Alyssa Elman, Sarah Cox, Elaine Gottesman, Seth Herman, Avery Kirshner, Sarah Tietz, Amy Shaw, David Hancock, E-Shien Chang, Daniel Baek, Elizabeth Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Tony Rosen
The emergency department and hospital provide a unique and important opportunity to identify elder mistreatment and offer intervention. To help manage these complex cases, multi-disciplinary response teams have been launched. In developing these teams, it quickly became clear that social workers play a critical role in responding to elder mistreatment. Their unique skillset allows them to establish close connections with community resources, collaborate with various hospital stakeholders, support patients/families/caregivers through challenging situations, navigate the legal and protective systems, and balance patient safety and quality of life in disposition decision-making...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Edwin Ka Hung Chung, Dannii Yuen-Lan Yeung
This study adopted an experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of an anti-scam education program for older adults. Participants in the experimental group ( n  = 55) first participated in an anti-scam board game and then joined another board game featuring local tea restaurants two weeks later, whereas such order was reversed for the control group ( n  = 54). Compared with the control group, participants in the experimental group reported significant increases in their self-efficacy in fraud prevention and awareness of scam situations, and a significant decrease in perceived susceptibility to scams immediately and two weeks after the intervention, demonstrating the immediate and the short-term effects of the anti-scam education program in reducing fraud victimization risk of older adults...
July 25, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Yot Amornkitvikai, Vipan Prachuabmoh, Martin O'Brien
This study investigates the influence of psychological elder abuse on life satisfaction levels in Thailand. This study also analyses the stress-buffering effect of social participation on the life satisfaction levels of Thai mentally abused elderly. Elder abuse has been proven to dramatically reduce Thai elders' levels of life satisfaction as their function in society shrinks owing to ageism. As a result, individuals are more likely to lose their independence and status and be forced to rely on others, increasing the danger of abuse...
July 19, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Emily Moir, Joseph Clare
It is recognized worldwide that evidence on what effectively prevents abuse of at-risk adults (including older people) is lacking. The purpose of this paper is to make an explicit, contemporary proposal as to why front-line workers and policy-makers interested in preventing the abuse of at-risk adults should adopt an opportunity-focused, problem-oriented policing framework from criminology. This paper will first position the proposal within the current context of responses to the abuse of at-risk adults. Following this, the paper will outline how the problem-oriented policing framework can develop targeted, collaborative, sustainable, and measurable prevention strategies intended to remove the opportunity for specific examples of abuse of at-risk adults...
June 2, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Stacey Wood, David Hengerer, Yaniv Hanoch, Pi-Ju Liu, Patricia Xi, Joshua Paul, Lukas Klapatch
Using a mix-method design, we examined participants' willingness to respond to mass marketing scams (MMS). In Experiment 1, we examined the effect of age (young versus older) and letter style ("hot" versus "cold") on the intention to respond. The intention of responding was negatively associated with risk ( p  < .001) and having at least a high school education was positively associated with perception of benefits (b = .684, p  < .001). In Experiment 2, we examined reward sensitivity on the intention to respond by manipulating reward amounts (low versus high) and the presence of an activation fee...
April 11, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Elsie Yan, Daniel W L Lai, Sheung Tak Cheng, Haze K L Ng, Vivian W Q Lou, Daniel Fong, Timothy Kwok
This study sought to identify subpopulations of caregivers of older persons based on their profiles of individual characteristics and caregiving contexts and aimed at examining the associations between caregiver profiles and elder mistreatment. A convenient sample of 600 adult caregivers of community-dwelling older people in Hong Kong participated. Results of latent profile analysis support a typology of 3 distinctive caregiver profiles: (a) non-vulnerable caregivers; (b) isolated, vulnerable caregivers; and (c) traumatized, vulnerable caregivers...
April 6, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Alycia Bayne, Elizabeth A Mumford, Caroline Lancaster, Jackie Sheridan-Johnson
Technology-facilitated abuse (TFA) is of growing concern and is a form of elder abuse. There is limited TFA research in general population samples in the U.S. among older adults. Researchers conducted a survey of behavior-based forms of TFA experiences in a nationally representative sample of n  = 1,011 U.S. adults ages 50 and older. Within this sample, 63.8% of respondents reported some experience of TFA during their lifetime. Latent class analyses were applied to understand the pattern of older adults' exposure to ten different forms of TFA resulting in three classes distinguished by the number of different TFA types experienced: low TFA (55%), low-mid TFA (40%) and high TFA (5%)...
April 2, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Roxanne Jacobs, Nicolas Farina, Marguerite Schneider
Elder abuse is globally considered a hidden problem with great variations in its conceptualization across cultures, non-uniformity in understanding, and manifestations of abuse and neglect. Currently, there are no validated or culturally adapted screening measures for elder abuse in South Africa. The aim of this study was to test the cultural appropriateness of the Elder Abuse Screening Tool (EAST) and the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) in two regions and four languages in South Africa. Using a cognitive interviewing methodology, 23 carers and 19 older adults were interviewed...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Eman Alhalal, Zainab Alkhair, Fatimah Alghazal, Rehab Halabi, Fatema Muhaimeed
The research examining elder abuse in diverse cultural contexts, such as in Saudi Arabia, remains limited. This study examined the extent of psychological elder abuse among older Saudi adults and investigated the characteristics of the victims that increase the risk of such abuse and its impact on older adults' self-rated health. Between December 2021 and April 2022, a sample of 444 older adults were recruited from 25 primary health care centers in Saudi Arabia and completed a structured interview. Of those surveyed, 88...
