Journals Scandinavian Journal of Caring...

Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Nanna Vendelboe Gregersen, Birgit Refsgaard, Dorthe Sørensen
INTRODUCTION: It remains unclear why 17% of patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treated in Danish hospitals are readmitted within 30 days. Hospital discharge is multifaceted. However, the preparation process and nurses' efforts may be essential in ensuring a successful discharge. AIM: To explore the process of preparing discharge for patients with COPD in a hospital setting. METHOD: Using constructivist grounded theory, we observed 11 nurses' work at two pulmonary medical wards using participant observation...
April 15, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sanne Have Beck, Grethe Eilertsen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Astrid Janssens, Dorthe Susanne Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Older people often have multiple health conditions and therefore extended care needs. The transition from the hospital back to their home requires careful planning. The fragmented healthcare system and rapid discharge from the hospital can result in limited involvement of the older patient in the discharge planning process. We aimed to explore how older hospitalised patients experienced the transition from hospital to home and how possibilities and constraints in interactions with relevant parties in the transition affected their everyday lives...
April 12, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Ulrika Westerling, Mikko Hellgren, Liselotte Hermansson, Emma Nilsing Strid
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers are an essential part of health and social care systems worldwide. As such, they may need professional support. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe informal caregivers' experiences and need for support from a tailored primary health care (PHC) unit. METHODS: This is a qualitative descriptive study using data collected from five semi-structured focus group discussions with a purposeful sample of 16 informal caregivers of older relatives...
April 9, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Margareta Johansson, Li Thies-Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The core of postnatal care is that midwives recognise the needs of women and new-born babies and provide the highest possible quality of care and medical safety to optimise the health and well-being of new families. The study aimed to describe midwives' experiences in providing postnatal care for families during the first week after the birth of their baby. METHODS: An interview study included 18 midwives who interchangeably worked within the models of traditional hospital care, hotel-based care, home-based care, hospital-based check-ups, and specialist care at a breastfeeding clinic at one university hospital in Sweden...
April 6, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Maria Björkmark, Malin Andtfolk, Linda Nyholm
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Leaving a religious community may occasionally lead to suffering in a human being's life and difficult existential life issues, such as loss of social relationships, identity and well-being. Only a few studies have been conducted on what kind of care and support human beings who are suffering need in this context. The aim of this study was to increase the understanding of what a human being perceives as caring after religious disaffiliation. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 participants who had left different religious communities in Finland...
April 4, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Atika Khalaf, Albert Westergren, Petra Lilja Hagell, Peter Hagell
INTRODUCTION: The experiences of living with Parkinson's disease (PD) from the perspective of newly diagnosed persons with PD (PwPD) have not been previously described. AIM: This study aimed to gain a better understanding of the impact of living with the early stages of PD. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was conducted among nine persons, seven men and two women, from southern Sweden. Participants had a median age of 71 (min-max, 64-77) years and had been diagnosed with PD for a median of 5 (min-max, 2-12) months...
March 27, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Connie Berthelsen, Carrinna Aviaja Hansen
BACKGROUND: High nurse turnover in hospitals is a worldwide problem with dire consequences for patient care such as increased mortality and a decrease in patient safety. A specific effort to retain nurses is urgently needed due to the many vacant nursing positions, especially across the Medical hospital departments. AIM: To identify the principal deteriorating factors experienced by nurses relating to their intentions to leave the medical department at a university hospital...
March 27, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jeltje Giesen, Ilse Timmerman, Annick Bakker-Jacobs, Marjolein Berings, Getty Huisman-de Waal, Anneke Van Vught, Hester Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Patient participation is fundamental in nursing care and has yielded benefits for patient outcomes. However, despite their compassionate care approach, nurses do not always incorporate patients' needs and wish into evidence-based practice, quality improvement or learning activities. Therefore, a shift to continuous quality improvement based on evidence-based practice is necessary to enhance the quality of care. The patient's opinion is an essential part of this process. To establish a more sustainable learning culture for evidence-based quality improvement, it is crucial that nurses learn alongside their patients...
March 25, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Huhtakangas Moona, Tolvanen Mimmi, Kyngäs Helvi, Kanste Outi
AIM: The study aimed to compare long- and short-term frequent attenders' (FAs) perceptions of patient-centredness and to assess the equivalence of the factor structure of patient-centred primary care (PCPC) instrument for long- and short-term FAs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of long-term (n = 234) and short-term (n = 261) FAs within the primary healthcare of one city in Finland. The data collected in January-July 2020 via 'the 36-item PCPC instrument' were analysed using Pearson's chi-squared test, Mann-Whitney U-test, Cronbach's alpha, and multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA)...
March 24, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lærke Prietzel Nielsen, Krista Horsholt Thomsen, Camilla Alleslev, Sabina Mikkelsen, Mette Holst
BACKGROUND: Disease-related malnutrition is prevalent among hospitalised patients, but not all patients achieve the needed nutritional care. At a Danish University Hospital, focus has been on implementing nutritional practices based on clinical guidelines, but there is continuously variation between the wards regarding the quality of nutritional care. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the clinical guidelines for nutritional practices and to recommend suggestions for development of nutritional practices, using a theoretical implementation strategy...
