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Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636565/pharmacotherapy-effectiveness-in-treating-depression-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analysis
#1
Anya Slowinski, Rudi Coetzer, Christopher Byrne
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a highly prevalent neuropsychiatric sequela among individuals who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite its high prevalence, there continues to be conflicting evidence surrounding the efficacy of medication for treating depression post-TBI and whether different treatments have distinct effects. The aim of this study was to systematically review and synthesize the available evidence for the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy for depression following a TBI...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636564/brain-mr-radiomics-to-differentiate-cognitive-disorders
#2
Sara Ranjbar, Stefanie N Velgos, Amylou C Dueck, Yonas E Geda, J Ross Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Subtle and gradual changes occur in the brain years before cognitive impairment due to age-related neurodegenerative disorders. The authors examined the utility of hippocampal texture analysis and volumetric features extracted from brain magnetic resonance (MR) data to differentiate between three cognitive groups (cognitively normal individuals, individuals with mild cognitive impairment, and individuals with Alzheimer's disease) and neuropsychological scores on the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605361/the-neural-correlates-of-impaired-self-monitoring-among-individuals-with-neurodegenerative-dementias
#3
Theodore P Parthimos, Efstratios Karavasilis, Katherine P Rankin, Ioannis Seimenis, Katerina Lefterioti, Andrew C Papanicolaou, Bruce Miller, Sokratis G Papageorgiou, John D Papatriantafyllou
OBJECTIVE: Self-monitoring is a crucial component of human empathy and necessary for the formation and repair of social relations. Several studies have brought to light possible neuronal substrates associated with self-monitoring, but the information that they have provided is inconclusive. The authors, therefore, studied a large group of patients with dementia to assess what brain structures are necessary for the self-monitoring function. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with dementia of various types were screened using voxel-based morphometry to assess possible volume reduction in the brain structures of patients with self-monitoring problems, and the decrease of socioemotional expressiveness and modification of self-presentation was estimated using the Revised Self-Monitoring Scale...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605360/the-role-of-white-matter-dysfunction-in-a-case-of-mania-following-left-temporal-lobectomy
#4
Haythum O Tayeb, Jamaan Alghamdi, Razan Daghistani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30561283/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-review-of-psychiatric-phenotypes-and-management-considerations-a-report-of-the-american-neuropsychiatric-association-committee-on-research
#5
Rani A Sarkis, M Justin Coffey, Joseph J Cooper, Islam Hassan, Belinda Lennox
OBJECTIVE: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder characterized by prominent neuropsychiatric symptoms. Given the nature of its pathophysiology, psychiatrists tend to be one of the first clinicians encountering patients with the disease. METHODS: In the present review of patients described in the literature with psychiatric symptoms, the authors aimed to characterize the psychiatric symptoms of the disease and its management in adults and adolescents as well as children (≤12 years old)...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30561282/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-improves-executive-function-and-music-rhythm
#6
Kalpana P Padala, Cassandra R Hunter, Christopher M Parkes, Shelly Y Lensing, Prasad R Padala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30561281/delusional-misidentification-syndrome-phantom-boarder-syndrome-presenting-with-intact-general-cognition-and-functional-brain-imaging-evidence-of-bilateral-posterior-and-orbitofrontal-hypometabolism
#7
Sovanarak J Lek, Sean Trinh, Jose Gavito-Higuera, Ricardo Salazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30561280/functional-and-structural-connectivity-of-the-cerebellar-nuclei-with-the-striatum-and-cerebral-cortex-in-first-episode-psychosis
#8
Kwang-Hyuk Lee, Hyerim Oh, Jee-Hyung S Suh, Kang Ik K Cho, Youngwoo Bryan Yoon, Won-Gyo Shin, Tae Young Lee, Jun Soo Kwon
Evidence suggests that the cortico-striatal-thalamo-cortical circuitry plays an important role in schizophrenia pathophysiology. Cerebellar contribution from deep cerebellar nuclei to the circuitry has not yet been examined. The authors investigated resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) of cerebellar output nuclei with striatal-thalamic-cortical regions in relation to white-matter integrity and regional gray-matter volumes in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Methods: Forty FEP patients and 40 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects (HCs) participated...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30537914/are-traumatic-brain-injuries-associated-with-criminality-after-taking-account-of-childhood-family-social-status-and-disruptive-behaviors
#9
Guido I Guberman, Marie-Pier Robitaille, Peter Larm, Alain Ptito, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Sheilagh Hodgins
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to elucidate the links between traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and criminal convictions in a sample of 724 Canadian males with and without criminal records followed up to age 24. METHODS: Prospectively collected data were analyzed to determine whether prior TBIs predicted subsequent criminal convictions after taking account of family social status (FSS) and childhood disruptive behaviors. At age 24, diagnoses of TBIs were extracted from health records and convictions from official criminal records...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30537913/repetitive-behaviors-in-frontotemporal-dementia-compulsions-or-impulsions
#10
Negar Moheb, Kanida Charuworn, Mark M Ashla, Randy Desarzant, Diana Chavez, Mario F Mendez
