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Applied Nursing Research: ANR

Marti Rice, Heather C Soistmann, Deborah Ejem, Ann Hammack Johnson, Anne Turner-Henson, Sara L Davis, Laura Gray
Recruiting children with chronic disease or subgroups of children (low income, obese, specific ages, types of cancer) from clinics and schools for research studies may be particularly difficult. While some have deemed such groups as hard to reach, these groups may be more accurately described as either hard to contact or hard to engage. This is not because children are unknown to the school or clinic but because the researcher's ability to communicate directly with targeted children prior to enrollment is limited...
December 18, 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Johnny R Tice, Leslie G Cole, Stephen M Ungvary, Safiya D George, JoAnn S Oliver
BACKGROUND: Accurate blood pressure measurements (BPM) are important, as clinicians are tasked daily with using such measurements to make clinical diagnoses and patient care judgments. Research studies and controlled trials hold such measurements to a higher standard than everyday clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate difference in BPM outcomes of individuals in a clinic setting when clinicians collect BPM as usual vs BPM after 5- (USPSTF recommendation) and 10- minute (study unique intervention) timed rest interval...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Elizabeth Danells Chin, Deborah Armstrong
This descriptive correlational study explored the experience of anticipated stigma and its association with health-seeking behavior in individuals with COPD or a neurological disorder. Participants with COPD (n = 38) or neurological disorders (n = 39) were recruited from specialty practices. The Chronic Illness Anticipated Stigma Scale (CIASS) and Healthcare Access Measure (HAM) were used to measure stigma and healthcare utilization in this population. Socio-demographic and illness-related data were entered into a hierarchical regression analysis to identify variables that contribute to anticipated stigma from three sources...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Mei-Hsiang Lin, Chiu-Yen Wu, Hsiu-Chin Hsu
AIMS: To generate a descriptive theory framework regarding the experiences of the cultural competencies among clinical nurses in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: With the advances in, and the easy accessibility to health care services, frontline nurses require a higher cultural competence to perceive and satisfy the needs of the culturally diverse patients. METHODS: A qualitative approach using a grounded theory was applied. There were 30 nurses recruited by purposive sampling...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Laurie Theeke, Roger D Carpenter, Jennifer Mallow, Elliott Theeke
AIMS: This study describes gender differences and relationships among loneliness, anger, depression, self-management ability and biomarkers of chronic illness in chronically ill mid-life adults in Appalachia. BACKGROUND: Loneliness predicts poor health, functional decline, and mortality in adults. Though self-management ability is linked to improved health outcomes, a gap existed when examining how loneliness impacts self-management ability (SMA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 90 patients from a primary care center...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Gwenaëlle De Clifford-Faugère, Marilyn Aita, Sylvie Le May
BACKGROUND: It is well known that preterm neonates can feel pain which can be expressed through specific behaviors and signs. Repeated and untreated pain has consequences for the preterm neonates such as hypersensitivity to pain, as well as important repercussions on their motor and intellectual development. The use of non-pharmacological interventions for pain management by nurses is imperative to prevent these consequences in the NICU. The aim of this study is to survey neonatal nurses' interventions for pain management of preterm neonates...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Jane McCall, J Craig Phillips, Andrew Estafan, Vera Caine
There have been many advances in harm reduction over the past three decades. One of the newest approaches is the provision of medical grade heroin to people with opiate addiction, known as opiate assisted treatment (OAT). There is one clinic in North America which provides this service. The goal of this study was to uncover how clinic staff provide care to those who attend this clinic, their perspectives on how the clinic program impacted them and their patients, and their opinions about the program itself...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kari Johnson, Sherry Razo, Jeannie Smith, Alex Cain, Kathi Soper
BACKGROUND: Optimizing early education in gynecological procedures utilizing an Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) program and a bundle concept may optimize patient outcomes after surgery. PURPOSE: Evaluate whether an ERAS bundle compared to standard education can affect length of stay, 30 day readmission, and patient satisfaction among patients undergoing gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, randomized design SETTING: 28 bed Medical Surgical Unit SAMPLE/INTERVENTION: 50 patients undergoing hysterectomy, 25 who received post-operative evidence based bundle/standard education, and 25 who received standard education packet...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Dami Ko, Lisa C Bratzke, Rebecca J Muehrer, Roger L Brown
BACKGROUND: Self-management is crucial for liver transplant (LT) recipients to maintain transplants and optimize health outcomes. However, previous literature has been primarily limited to examining medication adherence; there is a knowledge gap regarding self-management in the LT population. AIM: The aims of this study were to 1) comprehensively describe self-management behaviors and activities in LT recipients, 2) explore levels of overall self-management, and 3) explore the relationships of self-efficacy, cognition, and health information seeking behavior with self-management...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Bradlee A Jenkins, Ponrathi Athilingam, Rebecca A Jenkins
AIM: To conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify symptom clusters commonly present in Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. BACKGROUND: COPD is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Substantial research has been studied regarding single symptoms that burden patients with this disease and the profound impacts that these symptoms can have on physical and psychological health. However, these symptoms rarely occur in isolation and limited research has been conducted identifying clinically significant relationships or clusters of symptoms associated with COPD afflicted patients...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Han Shi Jocelyn Chew, Ho Yu Cheng, Sek Ying Chair
