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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Catrin Månsson, Bengt Sivberg, Bo Selander, Pia Lundqvist
AIM: To evaluate the impact on parental stress of an individualised neonatal parent support programme. METHOD: A quasi-experimental design. Parents of preterm infants, at a level II NICU, were consecutively assigned to a control group (n = 130) and to an intervention group (n = 101). The programme focused on person-centred communication and consisted of four individual nurse-parent dialogues during the infants' hospitalisation. The Swedish version of the Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was used to assess parental stress...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Salih Metin, Hakan Demirci, Aybuke Tugce Metin
AIM: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of health literacy of the patient caregiver on the care results of palliative care patients. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two patients who were hospitalised in palliative care units of seven hospitals in the city in January 2018 were involved in the study. Mortality of the patients was checked 3 months later. A survey interrogating the sociodemographic characteristics of the patients and Turkish translation of Health Literacy Survey - European Union to measure the health literacy level of the caregivers were used...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Trine A Gregersen, Regner Birkelund, Maiken Wolderslund, Mette Løwe Netsey-Afedo, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Jette Ammentorp
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with cancer is an existential challenge and involves difficult treatment decisions, including treatment in clinical trials. Therapy for advanced cancer is potentially life-prolonging and only rarely cures advanced cancer, which often renders these patients in a special situation where dealing with end of life, hope and meaning, become an important part of life. Many existing reviews include both patients with advanced cancer and patients undergoing adjuvant cancer treatment, and there is a lack of reviews with consistent study designs and methods...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Francisco José García-Sánchez, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers represent an important worldwide public health problem, which substantially decrease the quality of life of those affected. Yet, few studies to date have analysed the perceptions regarding home care for pressure ulcers. AIMS: To explore the conceptualisations regarding home care of pressure ulcers from the perspective of affected patients and their caregivers. METHODS: A qualitative study design based on Grounded Theory...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Riitta Mikkola, Heini Huhtala, Eija Paavilainen
The emergency department is a workplace where the staff regularly encounter new challenges and factors that can cause fear. The aim of this study was to describe coping with work-related fear among emergency department staff. The study explains the current coping methods of emergency department staff and the requirement for support as well as the availability of support. A coping model for work-related fear was also developed and will be presented. The study was conducted using a survey developed specifically for this study, which included the Brief COPE Inventory...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Tuija Rasku, Marja Kaunonen, Elizabeth Thyer, Eija Paavilainen, Katja Joronen
BACKGROUND: Since the beginning of 2000, the primary healthcare services around the globe are challenged between demands of home care and number of staff delivering it. The delivery of healthcare needs new models to reduce the costs, patient's readmission and increase their possibilities to stay at home. Several paramedicine programmes have been developed to deliver home care as an integral part of the local healthcare system. The programmes varied in nature and the concept of Community Paramedicine (CP) has not been established, demanding clarity...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Emmanuel Chiebuka Okoye, Sandra Chioma Okoro, Christopher Olusanjo Akosile, Ifeoma Uchenna Onwuakagba, Ebere Yvonne Ihegihu, Chima Collins Ihegihu
BACKGROUND: Stroke is highly debilitating and requires long-term care. Informal caregivers of stroke survivors play important roles in stroke rehabilitation. Caring for stroke survivors can negatively affect the caregivers' well-being and may adversely impact on their caregiving quality and subsequently on stroke survivors' well-being. There seems to be a dearth of research on the relationships between caregivers' and stroke survivors' well-being. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the relationships among informal caregivers' burden and quality of life (QOL) and stroke survivors' QOL and community reintegration...
February 7, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kristin Breivold, Esther Hjaelmhult, Annica Sjöström-Strand, Inger Kristensson Hallström
BACKGROUND: Mothers of preterm infants are at greater risk of symptoms of stress and anxiety compared to mothers of term infants. AIMS: This study aimed to explore mothers' experiences after coming home from the hospital with a moderately to late preterm infant. METHODS: A qualitative and explorative method was used. Ten mothers who had given birth to a preterm baby with a gestational age between 30.0 and 36.0 were interviewed. The interviews were conducted two to three months after the mothers and their babies were discharged from hospital...
February 4, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Bertrand Porro, Aude Michel, Cécile Zinzindohoué, Pierre Bertrand, Emilie Monrigal, Frédéric Trentini, Louise Baussard, Florence Cousson-Gélie
PURPOSE: To our knowledge, only one study has assessed Quality of Life (QOL) as a predictor of return to work (RTW) during breast cancer treatment and one has evaluated multidimensional cancer-related fatigue (CRF) as a determinant of RTW. However, no study has assessed the impact of changes in these variables on RTW. The objective of this study was to evaluate QOL, multidimensional CRF and changes in these variables as determinants of RTW during breast cancer treatment. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal study of 68 patients with a mean age of 46...
January 21, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Bente Kvilhaugsvik, Arne Wilhelm Rehnsfeldt
There is an urgent need for educational institutions to prepare students for collaborative practices in health care in the years to come. Facilitation of interprofessional learning (IPL) can be challenging for small campuses with few healthcare and social care education programmes. The aim of this study was to identify hindrances to, and opportunities for accessible interprofessional learning, for nursing students in a uniprofessional learning environment on the Norwegian West coast. Three focus group interviews were conducted with the following groups: nursing teachers, a hospital rehabilitation team and informants from a municipal home rehabilitation team...
