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Ultrasound Quarterly

Dong Wook Kim
This study aimed to assess ultrasonography (US) features of normal submandibular parenchyma (NSP) and incidental diffuse submandibular disease (DSD). From January 2013 to December 2017, 39 patients underwent preoperative US of the submandibular gland before submandibular surgery in our hospital. Among them, 9 were excluded because of inadequate histopathologic data (n = 7) or poor US image quality (n = 2). The US features of the resected submandibular glands were retrospectively investigated by a single radiologist, blinded to clinicoserological information and the histopathologic result, using a picture archiving and communication system...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Akshya Gupta, Shweta Bhatt
Ultrasound is an essential tool in evaluating the underlying etiology of scrotal lesions, which range from traumatic, infectious, inflammatory, congenital, and neoplastic conditions. Understanding the sonographic characteristics of benign scrotal masses is essential for a radiologist to determine whether conservative management is appropriate or if more aggressive follow-up or treatment is necessary. While surgical intervention may sometimes be necessary, combining the clinical presentation and imaging appearance can sometimes lead to a confident radiologic diagnosis that spares the patient from surgery...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Ayse Selcan Koç, Hilmi Erdem Sumbul
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) have been shown to have increased liver fibrosis (LF) as determined by liver elastography. However, the data on LF incidence in patients with prediabetes are scarce. This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of LF and associated parameters in prediabetic patients. Three study groups with equal number of participants defined on the basis of glucose metabolism status were included the following: normal glucose metabolism (NGM), prediabetes, and newly diagnosed type 2 DM (55 patients in each group)...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Hasan Erdogan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Serdar Arslan, Funda Gokgoz Durmaz, Hakan Cebeci, Osman Ergun, Seda Sogukpinar Karaagac
We aimed to determine histological damage in patients with varicocele by comparing the elasticity of their affected testes with that of their normal contralateral testes as well as normal testes of control subjects without varicocele using shear wave elastography (SWE). In total, 48 patients with varicocele (96 testes) and 52 control subjects (104 testes) were included in this study. Shear wave elastography values were measured in the longitudinal plane using an oval region of interest that covered as much of the testicular contours as possible...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Toshimasa James Clark, Kristin McKinney, Alexandria Jensen, Nayana U Patel
We studied diagnostic performance of an algorithm guiding thyroid nodule management using a malignancy risk model as compared with extant management guidelines. Single-institution, retrospective study was performed with sequential cases from pathology registry from 2012 to 2015. Seventy-eight patients were enrolled, with benign and malignant groups defined by aspiration results. Risk Threshold Algorithm determined management based off of a logistic regression model and a risk threshold. American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging, Reporting and Data System (ACR TI-RADS), Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (SRU), and American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines were used in comparison...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Naveen M Kulkarni, Michael O Griffin, Stacy D OʼConnor, Gary Sudakoff
Portal venous system evaluation is required in many clinical circumstances, as substantial morbidity and mortality can be associated with a spectrum of portal vein abnormalities. Portal venous system pathologies can be congenital or acquired, and the knowledge of their imaging appearances will allow for a confident diagnosis and appropriate treatment options. In addition, a firm understanding of anatomical variants is important for planning surgical procedures and percutaneous interventions of the liver. This article will review various imaging appearances of portal venous systems abnormalities...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Carolina Whittle, Velimir Skoknic, Ignacio Maldonado, Giancarlo Schiappacasse, Georgette Pose
Congenital variants of the gallbladder development are infrequent and sometimes represent an asymptomatic imaging finding. In this case series, we want to present multimodality imaging findings that permit the diagnosis. Ultrasound, multidetector computed tomography, and magnetic resonance images are included.The proper recognition of these infrequent congenital benign entities avoids unnecessary complementary examinations and misdiagnosis. Although ultrasound represents the most commonly used initial diagnostic tool, the increased use of magnetic resonance imaging and the wide use of multidetector computed tomography make it crucial to know how these entities are seen...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Nicole M Verdecchia, James W Ibinson, Steven L Orebaugh
