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Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759484/percutaneous-tibial-fracture-reduction-using-computed-tomography-imaging-computer-modelling-and-3d-printed-alignment-constructs-a-cadaveric-study
#1
Albert C Lynch, John A Davies
OBJECTIVE:  The main aim of this study was to evaluate a percutaneous method of bone alignment using a diaphyseal tibial fracture model. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Mid-shaft diaphyseal fractures were created in 12 large-breed canine tibiae. Interaction pins were inserted into the proximal and distal bone segments. Computed tomography scans of the fractured tibiae and pins were imported into three-dimensional (3D) modelling software and the fractures were virtually reduced...
February 13, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759483/biomechanical-comparison-of-four-methods-of-fixation-of-a-polymeric-cranial-cruciate-ligament-in-the-canine-femur-and-tibia
#2
Matthew D Barnhart, Brian W Bufkin, Alan S Litsky
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of four different methods of artificial cranial cruciate ligament fixation in canine cadaveric tibias and femurs. METHODS:  Femurs and tibias from skeletally mature large breed canine cadavers were assigned into four fixation groups: group 1, 4.5-mm interference screw (IS); group 2, 4.5-mm IS and 4.0-mm screw and spiked washer (SW); group 3, 5.0-mm IS; group 4, 5.0-mm IS + SW. RESULTS:  The mean ultimate load was significantly greater for femur fixations than for tibias, when a SW was added, and for 5...
February 13, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736094/kinetic-and-kinematic-analysis-of-dogs-suffering-from-hip-osteoarthritis-and-healthy-dogs-across-different-physical-activities
#3
Alexandre N A Souza, Andres S A Escobar, Bruno Germano, Claudia L F Farias, Luana F F Gomes, Julia M Matera
OBJECTIVE:  The purpose of this study was to investigate mobility performance in dogs suffering from hip osteoarthritis secondary to hip dysplasia using kinesiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Twenty dogs with a radiographical diagnosis of bilateral hip dysplasia and hip osteoarthritis and 20 healthy dogs were submitted to kinetic and kinematic analysis while climbing upstairs, walking down a slope, sitting down, standing up, and walking. Dogs were also scored by two blind examiners using a visual analog scale (VAS)...
February 8, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736093/evaluation-of-the-superior-labial-musculomucosal-flap-in-dogs-an-angiographic-study-and-case-report
#4
Cody P Doyle, Daniel A Degner
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the angiosome of the superior and inferior labial arteries within the superior and inferior labia and to describe superior and inferior labial musculomucosal axial pattern flaps that can be used for intra-oral wound reconstruction. This study also presents the clinical use of a superior labial musculomucosal flap in a dog. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  The common carotid arteries of six canine cadavers were injected with barium sulphate...
February 8, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736092/short-term-clinical-and-radiographical-outcome-after-application-of-anchored-intervertebral-spacers-in-dogs-with-disc-associated-cervical-spondylomyelopathy
#5
Deborah Rohner, Michael P Kowaleski, Günter Schwarz, Franck Forterre
OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to assess the short-term outcome of a new intervertebral anchored fusion device (C-LOX) for the treatment of disc associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DA-CSM) in dogs, based on clinical and radiographical follow-up data. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  To be included in the study, dogs had to be clinically affected by DA-CSM treated with surgical distraction/stabilization using the anchored intervertebral spacer (C-LOX)...
February 8, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736091/supercutaneous-plating-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-of-the-appendicular-skeleton-in-dogs
#6
Tommaso Nicetto, Federico Longo
OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcomes of traumatic appendicular bone injuries treated with supercutaneous plating. METHODS:  We conducted a retrospective case series of medical records following fracture fixation using locking implants with a supercutaneous plating technique. Inclusion criteria comprised a complete clinical and radiographical follow-up until implant removal. Patient history and signalment as well as fracture configuration were recorded...
