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Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30995153/digest
#1
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30909847/longitudinal-sport-motivation-among-young-athletes-in-intensive-training-settings-using-methodological-advances-to-explore-temporal-structure-of-youth-behavioral-regulation-in-sport-questionnaire-scores
#2
Valérian Cece, Noémie Lienhart, Virginie Nicaise, Emma Guillet-Descas, Guillaume Martinent
This study aimed to examine the factor structure, the simplex structure, and the self-determination continuum of the Youth Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (YBRSQ); to test longitudinal invariance of the YBRSQ and to examine differential item functioning in the YBRSQ responses as a function of sex, type of sport, and competitive level; and to explore the dynamics of change and stability of motivational regulation across the competitive season in a sample of 736 adolescent athletes involved in intensive training settings across 3 measurement points (beginning, middle, and end)...
March 25, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30890015/coaches-coaching-psychological-skills-why-not-a-framework-and-questionnaire-development
#3
Rosemary A Arthur, Nichola Callow, Ross Roberts, Freya Glendinning
This study is part of a program of research investigating coaches delivering psychological skills (PS). Here, 3 studies feature an original conceptualization of coaching PS and the development and validation of 2 questionnaires capturing the coaching of PS. The authors conducted a qualitative investigation to establish a conceptual framework that included the fundamental coaching of PS behaviors (CPS-F) and the needs-supportive coaching of PS (CPS-NS). They then tested the factor structure of 2 subsequently developed questionnaires via a Bayesian structural equation modeling approach to confirmatory factor analysis across 2 samples and ran tests of invariance, concurrent, discriminant, and predictive validity...
March 19, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30871412/markers-of-early-specialization-and-their-relationships-with-burnout-and-dropout-in-swimming
#4
Heather K Larson, Bradley W Young, Tara-Leigh F McHugh, Wendy M Rodgers
Empirical evidence directly associating early sport specialization with burnout and dropout is lacking, although a relationship is theorized. Research in this area relies on time-intensive retrospective interviews or questionnaires that generate large amounts of data. The optimal use of these data for assessing early specialization (ES) and its relationship with key criterion variables is unclear. The purpose of this study was to add empirical evidence to the literature regarding ES, burnout, and dropout. This involved examining a large number of hypothesized markers of ES and reducing them to a smaller set useful for predicting burnout and dropout...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30798698/transformational-teaching-self-presentation-motives-and-identity-in-adolescent-female-physical-education
#5
Nina Verma, Robert C Eklund, Calum A Arthur, Timothy C Howle, Ann-Marie Gibson
This study examined whether teachers' use of transformational teaching behaviors, as perceived by adolescent girls, in physical education would predict girls' moderate to vigorous physical activity via mediated effects of physical activity self-presentation motives, physical activity identity, and physical education class engagement. Self-report data were acquired from 273 Scottish high school girls in Grades S1-S3 (the equivalent of Grades 7-9 in North America) at 2 time points separated by 1 week. Significant predictive pathways were found from transformational teaching to girls' moderate to vigorous physical activity via mediated effects of acquisitive self-presentation motives and physical activity identity...
February 24, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30909779/the-effects-of-overt-head-movements-on-physical-performance-after-positive-versus-negative-self-talk
#6
Javier Horcajo, Borja Paredes, Guillermo Higuero, Pablo Briñol, Richard E Petty
Research on self-talk has found that what athletes say to themselves influences their performance in sport settings. This experiment analyzed the relationship between positive and negative self-talk and physical performance in light of another variable: overt head movements. Participants were randomly assigned to first generate and then listen to either positive or negative self-statements. They were then randomly assigned to nod (up and down) or to shake (side to side) their heads while being exposed to the self-statements they had previously generated...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665314/digest
#7
Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30537884/a-qualitative-exploration-of-lgbtq-and-intersecting-identities-within-physical-activity-contexts
#8
Shannon S C Herrick, Lindsay R Duncan
LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc.) individuals face an array of challenges to physical activity participation, such as discrimination and exclusion. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of LGBTQ+ experiences in physical activity. Eight focus groups of LGBTQ+ individuals (N = 42) were conducted using a semistructured interview guide, and broad discussions about personal physical activity experiences were encouraged. All focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and subject to thematic analysis...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517819/understanding-positive-youth-development-in-sport-through-the-voices-of-indigenous-youth
#9
Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Courtney Mason
This study aimed to understand how positive youth development through sport and physical activity is understood and experienced by urban indigenous youth. Research in positive youth development claims that structured physical activities are critical for development. The 5 Cs (i.e., confidence, competence, character, connection, caring) are a gold standard when discussing positive outcomes and are important characteristics for youth to possess to attain the sixth C-contribution. Indigenous leaders recognize the value of sport for indigenous children and youth...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30514157/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-between-athlete-burnout-insomnia-and-polysomnographic-indices-in-young-elite-athletes
#10
Markus Gerber, Simon Best, Fabienne Meerstetter, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, Henrik Gustafsson, Renzo Bianchi, Daniel J Madigan, Flora Colledge, Sebastian Ludyga, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Few studies have examined the association between sleep and burnout symptoms in elite athletes. We recruited 257 young elite athletes (Mage  = 16.8 years) from Swiss Olympic partner schools. Of these, 197 were reassessed 6 months later. Based on the first assessment, 24 participants with clinically relevant burnout symptoms volunteered to participate in a polysomnographic examination and were compared with 26 (matched) healthy controls. Between 12% and 14% of young elite athletes reported burnout symptoms of potential clinical relevance, whereas 4-11% reported clinically relevant insomnia symptoms...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30514159/the-effects-of-prosocial-and-antisocial-behaviors-on-emotion-attention-and-performance-during-a-competitive-basketball-task
#11
