Fatemeh Rahmani, Samaneh Asgari, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
We aimed to determine the association between ideal cardiovascular health metrics (ICVHM) and the incidence of hypertension among Iranian adults. The study population included 5409 Iranian adults aged ≥20 years (2088 men) without hypertension (applying the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) guideline) at baseline. The ICVHM was defined according to the AHA's 2020 impact goals, excluding total cholesterol was replaced by non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C)...
December 18, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Dinesh Neupane, Qaiser Mukhtar, Elizabeth Kay Krajan Pardo, Sushama D Acharya, Christian Delles, James E Sharman, Laura Cobb, Daniel T Lackland, Andrew Moran, Michael A Weber, Michael H Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ashis Talukder, Sabiha Shirin Sara, Zahidul Islam Khan, Uday Narayan Yadav, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Tuhin Biswas, Ariful Alam, Md Wazid Ali, Zerin Jannat, Fariha Haseen, Md Jasim Uddin, Darren J Gray, Tahmeed Ahmed, Matthew Kelly, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Haribondhu Sarma
Hypertension increases risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, however, its prevalence and determinants in South Asian urban communities using country representative community-based datasets is lacking. This study evaluated prevalence of hypertension and it's determinants among urban residents of three South Asian countries. Urban population data from demographic and health surveys in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal were extracted. Hypertension prevalence was defined as systolic/diastolic blood pressure [Formula: see text]140/ 90 mmHg...
December 4, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Amin Mansoori, Najmeh Seifi, Reihaneh Vahabzadeh, Fatemeh Hajiabadi, Melika Hakimi Mood, Mahdiar Harimi, Mohadeseh Poudineh, Gordon Ferns, Habibollah Esmaily, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Hypertension (HTN) is a common chronic condition associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Anthropometric indices of adiposity are known to be associated with a risk of HTN. The aim of this study was to identify the anthropometric indices that best associate with HTN in an Iranian population. 9704 individuals aged 35-65 years were recruited as part of the Mashhad Stroke and Heart Atherosclerotic Disorder (MASHAD) study. Demographic and anthropometric data of all participants were recorded. HTN was defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg, and/ or a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg on two subsequent measurements, or being treated with oral drug therapy for BP...
December 1, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Biggie Baffour-Awuah, Melody Man, Karla F Goessler, Véronique A Cornelissen, Gudrun Dieberg, Neil A Smart, Melissa J Pearson
Blood pressure (BP) management reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an important role in regulating and maintaining blood volume and pressure. This analysis aimed to investigate the effect of exercise training on plasma renin, angiotensin-II and aldosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine, urinary sodium and potassium, BP and heart rate (HR). We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library of Controlled Trials until 30 November 2022...
November 28, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Christodoula Kourtidou, Panagiotis I Georgianos, Vasilios Vaios, Vassilios Liakopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Journal of Human Hypertension
Kyungsook Woo, Ji Eun Lim, Eun Young Lee
The present study aimed to investigate the association of blood pressure polygenic risk scores (BP PRSs) with coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Korean population and the interaction effects between PRSs and environmental factors on CAD. Data were derived from the Cardiovascular Disease Association Study (CAVAS; N = 5100) and the Health Examinee Study (HEXA; N = 58,623) within the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. PRSs for systolic and diastolic BP were calculated with the weighted allele sum of >200 single-nucleotide polymorphisms...
November 20, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Vrijesh Tripathi, Debjyoti Talukdar, Mallika Tripathi, Surujpal Teelucksingh
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases globally. Fortunately, there is a vast armamentarium of effective therapeutic options at our disposal so undiagnosed hypertension represents a missed opportunity. In a previous analysis [1] of the NFHS-4 dataset for the prevalence and risk factors for undiagnosed hypertension and its associated risk factors among Indian women aged 15-49 years, we had overestimated prevalence by inclusion of self-reported cases. We have since retracted when this anomaly was highlighted [2]...
November 15, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ulrika Andersson, Peter M Nilsson, Karin Kjellgren, Katie Harris, John Chalmers, Mikael Ekholm, Patrik Midlöv
Blood pressure variability (BPV) represents a cardiovascular risk factor, regardless of mean level of blood pressure (BP). In this post-hoc analysis from the PERson-centredness in Hypertension management using Information Technology (PERHIT) study, we aimed to explore BPV in daily home measurements in hypertensive patients from primary care, to identify factors associated with high BPV and to investigate whether estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and pulse pressure, as markers of target organ damage (TOD), are associated with BPV...
November 15, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Luca Faconti, Spoorthy Kulkarni, Christian Delles, Vikas Kapil, Philip Lewis, Mark Glover, Thomas M MacDonald, Ian B Wilkinson
Alongside the lack of homogeneity among international guidelines and consensus documents on primary hyperaldosteronism, the National UK guidelines on hypertension do not provide extensive recommendations regarding the diagnosis and management of this condition. Local guidelines vary from area to area, and this is reflected in the current clinical practice in the UK. In an attempt to provide support to the clinicians involved in the screening of subjects with hypertension and clinical management of suspected cases of primary hyperaldosteronism the following document has been prepared on the behalf of the BIHS Guidelines and Information Service Standing Committee...
November 14, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Zachary Desson, James E Sharman, Andrew Searles, Aletta E Schutte, Christian Delles, Michael Hecht Olsen, Pedro Ordunez, Alexis Hure, Rachael Morton, Gemma Figtree, Jacqui Webster, Garry Jennings, Julie Redfern, Stephen J Nicholls, Martin McNamara, Simon Deeming, Kerry Doyle, Shanthi Ramanathan
The VALID BP project was initiated to increase the availability of validated blood pressure measuring devices (BPMDs). The goal is to eliminate non validated BPMDs and minimise over- and underdiagnosis of hypertension caused by inaccurate readings. This study was undertaken to assess the potential return on investment in the VALID BP project. The Framework to Assess the Impact of Translational Health Research was applied to the VALID BP project. This paper focuses on the implementation of the cost benefit analysis aspect of this framework to monetise past research investment and model future research costs, implementation costs, and benefits...
