Journals Social Psychiatry and Psychiat...

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Hannah Landry, Mila Kingsbury, Hayley A Hamilton, Ian Colman
PURPOSE: The non-medical use of prescription medications among adolescents has become a concerning public health issue. This study assessed the prevalence of the non-medical use of prescription medications in Ontario high school students, and explored the moderating effect of this use on the relationship between psychological distress and unmet mental health needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data for 4896 students, age 14-18, were drawn from the 2019 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey...
March 17, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Rachana Manandhar Shrestha, Yosuke Inoue, Shohei Yamamoto, Ami Fukunaga, Makiko Sampei, Ryo Okubo, Naho Morisaki, Norio Ohmagari, Takanori Funaki, Kazue Ishizuka, Koushi Yamaguchi, Yohei Sasaki, Kazuyoshi Takeda, Takeshi Miyama, Masayo Kojima, Takeshi Nakagawa, Kunihiro Nishimura, Soshiro Ogata, Jun Umezawa, Shiori Tanaka, Manami Inoue, Maki Konishi, Kengo Miyo, Tetsuya Mizoue
BACKGROUND: Discrimination is an important determinant of negative mental health outcomes. This study determined the association between the experience of COVID-19-related discrimination and psychological distress among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Japan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study conducted a health survey among 5703 HCWs of six national medical and research centers in Japan from October 2020 to March 2021. COVID-19-related discrimination was defined either when participants or their family members were badmouthed or when they felt discriminated against in some way...
March 17, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ricki Ng, Claire L O'Reilly, Jack C Collins, Helena Roennfeldt, Sara S McMillan, Amanda J Wheeler, Sarira El-Den
PURPOSE: Healthcare professionals, including pharmacists, can recognise and assist people experiencing mental health crises. Despite this, little is known about how pharmacists assist and engage with people presenting with signs and symptoms of mental health crises. This study aimed to (i) examine pharmacists' mental health crisis assessment language during simulated patient role-plays (SPRPs) and (ii) explore participants' experiences of participating in SPRPs of Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) scenarios...
March 16, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kelly K Anderson, Rebecca Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Some migrant and ethnic minority groups have a higher risk of coercive pathways to care; however, it is unclear whether differences in clinical presentation contribute to this risk. We sought to assess: (i) whether there were differences in clinician-rated symptoms and behaviours across first-generation immigrant and refugee groups at the first psychiatric hospitalization after psychosis diagnosis, and (ii) whether these differences accounted for disparities in involuntary admission...
March 16, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Andrea R Titus, Briana Mezuk, Jana L Hirschtick, Patricia McKane, Michael R Elliott, Nancy L Fleischer
PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic has had wide-ranging impacts on mental health, however, less is known about predictors of mental health outcomes among adults who have experienced a COVID-19 diagnosis. We examined the intersection of demographic, economic, and illness-related predictors of depressive and anxiety symptoms within a population-based sample of adults diagnosed with COVID-19 in the U.S. state of Michigan early in the pandemic. METHODS: Data were from a population-based survey of Michigan adults who experienced a COVID-19 diagnosis prior to August 1, 2020 (N = 1087)...
March 14, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
André Hajek, Benedikt Kretzler, Carolin Walther, Ghazal Aarabi, Larissa Zwar, Hans-Helmut König
PURPOSE: To investigate the longitudinal association between neighbourhood cohesion and loneliness as well as perceived social isolation prior and during the COVID-19 pandemic (stratified by sex). METHODS: Longitudinal data were taken from a nationally representative sample (German Ageing Survey) of inhabitants aged 40 years and over in Germany prior (wave 6: year 2017) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (wave 8: November 2020 until February 2021; n = 6688 observations, mean age was 67...
March 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Caroline X Gao, Kate M Filia, Gillinder Bedi, Jana M Menssink, Ellie Brown, Debra J Rickwood, Alexandra G Parker, Sarah E Hetrick, Helen Herrman, Ian Hickie, Nic Telford, Patrick D McGorry, Sue M Cotton
PURPOSE: Use of alcohol and other substances is a multifaceted issue impacting young people across multiple life domains. This paper aims to elucidate patterns of substance use and associated demographic and clinical factors among young people seeking treatment for their mental health. METHODS: Young people (12-25 years old) were recruited from five youth-specific primary mental health ("headspace") services in Australia. Self-reported substance use and harms in the past 3 months were measured using WHO-ASSIST...
