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Health Communication

Martina Smahelova, Hana Drtilova, David Smahel, Michal Cevelicek
Internet usage may have both positive and negative impacts on people with eating disorders. In research to date, most of the focus has been put on the harms connected with platforms that support people in continuing their disorder. Less studied have been the benefits of other technology platforms used by people with eating disorders. When these different platforms were investigated, users were rarely interviewed about their experience. To fill this gap, we conducted 30 interviews with participants aged 16 to 28, all female, living in the Czech Republic...
February 19, 2019: Health Communication
Keri K Stephens
The pursuit of knowledge surrounding health-related issues during disasters, emergencies, and crises, can be delicate and challenging. Social scientists use a host of research methods to design and execute studies with the goal of making intellectual contributions. During extended field work following Hurricane Harvey in the Greater Houston area, our team collected data - interviews, observations, and private social media - from citizens, emergency responders, and volunteer rescuers. Yet sometimes the data collected, analyzed, and reported in published findings is only part of the research story...
February 18, 2019: Health Communication
Sydney O'Shay-Wallace
While people who abuse substances experience widespread health and social consequences stemming from their substance use, these consequences also extend to their family through stigmatization. Such stigma has implications for families' mental and physical health, as well as their overall quality of life. This study seeks to fill a gap in research surrounding the stigma experienced by families with a history of substance abuse by investigating how affected family members experience and communicatively manage stigma messages relating to their family member's substance abuse...
February 18, 2019: Health Communication
Toni G L A van der Meer, Yan Jin
An increasing lack of information truthfulness has become a fundamental challenge to communications. Insights into how to debunk this type of misinformation can especially be crucial for public health crises. To identify corrective information strategies that increase awareness and trigger actions during infectious disease outbreaks, an online experiment (N = 700) was conducted, using a U.S. sample. After initial misinformation exposure, participants' exposure to corrective information type (simple rebuttal vs...
February 14, 2019: Health Communication
Erin D Basinger
The impact of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is far reaching, influencing the lives of both patients and their families. The communal coping model argues that people cope with stress in the context of their relationships, including family relationships, and that coping responses are both cognitive and behavioral in nature. According to the model, communal coping exists along two continuous dimensions: (a) appraisal, which assesses whether people's cognitions are individual or shared, and (b) action, which pertains to whether people engage in sole or joint behavior to diminish the negative effects of their stress...
February 5, 2019: Health Communication
Rachelle L Pavelko, Jessica Gall Myrick
Much of the extant research on representations of mental illness in the media have focused on stigmatization. The negative effects of these stigmatizing portrayals on individuals with mental illness are serious. However, recent scholarship has identified another phenomenon in the mediated portrayal of mental illness whereby these conditions are trivialized. As opposed to stigmatizing portrayals that make people with mental illness seem violent and incompetent, media portrayals that trivialize mental illnesses often treat the symptoms of these conditions (e...
February 5, 2019: Health Communication
Jennifer J Bute, Maria Brann
Early miscarriage is an unexpected pregnancy complication that affects up to 25% of pregnant women. Physicians are often tasked with delivering the bad news of a pregnancy loss to asymptomatic women while also helping them make an informed decision about managing the miscarriage. Assessing the communicative responses, particularly the discursive tensions embedded within providers' speech, offers insight into the (in)effective communication used in the delivery of bad news and the management of a potentially traumatic medical event...
February 5, 2019: Health Communication
Tae Kyoung Lee, Leona Yi-Fan Su
The current study examines how a personal health story on a blog can influence individuals' perceived social norms, adopting the notion that social norms are "group identity-based codes of conduct". For that, we tested the effects of story framing and personal experience on perceived similarity, which interacts with social media metrics in forming perceived social norms. In an online experiment, college students (N = 220) were recruited to read a blogger's story in either a gain-frame (the blogger received the HPV vaccine and, thus, prevented cancer) or a loss-frame (the blogger did not receive the vaccine and, thus, developed cancer) with either high or low social media metrics...
February 5, 2019: Health Communication
Amy Jordan, Amy Bleakley, Kristin Harkins, Tigist Hailu, Kyle Cassidy, Sara Hachey, Jason Karlawish
Using the integrative model (IM), we developed and tested messages to encourage adults to accompany their parent to a memory doctor for a cognitive evaluation. We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 60) with African American and White adults with a parent age 65+ to identify key beliefs. Next, we carried out an IM-based telephone survey with a representative sample of the target population (n = 541). Analyses revealed that attitudes varied depending on the gender of the parent. Resulting messages featuring mothers countered the fear of hearing bad news and the belief that mother does not want to be accompanied to the doctor's office...
February 1, 2019: Health Communication
Hyehyun Hong, Hyun Jee Oh
This study examined the effects of patient-centered communication (PCC) on two major outcomes: patients' trust in healthcare providers and their evaluation of the quality of healthcare received. Based on conceptual model regarding the impacts of PCC, the former is considered a proximal communication outcome and the latter an intermediate outcome. Both are known to be associated with ultimate health outcomes. Analyses conducted on a dataset of 3273 respondents from the 2012 Health Information National Trends Survey in the U...
February 1, 2019: Health Communication
Abigail Allison, Karol Hardin
Interpreted medical discourse presents significant challenges for communication because portions of the original message are often reduced, omitted, or revised, particularly by untrained interpreters. Linguistic devices that contribute to rapport and politeness may be perceived as unimportant or unnecessary and therefore are omitted. Thus, when messages are conveyed without interpretation of politeness and rapport attempts, pragmatic issues and misunderstandings occur. This investigation examined 43 transcriptions of interpreted medical consultations at a family medicine clinic...
