Rong Zhong, Yuegui Wang, Yifeng Chen, Qiuting Yang, Caiyun Yang, Congmeng Lin, Haolin Shen
The objective of this study is to develop and validate the performance of 2 ultrasound (US) feature-guided machine learning models in distinguishing cervical lymphadenopathy. We enrolled 705 patients whose US characteristics of lymph nodes were collected at our hospital. B-mode US and color Doppler US features of cervical lymph nodes in both cohorts were analyzed by 2 radiologists. The decision tree and back propagation (BP) neural network were developed by combining clinical data (age, sex, and history of tumor) and US features...
August 7, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Ayşenur Buz Yaşar, Merve Tarhan, Basak Atalay, Adnan Kabaalioğlu, Saniye Girit
Childhood pneumonia is a common entity, and chest x-rays are widely used as an initial diagnostic step. To avoid radiation exposure in the pediatric age group, we assessed whether the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound (US) imaging is sufficient in the diagnosis. One hundred thirty-three children with pneumonia (72 girls/61 boys) were participated to study between 2019 and 2021. All participants had a chest x-ray. Radiologists who perform the US scans and interpret the x-rays were blinded to each other. A comparative analysis was also done to assess US findings on pneumonia for different age groups...
August 3, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Li Xu, Ran Haitao, Zhou Li
This prospective study aimed to investigate the combination of shear wave elastography (SWE) and BRAFV600E mutation testing for the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). One hundred thyroid nodules with an American College of Radiology thyroid imaging reporting and data system classification of 4 or 5 were subjected to SWE measurement, BRAFV600E genotyping, fine-needle aspiration, and surgery. Nonparametric statistical tests were used to compare the differences in the elastic parameters and BRAF genotypes between benign and malignant thyroid nodules of PTC, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was conducted to compare the diagnostic efficacy...
August 3, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Matthew Thomas, Manjiri Dighe, Orpheus Kolokythas, Mladen Zecevic, Ann Wilson, Todd Erpelding, Theodore J Dubinsky
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a primary cause of parenchymal liver disease globally. There are currently several methods available to test the degree of steatosis in NAFLD patients, but all have drawbacks that limit their use.The objective of this study is to determine if a new technique, ultrasound (US) attenuation imaging (ATI), correlates with magnetic resonance proton density fat fraction imaging and hepatic echogenicity as seen on gray scale US imaging.Fifty-four patients were recruited at the University of Washington Medical Center from individuals who had already been scheduled for hepatic US or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
August 3, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Bryce D Beutler, Bassim El-Sabawi, Daphne K Walker, Steven Cen, Hisham Tchelepi
Renal cortical echogenicity represents a marker of renal function. However, evaluation of the renal echotexture is subjective and thus disposed to error and interrater variability. Computer-aided image analysis may be used to objectively assess renal cortical echogenicity by comparing the echogenicity of the left kidney to that of the spleen; the resultant ratio is referred to as the splenorenal index (SRI). We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients who received a renal ultrasound over a 45-day period at our institution...
July 27, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Tao Liu, Miao Zhou, Huihui Yang, Weixiang Liang, Ruiming Cai, Mingjin Cai
Endometrial injury is associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the detection of endometrial injury. This study included women who underwent CEUS of the uterus at the author's hospital between April 2020 and January 2021. The diagnostic performances of the CEUS-derived parameters in the detection of severe endometrial injury were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. The study included 67 participants (healthy control, n = 14; mild endometrial injury, n = 24; severe endometrial injury, n = 29)...
June 26, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Suat İnce, Mesut Özgokçe, Sercan Özkaçmaz, İlyas Dündar, Ensar Türko, Veysel A Ayyıldız, Cemil Göya
In lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT), thrombus age is essential for successful treatment. The aim of our study was to compare the shear wave elastography (SWE) values measured before treatment and achieved lumen patency after treatment in lower-extremity DVT patients with total occlusion. Patients diagnosed with DVT in the acute-subacute stage (<4 week) with total thrombosis in lower extremity were included in this prospective study. Shear wave elastography measurements were performed where the thrombus was most prominent and homogeneous...
