Journals Social Psychiatry and Psychiat...

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Thomas P Nguyen, Shameran Slewa-Younan, Pilar Rioseco
PURPOSE: Refugees are at greater risk of mental illness due to stressors encountered post-resettlement. However, few longitudinal studies have examined the within-person effects of these stressors, especially with respect to social integration. This study aims to examine what factors are associated with psychological distress in a longitudinal sample of refugees resettled in Australia. METHODS: This study used data from three Waves of the Building a New Life in Australia study, collected between 2013 and 2018...
July 1, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dörte Bemme, Tessa Roberts, Kenneth A Ae-Ngibise, Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda, Kaustubh Joag, Ashraf Kagee, Mercilene Machisa, Claire van der Westhuizen, André van Rensburg, Samantha Willan, Milena Wuerth, May Aoun, Sumeet Jain, Crick Lund, Kaaren Mathias, Ursula Read, Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Rochelle A Burgess
PURPOSE: Calls for "mutuality" in global mental health (GMH) aim to produce knowledge more equitably across epistemic and power differences. With funding, convening, and publishing power still concentrated in institutions in the global North, efforts to decolonize GMH emphasize the need for mutual learning instead of unidirectional knowledge transfers. This article reflects on mutuality as a concept and practice that engenders sustainable relations, conceptual innovation, and queries how epistemic power can be shared...
July 1, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Derek King, Petra C Gronholm, Martin Knapp, Mauricio S Hoffmann, Eva-Maria Bonin, Nicola Brimblecombe, Rajendra Kadel, Barbara Maughan, Nick O'Shea, Marcus Richards, Ties Hoomans, Sara Evans-Lacko
PURPOSE: This study examines the association between mental health problems in adolescence and general practice (GP) costs during adulthood up to age 50 in the UK. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of three British birth cohorts (individuals born in single weeks in 1946, 1958 and 1970). Data for the three cohorts were analysed separately. All respondents who participated in the cohort studies were included. Adolescent mental health status was assessed in each cohort using the Rutter scale (or, for one cohort, a forerunner of that scale) completed in interviews with parents and teachers when cohort members were aged around 16...
June 26, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sherifat Oduola, Tom K J Craig, Eduardo Iacoponi, Alastair Macdonald, Craig Morgan
PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics on delay to early intervention service (EIS) and the length of stay (LOS) with EIS. METHODS: We used incidence data linked to the Clinical Record Interactive Search-First Episode Psychosis (CRIS-FEP) study. We followed the patients from May 2010 to March 2016. We performed multivariable Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios of delay to EIS. Negative binomial regression was used to determine LOS with EIS by sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, controlling for confounders...
June 23, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
V Parlatini, L Frangou, S Zhang, S Epstein, A Morris, C Grant, L Zalewski, A Jewell, S Velupillai, E Simonoff, J Downs
PURPOSE: Emotional and behavioral problems in children and young people (CYP) have increased over the pandemic. Those with pre-existing mental disorders are more vulnerable but have been understudied. We investigated emotional and behavioral outcomes in this population; differences across diagnostic groups; and social, educational, and clinical determinants. METHODS: We invited 5386 caregivers and CYP (aged 5-17) under child mental health services pre-pandemic to complete an online survey on CYP's emotional/behavioral symptoms and pandemic-related circumstances, and integrated responses with clinicodemographic information extracted from electronic health records...
June 23, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Allison E Bond, Aleksandr T Karnick, Daniel W Capron, Michael D Anestis
PURPOSE: This study utilized demographic and intrapersonal variables to identify individuals who may have falsely denied firearm ownership and determined if individuals can be divided into meaningful subgroups. METHODS: Participants were United States residents (N = 3500) recruited from January to June 2020. matched to the 2010 census data for age, race, sex, income, and education level. A Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial (ZINB) regression was utilized to determine potential underreporting of firearm ownership, and a latent class analysis was utilized to determine unique subgroups of those who were identified as underreporting firearm ownership in the ZINB...
