Journals Social Psychiatry and Psychiat...

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Hafifa Siddiq, Senait Teklehaimanot, Ariz Guzman
BACKGROUND: Older adults' engagement on social media may be a resource to reduce loneliness and improve mental health. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine loneliness and social media use and its association with severe psychological distress among older adults and whether social media use moderated the association of loneliness on severe psychological distress among older adults. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the 2019-2020 California Health Interview Survey...
September 20, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sara Agnafors, Mimmi Barmark, Gunilla Sydsjö
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Milena D Bister
PURPOSE: In recent decades, Europe has seen a steady increase in psychiatric diagnoses, which, besides affecting the population in many ways, also challenges the organization of welfare. This paper explores how welfare classification processes impact the contemporary production of mental (ill) health and social inequality in the German welfare state. METHODS: Based on comprehensive ethnographic research in the public mental healthcare landscape in Berlin between 2011 and 2017, this paper discusses in detail the case of a mandatory prescription of a psychosocial rehabilitation measure for Ms Reisch, a psychiatric service user and ethnographic research partner...
September 16, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kathleen G Dobson, Monique A M Gignac, Cameron A Mustard
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the working life expectancies (WLE) of men and women with depression, examining depression by symptom trajectories from the late 20s to early 50s, and to estimate WLE by race/ethnicity and educational attainment. METHODS: Data from 9206 participants collected from 1979 to 2018 in the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort were used. Depression was measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Short Form at four time points (age 28-35, age 30-37, age 40, and age 50)...
September 7, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ru Li, Max Karukivi, Jallu Lindblom, Riikka Korja, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Saara Nolvi
PURPOSE: In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, mental health problems have been reported, and parents of young children may be more vulnerable to psychological distress due to increased caregiving responsibilities. However, research on the heterogeneity of the longitudinal course of psychological symptoms during the pandemic and the predispositions linked with these courses is still scarce. This study aimed to identify differential trajectories of depressive symptoms among the parents of young children and investigate the role of temperament traits, alexithymia, and coping styles in the heterogeneity of the symptom trajectories...
September 5, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Karen A Patte, Katelyn Battista, Mark A Ferro, Richard E Bélanger, Terrance J Wade, Guy Faulkner, William Pickett, Negin A Riazi, Valerie Michaelson, Sarah Carsley, Scott T Leatherdale
PURPOSE: Considerable debate centered on the impact of school closures and shifts to virtual learning on adolescent mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. We evaluated whether mental health changes differed by school learning modes during the pandemic response among Canadian adolescents and whether associations varied by gender and perceived home life. METHODS: We used prospective survey data from 7270 adolescents attending 41 Canadian secondary schools. Conditional change linear mixed effects models were used to examine learning mode (virtual optional, virtual mandated, in-person, and blended) as a predictor of change in mental health scores (depression [Centre for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression], anxiety [Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7], and psychosocial well-being [Flourishing scale]), adjusting for baseline mental health and covariates...
September 5, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Louisa Gannon, Eddie Mullen, Patrick McGorry, Brian O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Individuals presenting with first episode psychosis (FEP) constitute a population with high admission rates. Across psychiatric services, community based treatment is aimed for where appropriate. Therefore, further knowledge on predictors of admission is required. PURPOSE: The objectives were to: (i) determine the proportion of individuals with FEP admitted at time of presentation (voluntarily and involuntarily) (ii) identify associated demographic and clinical factors...
September 3, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lisa Schölin, K S Kylie Lee, Leslie London, Melissa Pearson, Fredrick Otieno, Manjula Weerasinghe, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Jane Brandt Sørensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ursula M Read, Hanna Kienzler, Suzan Mitwalli, Yoke Rabaia, Lionel Sakyi, Annabella Osei-Tutu
PURPOSE: Social inclusion of people living with serious mental illness is widely promoted. However, only limited consideration has been given to the meanings of social inclusion within different settings and the ways in which it is envisioned, negotiated, and practised. In this paper, we explore meanings and practises of social inclusion from the perspectives of people living with serious mental illness and their families in Ghana and Palestine and how this is shaped by differing political and socio-cultural contexts...
August 28, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sungsub Choo, Ranyeong Kim, Hyemin Lee, Yun-Jung Eom, Horim Yi, Rockli Kim, Seung-Sup Kim
PURPOSE: Recently, there has been an increase in awareness of social stigma and mental health issues experienced by transgender individuals in South Korea. To provide quantitative evidence, we conducted a nationwide cohort study of transgender adults, first of its kind in Asia. The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms and examine their associations with discrimination experiences among transgender adults. METHODS: We conducted a two-wave longitudinal survey of 269 Korean transgender adults, where the baseline was collected in October 2020 and the follow-up in October 2021...
August 26, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Keely Cheslack-Postava, Sarah Forthal, George J Musa, Megan Ryan, Michaeline Bresnahan, Rosemarie G Sapigao, Susan Lin, Bin Fan, Connie Svob, Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Yi-Ju Hsu, Norbert Skokauskas, Christina W Hoven
PURPOSE: To examine within-individual time trends in mental well-being and factors influencing heterogeneity of these trends. METHODS: Longitudinal telephone survey of adults over 3 waves from the New York City (NYC) Metropolitan area during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Participants reported depression using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-8, anxiety using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7, and past 30-day increases in tobacco or alcohol use at each wave...
