Journals Stereotactic and Functional Ne...

Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Henry M Skelton, David M Brandman, Katie Bullinger, Faical Isbaine, Robert E Gross
INTRODUCTION: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus (ANT) and responsive neurostimulation (RNS) of the hippocampus are the predominant approaches to brain stimulation for treating mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Both are similarly effective at reducing seizures in drug-resistant patients, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In rare cases where it is clinically indicated to use RNS and DBS simultaneously, ambulatory electrophysiology from RNS may provide the opportunity to measure the effects of ANT DBS in the putative seizure onset zone and identify biomarkers associated with clinical improvement...
September 22, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Kaylee R Henry, Milina Michelle Miulli, Noa B Nuzov, Mark J Nolt, Joshua M Rosenow, Behzad Elahi, Julie Pilitsis, Laleh Golestanirad
INTRODUCTION: Directional deep brain stimulation (DBS) leads have become widely used in the past decade. Understanding the asymmetric stimulation provided by directional leads requires precise knowledge of the exact orientation of the lead in respect to its anatomical target. Recently, the DiODe algorithm was developed to automatically determine the orientation angle of leads from the artifact on postoperative computed tomography (CT) images. However, manual DiODe results are user-dependent...
September 15, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
David J Park, Neelan J Marianayagam, Ulas Yener, Armine Tayag, Louisa Ustrzynski, Sara C Emrich, Erqi Pollom, Scott Soltys, Antonio Meola, Steven D Chang
INTRODUCTION: Patchy alopecia is a common adverse effect of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) on the calvarium and/or scalp, yet no guidelines exist for its prevention. This study aims to investigate the incidence and outcomes of patchy alopecia following SRS for patients with calvarial or scalp lesions and establish preventive guidelines. METHODS: The study included 20 patients who underwent CyberKnife SRS for calvarial or scalp lesions, resulting in a total of 30 treated lesions...
September 12, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Rose M Caston, Justin M Campbell, Shervin Rahimpour, Paolo Moretti, Matthew D Alexander, John D Rolston
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) thalamotomy is an incision-less ablative technique used to treat medically refractory tremor. Although intracerebral hemorrhage has not been reported with MRgFUS thalamotomy for the treatment of movement disorders, clinicians commonly interrupt active blood thinning medications prior to the procedure or offer gamma knife radiosurgery instead. However, MRgFUS uses focal thermoablation, and bleeding risk is likely minimal...
September 8, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Jordan L W Lam, Emily L Levin
Three studies have reported trigeminal hypesthesia following temporal lobe resection. However, no cases of hypesthesia have been reported following laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT). We report the first case of trigeminal hypesthesia as a complication of otherwise successful LITT in a patient with drug-resistant epilepsy. A 58-year-old male with drug-resistant epilepsy secondary to a left parahippocampal gyrus multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor underwent biopsy and MRI-guided LITT. Immediately postoperatively, the patient reported hypesthesia in the left V3 distribution, including inside the mouth and ear...
August 22, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Erik H Middlebrooks, Shengzhen Tao, Xiangzhi Zhou, Elena Greco, Erin M Westerhold, Philip W Tipton, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Sanjeet S Grewal, Vishal Patel
BACKGROUND: Advances in MRI technology have increased interest in direct targeting for deep brain stimulation (DBS). Various imaging sequences have been shown to provide increased contrast of numerous common DBS targets, such as T1-weighted, Fast Gray Matter Acquisition T1 Inversion Recovery (FGATIR), gray matter nulled, and Edge-Enhancing Gradient Echo (EDGE); however, the continual increase in the number of necessary sequences has led to an increase in imaging time, which is undesirable...
August 22, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Melissa M J Chua, Aaron E L Warren, G Rees Cosgrove, John D Rolston
INTRODUCTION: Prompt dissemination of clinical trial results is essential for ensuring the safety and efficacy of intracranial neurostimulation treatments, including deep brain stimulation (DBS) and responsive neurostimulation (RNS). However, the frequency and completeness of results publication, and reasons for reporting delays, are unknown. Moreover, the patient populations, targeted anatomical locations, and stimulation parameters should be clearly reported for both reproducibility and to identify lacunae in trial design...
