journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39031171/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-ptsd-checklist-for-dsm-5-among-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melissa R Schick, Tami P Sullivan, Alexis R Alfano, Nicole H Weiss
Recent national estimates suggest that 1 in 2 women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime. Given the high prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women experiencing IPV, it is necessary to consider whether PTSD assessments function adequately for this population. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the past-month version of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5), one of the most widely used self-report measures of PTSD symptoms, in a sample of community women experiencing IPV...
July 19, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39024299/an-overview-of-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-using-large-language-models
#2
REVIEW
Matteo Malgaroli, Daniel McDuff
There is an acute need for solutions to treat stress and trauma-related sequelae, and there are well-documented shortages of qualified human professionals. Artificial intelligence (AI) presents an opportunity to create advanced screening, diagnosis, and treatment solutions that relieve the burden on people and can provide just-in-time interventions. Large language models (LLMs), in particular, are promising given the role language plays in understanding and treating traumatic stress and other mental health conditions...
July 18, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39023017/trauma-reminders-and-disgust-the-roles-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-trauma-type-and-reminder-type
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M Shae Nester, Blair E Wisco
Disgust is a common emotional response to trauma but is studied less frequently than fear or other negative emotions. In laboratory settings, individuals with a history of sexual assault report more disgust following exposure to trauma reminders than those exposed to other trauma types, and people with more severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms typically report more disgust than those with lower symptom levels. It remains unknown whether this association is also present in ecological contexts and if these associations vary by trauma reminder type...
July 18, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39018485/conceptualizing-disparities-and-differences-in-the-psychobiology-of-traumatic-stress
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kelly A Correa, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Jennifer S Stevens, Nathaniel G Harnett
Understanding biological pathways that mediate trauma-related psychopathology is a major goal for traumatic stress studies. There is growing interest in studying differences in neural, physiological, and behavioral correlates of traumatic stress across demographic groups (e.g., sex/gender, race/ethnicity). However, challenges remain in how to appropriately conceptualize the source, mechanisms, and practical utility of between-group variation. The present brief conceptual review discusses ethnicity, race, and sex/gender-related variability relevant to understanding the psychobiology of traumatic stress in the context of traumatic stress studies...
July 17, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39018350/engaging-the-child-parent-relationship-to-treat-early-trauma-the-challenge-and-promise-of-scaling-with-fidelity
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alicia F Lieberman, Chandra Ghosh Ippen
There is an urgent imperative to scale up access to effective, family-focused mental health services for trauma-exposed infants, toddlers, and preschoolers, who represent the most vulnerable and most underserved sector of the clinical child population. This article describes the process of scaling child-parent psychotherapy, an evidence-based treatment currently used in 39 U.S. states and six countries, as an example of the promise and challenge of large-scale implementation of relationship-based treatments...
July 17, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39018333/tipping-the-scales-for-global-mental-health-a-summary-of-the-presidential-panel-at-the-39th-annual-meeting-of-the-international-society-for-traumatic-stress-studies
#6
REVIEW
Marit Sijbrandij, Judith K Bass, Kenneth Carswell, Syed Usman Hamdani, Eirini Karyotaki
In the past decade, there has been an increasing focus within scientific research on how to assist people affected by the negative consequences of trauma and crises around the globe. As many countries struggle with a lack of resources to deliver mental health interventions, scalable strategies have been developed to help more people in need. These scalable strategies were the theme of the 39th annual meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS). The presidential panel, chaired by Marit Sijbrandij during her ISTSS presidency, brought together a group of experts in the field of scalable interventions: Kenneth Carswell, Syed Usman Hamdani, Judy Bass, and Eirini Karyotaki...
July 17, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38970812/medical-traumatic-stress-integrating-evidence-based-clinical-applications-from-health-and-trauma-psychology
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sacha McBain, Matthew J Cordova
Medical events in both childhood and adulthood, including components of the illness or injury and subsequent medical intervention, recovery, and disability, are increasingly being recognized as potentially traumatic. There has been an increased focus on scholarly work related to medical trauma and medically induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Existing evidence suggests that trauma-focused treatment can promote both physical and psychological recovery. However, there continues to be a dearth of clinical guidance on how to (a) best identify and treat prior trauma exposure that complicates adjustment to illness and increases the risk for medically induced PTSD and (b) address medically induced PTSD while concurrently targeting health-related concerns (e...