March 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kirstie O'Hare, Kristin R Laurens, Oliver Watkeys, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Felicity Harris, Richard J Linscott, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: To investigate relationships between distinct schizotypy risk profiles in childhood and the full spectrum of parental mental disorders. METHODS: Participants were 22,137 children drawn from the New South Wales Child Development Study, for whom profiles of risk for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders in middle childhood (age ~ 11 years) were derived in a previous study. A series of multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the likelihood of child membership in one of three schizotypy profiles (true schizotypy, introverted schizotypy, and affective schizotypy) relative to the children showing no risk, according to maternal and paternal diagnoses of seven types of mental disorders...
March 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Marina Stukova, Gina Cardona, Adriana Tormos, Andy Vega, Grisel Burgos, Yaritza Inostroza-Nieves, Yonatan Carl
BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders have an increased prevalence in communities that experienced devastating natural disasters. Maria, a category 5 hurricane, struck Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017, weakening the island's power grid, destroying buildings and homes, and limiting access to water, food, and health care services. This study characterized sociodemographic and behavioral variables and their association with mental health outcomes in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria. METHODS: A sample of 998 Puerto Ricans affected by Hurricane Maria was surveyed between December 2017 and September 2018...
March 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Annie Irvine, Tianne Haggar
PURPOSE: This paper asks whether the separation of mental health from its wider social context during the UK benefits assessment processes is a contributing factor to widely recognised systemic difficulties, including intrinsically damaging effects and relatively ineffective welfare-to-work outcomes. METHODS: Drawing on multiple sources of evidence, we ask whether placing mental health-specifically a biomedical conceptualisation of mental illness or condition as a discrete agent-at the core of the benefits eligibility assessment process presents obstacles to (i) accurately understanding a claimant's lived experience of distress (ii) meaningfully establishing the specific ways it affects their capacity for work, and (iii) identifying the multifaceted range of barriers (and related support needs) that a person may have in relation to moving into employment...
March 13, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Daniel Hayes, Elizabeth M Camacho, Amy Ronaldson, Katy Stepanian, Merly McPhilbin, Rachel A Elliott, Julie Repper, Simon Bishop, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Lisa Brophy, Kirsty Giles, Sarah Trickett, Stella Lawrence, Gary Winship, Sara Meddings, Ioannis Bakolis, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
PURPOSE: Recovery Colleges (RCs) have been implemented across England with wide variation in organisational characteristics. The purpose of this study is to describe RCs across England in terms of organisational and student characteristics, fidelity and annual spending, to generate a RC typology based on characteristics and to explore the relationship between characteristics and fidelity. METHODS: All RC in England meeting criteria on recovery orientation, coproduction and adult learning were included...
March 11, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Laura Sampson, Jaimie L Gradus, Howard J Cabral, Anthony J Rosellini, David S Fink, Gregory H Cohen, Israel Liberzon, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: Although stressful life events (i.e., stressors) and depression are often assumed to be linked, the relation between stressors and incident depression is rarely studied, particularly in the military. The National Guard is a part-time subset of the U.S. military for whom civilian life stressors may be particularly salient, due to the soldiers' dual roles and frequent transitions between military and civilian life. METHODS: We used a dynamic cohort study of National Guard members from 2010 to 2016 to investigate the relationship between recent stressful experiences (e...
March 10, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Maria Fellinger, Daniel Holzinger, Jason Fogler, Johannes Fellinger
PURPOSE: While positive contributions of religion and spirituality (R/S) to quality of life (QOL) are confirmed by a growing body of evidence, only limited research has involved people with intellectual disabilities and so far, no studies included prelingually deaf individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study explores the role of R/S in people with intellectual disabilities and deafness living in three therapeutic living communities specifically adapted to their needs. METHODS: Forty-one individuals (mean age: 46...