June 8, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Ryo Sugiura, Masaki Kuwatani, Mutsumi Nishida, Megumi Satoh, Kazumichi Kawakubo, Shin Kato, Koji Hirata, Masahito Nakajima, Hajime Hirata, Yunosuke Takishin, Naoya Sakamoto
The shear wave dispersion (SWD) slope has become available in the clinical practice and is related to tissue viscosity. However, clinical evaluation using SWD was not yet performed for obstructive jaundice. We aimed to evaluate the change of SWD values between before and after biliary drainage in patients with obstructive jaundice. This prospective observational cohort study evaluated 20 patients with obstructive jaundice who underwent biliary drainage. The SWD and liver elasticity values were measured before versus after biliary drainage, comparing between days -5 and 0 (day 0), days 1 and 3 (day 2), and days 6 and 8 (day 7)...
May 22, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Harun Arslan, Gökçe Naz Küçükbaş, Saim Türkoğlu, Zülküf Akdemir, Adem Yokuş, Ali Mahir Gündüz, Erbil Karaman, Hanım Güler Şahin
This study is an analysis of fetal lung stiffness by virtual touch tissue quantification (VTTQ) elastography to predict fetal lung maturation. Evaluation of fetal lungs was first performed in B mode, and fetal lungs were analyzed at 3 different periods at third trimester in each pregnant woman, at 28 to 31, 32 to 36, and 37 to 41 weeks. Fetal lung elastography was performed at regions with the least acoustic shadow and far from ribs and heart. Each fetal lung assessment were done by taking mean lung stiffness obtained by measuring stiffness of both left and right fetal lungs...
April 17, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Eda Albayrak, Meral Gizem Akbas
The aims of this study were to evaluate the kidneys of patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) noninvasively and quantitatively using 2-D shear wave elastography (SWE) and to reveal the diagnostic efficacy of SWE in FMF-induced renal involvement. Healthy controls, FMF patients, and FMF patients with proteinuria were included in the study, and differences in renal stiffness values between the groups were examined. In addition, a relationship between age, sex, height, weight, body mass index, serum erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, glomerular filtration rate, and renal stiffness values was evaluated...
March 11, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Aylin Tahmasebi, Corinne E Wessner, Flavius F Guglielmo, Shuo Wang, Trang Vu, Ji-Bin Liu, Jesse Civan, Andrej Lyshchik, Flemming Forsberg, Hongbo Li, Enze Qu, John R Eisenbrey
This study investigated the correlation between magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) and shear wave ultrasound elastography (SWE) in patients with clinically diagnosed or suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Subjects with or at risk of NAFLD identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) proton density fat fraction (PDFF) were prospectively enrolled. For each patient, 6 valid 2-dimensional SWE measurements were acquired using a Logiq E10 scanner (GE HealthCare, Waukesha, WI). A reliability criterion of an interquartile range to median ratio of ≤15% was used for SWE to indicate quality dataset...
March 11, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Aydan Avdan Aslan, Serap Gültekin, Mehmet Arda İnan
In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation of stiffness values of shear-wave elastography (SWE) and histopathological prognostic factors in patients with breast cancer. Between January 2021 and June 2022, SWE images of 138 core-biopsy proven breast cancer lesions from 132 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Histopathogic prognostic factors, including tumor size, histologic grade, histologic type, hormone receptor positivity, human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) status, immunohistochemical subtype and Ki-67 index were documented...
March 7, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Theodore J Dubinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Jian Ding, Duo Wang, Wenbin Zhang, Dexin Xu, Wenhai Wang
Ultrasound-guided thermal ablation has been shown to considerably reduce nodule-related discomfort and cosmetic problems. Hence, this review was done to determine the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency or microwave ablation in the management of benign thyroid nodules. Searches were done in EMBASE, SCOPUS, PubMed Central, Cochrane library, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and until August 2022. Meta-analysis was carried out using random-effects model. With 95% confidence intervals (CIs), pooled standardized mean differences, mean differences, and/or odds ratio reported...