August 8, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Anne Balossier, Christine Delsanti, Lucas Troude, Jean-Marc Thomassin, Pierre-Hugues Roche, Jean Régis
INTRODUCTION: The size of vestibular schwannomas (VS) is a major factor guiding the initial decision of treatment and the definition of tumor control or failure. Accurate measurement and standardized definition are mandatory; yet no standard exist. Various approximation methods using linear measures or segmental volumetry have been reported. We reviewed different methods of volumetry and evaluated their correlation and agreement using our own historical cohort. METHODS: We selected patients treated for sporadic VS by Gammaknife radiosurgery (GKRS) in our department...
August 2, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Aaron Elliott Rusheen, Michael A Jensen, Nicholas M Gregg, Timothy J Kaufmann, Jamie J VanGompel, Kendall H Lee, Bryan T Klassen, Kai Joshua Miller
BACKGROUND: Implantable pulse generators (IPGs) store energy and deliver electrical impulses for deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat neurological and psychiatric disorders. IPGs have evolved over time to meet the demands of expanding clinical indications and more nuanced therapeutic approaches. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the workflow of the first 4-lead IPG for DBS in patients with complex disease. METHOD: The engineering capabilities, clinical use cases, and surgical technique are described in a cohort of 12 patients with epilepsy, essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, mixed tremor, and Tourette's syndrome with comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder between July 2021 and July 2022...
2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Can Sarica, Ajmal Zemmar, Omid Yousefi, Andrew C Yang, Ayse Uzuner, Zhiyuan Sheng, Brendan Santyr, Nardin Samuel, Michael Colditz, Artur Vetkas, Jürgen Germann, Cletus Cheyuo, Mohammadmahdi Sabahi, Raja Niranjan Jani, Ghazaleh Darmani, Kazuaki Yamamoto, David H Aguirre-Padilla, Joseph S Neimat, Suneil K Kalia, Robert Chen, Alfonso A Fasano, Andres M Lozano
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been investigated as a potential therapeutic option for managing refractory symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SCS in PD. METHOD: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on PubMed and Web of Science to identify SCS studies reporting Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale-III (UPDRS-III) or Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score changes in PD cohorts with at least 3 patients and a follow-up period of at least 1 month...
July 10, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Kelsey L Bower, Angela M Noecker, Martin M Reich, Cameron C McIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Computational models of deep brain stimulation (DBS) have become common tools in clinical research studies that attempt to establish correlations between stimulation locations in the brain and behavioral outcome measures. However, the accuracy of any patient-specific DBS model depends heavily upon accurate localization of the DBS electrodes within the anatomy, which is typically defined via co-registration of clinical CT and MRI datasets. Several different approaches exist for this challenging registration problem, and each approach will result in a slightly different electrode localization...
June 28, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Hiroki Hori, Yusuke Yamada, Masayuki Nakano, Takahiro Ouchi, Masahito Takasaki, Ken Iijima, Takaomi Taira, Keiichi Abe, Hirokazu Iwamuro
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (TcMRgFUS) has the advantage of allowing immediate evaluation of therapeutic effects after each sonication and intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize the lesion. When the image shows that the lesion has missed the planned target and the therapeutic effects are insufficient, the target of the subsequent ablation can be finely adjusted based on the image. The precision of this adjustment is determined by the image quality...
June 28, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Daniel Y Zhang, John J Pearce, Jacob Mazza, Edgar Petrosyan, Alireza Borghei, Neepa Patel, Sepehr Sani
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) represents an incisionless treatment option for essential or parkinsonian tremor. The incisionless nature of this procedure has garnered interest from both patients and providers. As such, an increasing number of centers are initiating new MRgFUS programs, necessitating development of unique workflows to optimize patient care and safety. Herein, we describe establishment of a multi-disciplinary team, workflow processes, and outcomes for a new MRgFUS program...
