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Administration and Policy in Mental Health

Sarah C Blake, Minna Song, Laura Gaydos, Janet R Cummings
This qualitative study describes how Medicaid policies create challenges for the delivery and receipt of mental health treatment for low-income youth in Georgia. We conducted focus groups with caregivers of Medicaid-enrolled children with ADHD and semi-structured interviews with providers and administrators at four safety net clinics that provided mental health care to these youth. Stakeholders reported that prior authorization policies for psychosocial services, restrictiveness of preferred drug lists, and changes in preferred drug lists in Medicaid plans created barriers to treatment continuity and quality for youth with ADHD and led to more administrative burden for safety-net clinics serving these youth...
April 16, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Caroline Lim, Mercedes Hernandez, Lizbeth Gaona, Paula Helu-Brown, Concepción Barrio
Little is known about Asian Americans treated for serious psychiatric disorders in the public mental health system. We characterized 75 Asian Americans seen at community mental health centers for a diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorder to anticipate likely clients and gain insights into their service needs. Participants completed in-person interviews and self-report questionnaires on their demographic and social characteristics. The ethnically diverse sample featured mostly foreign-born individuals with long-standing schizophrenia...
April 12, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Natalie Bonfine, Nikhil Nadler
Sequential intercept mapping is an approach to address the overrepresentation of adults with mental illness in the criminal justice system. This approach follows the sequential intercept model, a nationally recognized framework conceptualizing the linear movement of people with mental illness through the criminal justice system. During the sequential intercept mapping process, community stakeholders identify service and policy gaps and opportunities to address the needs of this target population. This qualitative study describes the perceived impact of sequential intercept mapping among community stakeholders...
April 9, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Rosemary D Meza, Rinad S Beidas, Mark G Ehrhart, David S Mandell, Shannon Dorsey, Lindsay Frederick, Cristine Oh, Jill Locke
Studies demonstrate that discrepancies among leader-follower perceptions of leadership are related to organizational processes that may impact evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation. However, it is unknown whether discrepancies in leadership perceptions also predict EBP use. This study examined the association of principal-staff alignment and discrepancy in perceptions of implementation leadership with the dosage of three Autism-focused school-based EBPs, Discrete Trial Training, Pivotal Response Training (PRT), and Visual Schedules...
April 5, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Genevieve Graaf, Lonnie Snowden
Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) Medicaid waivers for children increase the availability of public funding for HCBS by waiving or expanding the means tests for parents' income, basing child eligibility for Medicaid coverage primarily on clinical need. But many states provide mechanisms apart from HCBS waivers to increase coverage for youth with significant mental health needs. Through interviews with public mental health officials from 37 states, this study identifies and explains non-waiver funding strategies for HCBS services for otherwise ineligible youth...
April 2, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Émilie Charest, Marie-Hélène Gagné
This study addressed the predictors of service providers' use of a multi-level evidence-based program (EBP). Of the 92 trained providers participating in the study, 67 (72.8%) used the EBP at least once. A multidimensional index of the amount of usage (MUI) was created using three indicators. Providers' self-efficacy and the amount of training they had received predicted their amount of usage. The community to which the providers belonged was also associated with their amount of usage. The findings underline the importance of studying many indicators of usage in implementation research and considering both provider-level and broader contextual variables as determinants of the use of EBPs...
March 30, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Colby Chlebowski, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Natalie Finn, Kelsey S Dickson, Gregory A Aarons, Aubyn Stahmer
The purpose of this study was to examine common and unique factors influencing implementation process for two evidence-based interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in mental health and education service contexts. This study prospectively collected qualitative data from intervention developers and research staff on the implementation process within the context of two separate ASD intervention effectiveness trials. Results reveal common and unique factors influencing implementation in both study contexts...
March 23, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Paul Rowan, Charles Begley, Shuangshuang Fu, Bakbergen Turibekov, Robert Morgan
Medicaid-enrolled adults with serious mental illness may be dually-enrolled in Medicare, and may receive health care services from other state and local programs. To understand cross-program costs of care, we linked 2012 payment data across Medicaid, Medicare, state, and local programs. Average costs were calculated according to presence/absence of SMI, Medicare coverage, SSI coverage, medical comorbidities, and other characteristics. Costs for Medicaid adults with SMI were 57.4% greater than adults without SMI, but only 23...
March 19, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Geetha Gopalan, Alicia C Bunger, Byron J Powell
By engaging with community partners, dissemination and implementation scholars can enhance research relevance and translation. We illustrate the skills needed for developing and maintaining community partnerships by presenting two case studies of partnerships between early-career investigators and child welfare systems to implement mental health interventions. The cases represent two models of partnership (investigator-led and agency-led), highlighting the value and difficulty of conducting community-engaged implementation research...
March 12, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Mark Ashworth, Daniel Guerra, Maria Kordowicz
Mental health outcome measurement is conflicted between two different schools of thought which underlie the division between standardised (nomothetic) and individualised or patient-generated (idiographic) measures. The underpinning philosophies of both approaches have very different starting points in terms of how we understand the world. And yet the strengths of both may contribute something useful for patients and mental health services. We suggest a convergence of approaches with new thinking on options for co-habitation...
