Journals Social Psychiatry and Psychiat...

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Peter Tyrer, Conor Duggan, Min Yang, Helen Tyrer
PURPOSE: To examine the nature of positive and negative environmental change on clinical outcome in 210 patients presenting with anxiety and depression and followed up over 30 years. METHODS: In addition to clinical assessments, major environmental changes, particularly after 12 and 30 years, were recorded in all patients by a combination of self-report and taped interviews. Environmental changes were separated into two major groups, positive or negative, determined by patient opinion...
July 10, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Tegan Cruwys, Emily Macleod, Timothy Heffernan, Iain Walker, Samantha K Stanley, Tim Kurz, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Olivia Evans, Alison L Calear
PURPOSE: As environmental disasters become more common and severe due to climate change, there is a growing need for strategies to bolster recovery that are proactive, cost-effective, and which mobilise community resources. AIMS: We propose that building social group connections is a particularly promising strategy for supporting mental health in communities affected by environmental disasters. METHODS: We tested the social identity model of identity change in a disaster context among 627 people substantially affected by the 2019-2020 Australian fires...
July 10, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Melanie S Askari, Daniel W Belsky, Mark Olfson, Joshua Breslau, Ramin Mojtabai, Sandhya Kajeepeta, Emilie Bruzelius, Katherine M Keyes
PURPOSE: The aim of this literature review is to examine evidence of time trends and birth cohort effects in depressive disorders and symptoms among US adolescents in peer-reviewed articles from January 2004 to April 2022. METHODS: We conducted an integrative systematic literature review. Three reviewers participated at different stages of article review. Of the 2234 articles identified in three databases (Pubmed, ProQuest Central, Ebscohost), 10 met inclusion criteria (i...
July 10, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lisa Schölin, K S Kylie Lee, Leslie London, Melissa Pearson, Fredrick Otieno, Manjula Weerasinghe, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Jane Brandt Sørensen
PURPOSE: Suicide and self-harm by pesticide self-poisoning is common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Alcohol is an important risk factor for self-harm; however, little is known about its role in pesticide self-poisoning. This scoping review explores the role that alcohol plays in pesticide self-harm and suicide. METHODS: The review followed the Joanna Briggs Institute scoping review guidance. Searches were undertaken in 14 databases, Google Scholar, and relevant websites...
July 8, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Mohammad Izzat Morshidi, Peter K H Chew, Lidia Suárez
INTRODUCTION:  The Western Pacific region accounts for 25% of global suicide rates globally. In the last decade, however, there is a rising concern over the rate of youth suicides in the region. In line with the regional vision of reducing the rate of non-communicable diseases by 2025, the study contributes to the literature by utilizing a scoping review approach to identify psychosocial risk factors associated with youth suicide in the region. METHOD: Publications on youth suicide in the Western Pacific region between 2010 and 2021 were reviewed...
July 7, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Débie Garlet Osmari, Anderson Garcez, Juvenal Soares Dias-da-Costa, Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto
PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between obesity and common mental disorders (CMD) among women. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study with a representative sample of 981 adult women (20-60 years of age) living in the urban area of the municipality of São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil, in 2015. The presence of CMD was assessed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20 ≥ 8). Obesity was defined by body mass index (BMI ≥ 30...
July 6, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Katharina Isabelle Moormann, Alexander Pabst, Franziska Bleck, Margrit Löbner, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Carolin van der Leeden, André Hajek, Christian Brettschneider, Kathrin Heser, Luca Kleineidam, Jochen Werle, Angela Fuchs, Dagmar Weeg, Horst Bickel, Michael Pentzek, Siegfried Weyerer, Birgitt Wiese, Michael Wagner, Wolfgang Maier, Martin Scherer, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
PURPOSE: To examine the association of sociodemographic and health-related determinants with social isolation in relation to family and friends in the oldest-old. METHODS: Database was the multi-center prospective AgeCoDe/AgeQualiDe cohort study assessed at follow-up wave 5 (N = 1148; mean age 86.6 years (SD 3.0); 67% female). Social isolation was assessed using the short form of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6). The LSNS-6 contains two sets of items establishing psychometrically separable subscales for isolation from family and friends (ranges 0-15 points), with lower scores indicating higher isolation...
