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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666773/do-stroke-patients-screened-as-lower-nutritional-risk-still-receive-dietitian-assessment-if-indicated-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-two-dietetic-models-of-care-for-adult-stroke-patients
#1
C Porter, E Coleman, L Ross, M Palmer
BACKGROUND: Dietetic models of care at Logan Hospital changed from all patients with a confirmed stroke receiving dietitian assessment (Old pathway) to only those patients screened as high-nutritional-risk (Modified pathway). However, it was unknown whether all low-nutritional-risk patients who were indicated for dietitian assessment for nutrition support actually received assessment. This pre-post retrospective study evaluated whether the Old pathway and the Modified pathway were equally effective in identifying low-nutritional-risk stroke patients who were indicated for dietitian assessment and compared the time spent providing Dietetic care...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663156/changes-in-dietary-intake-plasma-carotenoids-and-erythrocyte-membrane-fatty-acids-in-breast-cancer-survivors-after-a-lifestyle-intervention-results-from-a-single-arm-trial
#2
G Buckland, N Travier, L Arribas, S Del Barco, S Pernas, E Zamora, M Bellet, B Cirauqui, M Margelí, M Muñoz, I Tusquets, A Arcusa, C Javierre, F Moreno, Y Valverde, E Jansen, V Chajès, C Castro, A Agudo
BACKGROUND: The influence of nutrition on breast cancer prognosis is still inconclusive and therefore dietary interventions incorporating dietary biomarkers are needed to confirm compliance with dietary goals and clarify biological mechanisms. The present study assessed whether a lifestyle intervention in breast cancer survivors could affect dietary biomarkers of fruit and vegetables and fatty acids. METHODS: In this phase II single-arm trial, 37 overweight/obese early stage breast cancer patients completed a 12-week diet and exercise intervention...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663138/preparing-our-future-workforce-a-qualitative-exploration-of-dietetics-practice-educators-experiences
#3
K Morgan, K L Campbell, S Sargeant, D P Reidlinger
BACKGROUND: Dietetics practice educators are instrumental in the development of future dietitians. The present study aimed to explore dietetics practice educators' experiences of, and challenges faced in, dietetics workforce preparation. METHODS: This study was guided by interpretive description methodology. Purposive and maximum variation sampling were used to recruit 18 dietetics practice educators from a variety of practice areas and locations across Australia...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30604495/the-tension-between-efficiency-and-effectiveness-a-study-of-dietetic-practice-in-primary-care
#4
R O'Connor, K Slater, L Ball, A Jones, L Mitchell, M E Rollo, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare dietitians have a vital role to play in the prevention and management of chronic disease. Working in primary care requires efficient and effective management of practice to ensure client and practitioner needs are met. The present study aimed to explore the way in which primary care dietitians in Australia view the constructs of efficiency and effectiveness within the context of their practice. METHODS: The study used an exploratory qualitative design within a pragmatist framework...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30506947/patient-and-carer-experience-of-blended-diet-via-gastrostomy-a-qualitative-study
#5
G Phillips
BACKGROUND: Home enteral feeding is becoming increasingly prevalent within the UK. The use of commercial prescription formula is considered best practice; however, increasingly, patients are choosing to use blended diet via gastrostomy. There is anecdotal evidence suggesting both physical and social benefits, although there are concerns regarding the safety and efficacy of this method of feeding. The present study explores the experiences of patients who are currently using or have used this method of feeding in the past...
