li Dong, Jian Lin, Kairun Peng, Wei Xiang, Bingmei Deng
Objective: To characterize the cerebral imaging and electroclinical features and investigate their etiological contributions to seizures in pseudoparathyroidism (PHP). Methods: The clinical symptoms, biochemical imaging by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) tests, and electroencephalogram (EEG) manifestations of five PHP patients with seizures were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Physical examination showed an average stature in cases 2~4 and short stature in cases 1 and 5...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35880039/the-mediating-role-of-depression-and-pain-catastrophizing-in-the-relationship-between-functional-capacity-and-pain-intensity-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#64
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Casandra I Montoro, Carmen M Galvez-Sánchez
Background: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic musculoskeletal pain condition characterized by widespread pain, sleep problems (i.e., insomnia and unrefreshing sleep), fatigue, cognitive, and emotional difficulties. Although pain has been proposed the factor mostly impacting in the FMS patients' function, emotional and psychological FMS-associated factors are also known to exert a negative impact in quality of life and functional capacity. Nonetheless, the relationship between these factors and functional limitations in FMS patients is considered to be complex and not clearly defined...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35874640/behavioral-analysis-of-eeg-signals-in-loss-gain-decision-making-experiments
#65
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiaquan Shen, Ningzhong Liu, Deguang Li, Binbin Zhang
Extraction and analysis of the EEG (electroencephalograph) information features generated during behavioral decision-making can provide a better understanding of the state of mind. Previous studies have focused more on the brainwave features after behavioral decision-making. In fact, the EEG before decision-making is more worthy of our attention. In this study, we introduce a new index based on the reaction time of subjects before decision-making, called the Prestimulus Time (PT), which have important reference value for the study of cognitive function, neurological diseases, and other fields...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35864844/the-effects-of-poria-cocos-on-rho-signaling-induced-regulation-of-mobility-and-f-actin-aggregation-in-mk-801-treated-b35-and-c6-cells
#66
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yi-Chyan Chen, Chang-Ti Lee, Fu-Ming Tsai, Mao-Liang Chen
Methods: B35 neuronal cells and C6 glial cells were incubated with MK-801 for 7 days followed by MK-801, MK801 in combination with water extracts of P. cocos (PRP for P. cocos cum Radix Pini or WP for White Poria) treatment for an additional 7 days. Analysis of cell mobility, F-actin aggregation, and Rho signaling modulation was performed to clarify the roles of PRP or WP in MK-801-treated B35 and C6 cells. Results: MK-801 decreases B35 cell mobility, whereas the inhibited cell migration ability and F-actin aggregation in MK-801-treated B35 or C6 cells could be reversed by PRP or WP...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35846978/variability-of-reaction-time-as-a-marker-of-executive-function-impairments-in-fibromyalgia
#67
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefan Duschek, Cristina Muñoz Ladrón de Guevara, María José Fernández Serrano, Casandra I Montoro, Santiago Pelegrina López, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
In addition to chronic widespread pain and depression and anxiety symptoms, patients with fibromyalgia frequently experience cognitive problems. This study investigated executive functions in fibromyalgia via a Go/No-Go task. To obtain comprehensive information about performance, traditional and ex-Gaussian parameters of reaction time (RT) variability were used, in addition to speed and accuracy indices. Ex-Gaussian parameters show an excellent fit to empirical RT distributions. Fifty-two female fibromyalgia patients and twenty-eight healthy controls participated...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35832401/identification-of-alzheimer-s-disease-progression-stages-using-topological-measures-of-resting-state-functional-connectivity-networks-a-comparative-study
#68
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhanxiong Wu, Jinhui Wu, Xumin Chen, Xun Li, Jian Shen, Hui Hong
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) has been widely employed to examine brain functional connectivity (FC) alterations in various neurological disorders. At present, various computational methods have been proposed to estimate connectivity strength between different brain regions, as the edge weight of FC networks. However, little is known about which model is more sensitive to Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression. This study comparatively characterized topological properties of rs-FC networks constructed with Pearson correlation (PC), dynamic time warping (DTW), and group information guided independent component analysis (GIG-ICA), aimed at investigating the sensitivity and effectivity of these methods in differentiating AD stages...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35795033/predictors-of-successful-memory-aging-in-older-mexican-adults