February 1, 2019: Health Communication
Haley Kranstuber Horstman, Amanda Holman, M Chad McBride
With approximately 20 % of pregnancies ending in loss, miscarriage is a relatively common and stressful occurrence. Because romantic partners' coping efforts are intimately connected, the way one partner copes with the other's miscarriage has important implications for individual and relational well-being. Grounded in the communicated sense-making (CSM) model, the current study investigated how cis-gender men in heterosexual marriages (n = 45) communicatively constructed the meaning of their wife's miscarriage through metaphors...
February 1, 2019: Health Communication
Laura B Santacrose, Anne C Laurita, Timothy C Marchell
This study evaluates the impact of a theory- and empirical evidence- based 20-minute video, Intervene, on college students' intentions to intervene on behalf of others in multiple problematic situations: an alcohol emergency, emotional distress, hazing, intimate partner violence, racial bias, sexual assault, and sexual harassment. A randomized controlled trial of undergraduate and graduate students (N = 1,243) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the video as an intervention for increasing students' self-reported likelihood to engage in pro-social bystander behavior across these various situations...
February 1, 2019: Health Communication
Kellie St Cyr Brisini, Denise Haunani Solomon
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a pervasive and often difficult health condition, the consequences of which ripple through family relationships. This paper engages relational turbulence theory, which addresses communication in romantic relationships, and the experiencing life transitions model, from the field of nursing, to examine how communication between parents affects the marital relationship during a major transition in the life of a child with ASD. Transition processing communication (TPC) includes four forms of communication that can help married partners navigate difficult life events: increasing interaction, promoting connection, promoting feeling situated, and increasing confidence in the relationship...
February 1, 2019: Health Communication
Adamu Muhammad Hamid, Ezhar Tamam, Mohd Nizam Bin Osman
Exposure to HIV/AIDS media among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa was reported as low in the early 2000s, but now given developments in technology and program appeal, there emerges a need for reassessment. Given that communication, particularly through the media plays a major role in stemming the spread of the epidemic, this study examines the HIV/AIDS media exposure, knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of adolescent Islamiyya girls in northern Nigeria as a predominantly Muslim society. The objectives of the study were to (1) identify the girls' major sources of information on HIV/AIDS; (2) assess their exposure to HIV/AIDS media and their HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and practice; and (3) verify relationships between media exposure and HIV/AIDS KAP...
January 30, 2019: Health Communication
Caitlin E Hansen, Anna North, Linda M Niccolai
National guidelines recommend human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for all 11-12-year-olds, but uptake among United States adolescents remains low. A major barrier to greater uptake is the lack of effective recommendations for HPV vaccine from clinicians. One potential influence on clinicians' recommendations for HPV vaccine that has been relatively unexplored is that of cognitive biases, or errors in judgement that result from 'mental shortcuts' used to make decisions under uncertainty. Therefore, we analyzed qualitative data from interviews with 32 pediatric clinicians using a framework of nine cognitive biases relevant to HPV vaccination: omission bias, ambiguity aversion, present bias, availability bias, optimism bias, naturalness bias, protected values, anchoring bias, and confirmation bias...
January 24, 2019: Health Communication
Mauro Bertolotti, Valentina Carfora, Patrizia Catellani
Previous research has shown that messages aimed at reducing red meat intake often do not have the expected effect. In the present study, we tested whether prefactual ("If… then") or factual messages focused on health or wellbeing concerns have different persuasive effects depending on the recipient's level of eating self-efficacy. Young adult participants (N = 247) completed a questionnaire measuring their eating self-efficacy and current red meat consumption. They were then presented with a prefactual or factual version of a message describing the possible negative impact of excessive red meat consumption on either health or wellbeing...
January 24, 2019: Health Communication
Aaron Drovandi, Peta-Ann Teague, Beverley Glass, Bunmi Malau-Aduli
University students are exposed to casual smoking, increasing their risk of developing nicotine addiction, which can extend into adulthood. A novel anti-tobacco intervention being investigated is the use of health warnings on individual cigarette sticks. We explored the perceptions of university students on the effectiveness of health warnings on cigarette packaging and individual cigarette sticks. An online survey was distributed to first-year university students enrolled at a regional university in North-Eastern Australia...
January 24, 2019: Health Communication
Fátima Cuadrado, Adoración Antolí, María Rosal-Nadales, Juan A Moriana
The prejudices and stereotypes associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are based on contents that highlight the most negative and dramatic aspects of the symptoms of this disease. This is reinforced by the preponderance of negative representations related to AD. In this paper, these representations have been analyzed as frames. The most dominant frame used to represent dementia is "body-mind dualism," and its alternative is the "body-mind unity" counter-frame. This study aims to define the impact of different messages inspired by the Dualism frame and the Unity counter-frame in the collective representation and meaning given to AD...
January 24, 2019: Health Communication
Sarah Smith-Frigerio
Social capital has been identified as one of the ways in which mental health concerns may be mitigated - by ensuring that systems are in place at the micro (cognitive), meso (social interaction), and macro (institutional) levels to support individuals as they seek assistance with and recovery from mental health concerns. One area that deserves further research, however, is how social capital is created communicatively online for these purposes. This study outlines the creation of social capital through interviews with five personal bloggers, analysis of six additional personal blogs with mental health content, and analysis of 878 reader comments to blog posts...
January 18, 2019: Health Communication
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