January 17, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Ida Dayyani, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Gillian Rowlands, Stina Lou
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus demands rapid health behaviour changes for the pregnant woman to obtain stable blood glucose levels. In Denmark, the general incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus is about 3%, but more than 4.5% among non-Western immigrants and descendants. Women belonging to ethnic minorities may be particularly challenged by health behaviour changes due to educational, language and cultural barriers. AIM: To explore how non-Western ethnic minority pregnant women in Denmark experience the hospital-based information about gestational diabetes mellitus and how they integrate this information into their everyday life...
January 17, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Neis Bitter, Diana Roeg, Chijs Van Nieuwenhuizen, Jaap Van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported difficulties concerning the implementation of recovery-oriented interventions. In this study, the effect of training in the Comprehensive Approach to Rehabilitation (CARe) on daily practice was evaluated. Additionally, we aimed to acquire insight into the experiences with the implementation process involving professionals, management and trainers. METHODS: Fourteen teams for sheltered and supported housing in the Netherlands participated in this study...
January 17, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lena-Karin Gustafsson, Gunnel Östlund, Viktoria Zander, Magnus L Elfström, Els-Marie Anbäcken
This paper reports a study conducted to illuminate older adults' perceptions of multiproffesional team's caring skills as success factors for health support in short-term goal-directed reablement. The fact that older adults are given perquisites to live in their own homes puts great demands on the professional care given them at home. An option offered could be short-term goal-directed reablement delivered by an interprofessional team. This means after periods in hospitals to strengthen their multidimensional health, older adults' reablement processes are supported to return to their daily life as soon as possible...
January 17, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Elin Jakobsson, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp, Camilla Malinowsky
RATIONALE: Since health care is facing challenges, with fewer caregivers providing care to more clients, eHealth plays a crucial role. Through eHealth, people are expected to be more involved in their own care. On the part of health care users, eHealth requires use of everyday technology such as telephones and computers, and services through the Internet which might be challenging for older adults with cognitive impairment. AIM: To investigate experiences of using eHealth in contact with health care among older adults with cognitive impairment...
January 10, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Maria João C Teixeira, Joaquim Alvarelhão, Dayse Neri de Souza, Helena J C Teixeira, Wilson Abreu, Nilza Costa, Flávia A B Machado
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers' empowerment can assume strategic importance in palliative care. Healthcare professionals and volunteers have been showing significant gaps in this field. Hence, education has been advocated as an effective strategy to fill this gap. While several educational initiatives exist, a comprehensive evidence synthesis on the effectiveness of educational training on healthcare professionals and volunteers is lacking. AIMS: An integrative review was conducted to explore worldwide initiatives, aiming to improve healthcare professionals and volunteers' competence in a palliative care setting especially in relation to the family caregiver...
January 10, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Marianne Torp Stensvehagen, Berit Arnesveen Bronken, Lars Lien, Gerry Larsson
The impact of stress on health can depend on factors such as frequency, heightening of stress during a given period or the presence of one or a few repeated hassles of psychological importance. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how adult women experience and cope with daily hassles after sexual abuse. Ten interviews were analysed using the grounded theory method. The theoretical model of 'protecting armor in daily life' emerged. The aftermath of sexual abuse related coping with daily stress can be understood as a three-phase process: (1) avoiding and escaping-coping after experiencing sexual abuse; (2) accepting and disclosing-starting a process of recovery; and (3) reconciling and repossessing-living with the experience in the present...
January 10, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Terhi Lemetti, Päivi Voutilainen, Minna Stolt, Sini Eloranta, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: Nurse-to-nurse collaboration between nurses working in hospital and primary health care in the older people care chain is essential to ensure the continuity of care. The nature of good collaboration in this context is understood usually from the perspective of collaborating nurses. However, there seems to be a lack of research about this collaboration from the older patient's perspective who are at the centre of the collaboration. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe older patient's experiences of the collaboration between hospital and primary healthcare nurses delivering care to older people...
January 10, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Parvaneh Aghajari, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Akram Ghahramanian, Cynthia Foronda
BACKGROUND: Cultural sensitivity is a core concept to establish awareness and knowledge about various ethnicities, cultures, genders and additional diversity characteristics to understand individual's requests and respond appropriately to them. A need for further development of the concept is warranted, especially in the context of paediatric nursing. AIMS: The purpose of this paper was to determine the main elements of cultural sensitivity in the context of paediatric nursing in Iran...
January 10, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sumarno A Subrata, Rutja Phuphaibul
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer care demonstrates a beneficial approach to overcoming problems in patients with diabetes. This approach is frequently given but is not always successfully implemented due to its fragmentation amid healthcare providers. What's more, there are a number of different understandings, interchangeable languages and an absence of uniformity overlapping terminologies of meaning for diabetic foot ulcer care. Therefore, analysing the concept of diabetic foot ulcer care is important to provide a wider nursing knowledge, synthesise a greater theoretical model and drive more effective care of diabetic foot ulcer...
January 3, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Niina Glerean, Maija Hupli, Kirsi Talman, Elina Haavisto
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore nursing applicants' perceptions of the nursing profession and to identify the factors influencing their perceptions. BACKGROUND: Perceptions guide the career choice in nursing and the retainment in the profession. Perceptions of nursing profession are said to be outdated and unrealistic among public. Therefore, more information is needed about the perceptions of nursing applicants. DESIGN: Exploratory qualitative design using focus group interviews...
January 3, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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