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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Alma Sörberg Wallin, Ilona Koupil, Jan-Eric Gustafsson, Stanley Zammit, Peter Allebeck, Daniel Falkstedt
BACKGROUND: The incidence of major depression among adults has been shown to be socially differentiated, and there are reasons to seek explanations for this before adulthood. In this cohort study, we examined whether academic performance in adolescence predicts depression in adulthood, and the extent to which externalizing disorders explain this association. METHODS: We followed 26,766 Swedish women and men born 1967-1982 from the last year of compulsory school, at age about 16, up to 48 years of age...
February 19, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Natalino Tam, Moses Kareth, Derrick Silove
PURPOSE: Refugees may be at risk of experiencing a complicated form of bereavement. As yet, however, the nosological status of this putative category across cultures remains in question. We apply qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate the manifestations, prevalence, factorial structure and psychosocial correlates of complicated bereavement amongst refugees from West Papua, a population with no past exposure to western concepts of grief or to formal mental health services...
February 18, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amanda Spikol, Donal McAteer, Jamie Murphy
PURPOSE: It has been proposed that parents should be educated about child autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) 'red flag' traits to help professionals identify and address concerning behaviours as early as possible. This study aimed to empirically demonstrate that established/recognised 'red flag' traits in the first 3 years of life would reliably predict ASD risk severity in later childhood, associated with established ASD risk correlates and mirroring functioning diagnostic categories...
February 13, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
François Wyngaerden, Pablo Nicaise, Vincent Dubois, Vincent Lorant
PURPOSE: For severely mentally ill (SMI) users, continuity of care requires consistency between the supports provided by the members of their social support network. However, we know little about their network cohesion and its association with continuity of care. We set out to investigate this association and hypothesised that it would depend on the severity of the user's situation and on his/her living arrangements. METHODS: We conducted face-to-face interviews with 380 SMI users recruited in outpatient and inpatient mental health services in three areas in Belgium...
February 13, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Andrew Tomita, Suvira Ramlall, Thirusha Naidu, Sbusisiwe Sandra Mthembu, Nesri Padayatchi, Jonathan K Burns
PURPOSE: Household food insecurity in South Africa is a pervasive public health challenge. Although its link to chronic health conditions is well established, its relationship to mental illness, particularly major depression, is not well-understood. Despite KwaZulu-Natal Province being the epicenter of the drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) epidemic, and having the largest share of poverty in South Africa, this relationship remains unexamined. This study investigated the association between major depressive episode (MDE) and household food insecurity among individuals with MDR-TB...
February 13, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Tyson Whitten, Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Sinali Kaggodaarachchi, Melissa J Green, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kimberlie Dean
PURPOSE: Although parental criminal offending is a recognized risk factor for conduct problems among offspring, its impact on the continuity and discontinuity of children's behavioural and emotional difficulties during the early development is less well known. We used data from a large, population-based record-linkage project to examine the relationship between parental offending and the continuity and discontinuity of children's conduct, attentional, and emotional difficulties from early to middle childhood while also considering the role of timing of the parental offending exposure...
February 12, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Hubertus Himmerich, Matthew Hotopf, Hitesh Shetty, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Richard D Hayes, Robert Stewart, Chin-Kuo Chang
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is associated with increased mortality. Frequent comorbidities of BN include substance use disorders, affective disorders and personality disorders (PD). These comorbidities may add an additional risk for mortality. METHODS: We investigated the influence of these psychiatric comorbidities on all-cause mortality with demographic and socioeconomic factors considered as confounders over an observation period from January 2007 to March 2016 for 1501 people with BN using anonymised health records data from the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM), retrieved through its Clinical Records Interactive Search (CRIS) data resource...
February 11, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Guoliang Huang, Xue Gao, Xueqing Deng, Min Luo, Chuhao Xi, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
PURPOSE: Suicidality (ranging from suicidal ideation to suicidal attempts and completed suicide) is a major and preventable public health concern, and body weight is considered a modifiable factor which might be helpful to the early risk assessment of suicidal ideation. This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the association of body weight status with suicidal ideation across sex among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2015 National School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey, and 54,640 students' questionnaires were completed and qualified for the survey...
February 2, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Andrew Stickley, Roman Koposov, Ai Koyanagi, Yosuke Inoue, Vladislav Ruchkin
PURPOSE: Comorbid depression is common in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As yet, however, little is known about the factors associated with co-occurring depression in this population. To address this research gap, the current study examined the role of community violence exposure in the association between ADHD symptoms and depression. METHODS: Data came from 505 Russian adolescents [mean age 14.37 (SD = 0.96)] who had teacher-reported information on ADHD symptoms that was collected in conjunction with the Social and Health Assessment (SAHA)...
January 31, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Umut Kırlı, Tolga Binbay, Marjan Drukker, Jim van Os, Köksal Alptekin, Bülent Kayahan, Hayriye Elbi
BACKGROUND: Psychotic experiences (PEs) are not exclusive to psychotic disorders and highly correlated with mood episodes. In this representative general population-based study, longitudinal bidirectional associations between the extended psychosis phenotype and mood episodes were investigated, accounting for other possible causes. METHODS: Households were contacted in a multistage clustered probability sampling frame covering 11 districts and 302 neighbourhoods at baseline (n = 4011) and at 6-year follow-up (n = 2185)...