July 5, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Rochelle A Burgess
How are we to best grapple with the notion of the Social in mental health landscapes? This piece of speculative work explores a series of tensions that emerge in our attempt to contemplate, engage with, and address the social in mental health spaces. First, I will explore the tensions created by disciplinary demands for specialisation, questioning the value of this with regard to treating social and emotional bodies which continually reject such fragmentation. This line of inquiry then leads to reflection on the value of a social topology-enabled through the application of intersectionality principles, Black Sociological analytical frameworks, including the worldview approach, and societal psychological perspectives on knowledge and action...
July 3, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Thomas P Nguyen, Shameran Slewa-Younan, Pilar Rioseco
PURPOSE: Refugees are at greater risk of mental illness due to stressors encountered post-resettlement. However, few longitudinal studies have examined the within-person effects of these stressors, especially with respect to social integration. This study aims to examine what factors are associated with psychological distress in a longitudinal sample of refugees resettled in Australia. METHODS: This study used data from three Waves of the Building a New Life in Australia study, collected between 2013 and 2018...
July 1, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dörte Bemme, Tessa Roberts, Kenneth A Ae-Ngibise, Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda, Kaustubh Joag, Ashraf Kagee, Mercilene Machisa, Claire van der Westhuizen, André van Rensburg, Samantha Willan, Milena Wuerth, May Aoun, Sumeet Jain, Crick Lund, Kaaren Mathias, Ursula Read, Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Rochelle A Burgess
PURPOSE: Calls for "mutuality" in global mental health (GMH) aim to produce knowledge more equitably across epistemic and power differences. With funding, convening, and publishing power still concentrated in institutions in the global North, efforts to decolonize GMH emphasize the need for mutual learning instead of unidirectional knowledge transfers. This article reflects on mutuality as a concept and practice that engenders sustainable relations, conceptual innovation, and queries how epistemic power can be shared...
July 1, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Derek King, Petra C Gronholm, Martin Knapp, Mauricio S Hoffmann, Eva-Maria Bonin, Nicola Brimblecombe, Rajendra Kadel, Barbara Maughan, Nick O'Shea, Marcus Richards, Ties Hoomans, Sara Evans-Lacko
PURPOSE: This study examines the association between mental health problems in adolescence and general practice (GP) costs during adulthood up to age 50 in the UK. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of three British birth cohorts (individuals born in single weeks in 1946, 1958 and 1970). Data for the three cohorts were analysed separately. All respondents who participated in the cohort studies were included. Adolescent mental health status was assessed in each cohort using the Rutter scale (or, for one cohort, a forerunner of that scale) completed in interviews with parents and teachers when cohort members were aged around 16...
June 26, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sherifat Oduola, Tom K J Craig, Eduardo Iacoponi, Alastair Macdonald, Craig Morgan
PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics on delay to early intervention service (EIS) and the length of stay (LOS) with EIS. METHODS: We used incidence data linked to the Clinical Record Interactive Search-First Episode Psychosis (CRIS-FEP) study. We followed the patients from May 2010 to March 2016. We performed multivariable Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios of delay to EIS. Negative binomial regression was used to determine LOS with EIS by sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, controlling for confounders...
June 23, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
V Parlatini, L Frangou, S Zhang, S Epstein, A Morris, C Grant, L Zalewski, A Jewell, S Velupillai, E Simonoff, J Downs
PURPOSE: Emotional and behavioral problems in children and young people (CYP) have increased over the pandemic. Those with pre-existing mental disorders are more vulnerable but have been understudied. We investigated emotional and behavioral outcomes in this population; differences across diagnostic groups; and social, educational, and clinical determinants. METHODS: We invited 5386 caregivers and CYP (aged 5-17) under child mental health services pre-pandemic to complete an online survey on CYP's emotional/behavioral symptoms and pandemic-related circumstances, and integrated responses with clinicodemographic information extracted from electronic health records...
June 23, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Allison E Bond, Aleksandr T Karnick, Daniel W Capron, Michael D Anestis
PURPOSE: This study utilized demographic and intrapersonal variables to identify individuals who may have falsely denied firearm ownership and determined if individuals can be divided into meaningful subgroups. METHODS: Participants were United States residents (N = 3500) recruited from January to June 2020. matched to the 2010 census data for age, race, sex, income, and education level. A Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial (ZINB) regression was utilized to determine potential underreporting of firearm ownership, and a latent class analysis was utilized to determine unique subgroups of those who were identified as underreporting firearm ownership in the ZINB...