June 23, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ian Cero, Munmun De Choudhury, Peter A Wyman
PURPOSE: The structure of relationships in a social network affects the suicide risk of the people embedded within it. Although current interventions often modify the social perceptions (e.g., perceived support and sense of belonging) for people at elevated risk, few seek to directly modify the structure of their surrounding social networks. We show social network structure is a worthwhile intervention target in its own right. METHODS: A simple model illustrates the potential of interventions to modify social structure...
June 21, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lucia Sideli, Monica Aas, Diego Quattrone, Daniele La Barbera, Caterina La Cascia, Laura Ferraro, Luis Alameda, Eva Velthorst, Giulia Trotta, Giada Tripoli, Adriano Schimmenti, Andrea Fontana, Charlotte Gayer-Anderson, Simona Stilo, Fabio Seminerio, Crocettarachele Sartorio, Giovanna Marrazzo, Antonio Lasalvia, Sarah Tosato, Ilaria Tarricone, Domenico Berardi, Giuseppe D'Andrea, Celso Arango, Manuel Arrojo, Miguel Bernardo, Julio Bobes, Julio Sanjuán, Jose Luis Santos, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Cristina Marta Del-Ben, Hannah E Jongsma, Peter B Jones, James B Kirkbride, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Andrea Tortelli, Baptiste Pignon, Lieuwe de Haan, Jean-Paul Selten, Jim Van Os, Bart P Rutten, Richard Bentall, Marta Di Forti, Robin M Murray, Craig Morgan, Helen L Fisher
This study investigated if the association between childhood maltreatment and cognition among psychosis patients and community controls was partially accounted for by genetic liability for psychosis. Patients with first-episode psychosis (N = 755) and unaffected controls (N = 1219) from the EU-GEI study were assessed for childhood maltreatment, intelligence quotient (IQ), family history of psychosis (FH), and polygenic risk score for schizophrenia (SZ-PRS). Controlling for FH and SZ-PRS did not attenuate the association between childhood maltreatment and IQ in cases or controls...
June 19, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amelia Bailey, Bruce G Taylor, Harold A Pollack, John A Schneider, Elizabeth A Evans
PURPOSE: The rise of fatal stimulant use among adults who use opioids is a public health problem. Internalized stigma is a barrier to substance use treatment, which is greater for women and populations with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: Using a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States from a probability-based survey on household opinions in 2021, we examined characteristics of women (n = 289) and men (n = 416) who misuse opioids...
June 15, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amanda McCleery, Jonathan K Wynn, Derek M Novacek, Eric A Reavis, Damla Senturk, Catherine A Sugar, Jack Tsai, Michael F Green
PURPOSE: Mental health trajectories during the COVID-19 pandemic have been examined in Veterans with tenuous social connections, i.e., those with recent homelessness (RHV) or a psychotic disorder (PSY), and in control Veterans (CTL). We test potential moderating effects on these trajectories by psychological factors that may help individuals weather the socio-emotional challenges associated with the pandemic (i.e., 'psychological strengths'). METHODS: We assessed 81 PSY, 76 RHV, and 74 CTL over 5 periods between 05/2020 and 07/2021...
June 14, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ben Lorimer, Gemma Traviss-Turner, Andrew Hill, Sarah Baker, Simon Gilbody, Emily Peckham
Severe mental ill health (SMI) is associated with excess mortality, and poor diet is one associated modifiable risk factor. This study investigated factors associated with low consumption of fruit and vegetables among people with SMI (N = 9914). A total of 8.4% of participants ate no portions per day, while only 15% ate 5 + portions. Individuals who never consumed fruit and vegetables or ate < 5 portions per day were more likely to be male, younger than 65, unemployed, experience poorer general health, or perceive health as unimportant...
June 14, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kimmo Suokas, Olli Kurkela, Jaakko Nevalainen, Jaana Suvisaari, Christian Hakulinen, Olli Kampman, Sami Pirkola
PURPOSE: In Finland, prevalence of schizophrenia is higher in the eastern and northern regions and co-occurs with the distribution of schizophrenia polygenic risk scores. Both genetic and environmental factors have been hypothesized to contribute to this variation. We aimed to examine the prevalence of psychotic and other mental disorders by region and degree of urbanicity, and the impacts of socio-economic adjustments on these associations. METHODS: Nationwide population registers from 2011 to 2017 and healthcare registers from 1975 to 2017...
