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Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology

Deepak Sharma, Letitia J Easdown, Arpad Zolyomi, Eugenia Ayrian, Peggy J Wheeler, Guy Edelman, Michael E Mahla
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has introduced competency-based assessments (milestones) for resident education. However, the existing milestones for Anesthesiology are not specific to Neuroanesthesiology. The Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology & Critical Care (SNACC) commissioned a task force to adapt the ACGME anesthesiology milestones for use in Neuroanesthesiology training, and to provide recommendations for implementing milestones...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Jeffrey J Pasternak
This review provides a summary of the literature pertaining to the perioperative care of neurosurgical patients and patients with neurological diseases. General topics addressed in this review include general neurosurgical considerations, stroke, traumatic brain injury, neuromonitoring, neurotoxicity, and perioperative disorders of cognitive function.
January 25, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, James Lee, G Burkhard Mackensen, Edward F Gibbons, Daniel Laskowitz, Adrian Hernandez, Eric Velazquez, Abhijit V Lele, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: Systolic dysfunction and reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has been documented after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Speckle tracking is an emerging technology for myocardial strain assessment which has been utilized to identify subclinical myocardial dysfunction, and is most commonly reported as global longitudinal strain (GLS). We examined myocardial strain and regional strain patterns following moderate-severe TBI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of moderate-severe TBI patients (Glasgow Coma Scale≤12) and age/sex-matched controls...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Nicolai Goettel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Daniela Chaló, Sara Pedrosa, Pedro Amorim, Sónia Gouveia, Consuelo Sancho
BACKGROUND: Induction of anesthesia and the knee-chest position are associated with hemodynamic changes that may impact patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess whether planned reductions in target-controlled infusion propofol concentrations attenuate the hemodynamic changes associated with anesthesia induction and knee-chest position. MATERILAS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients scheduled for elective lumbar spinal surgery in the knee-chest position were included...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Jeffrey J Pasternak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
William Rieley, Ayda Askari, Ryojo Akagami, Peter A Gooderham, Petrus A Swart, Alana M Flexman
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo transsphenoidal pituitary resection have an elevated risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) yet their outcomes and the safety of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains unclear. Our study objective was to determine the incidence of complications related to the use of early positive airway pressure following pituitary resection. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients who underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary tumor resection between January 1, 2005 and March 24, 2016 at our institution, including those with diagnosed or suspected OSA...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Monica S Vavilala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Kamath Sriganesh, Sudhir Venkataramaiah, Sangeetha R Palaniswamy, Arvinda H Ramalingaiah
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial nimodipine (IaN) is used in the management of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). The impact of IaN therapy on regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) assessed by near infra-red spectroscopy, and dynamic cardiac indices, is currently unknown. This study assessed the effect of IaN on rScO2 and systemic hemodynamic indices during IaN therapy for cerebral vasospasm after aSAH. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted in 20 patients over sixteen month period after ethics committee approval and informed consent...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Nitin Manohar, Keta Thakkar, Astha Palan, Kartik M Multani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Phillip E Vlisides, Abhijit R Das, Allie M Thompson, Bryan Kunkler, Mackenzie Zierau, Michael J Cantley, Amy M McKinney, Bruno Giordani
BACKGROUND: Cognitive training is beneficial in various clinical settings, although its perioperative feasibility and impact remain unknown. The objective of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of home-based cognitive prehabilitation before major surgery in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients were enrolled, randomized, and allocated to either a home-based preoperative cognitive training regimen or no training before surgery. Outcomes included postoperative delirium incidence (primary outcome; assessed with the 3D-Confusion Assessment Method), perioperative cognitive function based on NIH Toolbox measures, hospital length of stay, and physical therapy session participation...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Alex Manara, Panayiotis Varelas, Eelco F Wijdicks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Maria J Susano, Seth D Scheetz, Rachel H Grasfield, Dominique Cheung, Xinling Xu, James D Kang, Timothy R Smith, Yi Lu, Michael W Groff, John H Chi, Gregory Crosby, Deborah J Culley