November 8, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Angela J Woodiwiss, Ane Orchard, Catharina M C Mels, Aletta S Uys, Benedicta N Nkeh-Chungag, Andrea Kolkenbeck-Ruh, Lisa J Ware, Samantha Yates, Erika S W Jones, Vernice R Peterson, Neil R Poulter
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in South Africa (SA) and high blood pressure (BP) is the primary risk factor. However, hypertension prevalence is high, BP control is poor and CV events occur at a younger age than in Europe or America. Increasing screening, raising awareness and improving management of hypertension are critical to prevent CVD in SA. May Measurement Month (MMM) is a global initiative of the International Society of Hypertension aimed at raising awareness of high BP. As part of the MMM campaign, in SA (2017, 2018, 2019 and 2021), BP measurements and a cross-sectional survey of volunteers aged ≥ 18years were performed...
October 25, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Wenrong Zhang, Dinesh Neupane, Zhenping Zhao, Bo Jiang, Mei Zhang, Xiao Zhang, Zhengjing Huang, Chun Li, James E Sharman, Caihong Hu, Pengpeng Ye, Limin Wang
There is limited information on the knowledge and practice of salt-reduction in China. The purpose of this study was to describe the status of the knowledge and practice of salt-reduction among the Chinese population from a nationally representative survey stratified according to hypertension status. The association between hypertensive status and salt-reduction knowledge and practice was calculated using multivariate hierarchical logistic regression adjusting for related confounders. The study included 179,834 participants; 51...
October 19, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Tatiane Almeida de Luna, Diego Augusto Nunes Rezende, Leandro Campos de Brito, Rafael Yokoyama Fecchio, Fernanda Rodrigues Lima, Ana Lúcia de Sá Pinto, Ana Cristina de Medeiros Ribeiro, Karina Rossi Bonfiglioli, Bruno Gualano, Hamilton Roschel, Tiago Peçanha
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease characterized by increased risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension (HT). A single session of aerobic exercise may reduce blood pressure (BP) in different clinical groups; however, little is known about the acute effects of exercise on BP in RA patients. This is a randomized controlled crossover study that assessed the effects of a single session of aerobic exercise on resting BP, on BP responses to stressful stimuli, and on 24-h BP in women with RA and HT...
October 19, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
C N Behnke, C B Litvin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Martin B Thomsen, Jakob Nyvad, Kent L Christensen, Mark Reinhard, Niels Henrik Buus
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) may be stressful and associated with discomfort, possibly influenced by the number of cuff inflations. We compared a low frequency (LF-ABPM) regimen with one cuff inflation per hour, with a high frequency (HF-ABPM) regimen performed according to current guidelines using three cuff-inflations per hour during daytime and two cuff-inflations during night time. In a crossover study, patients underwent ABPMs with both frequencies, in a randomized order, within an interval of a few days...
October 11, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Gábor Szaló, Margareta I Hellgren, Matthew Allison, Ying Li, Lennart Råstam, Karin Rådholm, Entela Bollano, Daniel A Duprez, David R Jacobs, Ulf Lindblad, Bledar Daka
It is still debated whether arterial elasticity provides prognostic information for cardiovascular risk beyond blood pressure measurements in a healthy population. To investigate the association between arterial elasticity obtained by radial artery pulse wave analysis and risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in men and women. In 2002-2005, 2362 individuals (men=1186, 50.2%) not taking antihypertensive medication were included. C2 (small artery elasticity) was measured using the HDI/Pulse Wave CR2000. Data on acute myocardial infarction or stroke, fatal or non-fatal, was obtained between 2002-2019...
October 4, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Shengxu Li, Chao Cao, Dave Watson, Lin Yang, Elyse O Kharbanda
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is associated with lower birth weight, childhood obesity, and elevated blood pressure (BP) in offspring. We aimed to examine whether birth weight and body mass index (BMI) mediate the effect of MSDP on BP in children. The study included 14,713 children aged 8 to 15 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 1999 to 2018. General third-variable models were used to examine the mediating effects of birth weight and BMI on the association of MSDP with BP...
September 29, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Paula Adriana Dos Santos de Fontes, Divanei Zaniqueli, Jordana Herzog Siqueira, Elis Aguiar Morra, Liana Carla Albuquerque Peres Martinho, Polyana Romano Oliosa, José Geraldo Mill, Rafael de Oliveira Alvim
Studies have reported conflicting results on the association between handgrip strength (HGS) and blood pressure during childhood and adolescence. High multicollinearity involving somatic components that influence both HGS and blood pressure might be an important source of bias. This study sought to investigate the independent effects of HGS and muscle mass on blood pressure levels in children and adolescents. Muscle mass and fat mass (Multifrequency Electrical Bioimpedance) and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (Automatic oscillometric device) were assessed in 833 volunteers aged 6-18 years, of both sexes...
September 28, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Lin Tao, Liu Miao, Yu-Jie Guo, Yan-Li Liu, Li-Hong Xiao, Zhi-Jie Yang
Body roundness index (BRI) was associated with cardiovascular diseases. But the relationship between BRI with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and all-cause mortality remains largely unknown in hypertensive patients. This prospective cohort study included patients with hypertension who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2001 through 2018, and aimed to evaluate the association between BRI with CVD mortality and all-cause mortality. A total of 15570 patients were included...
September 26, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
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