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Journals Journal of Neuropsychiatry and...

Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835225/case-studies-7a-and-7b-two-physician-patients-with-early-alzheimer-s-disease-and-differing-levels-of-insight
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katelyn M Gettens Bourgea, Michael Erkkinen, Seth A Gale, Scott M McGinnis, Kirk R Daffner, David Silbersweig, Barbara Schildkrout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835224/need-for-improved-recognition-and-treatment-of-catatonic-stupor-a-case-series-of-unwarranted-referrals-for-hospice
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
William V McCall, Dan Maixner, Peter B Rosenquist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835223/frontal-variant-alzheimer-s-disease-subregional-distribution-of-entorhinal-ca1-pathology-and-pathophysiological-implications
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Isabel Reyes, Arline Faustin, Chengju Tian, Arjun V Masurkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38720624/apathy-and-depression-among-people-aging-with-traumatic-brain-injury-relationships-to-cognitive-performance-and-psychosocial-functioning
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Umesh M Venkatesan, Amanda R Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: Apathy and depression are both common after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may be especially important to distinguish in older adults with TBI. The authors examined apathy and depression in relation to cognitive performance domains and their potentially unique contribution to psychosocial functioning in this patient population. METHODS: A total of 106 participants (mean±SD age=64±8 years) with chronic moderate to severe TBI (≥1 year) completed questionnaires assessing severity of apathy (Frontal Systems Behavior Scale-apathy subscale) and depression (Geriatric Depression Scale-15) symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and societal participation...
May 9, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38720623/generalized-periodic-discharges-associated-with-catatonia-and-delirium-a-case-series
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James Luccarelli, Joshua R Smith, Gregory Fricchione, M Brandon Westover
OBJECTIVE: Generalized periodic discharges are a repeated and generalized electroencephalography (EEG) pattern that can be seen in the context of altered mental status. This article describes a series of five individuals with generalized periodic discharges who demonstrated signs and symptoms of catatonia, a treatable neuropsychiatric condition. METHODS: Inpatients with a clinical diagnosis of catatonia, determined with the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), and EEG recordings with generalized periodic discharges were analyzed in a retrospective case series...
May 9, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38720622/functional-neurological-disorder-presenting-after-concussion-a-retrospective-case-series
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ginger Polich, Gaston Baslet, Mary Angela O'Neal, Rishab Gupta, Lt Comdr Geoffrey Raynor
OBJECTIVE: Although a majority of individuals recover from a concussion within weeks of the index injury, a substantial minority of patients report persistent postconcussion symptoms. Some of these symptoms may reflect a diagnosis of functional neurological disorder (FND). The authors evaluated the relationship between persistent postconcussion symptoms and FND symptoms. METHODS: In this retrospective chart review, the authors characterized demographic and clinical information from 50 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of FND whose functional neurological symptoms started after a concussion...
May 9, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38650465/rates-and-predictors-of-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-symptoms-among-post-9-11-veterans
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melissa B Jones, Juliann Tea, Matthew Meyers, Ruosha Li, Audri Villalon, Ritwick Agrawal, Ricardo E Jorge
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), which are prevalent conditions among post-9/11 veterans, increase risks of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and degenerative synucleinopathy. Rates and predictors of RBD symptoms were investigated by screening post-9/11 veterans for RBD with a validated questionnaire. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, consecutive patients in the Houston Translational Research Center for TBI and Stress Disorders (TRACTS) were screened with the English translation of the RBD Questionnaire-Hong Kong (RBDQ-HK)...
April 23, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38650464/relationship-between-hemorrhage-type-and-development-of-emotional-and-behavioral-dyscontrol-after-hemorrhagic-stroke
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Talmasov, Sean Kelly, Sarah Ecker, Anlys Olivera, Aaron Lord, Lindsey Gurin, Koto Ishida, Kara Melmed, Jose Torres, Cen Zhang, Jennifer Frontera, Ariane Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Emotional and behavioral dyscontrol (EBD), a neuropsychiatric complication of stroke, leads to patient and caregiver distress and challenges to rehabilitation. Studies of neuropsychiatric sequelae in stroke are heavily weighted toward ischemic stroke. This study was designed to compare risk of EBD following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to identify risk factors for EBD following hemorrhagic stroke. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of patients hospitalized for nontraumatic hemorrhagic stroke between 2015 and 2021...
