Ling-Yu Yuan, Xun Chen, Kuang-Wu Pan, Yi He, Hong-Yu Li, Dong-Sheng Yu
PURPOSE: Both lipid metabolism reprogramming and lncRNAs exert effects on tumor development. We aimed to predict the prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) based on lipid metabolism-related (LR)-lncRNAs. METHODS: LR-lncRNAs were determined from the RNA-ref profiles of HNSCC samples in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The prognostic model was established by univariate Cox and Lasso regression analysis. Clinical relevance and predictive accuracy were investigated, and external validation was also performed in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) cohort...
October 7, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Tangting Chen, Haiyan Zhou, Shuangshuang Yuan, Xin Deng, Yongjie Li, Ni Chen, Jingcan You, Rong Li, Tian Li, Youkun Zheng, Mao Luo, Hongbin Lv, Jianbo Wu, Liqun Wang
The dysfunction of angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1)/Tie-2 signaling pathways has been implicated in diabetic complications. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Fibronectin (FN) is thought to have an important role in regulating Ang-1/Tie-2 signaling activation. But no previous study has investigated the effects of FN glycation on Ang-1/Tie-2 signaling. In the present study, FN was glycated by methylglyoxal (MGO) to investigate whether the glycation of FN contributes to diabetes-induced Ang-1/Tie-2 signaling impairment and to understand the molecular mechanisms involved...
October 6, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Zhangyun Li, Mengmeng Zhang, Sihan Chen, Weiyu Dong, Rui Zong, Yanyan Wang, Shaohua Fan
Butyrophilin subfamily 3 member A3 (BTN3A3) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and functions as a tumor suppressor in multiple cancer types. Our study has revealed that in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), patients who express high levels of BTN3A3 experience longer survival times than those with lower expression. Further, we have observed that BTN3A3 inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC cells. Through the utilization of an immunoprecipitation assay followed by mass spectrometry, we have discovered that BTN3A3 binds directly to RPS3A...
October 6, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Hamid A Bakshi, Michella Mkhael, Hakkim L Faruck, Asad Ullah Khan, Alaa A A Aljabali, Vijay Mishra, Mohamed El-Tanani, Nitin B Charbe, Murtaza M Tambuwala
The rewiring of cellular metabolism is a defining characteristic of cancer, as tumor cells adapt to acquire essential nutrients from a nutrient-poor environment to sustain their viability and biomass. While hypoxia has been identified as a major factor depriving cancer cells of nutrients, recent studies have revealed that cancer cells distant from supporting blood vessels also face nutrient limitations. To overcome this challenge, hypoxic cancer cells, which heavily rely on glucose as an energy source, employ alternative pathways such as glycogen metabolism and reductive carboxylation of glutamine to meet their energy requirements for survival...
October 5, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Feng Wu, Xin Guo, Yifan Ren, Yuting Peng, Zhiyong Lai, Jun Xu
Growing empirical evidence shows that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are implicated in tumor pathogenesis. However, little is known about the mechanism by which circRNAs contribute to the progression of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). We conducted RNA high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatic analyses on 22 AEG tissues and their matching healthy gastric mucosal tissues and found that circRNA0007766 may act as a tumor promoter in AEG pathogenesis. BaseScope® in situ hybridization revealed that circRNA0007766 was strongly upregulated in AEG...
October 4, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Xiaowen Bi, Miao Zhang, Jinyi Zhou, Xintong Yan, Lixia Cheng, Lan Luo, Chunhong Huang, Zhimin Yin
Chemotherapy resistance of breast cancer cells is one of the major factors affecting patient survival rate. Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a member of the small heat shock protein family that has been reported to be associated with chemotherapy resistance in tumor cells, but the exact mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we explored the regulation of Hsp27 in adriamycin-resistant pathological conditions of breast cancer in vitro and in vivo. We found that overexpression of Hsp27 in MCF-7 breast cancer cells reversed DNA damage induced by adriamycin, and thereby reduced subsequent cell apoptosis...
October 3, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Gujie Wu, Jiabin Zhou, Hefei Ren, Yiran Qin, Diandian Qian, Qin Hu, Peng Xu, Tao Yu, Huiyun Ma, Hongyu Chen, Min He, Jiayu Shi
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), resulting from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), remains a persistent global health concern. Evidence has highlighted a significant association between COVID-19 and ischemic heart failure (IHF), contributing to disease progression and increased mortality. This study identified diagnostic biomarkers for these comorbidities and elucidated disease progression's molecular mechanisms. METHODS: We retrieved differentially expressed gene (DEG) data for COVID-19 and IHF from publicly available microarray and RNA-Seq datasets to investigate the underlying mechanisms and potential pathways associated with the co-occurrence of COVID-19 and IHF...