March 9, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
David Villarreal-Zegarra, C Mahony Reátegui-Rivera, Sharlyn Otazú-Alfaro, Gloria Yantas-Alcantara, Percy Soto-Becerra, G J Melendez-Torres
PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic increased the burden of mental disorders worldwide. Peru has been one of the countries most affected by COVID-19, however, studies evaluating the medium and long-term consequences of the pandemic on Peruvians' mental health are recent and represent a new field of study in proliferation. We aimed to estimate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the prevalence and treatment of depressive symptoms using nationally representative surveys in Peru. METHODS: Our study is an analysis of secondary data...
March 8, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Rene Carbonneau, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay
PURPOSE: Inconsistent reports raise the question of the extent to which poor adult outcomes are associated with adolescent polysubstance use (PSU: alcohol, marijuana, other illicit drugs) above and beyond earlier risk factors. METHODS: Early adulthood substance-related and psychosocial outcomes were examined in association with age 13 to 17 developmental patterns of PSU in boys from urban, low SES neighborhoods (N = 926). Three classes obtained by latent growth modeling described low/non-users (N = 565, 61...
March 7, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Nicholas L Bormann, Andrea N Weber, Benjamin Miskle, Nicole Woodson-DeFauw, Stephan Arndt, Alison C Lynch
PURPOSE: Psychedelics are being explored for their potential therapeutic benefits across a wide range of psychiatric diagnoses and may usher in a new age in psychiatric treatment. There is stigma associated with these currently illegal substances, and use varies by race and age. We hypothesized that minoritized racial and ethnic populations, relative to White respondents, would perceive psychedelic use as riskier. METHODS: Using 2019 cross-sectional data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health, we conducted a secondary analysis of 41,679 respondents...
March 6, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Grigorios N Karakatsoulis, Seri Abraham, Kristina Adorjan, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Renato D Alarcón, Kiyomi Arai, Sani Salihu Auwal, Julio Bobes, Teresa Bobes-Bascaran, Julie Bourgin-Duchesnay, Cristina Ana Bredicean, Laurynas Bukelskis, Akaki Burkadze, Indira Indiana Cabrera Abud, Ruby Castilla-Puentes, Marcelo Cetkovich, Hector Colon-Rivera, Ricardo Corral, Carla Cortez-Vergara, Piirika Crepin, Domenico de Berardis, Sergio Zamora Delgado, David de Lucena, Avinash de Sousa, Ramona di Stefano, Seetal Dodd, Livia Priyanka Elek, Anna Elissa, Berta Erdelyi-Hamza, Gamze Erzin, Martin J Etchevers, Peter Falkai, Adriana Farcas, Ilya Fedotov, Viktoriia Filatova, Nikolaos K Fountoulakis, Iryna Frankova, Francesco Franza, Pedro Frias, Tatiana Galako, Cristian J Garay, Leticia Garcia-Álvarez, Paz García-Portilla, Xenia Gonda, Tomasz M Gondek, Daniela Morera González, Hilary Gould, Paolo Grandinetti, Arturo Grau, Violeta Groudeva, Michal Hagin, Takayuki Harada, Tasdik M Hasan, Nurul Azreen Hashim, Jan Hilbig, Sahadat Hossain, Rossitza Iakimova, Mona Ibrahim, Felicia Iftene, Yulia Ignatenko, Matias Irarrazaval, Zaliha Ismail, Jamila Ismayilova, Asaf Jacobs, Miro Jakovljević, Nenad Jakšić, Afzal Javed, Helin Yilmaz Kafali, Sagar Karia, Olga Kazakova, Doaa Khalifa, Olena Khaustova, Steve Koh, Svetlana Kopishinskaia, Korneliia Kosenko, Sotirios A Koupidis, Illes Kovacs, Barbara Kulig, Alisha Lalljee, Justine Liewig, Abdul Majid, Evgeniia Malashonkova, Khamelia Malik, Najma Iqbal Malik, Gulay Mammadzada, Bilvesh Mandalia, Donatella Marazziti, Darko Marčinko, Stephanie Martinez, Eimantas Matiekus, Gabriela Mejia, Roha Saeed Memon, Xarah Elenne Meza Martínez, Dalia Mickevičiūtė, Roumen Milev, Muftau Mohammed, Alejandro Molina-López, Petr Morozov, Nuru Suleiman