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify perioperative variables predictive of the development of delirium in older surgical patients after spine surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data on patients 65 years of age and above having spine surgery between July 1, 2015 and March 15, 2017. The primary outcome was the development of postoperative delirium. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariable analysis...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Jian Sun, Fa Liang, Youxuan Wu, Yan Zhao, Zhongrong Miao, Li Zhang, Adrian W Gelb, Matthew T V Chan, Yuming Peng, Ruquan Han
BACKGROUND: The effect of choice of anesthesia on clinical outcome for endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a pilot trial of 43 patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke having EVT. Patients were randomly allocated to receive general anesthesia or conscious sedation. We documented the rate of recruitment and rate of conversion from conscious sedation to general anesthesia...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Manon Haché, Tom G Hansen, Ruth Graham, Jamie W Sinton, Phillip S Adams, Carol Garber, Lynne Maxwell, Teeda Pinyavat
Clinical researchers studying the long-term neurocognitive effects of anesthetic and sedative agents on children continue to struggle with identifying a phenotype for anesthetic neurotoxicity, the window of vulnerability, and the toxicity threshold in terms of concentration and duration. The Sixth Biennial Pediatric Anesthesia Neurodevelopment Assessment (PANDA) symposium at Columbia University included a moderated poster presentation session where 4 investigators presented their latest contributions to the landscape of clinical anesthetic neurotoxicity research...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Keren K Griffiths, Philip G Morgan, Simon C Johnson, Pratheeban Nambyiah, Sulpicio G Soriano, Kenneth Johnson, Jing Xu, Carol Garber, Lynne Maxwell, Neeta Saraiya
The potential for long-term neurotoxic effects of anesthetics on the developing human brain has led to intensified research in this area. To date, the human evidence has been inconclusive, but a large body of animal evidence continues to demonstrate cause for concern. On April 14 and 15, 2018 the sixth biennial Pediatric Anesthesia and Neurodevelopmental Assessment (PANDA) study symposium was held at Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York. This symposium brought together clinicians and researchers and served as a platform to review preclinical and clinical data related to anesthesia and neurotoxicity in developing brains...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Jing Xu, Reilley Paige Mathena, Shreya Singh, Jieun Kim, Jane J Long, Qun Li, Sue Junn, Ebony Blaize, Cyrus David Mintz
There is a large body of preclinical literature suggesting that exposure to general anesthetic agents during early life may have harmful effects on brain development. Patients in intensive care settings are often treated for prolonged periods with sedative medications, many of which have mechanisms of action that are similar to general anesthetics. Using in vivo studies of the mouse hippocampus and an in vitro rat cortical neuron model we asked whether there is evidence that repeated, long duration exposure to midazolam, a commonly used sedative in pediatric intensive care practice, has the potential to cause lasting harm to the developing brain...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Yolanda Y Huang, Guohua Li, Lena S Sun
BACKGROUND: Simple febrile seizure (SFS) affects 2% to 4% of children under 6 years of age. The purpose of this study is to examine the epidemiologic patterns and resource utilization of SFS-associated hospitalizations in children aged younger than 6 years of age in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a serial, retrospective analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Databases for the years 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Ka-Eun M Lee, Thomas G Diacovo, Johanna Calderon, Mary W Byrne, Caleb Ing
The Pediatric Anesthesia and Neurodevelopment Assessment (PANDA) study team held its biennial symposium in April 2018 to discuss issues on anesthetic neurotoxicity in the developing brain. One of the sessions invited speakers with different areas of expertise to discuss "Outcomes Research in Vulnerable Pediatric Populations." The vulnerable populations included neonates, children with congenital heart disease, children from low socioeconomic status, and children with incarcerated parents. Each speaker presented some of the ongoing research efforts in these groups as well as the challenges encountered in studying them...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
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