Journals Social Psychiatry and Psychiat...

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Alexis Vanhaesebrouck, Thomas Fovet, Maria Melchior, Thomas Lefevre
PURPOSE: Suicide is a leading cause of death in prison and the suicide rates are several times higher in the prison population than in the general population in most countries. Of the studies that have investigated risk factors for suicide in prison, few have controlled for possible confounding factors. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors of suicide among people in French prisons, over a four-year period. METHODS: All incarcerations that occurred in France during 2017-2020 were eligible...
April 9, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ramin Mojtabai
PURPOSE: This study examined time trends in significant child and adolescent psychological symptoms and explored the association of frequent and problematic social media use with these symptoms. METHODS: Time trends in psychological symptoms were assessed using data from five waves of the international survey of Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC), conducted between 2001 and 2018 (N = 1,036,869). The associations of frequent and problematic social media use with significant psychological symptoms were assessed by hierarchical multinomial logistic regression using data from 2001-2002 and the 2017-2018 survey waves...
April 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Bianca Gonçalves Tasca, Marwân-Al-Qays Bousmah, Karna Coulibaly, Anne Gosselin, Andrainolo Ravalihasy, Annabel Desgrées du Loû, Maria Melchior
PURPOSE: The MAKASI intervention aimed to empower Sub-Saharan African immigrants living in precarious situations in the Paris metropolitan area. Because there are factors specifically related to immigration that may increase the risk for common mental disorders, the present study aimed to examine participants' levels of depression and loneliness and analyze the effect of the intervention on depression and loneliness. METHODS: The MAKASI study was designed as a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial...
April 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Elise Grohmann, Amani Al-Addous, Christian Sander, Ezgi Dogan-Sander, Eva Baumann, Matthias C Angermeyer, Georg Schomerus
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine time trends in the ability to correctly identify schizophrenia and major depression within the German general population from 1990 to 2020, as an indicator of changing mental health literacy (MHL). Additionally, we investigated shifts in the use of stigmatizing language. METHODS: Our analysis is based on four waves of representative population surveys in Germany in 1990/1993 (West Germany: N = 2044, East Germany: N = 1563), 2001 (N = 5025), 2011 (N = 2455), and 2020 (N = 3042) using identical methodology...
April 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Anna Wiedemann, Peter B Jones, Anne-Marie Burn
PURPOSE: Initial discussions about the COVID-19 pandemic often overlooked its impact on young adults. By employing a qualitative approach nested within an ongoing general population cohort study, we seek to fill a gap in the literature by providing insights into the longer-term impact on this demographic. METHODS: Data collection involved the use of in-depth semi-structured interviews. Using a pre-determined sampling frame, we purposively recruited 30 participants based on age, gender, ethnicity, and deprivation from the Neuroscience in Psychiatry Network (NSPN)...
April 5, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Gary Ka-Ki Chung, Xiaoting Liu, Karlijn Massar, Karen Schelleman-Offermans, Hans Bosma, Yat-Hang Chan, Siu-Ming Chan, Ji-Kang Chen, Hung Wong, Roger Yat-Nork Chung
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence on socioeconomic inequalities in psychosocial well-being of adolescents under the COVID-19 pandemic, the explanatory factors and their potential variations across contexts remained understudied. Hence, this cross-regional study compared the extent of inequalities and the mediating pathways across Hong Kong, Mainland China, and the Netherlands. METHODS: Between July 2021 and January 2022, 25 secondary schools from diverse socioeconomic background were purposively sampled from Hong Kong, Zhejiang (Mainland China), and Limburg (the Netherlands)...
April 4, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Anjuli Kaul, Laura Connell-Jones, Sharli Anne Paphitis, Sian Oram
PURPOSE: People with mental disorders are more likely to experience sexual violence than the general population, but little is known about the prevalence of sexual violence in people who use psychiatric services. This paper aims to estimate the prevalence and odds of sexual violence victimisation within mental health services by gender and mental health setting (i.e. inpatient, outpatient and mixed settings). METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration number: CRD4201810019)...
April 3, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Vendula Machů, Iris Arends, Josué Almansa, Karin Veldman, Ute Bültmann
PURPOSE: Work-family life courses have been associated with mental health at various time points in life but little is known about how mental health develops during these work-family life courses. The aim of this study was to examine mental health trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood in women and men with different work-family life courses. METHODS: Data from 992 young adults participating in the 18-year follow-up TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) were used...
March 29, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sara Siddiqi, Asia Akther, Dawn-Li Blair, Heidi Eccles, Brianna Frangione, Alexa Keeshan, Shubhdeep Nagi, Ian Colman
PURPOSE: Migrants may have elevated exposure to stressors, which can affect their physical and mental well-being. However, migrants often experience a healthy immigrant effect, the applicability of this phenomena to eating disorders is unknown. We aimed to synthesize the available literature and estimate a summary measure of prevalence odds ratio for eating disorders in migrant populations compared to local populations. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science with keywords on migration and eating disorders...