December 2, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474895/food-insecurity-and-food-preparation-equipment-in-us-households-exploratory-results-from-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire
#6
A R Oakley, C J Nikolaus, B Ellison, S M Nickols-Richardson
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) impacted 15.7% (5.9 million) of US households with children in 2017. These households often experience issues within one or more of the food security pillars: access, availability, utilisation or stability. An underexplored area within the pillar of utilisation that may impact FI risk is the availability of kitchen equipment in households. This exploratory project aimed to quantify household food preparation equipment ownership and use by household FI status...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30565772/filling-the-intervention-gap-service-evaluation-of-an-intensive-nonsurgical-weight-management-programme-for-severe-and-complex-obesity
#7
L McCombie, N Brosnahan, H Ross, A Bell-Higgs, L Govan, M E J Lean
BACKGROUND: Weight management including formula total diet replacement (TDR) is emerging as an effective intervention for severe and complex obesity, particularly with respect to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, no prospective audit and service evaluation of such programmes have been reported. METHODS: Following initial feasibility piloting, the Counterweight-Plus programme was commissioned across a variety of healthcare providers. The programme includes: Screening, TDR (formula low energy diet), food reintroduction and weight loss maintenance, all delivered by staff with 8 h of training, in-service mentoring, ongoing specialist support and access to medical consultant expertise...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467908/practical-measurement-of-body-composition-using-bioelectrical-impedance-air-displacement-plethysmography-and-ultrasound-in-stable-outpatients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-comparison-of-agreement-between-the-methods
#8
D J Jones, S Lal, M Gittins, B J G Strauss, S T Burden
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with intestinal failure (IF) as a result of short bowel syndrome are dependent on home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Measuring nutritional status is essential for monitoring treatment. The present study aimed to determine the agreement and feasibility of three methods bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), ultrasound and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) for measuring body composition in people receiving HPN. METHODS: Body composition data were collected from patients attending an IF clinic...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672633/disparities-exist-between-the-dietary-intake-of-indigenous-australian-women-during-pregnancy-and-the-australian-dietary-guidelines-the-gomeroi-gaaynggal-study
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30585361/differences-in-dietary-composition-between-infants-introduced-to-complementary-foods-using-baby-led-weaning-and-traditional-spoon-feeding
#10
H Rowan, M Lee, A Brown
BACKGROUND: Baby-led weaning (BLW) is a method of introducing solid foods to infants, which centres around the infant self-feeding family foods. BLW has grown in popularity over the last 10 years; however, although research is starting to build around the safety and impact of the method, research examining intake is sparse. This is important because concerns have been raised by healthcare providers regarding the nutrient and energy sufficiency of BLW. The present study aimed to invstigate exposure to different food types based on different weaning approaches...
February 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30431217/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-its-influence-on-muscle-strength-and-mobility-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30141234/effect-of-fto-rs9930506-on-obesity-and-interaction-of-the-gene-variants-with-dietary-protein-and-vitamin-e-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-multi-ethnic-malaysian-adults
#12
S R Mitra, P Y Tan, F Amini
BACKGROUND: Individual variations of obesity-related traits can be a consequence of dietary influence on gene variants. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate (i) the effect of FTO rs9930506 on obesity and related parameters and (ii) the influence of diet on the above association in Malaysian adults. In total, 79 obese and 99 nonobese Malaysian adults were recruited. RESULTS: In comparison with Chinese and Malays, Indians had significantly higher waist circumference (P ≤ 0...
December 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30062812/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-ketogenic-diets-in-adult-patients-with-cancer
#13
J Sremanakova, A M Sowerbutts, S Burden
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence indicates the importance of nutrition in cancer treatment. Ketogenic diets are one strategy that has been proposed to enhance traditional anticancer therapy. This review summarises the evidence concerning the effect of oral ketogenic diets on anthropometry, metabolism, quality of life (QoL) and tumour effects, at the same time as documenting adverse events and adherence in patients with cancer. METHODS: We searched electronic databases using medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words related to ketogenic diets and cancer...