July 6, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38959155/the-effects-of-acute-versus-repeated-cannabidiol-administration-on-trauma-relevant-emotional-reactivity-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Riley Gournay, Morgan L Ferretti, Anna-Marie Nguyen, Sarah Bilsky, Grant S Shields, Eric Mann, Parker Williams, Sydney Woychesin, Marcel Bonn-Miller, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
Despite the widespread use and perceived efficacy of cannabidiol (CBD) as an anxiolytic, few controlled studies have evaluated the effects of CBD on anxiety-relevant indications, and only one has done so in the context of trauma-related symptoms. The current study was designed to address this gap in the literature. Participants were 42 trauma-exposed individuals (Mage = 23.12 years, SDage = 6.61) who endorsed elevated stress. They were randomly assigned to take 300 mg of oral CBD or placebo daily for 1 week...
July 3, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38954530/walking-the-line-between-fidelity-and-flexibility-a-conceptual-review-of-personalized-approaches-to-manualized-treatments-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tara E Galovski, Reginald D V Nixon, Shannon Kehle-Forbes
The heterogeneity of the core symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), high rates of comorbid mental and physical health conditions, and substantial impact of the disorder on functioning and well-being contribute to complex clinical presentations that can be challenging to treat. Despite these challenges, there are excellent manualized treatments for PTSD with significant empirical support. Although the success of frontline treatments for PTSD is evident, there remains room for improvement as indicated by suboptimal response and attrition rates...
July 2, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38946118/state-of-the-science-evidence-based-treatments-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-delivered-via-telehealth
#10
REVIEW
Madeline J Bruce, Antonio F Pagán, Ron Acierno
Psychotherapy delivered via telehealth technology is not an artifact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Indeed, widespread, telehealth-delivered, evidence-based psychotherapy preceded the pandemic, as did randomized controlled noninferiority trials supporting this modality. It is, thus, not difficult to predict that telehealth will be an integral part of daily clinical life moving forward. With respect to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specifically, there is a substantial number of studies on the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of evidence-based treatments provided via videoconferencing...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38946117/adverse-childhood-experiences-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-compulsive-behaviors-among-adults-in-substance-use-treatment-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Evan J Basting, Alyssa M Medenblik, Julie D Eberwein, Alisa R Garner, Ryan C Shorey, Gregory L Stuart
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are prevalent and associated with common problems among adults with substance use disorders (SUDs), including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and compulsive behaviors. Most studies consider cumulative ACEs when examining their associations with health and behavioral outcomes. We tested whether patterns of ACEs related to SUD symptoms, PTSD symptoms, and compulsive behaviors among adults receiving treatment for substance use. We identified latent classes of ACEs using medical record data from 721 patients in residential SUD treatment and conducted Wald chi-square tests to assess whether these latent classes differed in alcohol and drug use disorder symptoms, PTSD symptoms, compulsive sexual behavior, and compulsive gambling...
June 30, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38924632/bidirectional-associations-between-prolonged-grief-symptoms-and-depressive-anxiety-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-a-systematic-review
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antje Janshen, Maarten C Eisma
Prolonged grief symptoms frequently co-occur with symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress, and anxiety; however, little is known about how prolonged grief symptoms temporally relate to symptoms of neighboring stress-related and affective disorders. Clarifying such associations can help elucidate which symptoms to prioritize during treatment for distressed bereaved adults. We conducted a systematic review to provide a comprehensive overview of the empirical research on the bidirectional temporal associations between prolonged grief symptoms and symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress, and anxiety...
June 25, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38861277/experiences-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-valued-living-among-women-veterans-the-role-of-self-efficacy
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emily Taverna, Nora Kline, Shaina A Kumar, Katherine M Iverson
Predominantly cross-sectional research suggests that self-efficacy may play an important role in women's psychological health after experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). However, few studies have examined these associations over time or with respect to broader aspects of psychological well-being. Valued living, which reflects behavioral engagement within personally important life domains, represents a key aspect of well-being that may be negatively impacted by experiences of IPV. Participants were 190 women veterans who completed three web-based surveys...
June 11, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38857125/state-of-the-science-treatment-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-substance-use-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Sudie E Back, Amber M Jarnecke, Sonya B Norman, Angela J Zaur, Denise A Hien
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) co-occur at high rates, with research showing that up to nearly 60% of individuals with PTSD also suffer from an alcohol and/or drug use disorder. PTSD/SUD is complex; associated with adverse health, social, and economic outcomes; and can be challenging to treat. Over the past decade, the landscape of treatment research addressing PTSD/SUD has significantly expanded. Ongoing efforts aimed at developing and evaluating novel treatments for PTSD/SUD, encompassing both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy approaches, are steadily advancing...