January 22, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
D Phuong Do, Lindsay R B Locklar, Paul Florsheim
PURPOSE: Because segregation may shield blacks from discrimination as well as increase their exposure to concentrated poverty, its net impact on the mental well-being of black Americans is unclear. We investigated the intersection between segregation, neighborhood poverty, race, and psychological well-being. METHODS: Using data from the nationally representative 2008-2013 National Health Interview Survey merged with U.S. Census data, we examined the association between black-white metropolitan segregation (D-index and P-index) and psychological distress (a binary indicator based on the Kessler 6 score ≥ 13) for blacks and whites...
January 22, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Glorisa Canino, Patrick E Shrout, Amanda NeMoyer, Doryliz Vila, Katyana M Santiago, Pedro Garcia, Amarilis Quiñones, Vilmary Cruz, Margarita Alegria
PURPOSE: The manuscript compares the rates of psychiatric disorder among island Puerto Ricans, the US population and US Puerto Ricans in order to examine whether social support explains differences in psychiatric disorder among these three groups. METHODS: Unadjusted and adjusted rates for sociodemographic factors and social support of main psychiatric disorders are compared among three population-based psychiatric epidemiology studies carried in Puerto Rico (PR) and the United States (US) as part of the NCS-R and NLAAS studies...
January 16, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Saliha El Bouhaddani, Lieke van Domburgh, Barbara Schaefer, Theo A H Doreleijers, Wim Veling
PURPOSE: Research shows that the prevalence of psychiatric problems is higher in ethnic minority youth compared to native youth. This school-based screening study of early adolescents' mental health in the Netherlands examined differences in prevalence of psychotic experiences in ethnic minority youth compared to their Dutch peers. Moreover, we investigated the association between psychotic experiences, ethnic identity, and perceived discrimination. METHODS: A cohort of 1194 ethnic majority and minority adolescents (mean age 13...
January 14, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Mei-Chih Meg Tseng, Chin-Hao Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao, Yi-Chun Yeh
PURPOSE: In contrast to the downsizing trend of psychiatric beds in the Western world, the psychiatric bed capacity in Taiwan has steadily increased in recent decades. This study aimed to assess the suicide rates and their variations over time among psychiatric inpatients and recently discharged patients. METHODS: Data on psychiatric inpatients admitted from 2002 to 2013 were extracted from the psychiatric inpatient registry of the National Health Insurance and merged with information from the Cause of Death data by means of unique identified numbers...
January 12, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Alain Topor, Claes-Göran Stefansson, Anne Denhov, Per Bülow, Gunnel Andersson
PURPOSE: Persons with severe mental health problems (SMHP) point out financial strain as one of their main problems. De-institutionalisation in welfare countries has aimed at normalisation of their living conditions. The aim of the study was to follow the changes in income and source of income during a 10-year period for persons with a first-time psychosis diagnosis (FTPD). METHODS: Data were gathered from different registers. Data from persons with FTPD were compared to data on the general population...
January 10, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Abdonas Tamosiunas, Laura Sapranaviciute-Zabazlajeva, Dalia Luksiene, Dalia Virviciute, Anne Peasey
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to examine whether after confounding by possible socio-demographic and other risk factors, psychological well-being is independently associated with reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. METHODS: Initial data were collected within the framework of the international project HAPIEE in 2006-2008. A random sample of 7115 individuals aged 45-72 years was screened. Deaths were evaluated by death register of Kaunas city (Lithuania) in a follow-up study till 2016...
January 9, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Karen-Inge Karstoft, Mia Sadowa Vedtofte, Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Gunhild Tidemann Christensen, Søren Bo Andersen
PURPOSE: Evidence exists of an association between pre-morbid lower cognitive ability and higher risk of hospitalization for depressive disorder in civilian cohorts. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of cognitive ability at conscription with post-deployment depression and the influence of (1) baseline factors: age, gender, and pre-deployment educational level, (2) deployment-related factors: e.g., war-zone stress and social support, and (3) co-morbid PTSD. METHODS: An observational cohort study linking conscription board registry data with post-deployment self-report data...
January 8, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kallol Roy, Sachin Shinde, Bidyut K Sarkar, Kanika Malik, Rachana Parikh, Vikram Patel
PURPOSE: Mental health problems and suicide are the leading cause of mortality in young people globally. India is home to the largest number of adolescents in the world. This study was undertaken to assess the policy environment for addressing adolescent mental health in India. METHODS: We conducted a review of 6 policies and programs and 11 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders. The findings were analyzed using the policy triangle analysis framework (i.e., context, content, actors and process)...
January 3, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Christopher G Hudson
PURPOSE: This study has the objective of assessing the psychiatric rehospitalization experience of a large cohort of persons with schizophrenia and modeling the effects of personal and systemic conditions on rehospitalization risk. METHODS: The study employs a secondary analysis of US data from Massachusetts' casemix database of all patients discharged from acute general hospital units. It focuses on 11,291 patients during 1994-2000 who were discharged from acute adult psychiatric units...
January 2, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Evan A Krueger, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: Sexual minority mental health disparities are well documented. However, distinct sexual minority subgroups are often collapsed into a single "lesbian, gay, or bisexual" (LGB) analytic group. While limited research has shown sexual minority subgroup differences in mental health, little is known about the factors underlying these differences. This study examines whether sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychosocial characteristics are associated with sexual orientation subgroup differences in mental health...
January 2, 2019: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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