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Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699220/a-focus-on-postpartum-depression-among-african-american-women-a-literature-review
#1
Cornita Cannon, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported a higher rate of postpartum depression in African American vs White women. We reviewed the literature to identify the possible factors associated with a greater risk of postpartum depression in African American women. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using journal databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar. Keywords used in the search included postpartum depression, ethnicity, and race. Using the PRISMA (Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis) method for review articles, 8 studies were identified and included...
February 1, 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699219/intensity-dependent-disabling-exercise-induced-depression-and-irritability-without-primary-mood-disorder
#2
Nagy A Youssef, Sora Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699218/evidence-for-using-prn-pharmacotherapy-to-treat-undifferentiated-acute-agitation-or-aggression
#3
Jason Patel, Samuel Frankel, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: This systematic review identified published studies that evaluated the use of pro re nata (PRN) medication in patients with acute agitation or aggression of undifferentiated etiology. METHODS: A literature search was conducted of PubMed and MEDLINE for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the use of PRN medications for individuals with undifferentiated agitation or aggression. Bibliographic databases of published articles were also searched for additional studies...
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699217/schizoaffective-disorder-a-review
#4
Jacob N Miller, Donald W Black
BACKGROUND: Schizoaffective disorder (SAD) is a chronic, potentially disabling psychotic disorder common in clinical settings. SAD often has been used as a diagnosis for individuals having an admixture of mood and psychotic symptoms whose diagnosis is uncertain. Its hallmark is the presence of symptoms of a major mood episode (either a depressive or manic episode) concurrent with symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia, such as delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar was conducted to identify articles on SAD...
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699216/should-childhood-conduct-disorder-be-necessary-to-diagnose-antisocial-personality-disorder-in-adults
#5
Patrick McGonigal, Sophie Kerr, Theresa Morgan, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is the only DSM personality disorder that requires a diagnosis of conduct disorder (CD) during childhood. Previous research comparing adults diagnosed with ASPD with adults who meet all ASPD criteria except for a history of CD (referred to in this study as adult antisocial syndrome [AAS]) have reported mixed results. This study sought to clarify the differences among adults with ASPD, adults with AAS, and a large psychiatric outpatient control group...
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699215/e-cigarette-use-vaping-is-associated-with-illicit-drug-use-mental-health-problems-and-impulsivity-in-university-students
#6
Jon E Grant, Katherine Lust, Daniel J Fridberg, Andrea C King, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prevalence of e-cigarette use ("vaping") among university students and its associations with psychosocial correlates. METHODS: In this study, 9,449 students received a 156-item anonymous online survey assessed the use of e-cigarettes (ever or past year), alcohol and drug use, mental health issues, and impulsive and compulsive traits. RESULTS: In total, 3,572 university students (57.1% female) responded to the survey...
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699214/a-prenatal-supplement-with-methylfolate-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-depression-in-women-trying-to-conceive-and-during-pregnancy
#7
Marlene P Freeman, Gina M Savella, Taylor R Church, Lina Góez-Mogollón, Alexandra Z Sosinsky, Olivia B Noe, Anjali Kaimal, Lee S Cohen
BACKGROUND: Women often seek antidepressant alternatives for major depressive disorder (MDD) in anticipation of or during pregnancy. In this preliminary study, EnBrace HR, a prenatal supplement containing methylfolate, was investigated for depressive relapse prevention and for acute treatment of MDD in women planning pregnancy or during pregnancy. METHODS: This 12-week open-label study included women with histories of MDD who were planning pregnancy or pregnant < 28 weeks...
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699213/on-communicating-bad-news
#8
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372511/perceived-sleep-quality-predicts-cognitive-function-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-independent-of-depression-severity
#9
Danielle S Cha, Nicole Carmona, Rebekah H Cha, Aileen J Zhou, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Rodrigo B Mansur, Yena Lee, Jae Hon Lee, JungGoo Lee, Fahad Almatham, Asem Alageel, Joshua D Rosenblat, Margarita Shekotikhina, Carola Rong, John Harrison, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the role of perceived sleep quality in predicting subjective as well as objective cognitive function in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Adults with recurrent MDD (n = 100) experiencing a major depressive episode of at least moderate severity and age-, sex-, and education- matched healthy controls (HC) (n = 100) were recruited to participate in a clinical trial validating the THINC-integrated tool (THINC-it; NCT02508493) for cognitive function...