January 3, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Marie-Chantal Falardeau, Marie Beaulieu, Hélène Carbonneau, Mélanie Levasseur
Resident-to-resident aggression (RRA) is an important issue in congregate residential facilities (CRFs) for older adults and has devastating effects. This study aimed to provide an inventory and content analysis of the practices used to counter RRA and promote wellness care for older adults in CRFs. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, original, peer-reviewed research and systematic reviews published in 14 electronic databases and two gray literature sources were examined...
2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Suanne Lawrence, Terese Henning, Susan Banks, Isabelle Bartkowiak-Théron
The Preventing Elder Abuse Tasmania (PEAT) research group was asked by the State Coroner to review and report on findings from the inquest into the death of a 77-year-old woman (MM) which forms the basis of this analysis. MM died of hypothermia while sleeping in a converted shipping container at her daughter and son-in-law's southern Tasmanian property. Five years later this couple were convicted of MM's manslaughter. At the subsequent inquest in 2017-2018 the public heard that MM was in the advanced stages of dementia, as well as frail and underweight at the time she died...
December 7, 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
David Burnes, Andie MacNeil, Marie-Therese Connolly, Erin Salvo, Patricia F Kimball, Geoff Rogers, Stuart Lewis
Our understanding of effective elder abuse (EA) response interventions is limited. Adult Protective Services (APS), the primary agency responsible for responding to EA, lacks a coherent, conceptually driven, prolonged intervention phase. Informed by an ecological-systems perspective and adapting evidence-based modalities from other fields, the RISE EA intervention addresses this APS systems gap. Based on a three-year pilot project involving a partnership between RISE and Maine APS, the current study conducted a qualitative evaluation of RISE, from the perspective of APS caseworkers (n = 14) who worked with RISE, to understand RISE strengths and areas for improvement...
October 31, 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Sudha Shreeniwas, Narayan Khadka
Elder abuse and neglect (EAN) are serious health and human rights issues. Less is known about EAN in refugee communities. University researchers and leaders of a refugee services nonprofit partnered to conduct an exploratory community engaged study on EAN risks in two refugee communities in North Carolina. A convenience sample of 17 Nepali-speaking Bhutanese and 13 Congolese self-identified older adults filled short surveys and participated in Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). Descriptive survey findings showed EAN risk, isolation, economic insecurity, and family dependency, more among Congolese...
August 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Yoon Hee Son, Myong Sun Cho
Elder abuse is a serious social problem in South Korea. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors of elder abuse during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. By using the 2020 Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Seoul Metropolitan City and considering sociodemographic, health-related, social support, and isolation factors as independent variables, a logistic regression model was established. Among 3,106 samples, the overall rate of elder abuse was 8.5%, with emotional abuse being the most frequent...
August 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Gali Weissberger, Yoav S Bergman
Financial exploitation of older adults bears detrimental physical and psychological consequences. However, risk factors of financial exploitation vulnerability (FEV) remain elusive. In line with a growing awareness of the importance of subjective perceptions of the aging process for older adults' functioning and well-being, this study examined the connection between subjective age (feeling younger/older than one's chronological age) and FEV, and the moderating effect of social support on this connection. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 137 Israeli older adults (age range 60-89, M = 69...
August 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Bianca Brijnath, Luke Gahan, Briony Dow, Lyndal Hickey, Lisa Braddy, Melinda Collins, Josefine Antoniades
Applying co-design methodologies is increasingly recommended for engaging diverse end-users and bridging evidence-practice gaps. Yet, one of the ongoing challenges for research using co-design is the lack of evidence as to whether co-design leads to better outcomes than not using co-design. In this article, we outline how, despite adhering to a time and resource intensive co-design process with strong moral and ethical foundations, its implementation by end-users led to mixed outcomes around improved elder abuse screening...
July 11, 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Liuqing Xu, Hongyu Sun, Huan Xu, Xiufang Chen, Qiongying Xu, Hao Jiang, Liya Ren, Yuxin Wang, Chaoqun Dong
This study aims to explore the prevalence of self-neglect and associated factors among older adults admitted to the hospital in the COVID-19 pandemic context. The cross-sectional study conducted at a Chinese comprehensive hospital between January and April 2021, 452 older adults were recruited to complete the Abrams Geriatric Self-Neglect Scale, Social Support Rate Scale, FRAIL scale, Barthel index, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the factors associated with elder self-neglect...
June 28, 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Kenneth J Steinman, Georgia J Anetzberger
Adult protective services (APS) programs vary markedly, yet few studies have quantified this diversity. In 2020, a survey of Ohio's 85 county-administered APS programs incorporated subsequent feedback from staff and described the programs in a systematic manner. This process resulted in a 100% response rate and illustrated an efficient approach to measuring organizational characteristics (e.g., whether any staff are mostly dedicated to APS), resources (e.g., access to multidisciplinary teams), and practices (e...
June 22, 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Ying-Yu Chao, Dexia Kong, Jin Young Seo, Peijia Zha, XinQi Dong
This study aimed to examine the associations between perceived social support and help-seeking among U.S. Chinese older adults who reported elder mistreatment (EM). Data were from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago. Perceived social support and informal/formal help-seeking intentions and behaviors were measured. Descriptive statistics, multiple linear regressions, and multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed. A total of 450 participants reported EM. Mean age of the sample was 72...
June 15, 2022: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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