#69
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rosa Estela García-Chanes, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, Teresa Álvarez-Cisneros, Paloma Roa-Rojas
Background: Research suggests a significant association between increasing age and memory impairments. Nevertheless, for some individuals, memory performance stays within or above the normative values of younger subjects. This is known as successful memory aging and is associated with specific neurophysiological features and psychological and lifestyle-related variables. To date, little is known about the association between successful memory aging and intrinsic capacity (IC) defined as "the composite of all the physical and mental (including psychosocial) capacities that an individual can draw on at any point in time" and resilience...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35783996/sex-modified-the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-worse-cognitive-performance-in-chinese-hypertensive-population-insight-from-the-china-h-type-hypertension-registry-study
#70
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xinlei Zhou, Junpei Li, Chao Yu, Wangsheng Fang, Yanyou Xie, Li Wang, Si Shen, Wei Zhou, Lingjuan Zhu, Tao Wang, Xiao Huang, Huihui Bao, Jianglong Tu, Xiaoshu Cheng
Objectives: Cognitive decline could be seen as the sign of preclinical phase of dementia, which was found to be sex differentiated. Previous studies had discovered that there might be some link between abnormal sleep duration and cognitive performance. Additionally, hypertension was found to be one of the important risk factors for cognitive decline and abnormal sleep duration was also a significant risk factor for hypertension. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in the association of sleep duration with cognitive performance and to further explore potential effect modifiers that may exist...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35774081/exercise-improves-spatial-learning-and-memory-performance-through-the-central-glp-1-receptors
#71
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Majid Taati, Peyman Esmaeili Fard Barzegar, Abbas Raisi
The glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a hormone which is produced in the enteroendocrine L-cells in the ileum and the neurons of nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) in the brain which has numerous metabolic effects. The central GLP-1R's role in cognitive functioning is well known. On the contrary, it has been shown that exercise has positive effects on brain function. So, we decided to elucidate whether the central GLP-1 has a role in memory and learning. Thirty-two rats were used in this experiment in 4 groups...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35769517/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-data-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#72
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qiankun Huang, Jing Zhao, Weiqing Jiang, Wenfeng Wang
Background: Decreased cognitive function is a common problem in the old adults, which has high risk of progression to Alzheimer's diseases (AD) and other dementias. This study was aimed at finding out the association between physical activity and cognitive function. Methods: In total, 1514 participants with the age ≥ 55 years old registered in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) database were selected in this study. The association between physical activity and cognitive function was analyzed via the generalized additive model...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35637877/prophylactic-zinc-administration-combined-with-swimming-exercise-prevents-cognitive-emotional-disturbances-and-tissue-injury-following-a-transient-hypoxic-ischemic-insult-in-the-rat
#73
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ana-Karina Aguilar-Peralta, Alejandro Gonzalez-Vazquez, Constantino Tomas-Sanchez, Victor-Manuel Blanco-Alvarez, Daniel Martinez-Fong, Juan-Antonio Gonzalez-Barrios, Ilhuicamina Daniel Limon, Lourdes Millán-Perez Peña, Gonzalo Flores, Guadalupe Soto-Rodriguez, Eduardo Brambila, Jorge Cebada, Viridiana Vargas-Castro, Bertha Alicia Leon-Chavez
Exercise performance and zinc administration individually yield a protective effect on various neurodegenerative models, including ischemic brain injury. Therefore, this work was aimed at evaluating the combined effect of subacute prophylactic zinc administration and swimming exercise in a transient cerebral ischemia model. The prophylactic zinc administration (2.5 mg/kg of body weight) was provided every 24 h for four days before a 30 min common carotid artery occlusion (CCAO), and 24 h after reperfusion, the rats were subjected to swimming exercise in the Morris Water Maze (MWM)...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35600241/the-role-of-the-nmda-receptor-in-the-anticonvulsant-effect-of-ellagic-acid-in-pentylenetetrazole-induced-seizures-in-male-mice
#74
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh, Zahra Lorigooini, Shakiba Nasiri Boroujeni, Marziyeh Taji, Hossein Amini-Khoei
