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Journals Social Psychiatry and Psychiat...

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847816/association-between-obstetric-mode-of-delivery-and-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-the-children-of-the-90s-health-study
#1
LETTER
Richard G Künzel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847815/examining-the-mediating-role-of-personality-traits-in-the-relationship-between-psychological-empowerment-and-mental-health-in-soldiers
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Armin Zareiyan, Peyman Jahandari, Amir Mohsen Rahnejat, Kourosh Abbasian, Hassan Ahmadinia
PURPOSE: Paying attention to the psychological characteristics of soldiers is a matter of concern for planners and senior commanders. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the mediating role of personality traits in the relationship between psychological empowerment and mental health in soldiers stationed in the Kerman Province barracks. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 604 soldiers serving in Kerman Province barracks in the year 2021 were examined...
June 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847814/using-random-forest-to-identify-correlates-of-depression-symptoms-among-adolescents
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahmood R Gohari, Amanda Doggett, Karen A Patte, Mark A Ferro, Joel A Dubin, Carla Hilario, Scott T Leatherdale
PURPOSE: Adolescent depression is a significant public health concern, and studying its multifaceted factors using traditional methods possess challenges. This study employs random forest (RF) algorithms to determine factors predicting adolescent depression scores. METHODS: This study utilized self-reported survey data from 56,008 Canadian students (grades 7-12) attending 182 schools during the 2021/22 academic year. RF algorithms were applied to identify the correlates of (i) depression scores (CESD-R-10) and (ii) presence of clinically relevant depression (CESD-R-10 ≥ 10)...
June 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847813/delaying-high-school-start-times-impacts-depressed-mood-among-students-evidence-from-a-natural-experiment
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ekaterina Sadikova, Rachel Widome, Elise Robinson, Izzuddin M Aris, Henning Tiemeier
PURPOSE: Delaying high school start times prolongs weekday sleep. However, it is not clear if longer sleep reduces depression symptoms and if the impact of such policy change is the same across groups of adolescents. METHODS: We examined how gains in weekday sleep impact depression symptoms in 2,134 high school students (mean age 15.16 ± 0.35 years) from the Minneapolis metropolitan area. Leveraging a natural experiment design, we used the policy change to delay school start times as an instrument to estimate the effect of a sustained gain in weekday sleep on repeatedly measured Kandel-Davies depression symptoms...
June 7, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38836912/correction-childhood-internalizing-externalizing-and-attention-symptoms-predict-changes-in-social-and-nonsocial-screen-time
#5
Katherine Keyes, Ava Hamilton, Megan Finsaas, Noah Kreski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832970/prevalence-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-india-a-systematic-review-and-a-cross-sectional-study-among-young-adults-in-delhi-ncr
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sumit Mishra, Vineet Chaudhary, Kallur Nava Saraswathy, Lokesh Singh Shekhawat, Naorem Kiranmala Devi
PURPOSE: The epidemiology of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not well explored in India. The present study aims to systematically review the literature on the prevalence of adult ADHD in India and also estimate the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of adult ADHD among the young adults in Delhi-NCR. METHODS: For the systematic review, 494 articles were identified of which 10 were included in the review. Simultaneously, a cross-sectional study was conducted involving 1665 adults (18-25 years; mean age 19...
June 4, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819521/differences-in-mental-health-problems-in-lgbt-%C3%A2-first-year-college-students-in-chile-during-the-pandemic
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marcelo A Crockett, Vania Martínez-Nahuel, Scarlett Mac-Ginty, Daniel Núñez, Álvaro I Langer, Jorge Gaete
PURPOSE: To examine the differences in mental health problems by sexual orientation and gender identity in first-year university students in Chile during the pandemic. METHODS: 7,213 first-year students aged 18 years and older from five universities participated as part of the World Mental Health - International College Student initiative in Chile. Students completed an online self-report survey between 2020 and 2021 that included measures of lifetime and 12-month major depressive episode, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, drug abuse/dependence, alcohol dependence, non-suicidal self-injuries, and suicidal risk...