December 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426577/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-was-positively-associated-with-micronutrient-adequacy-and-negatively-associated-with-dietary-energy-density-among-adolescents
#14
W Peng, E M Berry, R Goldsmith
BACKGROUND: The possible associations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and micronutrient and energy intakes are unknown among Israeli adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, nationally representative, school-based study was conducted in Israeli adolescents. Schoolchildren (n = 5005), aged 11-18 years, who completed a food frequency questionnaire and had complete data to compose a 14-item modified KIDMED score were included. RESULTS: The nutrient intakes for all the micronutrients showed a significant monotonic increase in the poor, average and good KIDMED groups (all P < 0...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30412327/international-survey-on-growth-indices-and-impacting-factors-in-children-with-food-allergies
#15
R Meyer, K Wright, M C Vieira, K W Chong, P Chatchatee, B J Vlieg-Boerstra, M Groetch, G Dominguez-Ortega, S Heath, A Lang, L Archibald-Durham, R Rao, R De Boer, A Assa'ad, E Trewella, C Venter
BACKGROUND: Elimination diets required for the management of food allergies increase the risk for poor growth in children. Currently, no worldwide data exist on this topic and limited published data exist on the impact of atopic comorbidity, type of allergy and foods eliminated on growth. We therefore set out to perform a worldwide survey on growth and impacting factors in food allergic children. METHODS: A prospective growth survey was performed of children (aged 0-16 years) on an elimination diet with confirmed immunoglobulin (Ig)E and non-IgE mediated food allergies...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30378203/efficacy-of-a-mediterranean-diet-supplemented-with-fatty-fish-in-ameliorating-inflammation-in-paediatric-asthma-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
M M Papamichael, Ch Katsardis, K Lambert, D Tsoukalas, M Koutsilieris, B Erbas, C Itsiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma is the most common respiratory disorder worldwide, being associated with increased morbidity and a decreased quality of life. Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties; however, their efficacy in asthma is controversial. The present study aimed to examine the efficacy of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with a high omega-3 'fatty' fish intake in Greek asthmatic children. METHODS: A single-centred, 6-month, parallel randomised controlled trial compared the consumption of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with two meals of 150 g of cooked fatty fish weekly (intervention) with the usual diet (control) with respect to pulmonary function in children (aged 5-12 years) with mild asthma...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30357949/alternative-healthy-eating-index-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
B Panahande, A Sadeghi, M Parohan
BACKGROUND: A high adherence to healthy dietary patterns, such as an alternative healthy eating index (AHEI), has been suggested to have protective effects on bone mineral density and to decrease the incidence of fractures, although the evidence for this is not clear. We conducted a dose-response meta-analysis of available observational studies aiming to assess the association between adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, as assessed by the AHEI score, and risk of hip fracture in the general population...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30334301/improving-the-nutritional-intake-of-hospital-patients-how-far-have-we-come-a-re-audit
#18
S Beavan, R Baker, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition affects up to 33.6% of hospitalised patients, with consequences that are detrimental for both patients and healthcare providers. In 2015, an audit demonstrated inadequate nutritional provision and consumption by hospitalised patients, comprising a major risk factor for malnutrition. This re-audit evaluates whether patients are meeting recommended energy and protein standards and estimated individual requirements, subsequent to food service improvements since 2015...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30328172/dietetics-students-experiences-of-dietetics-workforce-preparation-and-preparedness-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
K Morgan, K L Campbell, D P Reidlinger
BACKGROUND: Dietetics students are a widely researched group. As emerging dietitians, they can provide valuable insights to inform how dietetics education programmes may be enhanced to meet contemporary healthcare needs. This review aimed to systematically synthesise dietetics students' experiences of dietetics workforce preparation. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, Informit and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global were searched to identify research published until June 2017...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30318663/weight-improvement-with-the-use-of-protein-and-energy-enriched-nutritional-formula-in-infants-with-a-prolonged-picu-stay
#20
R D Eveleens, D K Dungen, S C A T Verbruggen, J M Hulst, K F M Joosten
BACKGROUND: Reaching an optimal nutritional intake is challenging in critically ill infants. One possible way to minimise nutritional deficits is the use of protein and energy-enriched (PE)-formulas. We aimed to describe weight achievement and gastrointestinal symptoms in infants admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) while receiving PE-formula for a prolonged period. METHODS: Records from infants admitted to a multidisciplinary PICU and using PE-formula were analysed retrospectively...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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