March 1, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Eugenio Zalaquett, Gowthaman Gunabushanam, Antonio Vallejos, Nirvikar Dahiya
Chronic venous insufficiency is a common condition caused by valvular incompetence and/or obstruction of the lower extremity venous system. Chronic venous insufficiency presents in a wide range of clinical presentations, ranging from mild pain or edema to the development of varicose veins and nonhealing venous ulcers. Doppler ultrasound is the preferred imaging modality in the assessment of this condition and provides both anatomical and functional information in a noninvasive, cost-effective, and radiation-free manner...
March 1, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Bekir Turgut, Süleyman Bakdık, Fatih Öncü, İlknur Küçükosmanoğlu, Meryem İlkay Eren Karanis, Ramazan Saygın Kerimoğlu, Mustafa Saraçoğlu
In this study, it was aimed to contribute to the selection of the method to perform pancreatic lesion biopsies.Data of patients, who had undergone a percutaneous biopsy because of pancreatic masses in our institution in the period between January 2015 and November 2019, were evaluated retrospectively. The percutaneous biopsy method, the type of needle used in the procedure, and periprocedural complications were listed. Pathology and cytology reports in the archive were reviewed, and biopsy results were divided into 3 groups as benign, malignant, and inadequate...
February 27, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Shu-Jing Huang, Mei Huang, Xian-Lan Liu, Long-Cheng Hong, Yu-Qing Su, Yan-Ting Lin, Yan-Qing Wang, Jin-Rong Lin, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Ying Zhou, Yi-Ming Su
We aimed to plot the growth curve of the fetal clavicle, identify gestational date-independent parameters. Using 2-dimensional ultrasonography, we obtained the clavicle lengths (CLs) from 601 normal fetuses between 12 and 40 gestational age (GA). The CL/fetal growth parameters ratio was calculated. Moreover, 27 cases of fetal growth restriction (FGR) and 9 cases of small for GA (SGA) were detected. In normal fetuses, the mean CL (mm) = -68.2 + 29.80 × ln(GA) ± Z × (1.07 + 0.02 × GA). A linear relationship was detected between CL and head circumference (HC), biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference and femoral length with R2 values of 0...
February 21, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
Ling Ren, Lin Yan, Xiang Fei, Yukun Luo
This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of the semiautomatic planimetric measurement (SAPM) method and the necessity of manually adjusted boundary measurement in 3-dimensional ultrasound measurement of plaque volume. A total of 50 patients with 82 plaques in the common carotid arteries between December 2020 and March 2021 were included in this study. Two observers measured the 3-dimensional volume of plaque for each patient in 3 different methods (contour tracing method [CTM], SAPM method without manually adjusted boundary [SAPM1], and SAPM method with manually adjusted boundary [SAPM2])...
January 26, 2023: Ultrasound Quarterly
İlyas Dündar, Sercan Özkaçmaz, Murat Demir, Mesut Özgökçe, Fatma Durmaz, Ayşe Özkaçmaz, Kerem Taken, Cemil Göya
This preliminary study aimed to evaluate the possible damage to the male reproductive system that the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 virus causes by quantitatively measuring and comparing the tissue stiffness of the testis and epididymis with acoustic radiation force impulse sonoelastography in patients who have COVID-19 with a healthy control group. This prospective study was conducted between February and July 2021 with 65 cases. We used sonoelastography to evaluate male patients 18 years or older, who had applied to the urology clinic with nontesticular complaints, and were found to not have any underlying testicular pathology after a clinical-laboratory evaluation...
December 29, 2022: Ultrasound Quarterly
Li-Long Xu, Ling Zhou, Xiao Liang, Lin-Lin Zheng, Hai-Shan Xu, Chao Chen, Peng Hu, Shi-Yan Li
The clinical data of 15 cases that planned to receive totally laparoscopic associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy were retrospectively collected. Before the stage 1 operation, the size and number of the tumors in future liver remnant (FLR) and the presence of cancer embolus in the portal vein were assessed using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). Before the stage 2 operation, CEUS was performed to assess the presence of traffic blood flow between the diseased liver and FLR after round-the-liver ligation...
December 29, 2022: Ultrasound Quarterly
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