Muhammad, Filip Mustač, Mika S Naor, Amira Nassieb, Alvydas Navickas, Tarek Okasha, Milena Pandova, Anca-Livia Panfil, Liliya Panteleeva, Ion Papava, Mikaella E Patsali, Alexey Pavlichenko, Bojana Pejuskovic, Mariana Pinto da Costa, Mikhail Popkov, Dina Popovic, Nor Jannah Nasution Raduan, Francisca Vargas Ramírez, Elmars Rancans, Salmi Razali, Federico Rebok, Anna Rewekant, Elena Ninoska Reyes Flores, María Teresa Rivera-Encinas, Pilar A Saiz, Manuel Sánchez de Carmona, David Saucedo Martínez, Jo Anne Saw, Görkem Saygili, Patricia Schneidereit, Bhumika Shah, Tomohiro Shirasaka, Ketevan Silagadze, Satti Sitanggang, Oleg Skugarevsky, Anna Spikina, Sridevi Sira Mahalingappa, Maria Stoyanova, Anna Szczegielniak, Simona Claudia Tamasan, Giuseppe Tavormina, Maurilio Giuseppe Maria Tavormina, Pavlos N Theodorakis, Mauricio Tohen, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Dina Tukhvatullina, Irfan Ullah, Ratnaraj Vaidya, Johann M Vega-Dienstmaier, Jelena Vrublevska, Olivera Vukovic, Olga Vysotska, Natalia Widiasih, Anna Yashikhina, Panagiotis E Prezerakos, Michael Berk, Sarah Levaj, Daria Smirnova
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to investigate the rates of anxiety, clinical depression, and suicidality and their changes in health professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data came from the larger COMET-G study. The study sample includes 12,792 health professionals from 40 countries (62.40% women aged 39.76 ± 11.70; 36.81% men aged 35.91 ± 11.00 and 0.78% non-binary gender aged 35.15 ± 13...
March 3, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Catherine M McHugh, Nicholas Ho, Frank Iorfino, Jacob J Crouse, Alissa Nichles, Natalia Zmicerevska, Elizabeth Scott, Nick Glozier, Ian B Hickie
PURPOSE: Machine learning (ML) has shown promise in modelling future self-harm but is yet to be applied to key questions facing clinical services. In a cohort of young people accessing primary mental health care, this study aimed to establish (1) the performance of models predicting deliberate self-harm (DSH) compared to suicide attempt (SA), (2) the performance of models predicting new-onset or repeat behaviour, and (3) the relative importance of factors predicting these outcomes. METHODS: 802 young people aged 12-25 years attending primary mental health services had detailed social and clinical assessments at baseline and 509 completed 12-month follow-up...
February 28, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
D El-Hage, C X Gao, G Bedi, A Guerin, S Francey, H Stavely, D Rickwood, N Telford, P McGorry, A Thompson, Ellie Brown
BACKGROUND: Substance use remains a barrier to recovery for young people accessing early intervention services for psychosis. While correlates of use have been explored in populations experiencing a first episode of psychosis (FEP), sample sizes have been small and less research assesses cohorts at ultrahigh risk of psychosis (UHR). METHODS: This study uses data from a naturalistic cohort including UHR and FEP participants (N = 1252) to elucidate clinical correlates of use in the past 3 months of any illicit substance, amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), cannabis, and tobacco...
February 20, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Joanna Norton, Catherine Gandubert, Isabelle Chaudieu, Sonia Pellissier, Sydney Gaultier
PURPOSE: There is substantial evidence suggesting high levels of mental health problems in unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). However, there is less focus on the first years of adulthood characterised by increased vulnerability and fear of expulsion. We aimed to describe the mental health of UASC on reaching adulthood, and how this was affected by uncertainty regarding their right-to-stay in France. METHODS: One hundred and ten youth aged 18-22 were recruited via child protection reception centres...
February 20, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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