April 23, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38528808/treatment-of-depression-in-huntington-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Frank Ramirez, Kirthan S Reddy, Onur Sahin, Natalia Pessoa Rocha, Antonio L Teixeira, Erin Furr Stimming
Depression is a common psychiatric disorder among individuals with Huntington's disease (HD). Depression in HD and major depressive disorder appear to have different pathophysiological mechanisms. Despite the unique pathophysiology, the treatment of depression in HD is based on data from the treatment of major depressive disorder in the general population. The objective of this systematic review was to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the available evidence. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38528807/predictive-utility-of-diffusion-mri-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-civilian-populations-a-systematic-review
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sanne van Rhijn, Maria Teixeira-Dias, Nick Medford, Timothy Nicholson, David Okai, Paul Shotbolt, Quinton Deeley
OBJECTIVE: A considerable number of people experience persisting symptoms and functional limitations after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). It is unclear whether subtle white matter changes contribute to this phenomenon. In this systematic review, the authors evaluated whether microstructural white matter indices on advanced MRI are related to clinical dysfunction among patients without abnormalities on standard brain computed tomography (CT) or MRI (uncomplicated mTBI). METHODS: A search of multiple databases was performed...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38481168/reduced-subjective-cognitive-concerns-with-neurobehavioral-therapy-in-functional-seizures-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ryan Van Patten, Lawrence Chan, Krista Tocco, Kristen Mordecai, Hamada Altalib, Erica Cotton, Stephen Correia, Tyler E Gaston, Leslie P Grayson, Amber Martin, Samantha Fry, Adam Goodman, Jane B Allendorfer, Jerzy Szaflarski, W Curt LaFrance
OBJECTIVE: Functional seizures are common among people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Subjective cognitive concerns refer to a person's own perception of problems with cognitive functioning in everyday life. The authors investigated the presence and correlates of subjective cognitive concerns and the response to neurobehavioral therapy among adults with TBI and functional seizures (TBI+FS group). METHODS: In this observational study, participants in the TBI+FS group (N=47) completed a 12-session neurobehavioral therapy protocol for seizures, while participants in the comparison group (TBI without seizures) (N=50) received usual treatment...
March 14, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38481167/etiological-factors-and-symptom-triggers-in-functional-motor-symptoms-and-functional-seizures-a-pilot-investigation
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L S Merritt Millman, Eleanor Short, Emily Ward, Biba Stanton, Abigail Bradley-Westguard, Laura H Goldstein, Joel S Winston, Mitul A Mehta, Timothy R Nicholson, Antje A T S Reinders, Anthony S David, Mark J Edwards, Trudie Chalder, Matthew Hotopf, Susannah Pick
OBJECTIVE: This study examined etiological factors and symptom triggers of functional motor symptoms (FMS) or functional seizures (FS) and assessed potential relationships with relevant clinical features (i.e., functional symptoms, quality of life, and general functioning). METHODS: Seventeen participants with FMS or FS and 17 healthy control participants underwent an in-depth clinical interview and completed questionnaires assessing adverse life events, psychological and physical symptoms, alexithymia, autistic traits, illness perceptions, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and work and social functioning...
March 14, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38343313/harnessing-placebo-effects-for-the-treatment-of-functional-cognitive-disorder-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew J Burke, Davide Cappon, David L Perez, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Emiliano Santarnecchi
OBJECTIVE: Limited research has directly investigated whether and how placebo effects can be harnessed for the treatment of functional neurological disorder (FND), despite a long-standing and controversial history of interest in this area. METHODS: A small exploratory study was conducted with adults with a cognitive subtype of FND recruited from a single cognitive neurology center in the United States. Participants were given the expectation of receiving cranial stimulation that could benefit their memory symptoms; however, the intervention was sham transcranial magnetic stimulation (placebo)...