August 25, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Gregory P Strauss
BACKGROUND: A bioecosystem theory was recently proposed positing that negative symptoms of schizophrenia (SZ) are influenced by environmental factors. These environmental processes reflect sources of resource deprivation that manifest across multiple systems that impact individuals directly through microsystems and indirectly through the exosystem and macrosystem. As an initial test of this theory, the current study examined whether self-reported environmental resource deprivation was associated with anhedonia, avolition, and asociality...
August 25, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Thanavadee Prachason, Irem Mutlu, Laura Fusar-Poli, Claudia Menne-Lothmann, Jeroen Decoster, Ruud van Winkel, Dina Collip, Philippe Delespaul, Marc De Hert, Catherine Derom, Evert Thiery, Nele Jacobs, Marieke Wichers, Jim van Os, Bart P F Rutten, Lotta-Katrin Pries, Sinan Guloksuz
PURPOSE: To explore gender differences of the associations between childhood adversity (CA) subtypes and psychiatric symptoms in the general population. METHODS: Data of 791 participants were retrieved from a general population twin cohort. The Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90) and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were used to assess overall psychopathology with nine symptom domains scores and total CA with exposure to five CA subtypes, respectively. The associations between CA and psychopathology were analyzed in men and women separately and were subsequently compared...
August 25, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lauren M Hall, Alexandra B Moussa-Tooks, Julia M Sheffield
BACKGROUND: Delusions are a hallmark feature of psychotic disorders and lead to significant clinical and functional impairment. Internalizing symptoms-such as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and trauma exposure-are commonly cited to be related to delusions and delusional ideation and are often associated with deficits in social functioning. While emerging studies are investigating the impact of low social engagement on psychotic-like experiences, little work has examined the relationship between social engagement, internalizing symptoms, and delusional ideation, specifically...
August 25, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sharon Florentin, Paola Rosca, Shikma Keller, Inbal Reuveni, Razek Haled, Noa Yakirevich Amir, Yehuda Neumark
PURPOSE: Community rehabilitation is crucial for the long-term treatment of people with chronic psychotic disorder. Ethnic minorities are less likely to seek care and have accessible treatment. This study examines whether the use of rehabilitation services and the relationship between rehabilitation and number of hospitalization days differ between Arabs and Jews. METHODS: Data from the Israel National Psychiatric Case Register on 18,684 adults with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorders hospitalized in 1963-2016 were merged with data from the national Mental Rehabilitation Register...
August 24, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jack Tsai, Abigail Grace, Rita Espinoza, Anita Kurian
PURPOSE: Persistent residual effects from Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) have been observed with varying definitions of "Long COVID" and little comprehensive examination. This study examined the incidence and psychosocial correlates of Long COVID using different definitions. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a citywide sample of 3595 adults with lab-confirmed cases of COVID-19 that were surveyed over 3 months. Rates of Long COVID were examined in terms of Post-Acute COVID (PAC), defined as at least one symptom lasting for 4 weeks, and three levels of Post-COVID Syndrome (PCS) that included experiencing at least one symptom for 3 months (PCS-1), experiencing three or more symptoms for 3 months (PCS-2), or experiencing at least one of the same symptoms for 3 months (PCS-3)...
August 22, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jose Marquez, Neil Humphrey, Louise Black, Sophie Wozmirska
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent wellbeing is a key research and policy priority, but little is known about neighbourhood-level influences. This study examined the extent to which adolescents' life satisfaction and internalising symptoms vary between neighbourhoods, and which neighbourhood characteristics are associated with individual outcomes. METHOD: Baseline data from the #BeeWell cohort study in Greater Manchester (England) including 35,902 adolescents (aged 12-15) across 243 neighbourhoods were linked to neighbourhood characteristics (e...
August 22, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Salma M Abdalla, Shaffi Fazaludeen Koya, Samuel B Rosenberg, Isaac B Stovall, Olivia Biermann, Zahra Zeinali, Gregory H Cohen, Catherine K Ettman, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: The Covid-19 pandemic has exacted a significant physical, financial, social, and emotional toll on populations throughout the world. This study aimed to document the association between pandemic stressors and mental health during the pandemic across countries that differ in cultural, geographic, economic, and demographic factors. METHODS: We administered an online survey randomly in Brazil, China, Germany, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, and the United States from September 2020 to November 2020...
August 16, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amanda C M Li, Winnie W S Mak, Kelly K Y Chan, Patrick W Corrigan, Jon Larson, Alice F C Chan, Christopher L F Chan
BACKGROUND: Self-stigma among people with mental illness is negatively associated with personal and clinical recovery. Due to the concealable nature of mental illness, people with mental illness experience constant struggles between concealment and disclosure. Disclosure of mental health challenges can potentially minimize negative impacts of self-stigma and enhance self-esteem and sense of empowerment. Honest, Open, Proud (HOP) is a peer-led intervention that promotes autonomous and dignified decisions about disclosure...
August 15, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Seong-Uk Baek, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won
PURPOSE: The influx of communication media to contemporary workplaces has exposed workers to be always connected to their work. Constant connectivity to work (CCW) refers to the condition in which workers are always connected to work, even during their non-work hours, and are not detached from the work situation. We investigated the association between CCW and insomnia and the moderating effect of work engagement. METHODS: A total of 29,512 nationally representative samples of workers in Korea were used...
August 11, 2023: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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