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Journal of Traumatic Stress

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30748027/risk-for-revictimization-following-interpersonal-and-noninterpersonal-trauma-clarifying-the-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-trauma-related-cognitions
#1
Anna E Jaffe, David DiLillo, Kim L Gratz, Terri L Messman-Moore
One victimization experience can increase the risk for subsequent victimization, which is known as revictimization. The aims of this study were to build on sexual revictimization research by (a) broadening the understanding of revictimization to interpersonal (and potentially noninterpersonal) trauma generally and (b) gaining specificity in the mechanisms that underlie revictimization. Using a prospective multisite design, an ethnically and racially diverse sample of 453 young women from the community (age range: 18-25 years, 60...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729584/emotional-reactivity-emotion-regulation-capacity-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees-an-experimental-investigation
#2
Tobias R Spiller, Belinda J Liddell, Matthis Schick, Naser Morina, Ulrich Schnyder, Monique Pfaltz, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson
Refugees who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often react with strong emotions when confronted with trauma reminders. In this study, we aimed to investigate the associations between low emotion regulation capacity (as indexed by low heart rate variability [HRV]), probable PTSD diagnosis, and fear and anger reaction and recovery to trauma-related stimuli. Participants were 81 trauma-exposed refugees (probable PTSD, n = 23; trauma-exposed controls, n = 58). The experiment comprised three 5-min phases: a resting phase (baseline); an exposition phase, during which participants were exposed to trauma-related images (stimulus); and another resting phase (recovery)...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720894/2017-annual-acknowledgment-of-reviewers
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720893/the-dynamic-relations-among-peritraumatic-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-an-experience-sampling-study-during-wartime
#4
Marc Gelkopf, Liron Lapid Pickman, Eve B Carlson, Talya Greene
The associations among peritraumatic posttraumatic stress symptoms (P-PTSS) in the immediate aftermath of trauma exposure, including those in the posttraumatic stress disorder clusters of intrusions, avoidance, negative cognitions and mood (NCM), and arousal, might indicate mechanisms through which enduring PTSD develops. During a period of war, exposed participants (N = 181) were sent twice-daily questionnaires for 30 days via smartphone. We repeatedly assessed the predictive associations between the P-PTSS clusters over time...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720891/trauma-exposure-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-trajectory-and-disability-level-among-hospitalized-injury-survivors-in-kenya
#5
Yuen W Hung, Wietse Tol, Rashelle Musci, Stephanie Aketch, Abdulgafoor M Bachani
Potentially traumatic events (PTEs) have been consistently associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the extent of association and attribution to subsequent disability has varied, with limited studies conducted in urban low-income contexts. This longitudinal study estimated the trajectory of PTSD symptoms up to 7 months after hospitalization and the associated disability level among adult patients who had been hospitalized due to injury. Adult injury patients (N = 476) admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, were interviewed in person in the hospital, and via phone at 1, 2-3, and 4-7 months after hospital discharge...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720890/intolerance-of-uncertainty-moderates-the-association-between-potentially-morally-injurious-events-and-suicide-ideation-and-behavior-among-combat-veterans
#6
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz
Exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among combat veterans has been acknowledged as significant stressful combat events that may lead to mental health problems, including self-injurious thoughts and behavior (SITB). However, few studies have examined the risk and protective factors that can explain the conditions in which PMIEs may contribute to the development and maintenance of SITB. In the current study, we aimed to examine the association between PMIEs and SITB among combat veterans and explore the moderating roles of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) in this association...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715755/temporal-associations-between-moral-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-in-military-veterans
#7
Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Jacob K Farnsworth, Lauren M Borges
War zone veterans who experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms might struggle with co-occurring cognitive, emotional, and behavioral expressions of suffering that align with conceptual definitions of moral injury (MI). However, given that PTSD is a multidimensional condition, disentangling the apparent interplay with MI may inform clinical practice and research. This study incorporated a cross-lagged design to explore temporal associations between self- and other-directed outcomes related to MI and severity of DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters while accounting for depressive symptoms...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702778/traumatic-event-exposure-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-sleep-disturbances-in-a-national-sample-of-u-s-adults
