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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Page 2

Emily Jeffery, Y C Gary Lee, Robert U Newton, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Joanne McVeigh, Anna K Nowak, Hui Min Cheah, Bella Nguyen, Deirdre B Fitzgerald, Jenette Creaney, Leon Straker, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an incurable cancer and optimizing daily physical activity and quality of life are key goals of patient management. Little is known about the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and malnutrition in MPM or their associations with patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and malnutrition in MPM and investigate if activity levels and quality of life differed according to body composition and nutritional status...
March 18, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Minjia Mo, Shijie Wang, Zun Chen, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Yu Shen, Bule Shao, Minchao Li, Danqing Chen, Zexin Chen, Yunxian Yu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Optimal doses of vitamin D (VitD) supplement in different populations are unclear. We aim to evaluate the relationship between VitD supplementation and post-intervention serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration, to provide a recommended dosage of VitD for achieving an optimal 25(OH)D concentration for different populations. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Literature search was conducted in Embase, etc. Randomized controlled trials about VitD supplemental intakes and their effect on 25(OH)D concentration were enrolled...
March 14, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Arwa S Almasaudi, Ross D Dolan, Stephen T McSorley, Paul G Horgan, Christine Edwards, Donald C McMillan
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death. Surgery is the primary modality of treatment, but it is not without complications. Post-operative complications have been linked to preoperative of weight loss and loss of lean tissue, and also to obesity. Given sex differences in body composition, an examination of body composition and post-operative complications may provide valuable information. Therefore, the aim was to examine the relationship between male/female body composition and post-operative complications in patients with operable colorectal cancer...
March 11, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jill M Morrison, Celia V Laur, Heather H Keller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Screening for nutrition risk in community-dwelling older adults increases the likelihood of early intervention to improve nutritional status, with short screening tools preferred. SCREEN-II-AB is a valid 8-item tool. The current study determines whether SCREEN-III, a proposed 3-item version, adequately classifies nutrition risk in comparison. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Baseline data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging were used. Seventy-two percent (n = 24,456) of eligible participants (>55 years, complete SCREEN-II-AB) were included...
February 28, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jonathan C K Wells, Peter S W Davies, Mary S Fewtrell, Tim J Cole
BACKGROUND: Until recently, pediatric body composition reference data were very limited, hindering interpretation of measurements. In the last decade, such data emerged for several techniques for children ≥ 5 years, but equivalent data for younger age groups remain lacking, due to their poor compliance with most techniques. OBJECTIVES: To provide reference data for use in clinical practice and research from 6 weeks to 5 years, that are based on measurements of total body water (TBW) by isotope dilution...
February 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sutapa Agrawal, Rockli Kim, Jewel Gausman, Smriti Sharma, Rajan Sankar, William Joe, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Most interventions to foster child growth and development in India focus on improving food quality and quantity. We aimed to assess the pattern in food consumption and dietary diversity by socioeconomic status (SES) among Indian children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The most recent nationally representative, cross-sectional data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4, 2015-16) was used for analysis of 73,852-74,038 children aged 6-23 months...
February 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Manfred J Müller, M Soares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wanxia Fang, Xiujuan Qu, Jing Shi, Heming Li, Xiaoyu Guo, Xin Wu, Yunpeng Liu, Zhi Li
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Conflicting results have been reported on the association of cruciferous vegetable intake and colorectal cancer risk. This study aimed to clarify the relationship of cruciferous vegetables and colorectal cancer among individuals in Northeast China, where large amounts of cruciferous vegetables are consumed habitually. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study in the First Hospital of China Medical University, the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University and the First Hospital of Dalian Medical University from 2009 to 2011...
March 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tak Kyu Oh, Eunjeong Ji, Sang-Hwan Do
The short-term effects of magnesium sulfate infusion during surgery are well known. However, the long-term outcomes of intraoperative magnesium sulfate infusion remain unknown. Medical records of patients aged ≥20 years who underwent non-cardiac surgical procedures at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between January, 2010 and October, 2016 were analyzed. After propensity score matching, 12,652 patients were included in the final analysis, 6326 each in the magnesium and non-magnesium groups. There were no significant differences in 30-day or 1-year mortality between subjects [30-day mortality, hazard ratio (HR): 1...
March 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Andrew Warrilow, Duane Mellor, Andrew McKune, Kate Pumpa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Humans appear to have innate energy regulation mechanisms that manifest in sensations of satiation during a meal and satiety post ingestion. Interactions between these mechanisms and the macronutrient profile of their contemporary food environment could be responsible for the dysregulation of this mechanism, resulting in a higher energy intake. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the impact of dietary fibre and fat both in isolation and combination on satiation and satiety...