March 2, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Meena Vessell, Andrew Willett, Brittany Chapman, Robert Bina, Tyler Ball, Ian Mutchnick, Joseph S Neimat
Responsive neurostimulation (RNS) has well-established efficacy in patients with identifiable seizure foci. Emerging evidence suggests the feasibility of expanding this treatment to patients with nonfocal or multifocal epileptic profiles with thalamic targeting. Our institution performed two successful implantations of thalamic RNS (tRNS) targeting the centromedian nucleus of the thalamus (CMT), and 1-year postoperative outcomes are provided. Additionally, a literature review of all reported tRNS was conducted...
February 2, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Sarah E Blitz, Matthew Torre, Melissa M J Chua, Sarah L Christie, Nathan J McDannold, G Rees Cosgrove
Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a rapidly developing technique used for tremor relief in tremor-predominant Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor that has demonstrated successful results. Here, we describe the neuropathological findings in a woman who died from a fall 10 days after successful MRgFUS for tremor-predominant PD. Histological analysis demonstrates the characteristic early postoperative MRI findings including 3 distinct zones on T2-weighted imaging: (1) a hypointense core, (2) a hyperintense region with hypointense rim, and (3) a slightly hyperintense, poorly marginated surrounding area...
January 25, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Isabel Sastre-Bataller, Marina Campins-Romeu, Andrés Marcos-Carrión, Antonio Gutiérrez-Martín, Rebeca Conde-Sardón, Mireya Losada-López, José M Santabárbara-Gómez, José L León-Guijarro, Vicente Belloch, Andrés M Lozano, Irene Martínez-Torres
INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most prevalent movement disorders in adults and may be highly disabling for some. Magnetic resonance image-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRIgFUS) has been shown to control tremor efficaciously and with acceptable risk. To date, paresthesia and ataxia are the most common adverse effects (AE). Nevertheless, the impact of MRIgFUS thalamotomy on balance is not well established. METHODS: Thirty-two patients underwent MRIgFUS for ET and completed 6 months of follow-up...
January 25, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Martin Kilchukov, Roman Kiselev, Anton Gorbatykh, Asya Klinkova, Vladimir Murtazin, Oksana Kamenskaya, Kirill Orlov
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study is to determine if high-frequency (1 kHz) spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is better than low-frequency SCS for pain relief in chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). METHODS: HEAL-SCS trial was designed as an open-label, parallel-group, single-center randomized study with a 1:1 allocation ratio. The trial was conducted in Meshalkin National Medical Research Center between August 2018 and February 2020. Total 56 patients underwent screening, 50 were enrolled, 6 were rejected...
January 6, 2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Molly Murray, Peter A Pahapill, Ahmed J Awad
BACKGROUND: Chronic cluster headache (CCH) is a severe and debilitating sub-type of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia that can be resistant to medical management and associated with significant impairment in quality of life. Studies of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for CCH have provided promising results but have not been assessed in a comprehensive systematic review/meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to perform a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of patients with CCH treated with DBS to provide insight on safety and efficacy...
2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Emily Estes, Kavelin Rumalla, Alis J Dicpinigaitis, Syed Faraz Kazim, Aaron Segura, Alexander J Kassicieh, Meic H Schmidt, Christian A Bowers
INTRODUCTION: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is an efficacious neurosurgical intervention for patients with medically intractable neurovascular compression syndromes. However, MVD may occasionally cause life-threatening or altering complications, particularly in patients unfit for surgical operations. Recent literature suggests a lack of association between chronological age and surgical outcomes for MVD. The Risk Analysis Index (RAI) is a validated frailty tool for surgical populations (both clinical and large database)...
2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Jakov Tiefenbach, Leonardo Favi Bocca, Olivia Hogue, Neil Nero, Kenneth B Baker, Andre G Machado
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical treatment used for the treatment of movement disorders. Surgical and perioperative complications, although infrequent, can result in clinically significant neurological impairment. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the incidence and risk factors of intracranial bleeding in DBS surgery. METHOD: Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane were screened in line with PRISMA 2020 guidelines to capture studies reporting on the incidence of hemorrhagic events in DBS...
2023: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
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