May 31, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819520/reducing-behavior-problems-in-children-born-after-an-unintended-pregnancy-the-generation-r-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Clair A Enthoven, Jeremy A Labrecque, M Elisabeth Koopman-Verhoeff, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Manon H J Hillegers, Hanan El Marroun, Pauline W Jansen
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in behavior problems between children from intended versus unintended pregnancies, and to estimate how much the difference in problem behavior would be reduced if postnatal depression was eliminated and social support was increased within 6 months after birth. METHODS: Data from the Generation R Study were used, a population-based birth cohort in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (N = 9621). Differences in child internalizing and externalizing behavior at ages 1...
May 31, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819519/anxiety-and-depression-in-people-with-post-covid-condition-a-belgian-population-based-cohort-study-three-months-after-sars-cov-2-infection
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stéphanie D'Hondt, Lydia Gisle, Robby De Pauw, Dieter Van Cauteren, Stefaan Demarest, Sabine Drieskens, Laura Cornelissen, Karin De Ridder, Rana Charafeddine, Pierre Smith
PURPOSE: Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, most research has focused on the management of the acute symptoms of the disease. Yet some people tend to experience symptoms beyond the acute phase, defined as Post-COVID-19 Condition (PCC). This study aims to assess the impact of COVID-19 and PCC on anxiety and depression. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal cohort study among the Belgian adult population with recent SARS-CoV-2 infection for which contact tracing was initiated...
May 31, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819518/temporal-trends-in-inpatient-care-use-for-adult-mental-disorders-in-czechia-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-1994-to-2015
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Libor Potočár, Petr Winkler, Pavel Mohr, Tomáš Formánek
PURPOSE: To describe temporal trends in inpatient care use for adult mental disorders in Czechia from 1994 until 2015. METHODS: Data from the nationwide register of inpatient care use and yearly census data were used to calculate (a) yearly admissions rates, (b) median length of stay, and (c) standardized inpatient-years for adult mental disorders (ICD-10 codes F0-F6] or G30). Segmented regressions were used to analyze age- and sex-specific temporal trends. RESULTS: Admission rates were increasing in adults (average annual percent change = 0...
May 31, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38806743/correction-incidence-of-long-covid-and-associated-psychosocial-characteristics-in-a-large-u-s-city
#11
Jack Tsai, Abigail Grace, Rita Espinoza, Anita Kurian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38802509/a-systematic-review-of-users-experiences-of-using-digital-interventions-within-psychosis-a-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#12
REVIEW
Sophie Dennard, Rupa Patel, Philippa Garety, Clementine Edwards, Andrew Gumley
PURPOSE: Although the development of digital mental health support for people with psychosis has been increasing, the development and opportunities to access this have been more limited compared to other mental health conditions. Qualitative research exploring the experiences of using digital interventions amongst people with psychosis is even less well developed; however, such research is crucial in capturing the experiences of using digital interventions to ensure they are meeting the needs of people with psychosis...
May 27, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38789557/multidimensional-influencing-factors-of-postpartum-depression-based-on-the-perspective-of-the-entire-reproductive-cycle-evidence-from-western-province-of-china
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yiyun Zhang, Xinwei Liu, Mengmei Liu, Min Li, Ping Chen, Guanghong Yan, Qingyan Ma, Ye Li, Dingyun You
OBJECTIVE: China has a serious burden of Postpartum depression (PPD). In order to improve the current situation of high burden of PPD, this study explores the factors affecting PPD from the multidimensional perspectives with physiology, family support and social support covering the full-time chain of pre-pregnancy-pregnancy-postpartum. METHODS: A follow-up survey was conducted in the Qujing First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province from 2020 to 2022, and a total of 4838 pregnant women who underwent antenatal checkups in the hospital were enrolled as study subjects...
May 24, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780779/investigating-the-association-between-work-family-conflict-wfc-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad-in-an-australian-community-based-cohort-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tianying Wang, Peter Butterworth, Amanda Cooklin, Lyndall Strazdins, Liana Leach
PURPOSE: Difficulties managing work and family demands are common and have been found to be associated with stress and poor mental health. However, very few studies have examined Work Family Conflict (WFC) in connection with diagnosable anxiety disorders (and none with Australian representative data). The current study investigated whether high WFC was significantly associated with a diagnosis of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) after controlling for a broad range of socio-demographic contextual factors, related psychosocial job, family and individual characteristics, and prior anxiety symptom history...