June 10, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38853630/conceptualizing-impulsivity-as-a-construct-in-relation-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-among-women
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Colin T Mahoney, Brigitta M Beck, Kelly E Dixon, Shantel D Horne, Steven R Lawyer
Despite the established association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impulsivity, the literature is limited regarding impulsivity as a multifaceted construct. That is, the field's understanding of how PTSD symptoms may increase particular impulsive tendencies and behaviors is constrained by examining impulsivity solely as an umbrella term. The aim of the present study was to determine if there are differential associations between PTSD symptom severity and various components of impulsivity across multiple self-report measures...
June 10, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38840482/the-three-axioms-of-resilience
#16
REVIEW
George A Bonanno, Maren Westphal
This article summarizes the growing literature on resilience in the face of aversive and potentially traumatic events (PTEs) in three basic axioms: (a) resilience is a common outcome, 2) there are no "key" traits to resilience (resilience is not a type), and (c) resilient outcomes occur through flexible self-regulation. The first axiom highlights the limitation of a traditional, binary view of trauma in terms of the presence-absence of posttraumatic stress disorder, emphasizing instead the heterogeneity of trauma outcomes...
June 5, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38840463/impact-of-neighborhood-disadvantage-on-posttrauma-outcomes-after-sexual-assault
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rachel Gaither, Tamsin Zandstra, Sarah D Linnstaedt, Samuel A McLean, Megan Lechner, Kathy Bell, Jenny Black, Jennie A Buchanan, Jeffrey D Ho, Melissa A Platt, Ralph J Riviello, Francesca L Beaudoin
In the United States, 8,000,000 people seek emergency care for traumatic injury annually. Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) and sexual assault are two common sources of trauma, with evidence that reduced neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics increase posttraumatic pain and stress after an MVC. We evaluated whether neighborhood disadvantage was also associated with physical and mental posttrauma outcomes after sexual assault in a sample of adult women (N = 656) who presented for emergency care at facilities in the United States following sexual assault and were followed for 1 year...
June 5, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38838082/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-positive-autobiographical-memory-characteristics-in-everyday-life
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ateka A Contractor, Danica C Slavish, Siyuan Wang, Nicole H Weiss
Individuals with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) report difficulties engaging with positive autobiographical memories. Extending this line of research, we examined daily-level concurrent and lagged associations between PTSS severity and positive memory characteristics (vividness, coherence, accessibility, time perspective, sensory details, visual perspective, emotional intensity, sharing, distancing, and valence). The sample included 88 trauma survivors (Mage = 39.89 years, 59.1% female) who completed seven daily measures of PTSS and positive memory characteristics...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38837451/a-functional-approach-to-defining-and-repairing-moral-injury-evidence-change-agents-clinical-strategies-and-lessons-learned
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brett T Litz
This is a conceptual overview of a premeeting institute (PMI) I presented at the 39th International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS) annual meeting in November 2023 entitled, "A Functional Approach to Repairing Moral Injury and Traumatic Loss in Context: Evidence, Change Agents, Clinical Strategies, and Lessons Learned." This paper was invited by the co-chairs of the Scientific Program Committee, Isaac Galatzer-Levy and Katharina Schultebraucks. I first describe the aims of the PMI and then summarize the foundational assumptions that led me to expand adaptive disclosure and create adaptive disclosure-enhanced (AD-E)...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38837449/trauma-informed-systems-change-training-has-transcultural-transcontinental-transformative-healing-power-an-analysis-of-leaders-in-the-united-states-and-angola-africa
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Capuia, Maria da Cruz, Ana Masseca, Engracia Marques, Paulo Leite, Alexandra R Mangus, E Kate Webb, Caitlin Ravichandran, Kerry J Ressler, Alisha Moreland-Capuia
The Institute for Trauma-Informed Systems Change (ITISC) facilitated a 2-day, 12-hr trauma-informed workshop, delivered virtually, using the Training for Change curriculum. The workshop took place in Portuguese in September 2021 with a group of Angolan leaders (N = 51) and in May 2022, in English, with neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) workers from the United States (N = 73). Surveys were administered before (Time [T] 0) and after the workshop (T1) and consisted of demographic questions and the Survey for Trauma-Informed Systems Change (STISC), which assesses system-wide knowledge and attitudes about trauma-informed systems change and the intersection of culture, safety, and acceptance in the workplace...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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