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Clinical Neuropsychologist

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31111775/use-of-multiple-performance-and-symptom-validity-measures-determining-the-optimal-per-test-cutoff-for-determination-of-invalidity-analysis-of-skew-and-inter-test-correlations-in-valid-and-invalid-performance-groups
#1
Glenn J Larrabee, Martin L Rohling, John E Meyers
OBJECTIVE: Discrimination of patients passing vs. failing the Word Memory Test (WMT) by performance on 11 performance and symptom validity tests (PVTs, SVTs) from the Meyers Neuropsychological Battery (MNB) at per-test false positive cutoffs ranging from 0 to 15%. PVT and SVT intercorrelation in subgroups passing and failing the WMT, as well as the degree of skew of the individual PVTs and SVT in the pass/fail subgroups, were also analyzed. METHOD: In 255 clinical and forensic cases, 100 failed and 155 passed the WMT, at a base-rate of invalid performance of 39...
May 21, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107147/examining-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-test-as-an-assessment-of-subtle-differences-in-affective-theory-of-mind-after-concussion
#2
Caitlyn Gallant, Dawn Good
OBJECTIVE: This research examined affective theory of mind (ToM) differences between university students with and without a history of concussion using the revised Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET). Although, previous studies have shown that affective ToM is subserved by the ventromedial prefrontal cortex - a region that is vulnerable in head injury - few have examined whether subtle deficits in affective ToM are evident after concussion. Given the RMET's sensitivity to affective deficits following moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury, the current study examined its validity following concussion and its correlation with related ToM measures and constructs, such as empathy...
May 20, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31106672/examination-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-validity-and-substantive-scales-in-patients-with-electrical-injury
#3
Jason R Soble, Zachary J Resch, Evan T Schulze, Jessica L Paxton, Bailey Cation, Claire Friedhoff, Colleen Costin, Joseph W Fink, Raphael C Lee, Neil H Pliskin
OBJECTIVE: Electrical injury (EI) is a distinct subtype of traumatic injury that often results in a unique constellation of cognitive sequelae and unusual sensory experiences due to peripheral nervous system injury that are uncommon in general medical/neurological populations and have been unexplored with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). METHOD: This study examined performance patterns on MMPI-2-RF validity and substantive scales among 62 EI patients who underwent neuropsychological evaluation, of which 46 demonstrated valid symptom reporting and neurocognitive test performance via multiple independent validity indicators and were retained for analysis...
May 20, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31092108/the-construction-and-the-initial-validation-of-the-cognitive-bias-scale-for-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#4
Owen J Gaasedelen, Douglas M Whiteside, Elizabeth Altmaier, Catherine Welch, Michael R Basso
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the derivation and initial validation evidence of a novel Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) scale designed to be sensitive to cognitive response bias, as defined by poor performance on performance validity tests (PVTs), in the context of neuropsychological assessment. The Cognitive Bias Scale (CBS) is a ten-item scale that was designed to discriminate between neuropsychological patients who passed or failed PVTs. METHOD: In a sample of 306 consecutive mixed neuropsychological outpatients, the CBS was derived by initially selecting items that significantly discriminated participants who passed and failed two or more PVTs, with further item refinement utilizing Item Response Theory methods...
May 16, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31084399/where-have-i-heard-that-before-a-validity-study-of-source-memory-indices-from-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition
#5
Michelle A Babicz, David P Sheppard, Erin E Morgan, Steven Paul Woods
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the construct and criterion validity of the source memory (SM) indices within the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II). METHOD: Participants included 77 individuals with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND+), 287 HIV + neurocognitively normal individuals (HAND-) and 203 seronegative HIV comparisons (HIV-). CVLT-II SM impairment status (normative scores ≤1 standard deviation) was determined using Total Across-List Intrusions and Source Recognition Discriminability (d')...
May 14, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31076008/benton-judgment-of-line-orientation-test-examination-of-four-short-forms
#6
Anne-Isabelle Gasser, Virginie Descloux, Aline von Siebenthal, Natacha Cordonier, Philippe Rossier, Serge Zumbach
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter retrospective study aimed at examining the clinical accuracy of four 15-item versions (Woodard's O and E; Quall's Q and S) of the original 30-item Benton judgment of line orientation test in a mixed clinical sample of 260 patients. It is a test frequently used as a measure of visuospatial processing. It has the advantage of requiring minimal motor skills, while a major weakness is the lengthy administration time. METHOD: An archival search was conducted within four in- and out-patient clinics...