May 23, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780778/associations-between-multiple-sleep-dimensions-and-suicide-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-of-3828-chinese-young-people
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qiuyuan Chen, Lu Gong, Yalin Song, Jiangtao Zhang, Xinke Han, Yuhang Zhou, Lijie Li, Xili Jiang, Yudan Hao, Huijun Zhou, Xiaomin Lou, Xian Wang
PURPOSE: Suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are preventable concerns in young people. Suicidal ideation (SI), suicidal plans (SP) and suicidal attempt (SA) are closely related to death. Sleep problems are known risk factors for suicide and NSSI. This study aimed to explore the relationship between sleep, suicidality and NSSI. METHODS: Participants were 3,828 middle school and college students aged 11-23 years from urban and rural areas of Henan Province...
May 23, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38777901/the-psychological-impact-of-the-rise-in-media-reporting-of-sexual-violence-after-covid-19-pandemic-on-pakistani-women-s-mental-health
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pasha Ghazal, Shehzeen Akbar
PURPOSE: Pandemics usually have inequitable effects on the most vulnerable groups of society. Since the start of COVID-19, there has been a horrifying upsurge in cases of sexual and gender-based violence against women, globally. Consequently, frequent breaking news of sexual violence in media aggravated mental distress and worry among women. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the impact of the rise in active circulation of news of sexual violence on the mental health of working women and students using the validated DASS-21 questionnaire...
May 22, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38772974/social-exclusion-as-a-major-outcome-domain-of-psychotic-disorders-early-predictors-and-associations-with-non-recovery-and-clinical-staging-21%C3%A2-years-after-a-first-episode-of-psychosis
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victor Peralta, Elena García de Jalón, Lucía Moreno-Izco, David Peralta, Lucía Janda, Ana M Sánchez-Torres, Manuel J Cuesta
PURPOSE: People with psychotic disorders have high levels of social exclusion; however, little is known about its early predictors. We present a long-term observational cohort study aimed at examining early risk factors for later social exclusion. METHODS: A total of 243 subjects were assessed at their first psychotic episode for early risk factors including sociodemographic variables, familial risk of major mental disorders, perinatal complications, childhood factors, and adolescent factors and re-assessed after a mean follow-up of 21 years for 12 social exclusion domains: leisure activities, housing, work, income, neighborhood deprivation, educational attainment, physical and mental health, family and social support, legal competence, and discrimination...
May 21, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38771351/the-association-between-sexual-orientation-and-psychotic-like-experiences-during-adolescence-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emma Corcoran, Amal Althobaiti, Glyn Lewis, Francesca Solmi, Tayla McCloud, Gemma Lewis
PURPOSE: Psychotic like experiences (PLEs) are relatively common during adolescence and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There is evidence that sexual minorities are at increased risk of mental health problems including depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicidality. However, no study has investigated the association between sexual orientation and psychotic experiences during adolescence. We compared trajectories of PLEs in sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents from 12 to 24 years of age...
May 21, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38771350/level-of-perceived-social-support-and-associated-factors-in-combat-exposed-ex-military-personnel-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Laura E Grover, Charlotte Williamson, Howard Burdett, Laura Palmer, Nicola T Fear
PURPOSE: Combat deployment increases exposure to potentially traumatic events. Perceived social support (PSS) may promote health and recovery from combat trauma. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize studies investigating the level of PSS and associated factors among (ex-)military personnel who served in the Iraq/Afghanistan conflicts. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched in August 2023 and searches were restricted to the beginning of the Iraq/Afghanistan conflicts in 2001...
May 21, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38748238/negative-life-events-and-suicidality-among-adolescents-in-western-china-the-mediating-effect-of-depressive-symptoms-and-the-moderating-effect-of-self-esteem
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruixi Yang, Chengmeng Tang, Qiang Zhang, Wei Peng, Ming Zhang, Qijiao Liu, Yuchen Li, Qiaolan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mediating role of depressive symptoms in the relationship between negative life events (NLEs) and suicidality, as well as to test the moderating effect of self-esteem in the mediation model. METHODS: A total of 3,003 adolescents from Han, Tibetan, and Yi ethnic groups living in Western China were included in this study. Utilizing the structural equation model, a mediation model and a moderated mediation model were constructed. RESULTS: The presence of NLEs was positively associated with suicidality (β = 0...
May 15, 2024: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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