Marguerite DeLiema, Lynn Langton, Daniel Brannock, Edward Preble
Older adults are thought to be more susceptible to scams, yet understanding the relationship between chronological age and victimization is limited by underreporting. This study avoids underreporting bias by merging four longitudinal databases of Americans ( N  = 1.33 million) who paid money in response to mail scams over 20 years. We investigate the risk of repeat victimization and victimization by multiple scam types over the life course. Victims in their 70s and 80s are 9% more likely to experience another victimization incident than those in their 50s...
February 22, 2024: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Tova Band-Winterstein, Ksenya Shulyaev, Zvi Eisikovits
Old age is characterized by reflection and a retrospective examination of the multiple meanings of various life experiences, including lifelong abuse. Forgiveness is found to have a salutary effect, especially for older adults. To understand the place and role of forgiveness in the reflective process during aging, we performed a secondary analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interviews ( N  = 78) with older women survivors of abuse. Inductive thematic analysis was based on concepts developed deductively from the literature review...
February 20, 2024: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Majid Aleissa, Raghib Abusaris, Mesheal Alaqeel, Raneem Mylani, Hashim H Balubaid, Zainab Alnjeidi, Norah Alhowaish, Tala ALmanea
Reports indicate an increase in the incidence of violence against the elderly in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This study aimed to determine the types and risk factors of elder abuse in KSA. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted of abuse among the elderly (65 years and older; n  = 128) reported in the National Family Safety Registry (NFSR) between April 2017 and December 2021. Most cases involved women (65.6%) and married individuals (54.7%). Physical abuse was the most common type (44...
February 16, 2024: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jason Burnett, Sophia Wasik, Doug Cash, Jason Olson, Angela Medina, Danielle Pena, Julia A Hiner, M Brad Cannell
Financial exploitation (FE) is one of the most common reports to Adult Protective Services (APS) and the cases are often complex. Consequently, APS caseworkers report FE investigations to be among the most difficult while simultaneously reporting low confidence in productive outcomes for these investigations. This necessitates finding ways to support APS FE investigations. This paper describes the structure, process, and formative findings of a collaboration between forensic accounting examiners and APS workers to investigate complex cases of FE...
February 6, 2024: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Peter A Lichtenberg, Maggie Tocco, Latoya N Hall
Due to the rise in scams perpetrated against older adults, Adult Protective Service workers are more frequently involved in investigating these matters. One significant aspect of scam involvement is the assessment of informed financial decision-making. This study examined 175 consecutive scam cases APS workers investigated using a 10-item financial-decision making tool. Two-thirds of the sample displayed deficits in decision-making. The decision-making tool was effective in differentiating those rated as having deficits from those without deficits...
February 4, 2024: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Ga-Young Choi, Eun Koh, Eun Jeong Lee, Siyon Rhee
This study examined the experiences and the perceptions of elder mistreatment (EM), as well as help-seeking knowledge and behaviors, particularly about Adult Protective Services (APS), among community samples of Asian American older adults, including Koreans, Chinese, and others ( N  = 288). Approximately 27% of the study participants experienced at least one EM incident in the past year. Between 27% and 38% of the participants reported that they were likely to seek help from APS for different types of EM...
January 8, 2024: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Gerald J Jogerst, Yinghui Xu, Jack D Ohringer, Jeanette M Daly
The purpose of this project was to assess changes over 20 years, between family physicians perceived magnitude of elder mistreatment, physician knowledge of state laws, barriers to reporting suspected cases, and what is done in practice. Questionnaires were mailed to 1,080 physician members of the Iowa Academy of Family Physicians. Thirty-six percent of physicians returned the questionnaire. These respondents had a mean age of 51 years, were licensed for 19 years, and 51% were male. Twenty-nine percent of physicians ask their patients direct questions about elder abuse in 2022 compared to 14% in 2002...