#8
Melissa E Milanak, Kelly L Zuromski, Ian Cero, Allison K Wilkerson, Heidi S Resnick, Dean G Kilpatrick
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent, debilitating disorder found to develop after exposure to a potentially traumatic event (PTE). Individuals with PTSD often report sleep disturbances, specifically nightmares and insomnia, which are listed within the criteria for PTSD. This research examined prevalence of insomnia and nightmares within a national sample of 2,647 adults (data weighted by age and sex to correct for differences in sample distribution) who had been exposed to one or more PTEs...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30702772/journal-of-traumatic-stress-ethics-policy
#9
EDITORIAL
Patricia K Kerig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698859/addressing-disaster-exposure-measurement-issues-with-latent-class-analysis
#10
Erika D Felix, Cecile Binmoeller, Karen Nylund-Gibson, Charles C Benight, Aprile D Benner, Antoniya Terzieva
Disaster exposure can put survivors at greater risk for subsequent mental health (MH) problems. Within the field of disaster MH research, it is important to understand how the choice of analytic approaches and their implicit assumptions may affect results when using a disaster exposure measure. We compared different analytic strategies for quantifying disaster exposure and included a new analytic approach, latent class analysis (LCA), in a sample of parents and youth. Following exposure to multiple floods in Texas, a sample of 555 parents and 486 youth were recruited...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698858/an-online-educational-program-for-individuals-with-dissociative-disorders-and-their-clinicians-1-year-and-2-year-follow-up
#11
Bethany L Brand, Hugo J Schielke, Karen T Putnam, Frank W Putnam, Richard J Loewenstein, Amie Myrick, Ellen K K Jepsen, Willemien Langeland, Kathy Steele, Catherine C Classen, Ruth A Lanius
Individuals with dissociative disorders (DDs) are underrecognized, underserved, and often severely psychiatrically ill, characterized by marked dissociative and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms with significant disability. Patients with DD have high rates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts. Despite this, there is a dearth of training about DDs. We report the outcome of a web-based psychoeducational intervention for an international sample of 111 patients diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder (DID) or other complex DDs...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694575/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-borderline-personality-features-as-risk-factors-for-suicidal-ideation-among-male-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Katherine C Cunningham, Jessica L Grossmann, Kathryn B Seay, Paul A Dennis, Carolina P Clancy, Michael A Hertzberg, Kate Berlin, Rachel A Ruffin, Eric A Dedert, Kim L Gratz, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
U.S. veterans are at increased risk for suicide compared to their civilian counterparts and account for approximately 20% of all deaths by suicide. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and borderline personality features (BPF) have each been associated with increased suicide risk. Additionally, emerging research suggests that nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) may be a unique risk factor for suicidal behavior. Archival data from 728 male veterans with a PTSD diagnosis who were receiving care through an outpatient Veterans Health Administration (VHA) specialty PTSD clinic were analyzed...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694568/screening-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-refugees-comparison-of-the-diagnostic-efficiency-of-two-self-rating-measures-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Nele Wulfes, Melina Andrea Del Pozo, Brigitte Buhr-Riehm, Nina Heinrichs, Christoph Kröger
There is a high prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the refugee population. In order to identify affected individuals and offer targeted help, there is an urgent need for easily understandable, reliable, valid, and efficient screening measures. The aim of the present study was to compare the diagnostic efficiency of the Process of Recognition and Orientation of Torture Victims in European Countries to Facilitate Care and Treatment (PROTECT) questionnaire (PQ) to that of the eight-item short-form Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS-8) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694567/exploring-contextual-trauma-in-cambodia-a-sociointerpersonal-perspective-on-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Stephanie E Armes, Desiree M Seponski, Sovandara Kao, Sareth Khann, Cindy J Lahar, Chalandra M Bryant, Brian E Bride, Kanudra S Wickrama, Poch Bunnak, Tanja Schunert