OBJECTIVE: The presence of repetitive behaviors is one of the core criteria for behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Patients with bvFTD often have perseverative, stereotyped, or compulsive-ritualistic behavior as an early aspect of their disorder. It is unclear whether such behaviors are related to compulsions, as in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or are part of the impulse disorder spectrum. METHODS: The authors investigated early (within 3 years) repetitive behaviors among 93 well-characterized patients who met International Consensus Criteria for clinically probable bvFTD and compared the results with the literature on OCD...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30537912/deficits-in-emotion-recognition-as-markers-of-frontal-behavioral-dysfunction-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#11
Aldrin Pedroza Martins, Laura de Godoy Rousseff Prado, Patricia Lillo, Eneida Mioshi, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Leonardo Cruz de Souza
OBJECTIVE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with prominent motor symptoms. Patients with ALS may also manifest frontal behavior symptoms and cognitive decline, including impairment in facial emotion recognition. The authors aimed to investigate whether deficits in emotion recognition were associated with frontal behavior symptoms in ALS. METHODS: Participants were patients with probable or definite sporadic ALS (N=21; male:female ratio, 11:10; median age, 62 years; median disease duration, 3 years) and age-matched and education-matched healthy control subjects (N=25; male:female ratio, 14:11; median age, 61 years)...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686211/neurodegenerative-dementias-improving-brain-health-to-decrease-risk
#12
James R Bateman, Robin A Hurley, Katherine H Taber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30305004/why-we-still-use-organic-causes-results-from-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-residents
#13
David Benrimoh, Vincent Jetté Pomerleau, Arnaud Demoustier, Stéphane Poulin, Jean-Robert Maltais, Judith Brouillette, Simon Ducharme
The diagnostic category of "organic disorders" was officially removed from the psychiatric nosology in DSM-IV, published in 1994. Despite this change, physicians continue to use the term "organic causes" to refer to medical and neurological causes of psychiatric symptoms, and it remains part of the ICD-10 classification. In the context of increasing integration of psychiatric disorders within a medical and neuroscientific framework, the reasons behind the ongoing use of this term (reminiscent of mind-body dualism) have to be clarified...
2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30282512/continuing-clozapine-treatment-in-acute-psychosis-with-neutropenia
#14
Po-Chiao Liao, Kuo-Hsuan Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458665/profile-of-anger-in-acute-stroke-a-multifactorial-model-of-anger-determinants
#15
A Catarina Santos, José M Ferro
Higher levels of anger can have a major impact on treatment and recovery among stroke patients. The authors identified the presence of anger in patients with acute stroke, as well as state and trait anger and anger expression and control, and analyzed its association with demographic, clinical, brain lesion, and psychosocial variables. The authors screened anger prospectively in 114 consecutive patients by using the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2, which enabled them to distinguish between the experience, expression, and control of anger...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458664/brain-volumetric-correlates-of-right-unilateral-versus-bitemporal-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-treatment-resistant-depression
#16
Marta Cano, Erik Lee, Narcís Cardoner, Ignacio Martínez-Zalacaín, Jesús Pujol, Nikos Makris, Michael Henry, Esther Via, Rosa Hernández-Ribas, Oren Contreras-Rodríguez, José M Menchón, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Carles Soriano-Mas, Joan A Camprodon
The selection of a bitemporal (BT) or right unilateral (RUL) electrode placement affects the efficacy and side effects of ECT. Previous studies have not entirely described the neurobiological underpinnings of such differential effects. Recent neuroimaging research on gray matter volumes is contributing to our understanding of the mechanism of action of ECT and could clarify the differential mechanisms of BT and RUL ECT. To assess the whole-brain gray matter volumetric changes observed after treating patients with treatment-resistant depression with BT or RUL ECT, the authors used MRI to assess 24 study subjects with treatment-resistant depression (bifrontotemporal ECT, N=12; RUL ECT, N=12) at two time points (before the first ECT session and after ECT completion)...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30404534/retrograde-autobiographical-memory-from-pta-emergence-to-six-month-follow-up-in-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Caroline M Roberts, Gershon Spitz, Matthew Mundy, Jennie L Ponsford
The overwhelming focus of research on memory following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been on anterograde amnesia, and very little attention has been paid to retrograde amnesia. There is evidence to suggest that retrograde autobiographical memory deficits exist after severe TBI, although there have been no prospective studies of autobiographical memory in a representative sample of moderate to severe cases recruited from hospital admissions. The purpose of the present study was to report changes in autobiographical memory performance among a group of patients soon after emergence from posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) and at the 6-month follow-up compared with a healthy control (HC) group...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30404533/bifrontal-hypermetabolism-on-brain-fdg-pet-in-a-case-of-c9orf72-related-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#18
Jake P Levy, Christian Bocti, Dominique Elie, Nancy Paquet, Jean-Paul Soucy, Simon Ducharme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30404532/utility-of-the-clock-drawing-test-in-the-assessment-of-catatonia
#19
Michel Medina, Joseph J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30404531/poststroke-delirium-clinical-motor-subtypes-the-prospective-observational-polish-study-propolis
#20
Paulina Pasinska, Katarzyna Kowalska, Elzbieta Klimiec, Aleksander Wilk, Aleksandra Szyper-Maciejowska, Tomasz Dziedzic, Aleksandra Klimkowicz-Mrowiec
Although delirium is the most common neurobehavioral complication after stroke, its motor subtypes-hypoactive, hyperactive, mixed, and none-as well as their risk factors are not well characterized. Motor subtypes influence recognition and prognosis of delirium in hospitalized patients. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the frequency of poststroke delirium subtypes and to describe their predictive models. Consecutive patients with stroke were screened for delirium with the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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