December 24, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Hui Zhang Kudon, Jeffrey H Herbst, LaTonia C Richardson, Sharon G Smith, Zewditu Demissie, Carlos Siordia
Abuse of older adults is a public health problem. The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) is a nationally-representative, telephone survey for non-institutionalized adults in the United States. To determine the prevalence and factors of intimate partner psychological aggression and physical violence and sexual violence by any perpetrator against older adults, we analyzed NISVS 2016/2017 data ( n  = 10,171, aged ≥ 60 years). Past 12-month prevalence of psychological aggression, physical violence, and sexual violence was 2...
December 21, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Karin Berg, Inger Kjellberg
Mandatory reporting of elder abuse aims to detect and prevent mistreatment and improve services. Service users and their relatives can raise concerns, but only staff can file mandatory reports. This article examines how the concerns of service users and relatives were managed by designated officials in reports of mistreatments in care for older adults in Sweden. We lean on sociological theories of "interpersonal trouble" and organizational "disputes domains." The thematic analysis is based on 28 incident reports initiated by service users or their relatives...
December 21, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Liliana Giraldo-Rodríguez, Marcela Agudelo-Botero
The objectives of this study were: 1) to estimate the prevalence of child abuse (CA), intimate partner violence (IPV), and elder abuse (EA) in a representative sample of older Mexican women by status, type, and cause of disability; and 2) to examine the associations of EA with CA, IPV, and disability status. We conducted a secondary data analysis of 21,718 women aged 60 years and older. Older women with disabilities had higher prevalences of CA, IPV, and EA than those with some difficulties or without disabilities...
December 21, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Elizabeth Bloemen, Alyssa Elman, Daniel Baek, Elaine Gottesman, Amy Shaw, Michelle Sullivan, Chloe Pino, Jennine McAuley, Sarah Tietz, Seth Herman, Lisa Rachmuth, E-Shien Chang, David Hancock, Veronica M LoFaso, Michael E Stern, Dan Lindberg, Sunday Clark, Tony Rosen
Interdisciplinary Emergency Department/hospital-based teams represent a promising care model to improve identification of and intervention for elder mistreatment. Two institutions, Weill Cornell Medicine/NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have launched such programs and are exploring multiple strategies for effective dissemination. These strategies include: (1) program evaluation research, (2) framing as a new model of geriatric care, (3) understanding the existing incentives of health systems, EDs, and hospitals to align with them, (4) connecting to ongoing ED/hospital initiatives, (5) identifying and collaborating with communities with strong elder mistreatment response that want to integrate the ED/hospital, (6) developing and making easily accessible high-quality, comprehensive protocols and training materials, (7) offering technical assistance and support, (8) communications outreach to raise awareness, and (9) using an existing framework to inform implementation in new hospitals and health systems...
December 20, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Vaitsa Giannouli, Magda Tsolaki
This study examines what healthcare professionals, students and older adults believe about elder financial abuse in Greece. Participants responded to two vignettes by choosing which characteristics indicate elder financial abuse. Greeks are less likely to perceive financial exploitation when the perpetrator is a close family member, but are more likely to recognize it when perpetrated by paid caregivers or more distant (male) relatives. Signing over the victim's property to another is less likely to be perceived as elder abuse than is the taking of money from bank accounts, even though the property is often worth more than what is taken from the account...
December 3, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Andrea Păroşanu, Chris Marshall
The search for adequate ways to address elder harm and abuse has become increasingly evident in public discourse. There is a growing consensus that integrated, multi-disciplinary approaches are needed, especially because older victims are often hesitant to resort to legal interventions. This evaluation study aimed to assess the benefits and challenges of a pilot scheme in Aotearoa New Zealand employing restorative processes to respond to elder harm and to discuss implications for future practice. Thirty interviews were conducted with professionals, older persons and family members...
November 24, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Scott R Beach, Sara J Czaja, Richard Schulz
Financial exploitation (FE) is a complex problem influenced by many factors. This article introduces two novel methods for assessment of FE vulnerability: (1) performance-based measures of financial skills using web-based simulations of common financial tasks; (2) scam vulnerability measures based on credibility ratings of common scam scenarios. Older adults who were male, younger, Hispanic, more educated, with higher incomes performed better on the simulated financial tasks. Better performance was also related to higher cognitive function and numeracy, and more experience with technology...