In the interscalene groove, nerve structures are in close proximity and may not be visible as separate structures, increasing the risk of insertion of the needle tip within the epineurium. We evaluated whether experienced regional anesthesiologists can distinguish between nerve elements lying in close proximity on ultrasound images.Brachial plexus elements from 4 nonpreserved cadavers were arranged in a water bath. Ultrasound images of the nerve roots and trunks were taken. Regional anesthesiologists and residents were asked whether they could distinguish the nerves as 2 separate structures and if they could identify a pair of nerve roots versus a single trunk...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Mesut Ozgokce, Fatma Durmaz, Alpaslan Yavuz, İbrahim Üney, Hanifi Yildiz, Harun Arslan, Ilyas Dundar, Nuri Havan, Hayri Ogul
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of shear-wave elastography (SWE) in the differentiation of transudative and exudative pleural effusions. This monocentric study comprised 60 cases (17 transudative, 43 exudative).Transthoracic SWE was performed in 60 cases for whom to use thoracentesis for the pleural fluid analysis was planned. The mean SWE values of each patient were recorded, and the correlation between the biochemical analysis results of pleural fluid after thoracentesis and SWE findings was evaluated...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Theodore J Dubinsky, Jeremiah OʼRegan, Rachelle Sonneborn, Dan S Hippe, Manjiri Dighe, Mariam Moshiri
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to establish a nomogram of fetal abdominal wall fat thickness in fetuses with known normal neonatal outcomes. METHODS: After IRB approval (HSD-49496), 157 ultrasound examinations in 100 patients, 41 of whom had multiple examinations during the same pregnancy were reviewed. The thickness of the fetal lateral abdominal wall fat Interreader agreement was summarized using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Fat thickness growth curve equations were estimated to quantify the relationship between fat thickness and gestational age...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Haolin Shen, Guorong Lv, Linfang Ke, Ling Li, Chunnuan Zheng, Shuping Yang
To distinguish malignant cervical lymphadenopathy, we established a new scoring system based on ultrasound features. Two hundred sixty-three patients with cervical lymphadenopathy received ultrasonic examination and underwent ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy or fine needle aspiration. The scoring system was proposed by multivariate logistic regression analysis and compared with Liao scoring system (0.06 × age + 4.76 × shortest-to-longest axis ratio + 2.15 × internal echo + 1.80 × vascular pattern). A new scoring system model, 1...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Emine Uysal, Mehmet Öztürk
The local shear wave speed (in meters per second) and Young modulus (in kilopascals) of normal thyroid glands were defined in healthy children to determine reference values.This prospective study assessed 107 pediatric cases (age interval, 3-17 years; mean, 9.37 ± 3.68 years), including 52 boys and 55 girls. The study group included children without thyroid gland disease (autoimmune, infectious, or neoplastic). Data about the sex, age, weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) of the subjects were recorded for all subjects...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Shujun Xia, Xinping Ren, Zhongxin Ni, Weiwei Zhan
The aim of our study was to investigate the efficiency and feasibility of shear-wave elastography (sound touch elastography [STE], sound touch quantification [STQ]) compared with transient elastography (FibroScan) assessment in noninvasively and quantitatively identifying the degree of liver fibrosis. A total of 158 patients with chronic hepatitis B were included, and all accepted STE, STQ, and FibroScan assessments. Young's modulus (kPa) of STE, STQ, and FibroScan were evaluated, and the diagnostic performance of the 3 techniques on liver fibrosis stage was compared...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Jung Hyun Yoon, Jin Young Kwak, Hee Jung Moon, Eun-Kyung Kim
In this study, we evaluated the role of ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) in deciding upon management for prior atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) results. From May 2013 to June 2015, 149 thyroid nodules in 149 patients diagnosed as having AUS/FLUS were included. Of the 149 thyroid nodules, 86 (57.5%) had repeat US-guided fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) and 63 (42.3%) had US-CNB. Histopathology results were divided according to various indications for diagnostic lobectomy, and rates of diagnosis that are candidates for diagnostic lobectomy were compared...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Paulina Najgrodzka, Natalia Buda, Anna Zamojska, Ewelina Marciniewicz, Aleksandra Lewandowicz-Uszyńska
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is one of the most frequent widespread and severe infectious diseases in pediatric patients worldwide. Pneumonia is characterized by high incidence and possibility of complications in the course of the disease in pediatric patients. For this reason, there is a need to have a rapid and safe diagnostic method to recognize it. Imaging diagnostic tools, such as x-ray examinations, necessitate caution while using these methods. To date, there have been lots of studies with the aim to determine the role of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in the diagnosis of inflammatory lesions in children...