September 28, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Rohan Prasad Surabhi, Swetha Rajendiran, B Srikant Swamy Swaroop, Sowmya Murugan, Gouthaman Shanmugasundaram, Leena Dennis Joseph, Ravishankar Pitani, Pakala Suresh Babu, Rayala Suresh Kumar, Ganesh Venkatraman
Head and neck squamous cancers are very aggressive tumors often diagnosed in late stages with poor prognosis. HNSCCs are usually treated by a course of radiation (IR) therapy and followed by surgery. These treatment regimens fail to bring a complete response. Molecular signatures in tumors are attributed to this response and an improved understanding of the signaling events could offer new avenues for therapy. Here, we show that P21 activated kinase-1 (PAK1) - an oncogenic signaling serine/threonine kinase, is activated upon exposure to IR and this leads to an accelerated tumorigenic character in HNSCC cells...
September 28, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Wen-Feng Liu, Qi-Wei Zhang, Bing Quan, Fan Yao, Miao Li, Shen-Xin Lu, Ling Dong, Xin Yin, Bin-Bin Liu
Growth arrest-specific gene 7 (Gas7) was involved in various cellular functions, although its specific roles and molecular mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remained unclear. So the current study was to investigate the role of Gas7 in HCC. Our findings revealed that Gas7 was downregulated in various HCC cell lines and low Gas7 expression was associated with decreased overall survival in patients with HCC. Additionally, our functional assays showed that Gas7 inhibited cell proliferation and migration, induced cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy, and enhanced oxaliplatin sensitivity by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway...
September 26, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Zeyu Xing, Mingyang Du, Yanhua Zhen, Jie Chen, Dongdong Li, Ruyin Liu, Jiahe Zheng
Atherosclerosis (AS), a metabolic disorder, is usually caused by chronic inflammation. LETM1 Domain-Containing Protein 1 (LETMD1) is a mitochondrial outer membrane protein required for mitochondrial structure. This study aims to evaluate the functional role of LETMD1 in endothelial pathogenesis of AS. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and high-fat diet apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/- ) mice were used to establish in vitro and in vivo models, respectively...
September 26, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Sourour Idoudi, Takwa Bedhiafi, Shona Pedersen, Mohamed Elahtem, Izzaldin Alremawi, Sabah Akhtar, Said Dermime, Maysaloun Merhi, Shahab Uddin
The High-Mobility Group Box-1 (HMGB1), a non-histone chromatin-associated protein, plays a crucial role in cancer growth and response to therapy as it retains a pivotal role in promoting both cell death and survival. HMGB1 has been reported to regulate several signaling pathways engaged in inflammation, genome stability, immune function, cell proliferation, cell autophagy, metabolism, and apoptosis. However, the association between HMGB1 and cancer is complex and its mechanism in tumorigenesis needs to be further elucidated...
September 25, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Zhengzheng Zhang, Luyao Bai, Chunhua Lu, Xintong Li, Yang Wu, Xiaochun Zhang, Yuemao Shen
Resetting tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) is a promising strategy to ameliorate the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) and improve innate and adaptive antitumor immunity. Lapachol, a naturally occurring 1,4-naphthoquinone, exhibits various pharmacological activities including antitumor, anti-leishmanial, antimalarial and antiseptic. In this study, we investigated the relevance of macrophage polarization and the antitumor effect of lapachol in Lewis lung cancer (LLC) both in vitro and in vivo...
September 24, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Tingting Xu, Yanglin Hu, Yanyan Zhao, Yanan Qi, Shanfeng Zhang, Pei Li
Esophageal cancer is one of the most malignant gastrointestinal malignancies. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most common type of esophageal cancer in China. In recent years, with developments in basic medicine, it has been demonstrated that the abnormal expression of circular RNA (circRNA) plays an important role in the progression and prognosis of ESCC. This study explored the role and downstream molecular mechanisms of circ_0046534 in ESCC. We identified circ_0046534, which was found to be highly expressed in ESCC tissues and cells...