November 12, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Alyssa Elman, Sarah Cox, Elaine Gottesman, Seth Herman, Avery Kirshner, Sarah Tietz, Amy Shaw, David Hancock, E-Shien Chang, Daniel Baek, Elizabeth Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Tony Rosen
The emergency department and hospital provide a unique and important opportunity to identify elder mistreatment and offer intervention. To help manage these complex cases, multi-disciplinary response teams have been launched. In developing these teams, it quickly became clear that social workers play a critical role in responding to elder mistreatment. Their unique skillset allows them to establish close connections with community resources, collaborate with various hospital stakeholders, support patients/families/caregivers through challenging situations, navigate the legal and protective systems, and balance patient safety and quality of life in disposition decision-making...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Edwin Ka Hung Chung, Dannii Yuen-Lan Yeung
This study adopted an experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of an anti-scam education program for older adults. Participants in the experimental group ( n  = 55) first participated in an anti-scam board game and then joined another board game featuring local tea restaurants two weeks later, whereas such order was reversed for the control group ( n  = 54). Compared with the control group, participants in the experimental group reported significant increases in their self-efficacy in fraud prevention and awareness of scam situations, and a significant decrease in perceived susceptibility to scams immediately and two weeks after the intervention, demonstrating the immediate and the short-term effects of the anti-scam education program in reducing fraud victimization risk of older adults...
July 25, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Yot Amornkitvikai, Vipan Prachuabmoh, Martin O'Brien
This study investigates the influence of psychological elder abuse on life satisfaction levels in Thailand. This study also analyses the stress-buffering effect of social participation on the life satisfaction levels of Thai mentally abused elderly. Elder abuse has been proven to dramatically reduce Thai elders' levels of life satisfaction as their function in society shrinks owing to ageism. As a result, individuals are more likely to lose their independence and status and be forced to rely on others, increasing the danger of abuse...
July 19, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Emily Moir, Joseph Clare
It is recognized worldwide that evidence on what effectively prevents abuse of at-risk adults (including older people) is lacking. The purpose of this paper is to make an explicit, contemporary proposal as to why front-line workers and policy-makers interested in preventing the abuse of at-risk adults should adopt an opportunity-focused, problem-oriented policing framework from criminology. This paper will first position the proposal within the current context of responses to the abuse of at-risk adults. Following this, the paper will outline how the problem-oriented policing framework can develop targeted, collaborative, sustainable, and measurable prevention strategies intended to remove the opportunity for specific examples of abuse of at-risk adults...
June 2, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Stacey Wood, David Hengerer, Yaniv Hanoch, Pi-Ju Liu, Patricia Xi, Joshua Paul, Lukas Klapatch
Using a mix-method design, we examined participants' willingness to respond to mass marketing scams (MMS). In Experiment 1, we examined the effect of age (young versus older) and letter style ("hot" versus "cold") on the intention to respond. The intention of responding was negatively associated with risk ( p  < .001) and having at least a high school education was positively associated with perception of benefits (b = .684, p  < .001). In Experiment 2, we examined reward sensitivity on the intention to respond by manipulating reward amounts (low versus high) and the presence of an activation fee...
April 11, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Elsie Yan, Daniel W L Lai, Sheung Tak Cheng, Haze K L Ng, Vivian W Q Lou, Daniel Fong, Timothy Kwok
This study sought to identify subpopulations of caregivers of older persons based on their profiles of individual characteristics and caregiving contexts and aimed at examining the associations between caregiver profiles and elder mistreatment. A convenient sample of 600 adult caregivers of community-dwelling older people in Hong Kong participated. Results of latent profile analysis support a typology of 3 distinctive caregiver profiles: (a) non-vulnerable caregivers; (b) isolated, vulnerable caregivers; and (c) traumatized, vulnerable caregivers...
April 6, 2023: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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