March 23, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Silvia Cilluffo, Barbara Bassola, Gianluca Pucciarelli, Ercole Vellone, Marco Clari, Valerio Dimonte, Maura Lusignani
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mutuality is a process in which the patient participates and is involved in decision-making and care interventions. The aim of this study was to measure mutuality in the relationship between nurses and chronic illness patients. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design; the sample included 249 patients and 249 nurses. Mutuality was measured with the Nurse-Patient Mutuality in Chronic Illness scale. RESULTS: Patients had higher scores in almost all items (p < 0...
March 8, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lisa Granat, Sofia Andersson, Daniel Åberg, Emina Hadziabdic, Anna Sandgren
BACKGROUND: Previous research found that healthcare professionals had low preparedness for palliative care. Thus, it is necessary to explore healthcare professionals' self-efficacy. The Swedish Self-Efficacy in Palliative Care Scale (SEPC-SE) evaluates readiness in communication, patient management and multidisciplinary teamwork; however, it should be tested on a larger population. Furthermore, the constructs of the SEPC-SE should be compared to that of the original SEPC. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the consensus between the construct validity and reliability of the SEPC and the translated and adapted SEPC-SE...
March 7, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kyoko Nagata, Koji Tanaka
AIM: A key perspective in examining dignity, which is important for older adults, is spirituality. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the components of spirituality in older adults through interviews based on dignity therapy (DT). METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND JUSTIFICATION: Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenology was applied to understand experiences rooted in the life world of older adults from their own perspective. ETHICAL ISSUES AND APPROVAL: This study was approved by the ethical review committee of the author's university...
March 7, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Yvonne J Kuipers, Natacha Van de Craen, Laura Van den Branden, Eveline Mestdagh
OBJECTIVE: To reach consensus between care providers and childbearing women about the midwife's relevant and appropriate domains and elements to support transition to motherhood. METHODS: A modified web-based Delphi study was conducted in Flanders (Belgium). After performing a systematic literature review, searching the grey literature and an online poll, a set of 79 items was generated. In two rounds, the items were presented to an expert panel of (1) care providers from various disciplines providing services to childbearing women and (2) to pregnant women and postpartum women up to 1-year postpartum...
March 7, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Tina Wang Vedelø, Jens Christian H Sørensen, Elisabeth O C Hall, Charlotte Delmar
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving a brain cancer diagnosis may face cognitive decline and a poor prognosis. In addition, they suffer from a high symptom burden in a complex cancer pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the early hospital experiences of brain tumour patients during the diagnostic and surgical treatment phase. METHODS: A descriptive longitudinal single-case study design was used, and data were analysed via systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The patients' experiences of being diagnosed with and treated for brain cancer were interpreted in terms of the central theme: a fast transition into an unknown journey...
March 3, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Floro Cubelo, Anndra Parviainen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Erlinda Palaganas
OBJECTIVE: In 2020, amid limited COVID-19 vaccination access, many nurses from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups in the United States of America and United Kingdom succumbed to the virus. No fatalities among Filipino foreign-born nurses (FBNs) in the BAME groups were recorded in the Nordic region. This study explored the experiences of Filipino FBNs in the Nordic region who, during the initial 2020 pandemic wave, cared for COVID-19 patients, contracted the virus and subsequently recovered...
February 26, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Eveliina Tuuliainen, Annamari Nihtilä, Kaija Komulainen, Irma Nykänen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Miia Tiihonen, Anna Liisa Suominen
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of care-dependent older people living at home need external support to receive regular dental care. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of oral health care services among old home care clients who participated in an intervention study focusing on oral self-care and nutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study employed data from the multidisciplinary Nutrition, Oral Health and Medication (NutOrMed) intervention study with a population-based sample of 245 home care clients (74% female) aged 75 or more divided in intervention (n = 140) and two control groups (n = 105)...
February 22, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Annette Owusu Bringaker, Berit Misund Dahl
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore public health nurses' experiences with mental health promotion for adolescent immigrants in lower secondary and high school, aiming to enhance knowledge and insights for effective mental health promotion. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND JUSTIFICATION: A qualitative design employing a hermeneutic approach was chosen. Thirteen public health nurses were selected using purposive criterion sampling and snowballing. Thematic analysis was applied, adhering to COREQ guidelines for transparency...
February 18, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Camilla Anker-Hansen, Vigdis Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Ann Karin Helgesen, Liv Berit Olsen, Guri Rummelhoff, Liv Halvorsrud, Carina Bååth
OBJECTIVE: To report data from a point pressure ulcer (PU) prevalence survey on prevalence, PU categories, locations and preventive interventions at one Norwegian nursing home. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design was used. One nursing home in Norway participated in the prevalence survey in 2020. The data were collected on one selected day. A total of 74 out of 88 residents (84.1%) participated. Descriptive statistical analyses were run. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of PUs was 27% amongst all participants in the nursing home, who together had a total of 57 PUs categorised as category I-III...
February 17, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jeffrey I Butler, Mary T Fox
INTRODUCTION: Older people admitted to hospital are highly susceptible to functional decline and related complications. Care supporting their functioning is complex and requires healthcare professionals working in concert, with nurses playing a central role. Yet, little is known about nurses' perceptions of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in care supporting functioning in acutely admitted older people. To fill this knowledge gap, we elucidate the perspectives of nurses in Ontario, Canada, on IPC in care supporting older people's functioning during a hospital stay...
February 7, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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