September 23, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Shuo Zhang, Bing Ji, Jing Li, Wenjing Ji, Changqing Yang, Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) is characterized by abnormal lipid droplet accumulation in liver. Epigenetic regulation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AFLD. Comprehensive bioinformatics analysis revealed that an E3 ubiquitin ligase, F-box and leucine-rich repeats protein 5 (FBXL5), was significantly upregulated in AFLD mice. METHODS: The mouse model of AFLD was established by feeding Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet containing ethanol...
September 23, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Hairong Xiong, Jiaxin Ye, Qianqian Luo, Wen Li, Ning Xu, Hongmei Yang
Cancer cachexia is a systemic inflammation-driven syndrome, characterized by muscle atrophy and adipose tissue wasting, with progressive weight loss leading to serious impairment of physiological function. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from cancer cells play a significant role in adipocyte lipolysis, yet the mechanism remain uneclucidated. In this study, EVs derived from Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells were extracted and characterized. 3 T3-L1 and HIB1B adipocytes were cultured with conditioned medium or EVs from LLC, and LLC cells were used to establish a cancer cachexia mouse model...
September 22, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Fan Zou, Ting Rao, Wu Chen, Tianbao Song, Tongjie Li, Weimin Hu, Linzhi Li, Weimin Yu, Fan Cheng
BACKGROUND: As one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide, bladder cancer (BCa) ranks 12th in incidence rate. Dual Specific Phosphatase 2 (DUSP2) is a member of the bispecific protein phosphatase subfamily. DUSP2 is closely related to the prognosis of cancer, but the role of DUSP2 in bladder cancer is still unclear. This study aims to explore how DUSP2 affects the prognosis of bladder cancer and clarify the important mechanism in bladder cancer. METHODS: Bioinformatics and experiments have detected the anti-tumor effect of DUSP2...
September 20, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Lu Liu, Wen-Yue Zhao, Xin-Yu Zheng
Breast cancer (BC) is a major threat to women's health. BC is a heterogeneous disease and treatment strategies and outcomes differ between subtypes. Investigating the molecular mechanisms of BC will help to identify potential therapeutic targets and develop new therapies. Here we report that zinc finger protein 746 (ZNF746), a Krüppel-associated box and zinc finger protein, exhibits tumour-promoting properties in BC. Functional experiments (cell growth, colony formation, cell cycle analysis, and transwell analysis) were used to evaluate the proliferation, migration, and invasion capacity of BC cells...
September 18, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Rakesh Sarkar, Upayan Patra, Arpita Mukherjee, Suvrotoa Mitra, Satoshi Komoto, Mamta Chawla-Sarkar
Among the ramified cellular responses elicited in response to pathogenic stimuli, upregulation and covalent conjugation of an Ubiquitin-like modifier ISG15 to lysine residues of target proteins (ISGylation) through sequential action of three enzymes E1 (Ube1L), E2 (Ube2L6) and E3 (Herc5) have emerged as an important regulatory facet governing innate immunity against numerous viral infections. In the present study, we investigated the interplay between host ISGylation system and Rotavirus (RV). We observed that RV infection upregulates the expression of free ISG15 but prevents protein ISGylation...
September 16, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Yang Li, Muzhapaer Maimaiti, Bowen Yang, Zeyi Lu, Qiming Zheng, Yudong Lin, Wenqin Luo, Ruyue Wang, Lifeng Ding, Huan Wang, Xianjiong Chen, Zhehao Xu, Mingchao Wang, Gonghui Li, Lei Gao
BACKGROUND: Immune therapy is widely used in treating clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), yet identifying patient subgroups that are expected to response remains challenging. As complement system can mediate immune effects, including the progression of tumors, a correlation between complement system and immune therapy may exist. METHODS: Based on 11 complement system associated genes (CSAGs) identified from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we performed unsupervised clustering and classified the tumors into two different complement system (CS) patterns...
September 15, 2023: Cellular Signalling
Chen Duan, Haoran Liu, Xiaoqi Yang, Jianhe Liu, Yaoliang Deng, Tao Wang, Jinchun Xing, Zhiquan Hu, Hua Xu
Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) activation significantly attenuated calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystal deposition and renal inflammatory injury by regulating renal immune microenvironment. Here, to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects of Sirt1 on macrophage related inflammation and tubular epithelial cells (TECs) necrosis, we constructed a macrophage and CaOx monohydrate (COM)-stimulated tubular cell co-culture system to mimic immune microenvironment in kidney and established a mouse model of CaOx nephrocalcinosis in wild-type and myeloid-specific Sirt1 knockout mice...
September 15, 2023: Cellular Signalling
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