November 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372510/use-of-cariprazine-in-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review
#10
Aarti Chhatlani, Syeda Arshiya Farheen, Madhuri Jakkam Setty, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: Cariprazine was approved for treating schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and currently is being evaluated for treating depression in clinical trials in the United States. We systematically reviewed the literature on the efficacy and safety of cariprazine. METHODS: We performed a literature search of the PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Cochrane collaboration databases through August 31, 2016. The search was not restricted by patient age. Articles published in English or official English translations were included...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372509/anticonvulsants-as-monotherapy-or-adjuncts-to-treat-alcohol-withdrawal-a-systematic-review
#11
Aarti Chhatlani, Syeda Arshiya Farheen, Geetha Manikkara, Madhuri Jakkam Setty, Elizabeth DeOreo, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: This systematic review evaluates current literature on anticonvulsants to treat alcohol withdrawal symptoms (AWS). METHODS: We performed a literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Cochrane collaboration databases through September 30, 2016. The search was not restricted by patients' age. Articles published in English or with official English translations were included. RESULTS: We found 16 double-blind randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the use of anticonvulsants as treatment of AWS...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372508/sociodemographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-the-frequently-hospitalized-african-american-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#12
Ralph de Similien, Danielle R Hairston, Suneeta Kumari, Gary E Matthews, Tobias Wasser, Mansoor Malik, Partam Manalai
BACKGROUND: Many researchers and clinicians are becoming increasingly concerned about the phenomenon of frequent psychiatric inpatient hospitalization in those with severe and persistent mental illness. This study aims to shed light on this occurrence in the African American psychiatric inpatient population by examining their sociodemographic and clinical correlates. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 39 African American patients who have had ≥3 inpatient psychiatric admissions in a year at Howard University Hospital, an urban, academically-affiliated hospital serving a predominantly African American population in Washington, DC...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372507/frequency-of-use-and-perceived-helpfulness-of-wellness-strategies-for-bipolar-and-unipolar-depression
#13
Joshua D Rosenblat, Gregory E Simon, Gary S Sachs, Ingrid Deetz, Allen Doederlein, Denisse DePeralta, Mary Mischka Dean, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The majority of research in mood disorders has focused on pharmacologic, psychotherapeutic, and brain stimulation interventions. Conversely, the utility of less structured interventions, such as lifestyle modifications or wellness strategies, has remained understudied. The objective of the current study is to evaluate the frequency of use and perceived helpfulness of wellness strategies for bipolar and unipolar depression. METHODS: The Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) conducted an online survey asking participants about the use and helpfulness of wellness strategies...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372506/sexual-behavior-in-patients-with-bipolar-illness
#14
Daniel Jackson, Murali K Kolikonda, Rajashekar Reddy Yeruva, Rif S El-Mallakh
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of information regarding sexual behavior in patients with bipolar illness. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding sexual and reproductive behavior was administered to all willing attendees of an academic bipolar clinic. Information regarding onset, maintenance, and nature of sexual behaviors, as well as marriage and children, was collected. RESULTS: Patients with bipolar disorder have less children on average (1.6) than the U...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372505/a-longitudinal-study-of-housing-status-and-crime-in-a-homeless-population
#15
Barbara Burton, David E Pollio, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: It is well established that homelessness is associated with crime. Previous research suggests that this association is at least partially secondary to homeless status offenses (eg, vagrancy and trespassing resulting from behaviors intrinsic to homelessness). To investigate this relationship, this study compared criminal behavior in a homeless population under housed and unhoused conditions. METHODS: Reported criminal and housing histories of 255 homeless individuals were examined at 3 annual interviews...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372503/interest-among-veterans-in-spiritually-oriented-therapy-for-inner-conflict-moral-injury-in-the-setting-of-ptsd
#16
Nagy A Youssef, Elizabeth Lee, Donna Ames, Rev John P Oliver, Ellen J Teng, Kerry Haynes, Fred Volk, Harold G Koenig
BACKGROUND: We examined U.S. veterans' interest in spiritually-oriented therapy (SOT) for treating inner conflict/moral injury (ICMI); identified combat-related, demographic, religious, and psychological characteristics of those interested in this treatment modality; and determined which participants would prefer SOT therapy. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional multi-site study of 464 veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to war time experiences...
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30372502/electronic-medical-records-and-the-psychiatrist-shortage
#17
Donald W Black, Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30028898/the-use-of-memantine-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders-an-overview
#18
Syshane Lu, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Memantine is a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist currently used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease as an approved indication. However, as knowledge of signaling pathways is increasing, the therapeutic potential of memantine is being applied for the treatment of various psychiatric illnesses. METHODS: The PubMed online database was searched for the use of memantine in various psychiatric disorders. Case studies, open-label trials, and controlled trials from the search were included...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30028897/empathy-changes-in-neurocognitive-disorders-a-review
#19
Zachary Bartochowski, Shravan Gatla, Rita Khoury, Roula Al-Dahhak, George T Grossberg
BACKGROUND: Empathy can be broadly defined as the ability to understand what others feel (cognitive empathy) and feel what others feel (affective empathy). The capacity to empathize may be impaired in certain major neurocognitive disorders (MNCDs), affecting not only the patient, but also the caregivers. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies investigating empathy changes, using an objective scale, in patients with MNCDs. RESULTS: The Interpersonal Reactivity Index was most commonly used to evaluate empathy in this population...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30028896/does-diagnosing-a-patient-with-borderline-personality-disorder-negatively-impact-patient-satisfaction-with-the-initial-diagnostic-evaluation
#20
Mark Zimmerman, Patrick McGonigal, Sydney S Moon, Lucille Mehring, Jocelyn LaHaye, Arnaldo Berges, Sarah Schmidhofer
BACKGROUND: Research has found that clinicians have less sympathetic attitudes and behave less empathically toward patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Anecdotal conversations with clinicians and trainees reveal that some have a reluctance to tell their patients that they have BPD due to a concern that these patients will react badly. In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project, we examined whether diagnosing BPD resulted in lower satisfaction with the initial evaluation...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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