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure remains a major public health concern due to its high prevalence and disease burden. Although self-care has been advocated as the sustainable solution, it remains inadequate. Recent studies have shown the potential of integrating structured counselling elements into traditional educational programs to enhance self-care but the optimal counselling method remains unclear. AIM: To compare the applicability of cognitive behavioural interventions and motivational interviewing on improving self-care behaviours in patients with chronic heart failure...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Shinae Lee, Hyojung Park
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of auricular acupressure (AA) on pain, pain threshold (PT), disability, and cervical range of motion in adults with chronic neck pain. BACKGROUND: About 30-50% of the world's population suffers from chronic neck pain, and the cost of treatment is increasing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind, randomized sham-controlled study was conducted on 48 adults with chronic neck pain in South Korea...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Carolyn E Horne, Sharona Johnson, Patricia B Crane
PURPOSE/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine comorbidity measures that may relate to the symptom of fatigue post MI: self-reported comorbidities, medication-validated comorbidities, weighted comorbidities for fatigue, and number of comorbidities. DESIGN: Using a cross sectional design, we interviewed a convenience sample of 98 adults, 65 and older, who were 6 to 8 months post myocardial infarction. METHODS: Participants self-reported their comorbidities using a list of 23 comorbid conditions...
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Deborah F Lindell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Marlene Steinheiser
Compassion fatigue is a concept that has been widely used to represent a phenomenon of concern to nurses and relevant to their well-being; yet, this concept lacks clarity and has been difficult to quantify (Figley, 1995; Sabo, 2006). The purpose of this article is to present the current conceptual model of compassion fatigue as applied in research, focusing on my study of nurses caring for older adults in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). I will describe some of the challenges with the mostly commonly used Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) model, and corresponding ProQOL Version 5 tool used to study compassion fatigue and offer directions for future research...
December 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Marva Foster
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Heart Failure (HF) is expected to increase by 46% from 2012 to 2030, which will result in over 8 million adults with HF. The development and testing of interventions that can support HF self-care behaviors is critical. AIM: Determine the: 1) feasibility of using the HF App in middle to older adult community dwelling patients with HF; and 2) acceptability of using the HF App mobile health application. METHODS: A convenience sample of community dwelling HF participants daily used the HF App to enter physiologic data, answer questions about symptoms, reviewed HF education within the application and received reminders over a two-week period...
December 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Teri Aronowitz, BoRam Kim, Paul Vu, Ari Bergeron
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The successful recruitment and retention of participants is integral to the translation of research findings. Recruitment begins once you have defined your focus population and identified where and how to reach them (i.e., targeting). Formative evaluation can provide valuable information on recruitment, given the dynamics of different communities and the potential for certain strategies to work better than others with high-risk groups. The preliminary work of engaging the population of interest is essential to successfully attracting and retaining the involvement of populations of interest...
December 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kristin L Corey, Mary K McCurry, Kristen A Sethares, Meg Bourbonniere, Karen B Hirschman, Salimah H Meghani
As Internet accessibility grows among adults in the United States, researchers' utilization of Internet-based surveys and recruitment strategies has increased, but there is a paucity of knowledge about their use in different age groups of former dementia caregivers. The purpose of this secondary analysis is to describe 1) the use of Internet-based recruitment in obtaining a sample inclusive of young and middle aged (age 18-64), young-old (age 65-74), and older-old (age 75 and older) former dementia caregivers and 2) the feasibility of collecting data using an online survey in young and middle aged, young-old, and older-old former dementia caregivers...
December 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Bonnie M Hagerty, Melissa A Bathish
BACKGROUND: Depression is a leading cause of disability globally. It is a recurrent chronic illness that affects over three million people worldwide. Self-management has been found to positively impact depression outcomes but few techniques or interventions are theory-based and can be used either with or without the support of mental health care providers. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test the relationship between a self-management intervention called the Self-Regulated Illness Management of Depression (SRIM-D) intervention and specific health outcomes (depression, self-efficacy, social support and quality of life)...
December 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Rolsanna R Ramos, Catherine C Calidgid
AIM: To assess the patient safety culture (PSC) among nurses at a government hospital BACKGROUND: Culture of patient safety is acknowledged as a critical component to the quality of health care. Despite the increasing curiosity on PSC, little studies are available in the Philippine context. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, single-center study using total population sampling technique was conducted. PSC was assessed using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) among Registered Nurses...
December 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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