March 5, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Brent J Gibbons, David S Salkever
Employment is an important goal for persons who have a severe mental illness (SMI). The current literature finds some evidence for a positive relationship between employment and measures of mental health (MH) status, however study design issues have prevented a causal interpretation. This study aims to measure the causal effect of employment on MH status and total MH costs for persons with SMI. In a quasi-experimental prospective design, self-reported data measured at baseline, 6-months, and 12-months, on MH status and employment are paired with Public Mental Health System (PMHS) claims data...
February 28, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Sadaaki Fukui, Wei Wu, Michelle P Salyers
High rates of provider turnover are problematic for our mental health system. Research indicates that supervisory support could alleviate some turnover intention by decreasing emotional exhaustion (a key component of burnout) as well as by increasing job satisfaction. However, the potential mediation mechanisms have not been rigorously tested. Longitudinal data collected from 195 direct clinical care providers at two community mental health centers identified positive effects of supervisory support on reduced turnover intention through reduced emotional exhaustion...
February 27, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
E B Caron, Mary Dozier
Identification of effective consultation models could inform implementation efforts. This study examined the effects of a fidelity-focused consultation model among community-based clinicians implementing Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up. Fidelity data from 1217 sessions from 7 clinicians were examined in a multiple baseline design. In fidelity-focused consultation, clinicians received feedback from consultants' fidelity coding, and also coded their own fidelity. Clinicians' fidelity increased after fidelity-focused consultation began, but did not increase during other training periods...
February 19, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Richard O'Reilly, Stephen Allison, Tarun Bastiampiallai
The number of psychiatric beds, in most developed countries, has decreased progressively since the late 1950s. Many clinicians believe that this reduction has gone too far. But how can we determine the number of psychiatric beds a mental health system needs? While the population health approach has advantages over the normative approach, it makes assumptions about optimal and minimum duration of hospitalization required for various psychiatric disorders. In this paper, we describe a naturalistic approach that estimates the required number of psychiatric beds by comparing the bed levels at which negative outcomes develop in different jurisdictions...
February 18, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Sonia C Izmirian, Jaime P Chang, Brad J Nakamura
The current investigation conducted descriptive analyses on key variables in community-based residential (CBR) settings and investigated the extent to which disruptive youth between the ages of 13 and 17 years improved based on therapists' reported alignment with using practices derived from the evidence-base (PDEBs). Results from both the descriptive analyses and multilevel modeling suggested that therapists are using practices that both do and do not align with the evidence-base for disruptive youth. In addition, both PDEBs and practices with minimal evidence-support predicted or marginally predicted final average progress rating for these youth...
February 14, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Daniel M Cheron, Angela A W Chiu, Cameo F Stanick, H Gemma Stern, Aberdine R Donaldson, Eric L Daleiden, Bruce F Chorpita
There is strong enthusiasm for utilizing implementation science in the implementation of evidence-based programs in children's community mental health, but there remains work to be done to improve the process. Despite the proliferation of implementation frameworks, there is limited literature providing case examples of overcoming implementation barriers. This article examines whether the use of three implementations strategies, a structured training and coaching program, the use of professional development portfolios for coaching, and a progress monitoring data system, help to overcome barriers to implementation by facilitating four implementation drivers at a community mental health agency...
February 1, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Nikhil Gupta, Ish P Bhalla, Robert A Rosenheck
Patients with psychiatric disorders are treated by both mental health specialists and non-specialists. We use national data from the Veterans Health Administration to evaluate changing proportions of patients seen exclusively by non-specialists during the study year (FY 2012) limit as well as differences in socio-demographic, clinical and service use characteristics. There has been a five-fold increase in veterans with mental disorders seen by non-specialists over 20 years from 7 to 38%, findings similar to those in non-VA settings...
January 31, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Viktor Lushin, Emily M Becker-Haimes, David Mandell, Jordan Conrad, Victor Kaploun, Sophia Bailey, Ai Bo, Rinad S Beidas
Mental health clinicians do not consistently use evidence-based assessment (EBA), a critical component of accurate case conceptualization and treatment planning. The present study used the Unified Theory of Behavior to examine determinants of intentions to use EBA in clinical practice among a sample of Masters' level social work trainees (N = 241). Social norms had the largest effect on intentions to use EBA. Injunctive norms in reference to respected colleagues accounted for the most variance in EBA intentions...
January 29, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Virve Pekurinen, Maritta Välimäki, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
We examined the associations between work stress (job strain, effort-reward imbalance), perceived job insecurity, workplace social capital, satisfaction with leadership and working hours in relation to the likelihood of encountering patient aggression (overall exposure, assaults on ward property, mental abuse, physical assaults). We conducted a cross-sectional survey for nurses (N = 923) in 84 psychiatric units. Both work stress indicators were associated higher odds for different types of patient aggression...
January 25, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Carlos R García-Alonso, Nerea Almeda, José Alberto Salinas-Pérez, Mencía R Gutiérrez-Colosía, Luis Salvador-Carulla
The current prevalence of mental disorders demands improved ways of the management and planning of mental health (MH) services. Relative technical efficiency (RTE) is an appropriate and robust indicator to support decision-making in health care, but it has not been applied significantly in MH. This article systematically reviews the empirical background of RTE in MH services following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Finally, 13 studies were included, and the findings provide new standard classifications of RTE variables, efficiency determinants and strategies to improve MH management and planning...
January 9, 2019: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
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