Methods: In this experimental study, 64 mice were divided into 8 groups and received the following: normal saline; EA at doses of 6.25, 12.5, and 25 mg/kg; NMDA agonist at a dose of 75 mg/kg; NMDA antagonist (ketamine) at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg; an effective dose of EA plus NMDA agonist; and a subeffective dose of EA plus ketamine. We induced seizure using intravenous administration of PTZ. 60 minutes before induction of seizure, drugs were administrated. Duration lasts to seizure-induced was measured...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35586201/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-clinically-defined-parkinson-s-disease-an-updated-review-of-literature
#75
REVIEW
Paloma Macías-García, Raúl Rashid-López, Álvaro J Cruz-Gómez, Elena Lozano-Soto, Florencia Sanmartino, Raúl Espinosa-Rosso, Javier J González-Rosa
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are a common and potentially serious manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD) but are frequently overlooked in favor of a focus on motor symptomatology. Here, we conducted a literature review of the prevalence and type of NPS experienced by PD patients with a clinically defined course of their illness. METHODS: We identified reports of NPS in patients with PD and mean disease duration over 3 years. Three databases-PubMed, Scopus, and Dialnet-were searched for relevant literature published between 2010 and 2020...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35530167/protective-effect-of-melatonin-on-nonylphenol-induced-reproductive-and-behavioral-disorders-in-first-generation-adult-male-rats
#76
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahsa Tavakoli, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Fereshteh Pourabdolhossein, Mohammad Hossein Asghari, Sohrab Kazemi
Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five groups: control, NP (25 mg/kg), NP (25 mg/kg)+MLT (10 mg/kg), NP (25 mg/kg)+MLT (20 mg/kg), and MLT (20 mg/kg). The duration of treatment was 21 days from gestation time. Morris water maze was used to assess learning and memory. NP concentrations of serum and testicular tissue were measured by HPLC. Histological analysis of testicular tissues was done by H&E staining. Results: Behavioral study showed that NP does not impair learning and memory in first-generation rats...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35530166/shared-etiology-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-epilepsy-with-functional-disability
#77
REVIEW
Aqeela Zahra, YunFu Wang, Qun Wang, Jianping Wu
Autism spectrum disorders and epilepsies are heterogeneous human disorders that have miscellaneous etiologies and pathophysiology. There is considerable risk of frequent epilepsy in autism that facilitates amplified morbidity and mortality. Several biological pathways appear to be involved in disease progression, including gene transcription regulation, cellular growth, synaptic channel function, and maintenance of synaptic structure. Here, abnormalities in excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) balance ratio are reviewed along with part of an epileptiform activity that may drive both overconnectivity and genetic disorders where autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy frequently co-occur...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35530165/effects-of-acupuncture-and-rehabilitation-training-on-limb-movement-and-living-ability-of-patients-with-hemiplegia-after-stroke
#78
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juhua Zhang, Yingmei Mu, Yunxia Zhang
Stroke is a disease with a high disability rate, having a serious impact on that patient's working and daily survival quality and bringing economic burden to the family and society. Patients with stroke hemiplegia are mostly tetraplegic and have difficulty regulating their balance, and their long-term symmetry has been destroyed. The application in the rehabilitation process of acupuncture in patients with hemorrhagic stroke may produce unexpected effects. It is very effective to study the effect of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training on limb movement and patient survival...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35502419/graph-theoretical-analysis-of-semantic-fluency-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#79
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guanyu Zhang, Jinghong Ma, Piu Chan, Zheng Ye
Semantic fluency is the ability to name items from a given category within a limited time, which relies on semantic memory, working memory, and executive function. Semantic disfluency is a common problem in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We demonstrated a graph theoretical analysis of semantic fluency in patients with PD ( N = 86), patients with AD ( N = 40), and healthy controls (HC, N = 88). All participants completed a standard animal fluency test. Their verbal responses were recorded, transcripted, and transformed into directed speech graphs...
2022: Behavioural Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35496769/communication-feeding-and-swallowing-disorders-in-neurological-diseases
#80
EDITORIAL
Grigorios Nasios, Lambros Messinis, Efthimios Dardiotis, Jan Kassubek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2022: Behavioural Neurology
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