June 23, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ian Cero, Munmun De Choudhury, Peter A Wyman
PURPOSE: The structure of relationships in a social network affects the suicide risk of the people embedded within it. Although current interventions often modify the social perceptions (e.g., perceived support and sense of belonging) for people at elevated risk, few seek to directly modify the structure of their surrounding social networks. We show social network structure is a worthwhile intervention target in its own right. METHODS: A simple model illustrates the potential of interventions to modify social structure...
June 21, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lucia Sideli, Monica Aas, Diego Quattrone, Daniele La Barbera, Caterina La Cascia, Laura Ferraro, Luis Alameda, Eva Velthorst, Giulia Trotta, Giada Tripoli, Adriano Schimmenti, Andrea Fontana, Charlotte Gayer-Anderson, Simona Stilo, Fabio Seminerio, Crocettarachele Sartorio, Giovanna Marrazzo, Antonio Lasalvia, Sarah Tosato, Ilaria Tarricone, Domenico Berardi, Giuseppe D'Andrea, Celso Arango, Manuel Arrojo, Miguel Bernardo, Julio Bobes, Julio Sanjuán, Jose Luis Santos, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Cristina Marta Del-Ben, Hannah E Jongsma, Peter B Jones, James B Kirkbride, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Andrea Tortelli, Baptiste Pignon, Lieuwe de Haan, Jean-Paul Selten, Jim Van Os, Bart P Rutten, Richard Bentall, Marta Di Forti, Robin M Murray, Craig Morgan, Helen L Fisher
This study investigated if the association between childhood maltreatment and cognition among psychosis patients and community controls was partially accounted for by genetic liability for psychosis. Patients with first-episode psychosis (N = 755) and unaffected controls (N = 1219) from the EU-GEI study were assessed for childhood maltreatment, intelligence quotient (IQ), family history of psychosis (FH), and polygenic risk score for schizophrenia (SZ-PRS). Controlling for FH and SZ-PRS did not attenuate the association between childhood maltreatment and IQ in cases or controls...
June 19, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amelia Bailey, Bruce G Taylor, Harold A Pollack, John A Schneider, Elizabeth A Evans
PURPOSE: The rise of fatal stimulant use among adults who use opioids is a public health problem. Internalized stigma is a barrier to substance use treatment, which is greater for women and populations with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: Using a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States from a probability-based survey on household opinions in 2021, we examined characteristics of women (n = 289) and men (n = 416) who misuse opioids...
June 15, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amanda McCleery, Jonathan K Wynn, Derek M Novacek, Eric A Reavis, Damla Senturk, Catherine A Sugar, Jack Tsai, Michael F Green
PURPOSE: Mental health trajectories during the COVID-19 pandemic have been examined in Veterans with tenuous social connections, i.e., those with recent homelessness (RHV) or a psychotic disorder (PSY), and in control Veterans (CTL). We test potential moderating effects on these trajectories by psychological factors that may help individuals weather the socio-emotional challenges associated with the pandemic (i.e., 'psychological strengths'). METHODS: We assessed 81 PSY, 76 RHV, and 74 CTL over 5 periods between 05/2020 and 07/2021...
June 14, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ben Lorimer, Gemma Traviss-Turner, Andrew Hill, Sarah Baker, Simon Gilbody, Emily Peckham
Severe mental ill health (SMI) is associated with excess mortality, and poor diet is one associated modifiable risk factor. This study investigated factors associated with low consumption of fruit and vegetables among people with SMI (N = 9914). A total of 8.4% of participants ate no portions per day, while only 15% ate 5 + portions. Individuals who never consumed fruit and vegetables or ate < 5 portions per day were more likely to be male, younger than 65, unemployed, experience poorer general health, or perceive health as unimportant...
June 14, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kimmo Suokas, Olli Kurkela, Jaakko Nevalainen, Jaana Suvisaari, Christian Hakulinen, Olli Kampman, Sami Pirkola
PURPOSE: In Finland, prevalence of schizophrenia is higher in the eastern and northern regions and co-occurs with the distribution of schizophrenia polygenic risk scores. Both genetic and environmental factors have been hypothesized to contribute to this variation. We aimed to examine the prevalence of psychotic and other mental disorders by region and degree of urbanicity, and the impacts of socio-economic adjustments on these associations. METHODS: Nationwide population registers from 2011 to 2017 and healthcare registers from 1975 to 2017...
June 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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