May 10, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31043112/assessment-of-neurocognitive-deficits-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#7
Primrose Nyamayaro, Dixon Chibanda, Reuben N Robbins, James Hakim, Hetta Gouse
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) are at risk for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND)/Neurocognitive Impairment (NCI). HIV prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is high, but neuropsychological screening and testing for NCI among HIV-infected individuals is not done frequently. This systematic review aims to establish how NCI among HIV-infected individuals is being assessed in SSA, if and how the tests are adapted, if norms exist and identify personnel who administer them...
May 1, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31030619/benefit-of-phonemic-cueing-on-confrontation-naming-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Brittany Cerbone, Paul J Massman, Steven Paul Woods, Michele K York
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in confrontation naming vary among persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD), including the extent to which phonemic cueing is helpful in generating the target word. This study examined neuropsychological correlates of phonemic cueing benefit and the influential effects of AD severity, estimated premorbid intellectual functioning, and apolipoprotein E genotype status. METHOD: Participants were 1104 individuals with mild to moderate AD who were administered the Boston Naming Test (BNT) as part of their initial neuropsychological evaluation...
April 29, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31020915/2019-aacn-conference-leadership
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31020899/an-examination-of-the-heterogeneity-of-cognitive-outcome-following-severe-to-extremely-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Sarah O'Brien, Kasey Metcalf, Jennifer Batchelor
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to explore neuropsychological outcomes in the initial recovery period following severe to extremely severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Using reliable change statistics, individuals were categorized as demonstrating cognitive improvement, stability or decline based on performance on 11 neuropsychological measures relative to scores returned during an initial assessment conducted in the acute post-injury stage. The study explored injury, demographic, and other variables as predictors of group membership...
April 25, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31014161/survey-methods-for-neuropsychologists-a-review-of-typical-methodological-pitfalls-and-suggested-solutions
#11
Thomas M Guterbock, Bernice A Marcopulos
OBJECTIVE: Survey research has enjoyed an increase in popularity, in part due to the availability of user-friendly software programs for online survey development and deployment. Neuropsychologists often use this methodology to learn about common clinical practices and attitudes in the field or to assess outcomes for patients. This paper aims to provide an overview of sound methods and common problems in survey research, along with specific recommendations for neuropsychologists wishing to conduct their own surveys or judge the quality of survey research...
April 24, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31014166/the-incremental-value-of-neuropsychological-assessment-a-critical-review
#12
Jacobus Donders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this critical review was to evaluate the current state of research regarding the incremental value of neuropsychological assessment in clinical practice, above and beyond what can be accounted for on the basis of demographic, medical, and other diagnostic variables. The focus was on neurological and other medical conditions across the lifespan where there is known risk for presence or future development of cognitive impairment. METHOD: Eligible investigations were group studies that had been published after 01/01/2000 in English in peer-reviewed journals and that had used standardized neuropsychological measures and reported on objective outcome criterion variables...
April 23, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007154/prospective-memory-assessment-in-acute-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Ariane Lajeunesse, Marie-Julie Potvin, Julie Audy, Véronique Paradis, Jean-François Giguère, Isabelle Rouleau
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember to perform an intention at the appropriate time in the future. It is of primary importance for daily living, and its disruption may impact functional autonomy. To date, few studies have examined PM during the acute phase of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), despite the high prevalence of this neurological condition and its potential impact on cognition. METHOD: Twenty mTBI patients (time since injury ranged from 45 to 73 days) and 15 healthy control participants performed the Ecological Test of Prospective Memory (TEMP), a simulated errand task in which participants were required to execute 10 event-based (EB) and five time-based (TB) tasks...
April 22, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007130/a-meta-analysis-on-verbal-working-memory-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#14
Ari Alex Ramos, Amer Cavalheiro Hamdan, Liana Machado
OBJECTIVE: Previous meta-analyses have demonstrated verbal working memory (WM) dysfunction in children and adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, the findings are inconsistent. The main objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate the performance of children and adolescents with ADHD in the Digit Span Backwards (DSB) subtest from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. We also sought to provide an updated meta-analysis on WM in children and adolescents with ADHD...