January 21, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Zhi Yong Shen, Ai Jun Shen, Shao Ling Yang, Ming Feng Wu
To assess the efficacy of the combination of sonographic morphology score (SMS) with CA125 and HE4 for detecting recurrent pelvic ovarian carcinoma (OC). Data of 58 OC patients treated in our hospital between 2014 and 2016 were analyzed. After cytoreductive surgery and routine chemotherapy, all patients were followed up by transvaginal ultrasound examination (SMS for pelvic masses based on volume and structure scores) and tumor marker (serum CA125 and HE4) detection. Clinical diagnosis of recurrent OC was based on physical examination, magnetic resonance imaging, and punctured pathology for pelvic masses...
January 21, 2019: Ultrasound Quarterly
Ozkan Gungor, Fatma Betul Guzel, Mehmet Akif Sarica, Gulay Gungor, Berivan Ganidagli, Nursel Yurttutan, Ahmet Fazil Gorgel, Orcun Altunoren
Renal elastography is an ultrasonographic method that has been recently found to provide information on renal functions and fibrosis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between elastography scores and renal functions and proteinuria levels in patient populations with various kidney diseases. Seventy-five diabetic nephropathy patients, 66 kidney transplant patients, and 45 glomerulonephritis patients were included in the study. The amount of proteinuria was measured according to the protein-to-creatinine ratio in spot urine samples...
December 28, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Luzeng Chen, Lei Chen, Jinghua Liu, Lin Nong, Hong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the association among the thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS), quantitative parameters obtained from contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), and BRAF V600E mutation status in patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. PATIENTS: From November 2016 to June 2017, 54 patients who had undergone thyroid CEUS and BRAF V600E mutation analysis for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma were enrolled in our study...
December 28, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Grzegorz Jedrzejewski, Pawel Osemlak, Andrzej Pawel Wieczorek, Pawel Nachulewicz
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia in girls is a very rare condition. The cause of this pathology is incomplete closure of the processus vaginalis of the peritoneum, in girls named the canal of Nuck. Failed obliteration of this canal could result in hernia or hydrocele. Also less frequent findings, such as uterus herniated to the canal, were observed. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the possible findings in female inguinal hernias and its ultrasound appearance...
December 28, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Yusuf Madendag, Ilknur Col Madendag, Erdem Sahin, Emine Aydin, Mefkure Eraslan Sahin, Gokhan Acmaz
The aims of the study were to compare the different estimation methods for the diagnosis of oligohydramnios and to determine concordance between estimated amniotic fluid volume (AFV) measured by ultrasonography and actual AFV measured directly. Another purpose was to investigate the effect of oligohydramnios on neonatal outcome. This study was done at a tertiary care center. The participants were scheduled between 37 and 40 weeks for cesarean delivery. Estimated AFV was ultrasonographically assessed, and then actual AFV was directly measured during the cesarean delivery to compare the subjective method (SM), amniotic fluid index (AFI), single deepest pocket (SDP), and 2-diameter pocket...
December 28, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
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