Trauma literature has proposed multiple theories of trauma development, maintenance, and transmission, which has led to a lack of clarity surrounding trauma in individuals, families, and communities. We investigated the impact of community-level trauma experiences on individual posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms using a sociointerpersonal model of PTSD (Maerker & Horn, 2013). A nationally representative sample (N = 2, 690) of Cambodian households across all regions of the country was surveyed regarding individual trauma experiences during and after the Khmer Rouge regime, symptoms of PTSD, and current stressors...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688373/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-disorders-in-parents-of-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-physical-illnesses-a-meta-analysis
#15
Martin Pinquart
The present meta-analysis analyzed whether parents of young people with pediatric chronic physical illnesses experience higher levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than other adults and searched for correlates of PTSS in these parents. Based on a systematic search in electronic databases, 184 studies were included in the meta-analysis. On average, 18.9% of the parents fulfilled the criteria for PTSD, and PTSS were more common among parents of young people with pediatric chronic physical illnesses than in other adults, with Hedges' g showing a 0...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688371/a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-icd-11-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-networks-in-austria-the-united-kingdom-and-lithuania
#16
Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Jonathan Bisson, Thanos Karatzias, Evaldas Kazlauskas, Neil P Roberts
The 11th revision of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) includes a new disorder, complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). The network approach to psychopathology enables investigation of the structure of disorders at the symptom level, which allows for analysis of direct symptom interactions. The network structure of ICD-11 CPTSD has not yet been studied, and it remains unclear whether similar networks replicate across different samples. We investigated the network models of four different trauma samples that included a total of 879 participants (M age = 47...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30688367/moral-injury-an-integrative-review
#17
Brandon J Griffin, Natalie Purcell, Kristine Burkman, Brett T Litz, Craig J Bryan, Martha Schmitz, Claudia Villierme, Jessica Walsh, Shira Maguen
Individuals who are exposed to traumatic events that violate their moral values may experience severe distress and functional impairments known as "moral injuries." Over the last decade, moral injury has captured the attention of mental health care providers, spiritual and faith communities, media outlets, and the general public. Research about moral injury, especially among military personnel and veterans, has also proliferated. For this article, we reviewed scientific research about moral injury...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681196/nocturnal-olfactory-stimulation-for-improvement-of-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-exploratory-intervention-trial
#18
Laura Schäfer, Julia Schellong, Antje Hähner, Kerstin Weidner, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Sebastian Trautmann, Thomas Hummel, Ilona Croy
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by sleep impairment and nightmares. As pleasant odors presented during sleep affect the emotional tone of dreams without inducing arousal, we investigated whether sleep patterns in PTSD can be improved via nocturnal olfactory stimulation. Participants were 40 inpatients with PTSD (n = 35 women; age range: 20-59 years) who completed a randomized, patient-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Baseline measurement for 5 consecutive nights was followed by a 5-night experimental intervention or placebo trial...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667564/is-and-ought-descriptive-and-prescriptive-cognitions-in-military-related-moral-injury
#19
Jacob K Farnsworth
Debate exists regarding the most appropriate way to address moral injuries that stem from involvement in war and other military conflicts. In recent years, some researchers have suggested that existing treatments for trauma may be inadequate to address moral injury and have thus proposed novel interventions to help mitigate these concerns. In response, advocates of more traditional approaches have argued that standard trauma interventions are generally sufficient for moral injury, and investment in new interventions may be premature...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667549/posttraumatic-stress-trajectories-in-world-trade-center-tower-survivors-hyperarousal-and-emotional-numbing-predict-symptom-change
#20
Shane W Adams, Maureen A Allwood, Rosemarie M Bowler
There is a paucity of knowledge concerning the underlying symptomatology of heterogeneous posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories following mass trauma, such as a terrorist attack. This study examined longitudinal PTSS trajectories using latent growth mixture modeling in 2,355 World Trade Center (WTC) tower survivors surveyed by the WTC Health Registry an average of 2.5, 5.5, and 10.5 years after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics, WTC-related exposure, and other traumas/stressors...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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