April 22, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31002018/limb-apraxia-profiles-in-different-clinical-samples
#15
Ilka Buchmann, Mareike Dangel, Lisa Finkel, Rebecca Jung, Inara Makhkamova, Andreas Binder, Christian Dettmers, Laura Herrmann, Joachim Liepert, Jens Carsten Möller, Gabriel Richter, Tobias Vogler, Caroline Wolf, Jennifer Randerath
OBJECTIVE: Limb apraxia is a motor cognitive disorder that has been mainly studied in patients with dementia or left hemisphere stroke (LHS). However, limb apraxia has also been reported in patients with right hemisphere stroke (RHS), multiple sclerosis (MS) or traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study's aim was to report detailed praxis performance profiles in samples suffering from these different neurological disorders by use of the Diagnostic Instrument for Limb Apraxia (DILA-S). METHOD: 44 LHS patients, 36 RHS patients, 27 patients with dementia, 26 MS and 44 TBI patients participated...
April 19, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31002017/the-word-memory-test-genuine-memory-impairment-profile-discriminates-genuine-memory-impairment-from-invalid-performance-in-a-mixed-clinical-sample-with-cognitive-impairment
#16
W Alex Alverson, Justin J F O'Rourke, Jason R Soble
OBJECTIVE: The Word Memory Test (WMT) is a memory-based performance validity test (PVT) with adjusted interpretive criteria (Genuine Memory Impairment Profile; GMIP) proposed for those with cognitive impairment (CI). The GMIP has been criticized for poor discriminability; thus, this study sought to validate the GMIP in a mixed clinical sample. Analyses aimed to demonstrate enhanced detection of invalid neuropsychological test performance while minimizing false positives in a sample including patients with mild CI...
April 19, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983493/effects-of-low-visual-acuity-on-neuropsychological-test-scores-a-simulation-study
#17
Gera A de Haan, Oliver Tucha, Joost Heutink
OBJECTIVE: To systematically examine the effect of low visual acuity (LVA) on a number of commonly used neuropsychological tests. METHOD: In this study, the influence of LVA on a number of commonly used neuropsychological tests was examined in 238 healthy older adults (aged 50-80) without visual or neurological impairment. LVA was simulated using simulation glasses. RESULTS: It was found that a simulated LVA of ∼0.2 (decimal acuity; Snellen 6/30 or 20/100, LogMAR 0...
April 15, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30977435/prospective-relations-between-kindergarteners-executive-function-skills-and-their-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors
#18
Kirsten A Quistberg, Ulrich Mueller
OBJECTIVE: Executive function difficulties have been identified as a transdiagnostic mechanism for the development of psychological disorders; however little is known about the relations between executive function and internalizing and externalizing behavior patterns, especially in young children. To address this gap in the literature, the current study examined the reciprocal relations between internalizing and externalizing behaviors and two component processes of executive function, inhibition, and working memory...
April 12, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957700/detecting-malingered-pain-related-disability-with-the-pain-catastrophizing-scale-a-criterion-groups-validation-study
#19
Kelly L Curtis, Luis E Aguerrevere, Kevin J Bianchini, Kevin W Greve, Robert C Nicks
OBJECTIVE: Intentional exaggeration of symptoms is a potential problem in contexts where there are financial incentives to appear disabled. Therefore, calibration of tools to accurately evaluate malingering in these contexts is important. The present study used a criterion groups validation design to determine the ability of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) to detect Malingered Pain-Related Disability (MPRD). METHOD: Individuals meeting inclusionary/exclusionary criteria were selected for this study (n = 219) from a larger dataset of chronic pain patients referred for a psychological evaluation...
April 8, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957642/norms-matter-u-s-normative-data-under-estimate-cognitive-deficits-in-norwegians-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#20
Rune Raudeberg, Grant L Iverson, Åsa Hammar
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate and quantify how using different normative systems influences the accuracy of identifying cognitive impairment in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 315 patients between 18 and 38 years of age referred for neuropsychological assessment at a psychiatric inpatient hospital in Bergen, Norway, was included. All completed the Norwegian version of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsy-chological Status (RBANS)...
April 8, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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