February 8, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703814/role-of-elbow-incongruity-in-canine-elbow-dysplasia-advances-in-diagnostics-and-biomechanics
#7
Sofia Alves-Pimenta, Mário Manuel Ginja, Bruno Colaço
Elbow incongruity plays an important role in the development of elbow dysplasia and its diagnosis can be challenging. The objectives of this systematic review were to discuss elbow biomechanics and recent advances in the assessment of incongruity, to revise the diagnostic protocols suggested, debate advantages and disadvantages of measurements proposed to characterize the joint and improve screening.In spite of advances in the understanding of elbow incongruity, the exact mechanisms involved are not fully elucidated...
January 31, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703813/kinetic-gait-analysis-of-agility-dogs-entering-the-a-frame
#8
Carla Appelgrein, Mark R Glyde, Giselle Hosgood, Alasdair R Dempsey, Sarah Wickham
OBJECTIVE:  The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a decrease in the A-frame angle of incline on the vertical and cranio-caudal ground reaction forces observed in a homogeneous cohort of agility dogs during entrance and contact with the A-frame. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A crossover study design was applied to eight large breed dogs to compare the vertical and cranio-caudal ground reaction forces entering the A-frame at three angles of incline: 40° (standard), 35° and 30°...
January 31, 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646415/development-of-a-customized-interbody-fusion-device-for-treatment-of-canine-disc-associated-cervical-spondylomyelopathy
#9
Michelle R Joffe, William C H Parr, Christopher Tan, William R Walsh, Laurencie Brunel
OBJECTIVES:  The main purpose of this study was to design, manufacture and implant a customized three-dimensional (3D) printed, intervertebral spacer to treat disc-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DACSM) in dogs. This study also used advanced imaging to assess implant movement, subsidence and interbody fusion. ANIMALS:  Two client-owned dogs with DACSM. METHOD:  Customized interbody devices were designed and 3D printed in titanium alloy...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646414/complications-and-long-term-outcome-in-16-canine-cementless-hybrid-hip-arthroplasties
#10
Karol Bayer, Matej Matiasovic, Helmut Steger, Peter Böttcher
OBJECTIVE:  The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the complications and long-term outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a hybrid cementless system. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Medical records of dogs that underwent THA using a combined implant system consisting of Innoplant Screw Cup, Kyon taper head and Zurich cementless (Z-THA) stem between March 2010 and March 2015 were reviewed. Dogs with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were included...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646413/technical-repeatability-and-reproducibility-of-the-stress-radiographs-performed-with-the-vezzoni-modified-badertscher-hip-distension-device
#11
Mileva Bertal, Lieve De Rycke, Aldo Vezzoni, Ingeborgh Polis, Jimmy H Saunders, Bart J G Broeckx
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of the radiographical stress technique using the Vezzoni-modified Badertscher distension device (VMBDD). MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Stress radiographs of 10 dogs obtained with the VMBDD were performed consecutively by two different operators and then measured twice by a third veterinarian. The technical repeatability was first assessed individually for the two operators who took the stress radiographs, followed by the technical reproducibility...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646412/biomechanical-comparison-of-two-locking-plate-constructs-under-cyclic-loading-in-four-point-bending-in-a-fracture-gap-model-two-screws-versus-three-screws-per-fragment
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sophie Palierne, Baptiste Froidefond, Pascal Swider, André Autefage
OBJECTIVES:  The number of locking screws required per fragment during bridging osteosynthesis has not been fully determined in the dog. The purpose of this study was to assess the survival of two constructs, with either two or three screws per fragment, under cyclic bending. METHODS:  A 10-hole, 3.5-mm stainless steel locking compression plate was fixed 1 mm away from a bone surrogate in which the fracture gap was 47 mm. Two groups of 10 constructs, prepared with either two or three bicortical locking screws placed at the extremities of each fragment, were tested in a load-controlled 4-point bending test (range 0...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646411/effects-of-hole-diameter-on-torsional-mechanical-properties-of-the-rabbit-femur
#13
Anna M Massie, Amy S Kapatkin, Tanya C Garcia, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Po-Yen Chou, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of three clinically applicable screw hole diameters on rabbit femoral torsional structural properties. SAMPLE:  Eighteen pairs of skeletally mature New Zealand White rabbit femora (36 bones). MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Femora with a bicortical hole at mid-diaphysis from one of the 3-drill bit sizes, 1.1 mm, 1.5 mm, 2.0 mm, and intact bones were studied. Each bone was bi-axially loaded in a servo-hydraulic load frame with the bone positioned so the neutral axis of torsion was aligned with the centre of the bone diaphysis...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646410/copper-bead-therapy-in-severe-bone-infection-a-rabbit-tibial-model