March 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Philip Prinz
This review will focus on the question of whether dietary sugars are a relevant determinant in the global rise of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents, and children. Initially, the review describes the current definitions for sugars in the diet and makes reference to them while analyzing their role in overweight and obesity as well as diet-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cancer. Second, it will focus particularly on sucrose and the question of whether it is the molecular composition of sucrose (glucose and fructose) or its energy content that promotes body weight gain and diet-related diseases...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Patrícia Calado Ferreira Pinheiro Gadelha, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Patrícia Brazil Pereira Coelho, Pedrita Mirella Albuquerque Queiroz, Regiane Maio, Alcides da Silva Diniz
This study evaluates the relation between consumption of ultraprocessed foods, nutritional status, and dyslipidemia in schoolchildren from Recife/PE, Brazil. This is a cohort study conducted in 2008-2009 and 2012-2013, with 238 students recruited from the public school system of the city of Recife, Northeast Brazil. Demographic data, stage of sexual maturation, socioeconomic, lifestyle, anthropometric, and lipid profiles were collected. There was a high prevalence of overweight, abdominal obesity, and dyslipidemia in both the time periods...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
W Tu, J Wu, G Jian, J Lori, Y Tang, H Cheng, X Wu, N Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia is usually associated with other comorbidities; so it is difficult to distinguish the effects of hyperuricemia from other coexisting comorbidities in patients who suffer a stroke. SUBJECT/METHODS: Data for this study were collected from the patients of Kangjian Community Health Center of Shanghai. Selected participants ≥65 years of age were available at enrollment (2009-2013). Subjects were excluded if they had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, pre-existing cardiovascular disease, or hyperlipidemia...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Duong Duc Pham, Seung Ku Lee, Chol Shin, Nan Hee Kim, Chae Hun Leem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Klaas R Westerterp
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Seasonal variation in body mass is a model for the study of body mass regulation. Here a long-term study is presented on body mass, body composition, and activity-induced energy expenditure in a subject with a large seasonal variation in body mass of about 3.0 kg. SUBJECT/METHODS: Body mass was assessed daily over >20 consecutive years. Daily assessment of activity-induced energy expenditure was performed over the last 10 years. Body composition was assessed monthly for 1 year in the middle and at the end of the observation interval...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Janet Janbek, Mahesh Sarki, Ina O Specht, Berit L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: The fetal brain starts developing early and animal studies have suggested that iron plays several roles for the development, but results from epidemiological studies investigating associations between gestational iron and offspring neurodevelopment are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To systematically examine results from observational studies and RCTs on gestational iron and offspring neurodevelopment, with focus on the importance of four domains: iron status indicators, exposure timing, neurodevelopmental outcomes, and offspring age...
February 19, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is not known if diets lower in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are also healthier. We evaluated the population health implications of changing to more sustainable diets in the UK, France, Finland, Italy and Sweden. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We developed a life table model to simulate mortality and morbidity from diet-related diseases over the lifetime of the current population. Populating the model with locally available data for each country, we simulated the impact of country-specific dietary scenarios that had been optimised to meet dietary recommendations and reduce GHG emissions...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
S Sucharita, R Pranathi, M Correa, P Keerthana, L J Ramesh, G Bantwal, H M Venkatappa, K P Mahadev, T Thomas, R J Bosch, S D R Harridge, A V Kurpad
BACKGROUND: The rise in prevalence rates of Type 2 Diabetes among Indians is well recognized. The research focus has been primarily to understand the changes in insulin sensitivity and beta cell dysfunction among Indians with Type 2 Diabetes. However, no data are available on the role of peripheral tissue, in particular intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content and its impact on glucose homeostasis among Indians with prediabetes. METHODS: 28 male subjects (20-40 year) were studied...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Christopher R Sudfeld, Karim P Manji, Anne Marie Darling, Rodrick Kisenge, Ingrid Kvestad, Mari Hysing, David C Belinger, Tor A Strand, Christopher P Duggan, Wafaie W Fawzi
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that nutritional interventions in the first 1000 days of life may influence long-term health and development outcomes. Few studies have examined the effect of maternal and infant micronutrient supplementation on development outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a follow-up study of two randomized trials of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We assessed the effect of maternal multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation in pregnancy on development of children at 11-14 years of age...
February 4, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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