February 12, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38343312/from-software-to-hardware-a-case-series-of-functional-neurological-symptoms-and-cerebrovascular-disease
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jan Coebergh, Shabana Habib, Tiago Teodoro, Mark Edwards, Matt Butler
OBJECTIVE: Neuroimaging studies have identified alterations in both brain structure and functional connectivity in patients with functional neurological disorder (FND). For many patients, FND emerges from physical precipitating events. Nevertheless, there are a limited number of case series in the literature that describe the clinical presentation and neuroimaging correlates of FND following cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: The authors collected data from two clinics in the United Kingdom on 14 cases of acute, improving, or delayed functional neurological symptoms following cerebrovascular events...
February 12, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38343311/iron-supplementation-in-management-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-qualitative-synthesis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stephen D Elliott, Mark L Vickers, Gemma McKeon, Lars Eriksson, Eva Malacova, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to explore the role of iron supplementation in the management of neurodevelopmental disorders among children and youths. METHODS: A systematic review in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was undertaken. A subset of results was suitable for meta-analysis. The quality of the evidence and strength of the clinical recommendations were assessed by using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation method, and critical appraisal was conducted with the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tools...
February 12, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38258378/a-web-based-educational-module-using-clinical-neuroscience-to-deliver-the-diagnosis-of-functional-neurological-disorder
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark Fusunyan, Michel Medina, Luciana Giambarberi, Sepideh Bajestan
Neuroscience-based patient education has become an evidence-based strategy for enhancing chronic pain treatment. Advances in understanding the neuroscience of functional neurological disorder (FND) may allow similar approaches to be developed and disseminated to clinicians, given the public health need for greater provider awareness and expertise around the condition. Accordingly, the authors developed an online video module for clinicians that delivers neuroscience-based psychoeducation for FND and assessed whether the intervention would be associated with changes in clinicians' perception of FND patients and knowledge about the condition...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38258377/association-of-win-loss-record-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-brain-health-among-professional-fighters
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Barry R Bryant, Aaron I Esagoff, Lisa Young, Natalia Kosyakova, Michael J C Bray, Lisa N Richey, Varun Vohra, Guogen Shan, Andrea L C Schneider, Matthew E Peters, Charles B Bernick, Bharat R Narapareddy
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive head impacts in professional fighting commonly lead to head injuries. Increased exposure to repetitive head trauma, measured by the number of professional fights and years of fighting, has been associated with slower processing speed and smaller brain volumes. The impact of win-loss outcomes has been investigated in other sports, with several studies suggesting that individuals on losing teams experience more head injuries. Here, the authors hypothesized that fighters with a worse fight record would exhibit poorer brain health outcomes...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38258376/longitudinal-influence-of-prescribed-antidepressants-on-fecal-and-oral-microbiomes-among-veterans-with-major-depressive-disorder
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew J Hoisington, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Christopher E Stamper, Joseph A Simonetti, David W Oslin, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of a new course of antidepressant monotherapy on gut and oral microbiomes and the relationship to depressive symptoms. METHODS: Longitudinal microbiome samples obtained from 10 U.S. veterans were analyzed. Baseline samples were taken before a new course of antidepressant monotherapy (either switching from a previous treatment or starting a new treatment). Targeted genomic sequencing of the microbiome samples was used to analyze changes in taxonomy and diversity across participants, medications, and medication class...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38192217/impulsivity-and-psychiatric-diagnoses-as-mediators-of-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexandra L Aaronson, Bridget Smith, Kelly Krese, Meghan Barnhart, Maheen Adamson, Harriet de Wit, Noah S Philip, Lisa A Brenner, Theresa Bender-Pape, Amy A Herrold
Tweet: Negative urgency impulsivity mediates the relationship between TBI and suicidal ideation, revealing a treatment target for suicidality.
January 9, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38192216/symptom-attribution-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-among-treatment-seeking-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victoria C Merritt, Grace J Goodwin, McKenna S Sakamoto, Laura D Crocker, Amy J Jak
OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, the authors aimed to examine relationships between illness perception, measured as symptom attribution, and neurobehavioral and neurocognitive outcomes among veterans with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: This study included 55 treatment-seeking veterans (N=43 with adequate performance validity testing) with a remote history of TBI (80% with mild TBI). Veterans completed a clinical interview, self-report questionnaires, and a neuropsychological assessment...
January 9, 2024: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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