#14
Carmen C Surdu-Bob, Ene Vlase, Florica Barbuceanu, Danut Turcu, Mariana Coman, Marius Badulescu, Mariana Oporanu, Cristin Coman
OBJECTIVE:  We investigated the benefits of a local preventive therapy based on copper beads against severe bone infection using a rabbit open tibial fracture model. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Cotton mesh balls soaked in a very high concentration of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 culture were inoculated in drilled holes of the tibiae of treated and control groups. The treated group was also implanted with small copper beads simultaneously, as prevention therapy...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646409/technique-and-outcome-of-a-modified-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-for-treatment-of-concurrent-medial-patellar-luxation-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-in-76-stifles
#15
Kathryn Flesher, Brian S Beale, Caleb C Hudson
OBJECTIVES:  The main aim of this article is to describe the technique and outcome of a modified tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) that simultaneously levels the tibial plateau and realigns the quadriceps mechanism through medial translation of the proximal tibial segment in dogs less than 15 kg. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A retrospective medical records search identified dogs with concurrent cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) and medial patellar luxation (MPL)...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646408/prospective-evaluation-of-surgical-wound-dressings-and-the-incidence-of-surgical-site-infections-in-dogs-undergoing-a-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy
#16
Jessica J Giannetto, Sevima A Aktay
OBJECTIVE:  The main aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a topical 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (2OC) tissue adhesive and an adhesive barrier dressing (BD) in minimizing the incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) in dogs undergoing a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO). MATERIALS AND METHODS:  In a prospective clinical study, 437 client-owned dogs undergoing a TPLO as treatment for cranial cruciate ligament disease with or without concurrent patellar luxations from July 2015 to September 2016 were included...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646407/quantitative-radiographic-evaluation-of-elbow-incongruity-in-labrador-and-golden-retrievers-with-confirmed-medial-coronoid-disease
#17
Ayman Mostafa, Ingo Nolte, Patrick Wefstaedt
OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to objectively estimate humeroradial (HR), humeroulnar (HU) and radioulnar (RU) congruity on mediolateral elbow radiographs of Labrador and Golden Retrievers without and with medial coronoid disease (MCD), and to determine the correlation between traditional and modified RU-step assessment techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Extended mediolateral elbow radiographs of Labrador and Golden Retrievers without MCD (control group) and with confirmed MCD (diseased group) were investigated...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646406/a-comparison-of-owner-assessed-long-term-outcome-of-arthroscopic-intervention-versus-conservative-managemento-f-dogs-with-medial-coronoid-process-disease
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lara M Dempsey, Thomas W Maddox, Eithne J Comerford, Rob A Pettitt, Andrew W Tomlinson
OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of dogs with medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) treated with arthroscopic intervention versus conservative management. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Medical records of dogs with MCPD treated by arthroscopic intervention or conservative management over an 8-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Long-term outcome (>12 months) was assessed via owner questionnaire including Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs (LOAD) scores and Canine Brief Pain Inventory scores...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646405/the-newly-garbed-vcot
#19
Kenneth A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30485878/craniovertebral-junction-anomalies-in-small-breed-dogs-with-atlantoaxial-instability-a-multicentre-case-control-study
#20
Maja A Waschk, Beatriz Vidondo, Inés Carrera, Angel M Hernandez-Guerra, Pierre Moissonnier, Ioannis N Plessas, Martin J Schmidt, Dietmar Schnötzinger, Franck Forterre, Christina Precht
OBJECTIVE:  The main purpose of this study was to define criteria to systemically describe craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomalies and to report the prevalence of CVJ anomalies in small breed dogs with and without atlantoaxial instability (AAI). MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Retrospective multicentre matched case-control study evaluating magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic images of small breed dogs with and without AAI for the presence of CVJ anomalies...
January 2019: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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