March 28, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amal R Khanolkar, Tuba Mazhari
PURPOSE: Mental illness and obesity (MH-OB) may co-occur in adolescence and have a strong risk to track into adulthood. Using an intersectional framework, we explored associations between ethnic-sexual identities and MH-OB comorbidity in adolescents. We examined the risk of self-harm (SH) and attempted suicide (AS) by comorbidity status and ethnic-sexual identities. METHODS: Participants included 9,789 adolescents (aged 17 years) from the UK-wide Millennium Cohort Study with data on self-identified ethnicity and sexuality...
March 26, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Melanie S Askari, Daniel W Belsky, Mark Olfson, Ramin Mojtabai, Joshua Breslau, Katherine M Keyes
PURPOSE: Household economic adversity during adolescence is hypothesized to be a risk factor for poor mental health later in life. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a quasi-experimental analysis of an economic shock, the Great Recession of 2007-2009. We tested if going through adolescence during the Great Recession was associated with increased risk of major depressive episodes (MDE) and mental health treatment in young adulthood with potential moderation by household poverty to explore differences by economic adversity...
March 26, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
André Tärnhäll, Jonas Björk, Märta Wallinius, Peik Gustafsson, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Peng Xiong, Yuhan Chen, Yuchen Shi, Min Liu, Weixin Yang, Baolin Liang, Yaozhong Liu
PURPOSE: Our study aims to evaluate the global burden of disease attributable to IPV from 1990 to 2019 at global, regional, national, and socio-demographic index (SDI) levels. Our research question is: What is the global burden of disease attributable to intimate partner violence (IPV) from 1990 to 2019, and how does it vary at global, regional, national, and socio-demographic index (SDI) levels? METHODS: Data parameters for the number of deaths, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), and age-standardized rate were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019...
March 23, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Tuomas Majuri, Iiro Nerg, Sanna Huikari, Ina Rissanen, Erika Jääskeläinen, Jouko Miettunen, Marko Korhonen
PURPOSE: Psychotic disorders are associated with substantial productivity costs; however no previous studies have compared these between schizophrenia spectrum (SSD) and other psychotic disorders (OP). The human capital method (HCM) and the friction cost method (FCM) are the two most common approaches to assess productivity costs. The HCM focuses on employees' perspectives on the costs, whereas the FCM demonstrates employers' perspectives. Studies comparing these methods when estimating the productivity costs of psychoses are lacking...
March 22, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Tabinda Basit, Maree Toombs, Damian Santomauro, Harvey Whiteford, Alize Ferrari
PURPOSE: Limited data exists on the relationship between sociodemographic and cultural variables and the prevalence of specific mental and substance use disorders (MSDs) among Indigenous Australians, using diagnostic prevalence data. This paper utilises data from the Queensland Urban Indigenous Mental Health Survey (QUIMHS), a population-level diagnostic mental health survey, to identify socioeconomic and cultural correlates of psychological distress and specific MSDs in an urban Indigenous Australian sample...
March 20, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Miranda Justo-Nunez, Lydia Morris, Katherine Berry
PURPOSE: Disorganised attachment is a key concept in understanding the development of psychosis. However, existing questionnaires of adult attachment do not adequately measure this construct hindering future research into the psychosocial causes of psychosis. The most widely measure of adult attachment in people experiencing psychosis is the Psychosis Attachment Measure (PAM). The measure has recently been revised to include disorganised attachment items. This study develops previous research by providing a rigorous examination the psychometric properties of the revised questionnaire (PAM-R)...
March 19, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Yujie Zhang
PURPOSE: Despite rich data on neighborhood safety perception's role in shaping depressive symptoms, a comprehensive view of this dynamic interplay remains a frontier. This study seeks to unravel the intricate interplay of neighborhood safety perception and depressive symptoms, utilizing the lens of social safety theory. METHODS: Employing the 2016 and 2020 waves of the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), this study utilized ordered logistic regression (ologit) for statistical analysis...
March 18, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jarra Marega, Haddy Tunkara Bah
PURPOSE: Deinstitutionalization of persons living with mental illness has led to many patients residing in communities with family members and shifting the burden of care and caregiving from hospitals to homes. The aim of the study was to determine the burden on caregivers of patients with schizophrenia at Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital (EFSTH). METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study design with a sample consisting of 161 randomly selected caregivers of patients with schizophrenia...
March 18, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Philip J Batterham, Amy Dawel, Kristen Murray, Yiyun Shou, Amelia Gulliver, Nicolas Cherbuin, Louise M Farrer
PURPOSE: Considerable empirical evidence indicates that stressful life experiences may have a negative impact on mental health. However, it is unclear how multiple adverse experiences may intersect to influence symptoms of depression and anxiety. Using a syndemics approach to identify potential synergistic effects between major stressors, we aimed to quantify the roles of multiple recent adverse life experiences on depression and anxiety symptoms. METHODS: A population-representative sample of 1090 Australian adults (53% women, Mage 47 years) completed a cross-sectional survey in 2022 that assessed mental health and retrospective reports of nine specific stressful life experiences in the past year...
March 14, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ana Paula da Cunha Varella, Eve Griffin, Ali Khashan, Zubair Kabir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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