June 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Femin Prasad, Margaret K Hahn, Araba F Chintoh, Gary Remington, George Foussias, Martin Rotenberg, Sri Mahavir Agarwal
PURPOSE: Caregivers play a vitally important role in the lives of people with schizophrenia. However, their mental health can often be overlooked. In recent years, with increasing attention to mental health and wellness, common mental illness such as depression in caregivers of people with schizophrenia has received renewed attention. The purpose of this review was to consolidate and synthesize recent literature on (1) the prevalence of depression in caregivers of people with schizophrenia, (2) factors associated with depression in caregivers of people with schizophrenia, and (3) interventions that target depression in caregivers of people with schizophrenia...
June 12, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Chris Lambeth, Philip Burgess, Jackie Curtis, David Currow, Grant Sara
PURPOSE: Population screening programs have contributed to reduced breast cancer mortality, but disadvantaged or vulnerable groups may not have shared these improvements. In North American and European studies, women living with mental health conditions have reduced breast screening rates. There are no current Australasian data to support health system planning and improvement strategies. METHODS: The New South Wales (NSW) BreastScreen program offers free screening to NSW women aged 50-74...
June 12, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Garrett Kidd, Louise Marston, Irwin Nazareth, David Osborn, Alexandra Pitman
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare differences in suicidality and self-harm between specific lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) groups, and investigate whether minority stress factors might contribute to any associations, addressing methodological limitations of previous research. METHODS: We analysed data combined from two population-based representative household surveys of English adults (N = 10,443) sampled in 2007 and 2014. Using multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, educational attainment, area-level deprivation, and common mental disorder, we tested the association between sexuality and three suicide-related outcomes: past-year suicidal thoughts, past-year suicide attempt, and lifetime non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH)...
June 9, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dawne Vogt, Anthony J Rosellini, Shelby Borowski, Amy E Street, Robert W O'Brien, Naomi Tomoyasu
BACKGROUND: Identifying predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) is important to inform suicide prevention efforts, particularly among high-risk populations like military veterans. Although many studies have examined the contribution of psychopathology to veterans' SI, fewer studies have examined whether experiencing good psychosocial well-being with regard to multiple aspects of life can protect veterans from SI or evaluated whether SI risk prediction can be enhanced by considering change in life circumstances along with static factors...
June 8, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Markus Jokela, Michael Laakasuo
PURPOSE: To examine whether trajectories of health (depressive symptoms, psychological wellbeing, self-rated health, and body mass index) and health behaviors (smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and cannabis use) changed for individuals who first reported at least monthly religious attendance and then in subsequent study waves reported no active religious attendance. METHODS: Data were from four cohort studies from the United States collected between 1996 and 2018: National Longitudinal Survey of 1997 (NLSY1997); National Longitudinal Survey of Young Adults (NLSY-YA); Transition to Adulthood Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID-TA); and Health and Retirement Study (HRS) with a total n = 6592 individuals and 37,743 person-observations...
June 7, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Marieke Broersen, Daan H M Creemers, Nynke Frieswijk, Ad A Vermulst, Hans Kroon
PURPOSE: This Multicenter Youth Flexible ACT Study examined the effect of Youth Flexible Assertive Community Treatment on symptomatic, social, and personal recovery outcomes of adolescents dealing with multifaceted psychiatric and social care needs who do not readily engage in regular office-based mental health services. METHODS: Newly admitted clients (n = 199) aged 12-24 years from 16 Youth Flexible ACT teams participated in this observational prospective cohort study...
June 6, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Christine Takami Lageborn, Johan Bjureberg, Jie Song, Bo Runeson, Jette Möller, Rickard Ljung, Marie Dahlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Florian Scharpf, Faustine Bwire Masath, Getrude Mkinga, Edna Kyaruzi, Mabula Nkuba, Maregesi Machumu, Tobias Hecker
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of suicidality and associated factors of suicide risk in a sample of Burundian refugee families living in three refugee camps in Tanzania. METHODS: Children (n = 230) and their parents (n = 460) were randomly selected and interviewed about suicidality (suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts) and a range of sociodemographic, psychological, and environmental factors. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine factors associated with children and parents' lower and moderate or high current suicide risk...
June 5, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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