Ali Al-Yaaribi, Maria Kavussanu, Christopher Ring
The purpose of this experiment was to investigate whether prosocial and antisocial teammate behaviors affect emotions (i.e., happiness, anxiety, anger), attention, and performance. Undergraduate sport and exercise science students (N = 102) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: prosocial behavior, antisocial behavior, and control. They performed a basketball free-throw shooting task for 2 min in baseline and experimental phases and completed measures of emotions and attention. Free-throw shooting performance was also recorded...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30541411/the-effect-of-acute-exercise-on-encoding-and-consolidation-of-long-term-memory
#12
Jeffrey D Labban, Jennifer L Etnier
Evidence supports that acute exercise benefits long-term memory. However, it is unclear whether these effects are due to benefits to encoding or consolidation. The purpose of this study was to more effectively isolate encoding and consolidation to advance our understanding of the specific nature of the effects of exercise on long-term memory. Using a within-subject design, participants completed a control session (no exercise), an encoding and consolidation condition (exercise prior to exposure to the memory task, E + C), and a consolidation condition (exercise following exposure)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30424708/-the-thrill-of-victory-and-the-agony-of-defeat-passion-and-emotional-reactions-to-success-and-failure-among-recreational-golfers
#13
Jérémie Verner-Filion, Benjamin J I Schellenberg, Maylys Rapaport, Jocelyn J Bélanger, Robert J Vallerand
The dualistic model of passion proposes two distinct forms of passion: obsessive (OP) and harmonious (HP). The purpose of this research was to test if emotional reactivity following athletic successes and failures was related to one's levels of HP and OP for sport. The authors recruited recreational golfers (N = 115) to report how they typically felt after they experienced successes and failures on the golf course. Results of multilevel modeling analyses supported the hypotheses and revealed that OP moderated the effects of success and failure on both positive and negative affect: OP was associated with higher levels of positive affect following success, as well as higher levels of negative affect following failure...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30424701/a-test-of-perfectionistic-vulnerability-following-competitive-failure-among-college-athletes
#14
Thomas Curran, Andrew P Hill
Perfectionism purportedly bestows vulnerability to distress through an interaction with achievement and interpersonal stress. The authors test this by assessing athletes' perfectionism and subsequent self-conscious emotion following repeated competitive failure. A total of 60 college athletes undertook three 4-min competitive sprint trials on a cycle ergometer and were instructed that they had performed the worst of all competitors on each occasion. Measures of perfectionism (self-oriented and socially prescribed) were taken at baseline and measures of pride, guilt, and shame were taken at baseline and three times following each successive failure...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30404573/the-need-relevant-instructor-behaviors-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#15
Eleanor Quested, Nikos Ntoumanis, Andreas Stenling, Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Jennie E Hancox
PURPOSE: This article outlines the development and validation of the Need-Relevant Instructor Behaviors Scale (NIBS). Drawing from self-determination theory, the NIBS is the first observation tool designed to code the frequency and the intensity of autonomy-, competence-, and relatedness-relevant behaviors of exercise instructors. The scale also captures the frequency of need-indifferent behaviors. METHODS: The behaviors of 27 exercise instructors were coded by trained raters on two occasions, before and after they received training in adaptive motivational communication...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30384795/the-digest
#16
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30380980/in-the-zone-an-exploration-of-personal-characteristics-underlying-affective-responses-to-heavy-exercise
#17
Leighton Jones, Jasmin C Hutchinson, Elizabeth M Mullin
Positive affective responses to exercise have been linked to longer-term adherence. The dual-mode model indicates that affective responses during heavy exercise (between the ventilatory threshold and the respiratory compensation point) are subject to interindividual variability (zone of response variability). Participants (N = 48) completed measures to assess personal characteristics prior to a graded exercise test. Responses to the Feeling Scale were recorded during the graded exercise test and subsequently used to group participants as either negative responders or neutral/positive responders to heavy exercise...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30380971/effects-of-the-timing-of-acute-exercise-and-movement-complexity-on-young-adults-psychomotor-learning
#18
Phillip D Tomporowski, Daniel M Pendleton
The role of acute bouts of exercise on young adults' psychomotor learning was assessed in two experiments. In Experiment 1, 10 min of exercise performed immediately following pursuit-rotor training improved retention of tracking movements, but only when measured 7 days following encoding and only under exercise conditions that required complex decisions. In Experiment 2, 10 min of exercise performed immediately prior to encoding resulted in a retention pattern similar to that seen in Experiment 1; however, performance did not differ significantly between exercise and control groups...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30376755/head-toes-knees-skip-improving-preschool-children-s-executive-function-through-a-motor-competence-intervention
#19
Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell, Ali Brian
Executive function skills play a critical role in school readiness for young children and can be improved through targeted intervention. However, children in preschool often experience deficits in multiple developmental domains. Thus, there is a need for integrated interventions that target multiple domains in concert. This study tested whether a proven gross motor skill intervention, Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP), also improves preschoolers' executive function. Participants were randomly assigned to either intervention (n = 50) or control (n = 57) conditions...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30193559/student-motivation-in-high-school-physical-education-a-latent-profile-analysis-approach
#20
Barbara E Bechter, James A Dimmock, Joshua L Howard, Peter R Whipp, Ben Jackson
Guided by the principles of self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to identify latent profiles representing high school students' motivational regulations for physical education (PE) and to model putative predictors and outcomes of profile membership. A sample of 532 Australian high school students, age 12-16 years (M = 13.83, SD = 1.13), reported their motivation for PE, perceptions of need satisfaction in PE, and effort expended in PE. Latent profile analysis revealed evidence of 3 distinct profiles that were consistent with continuum expectations outlined in self-determination theory (i...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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