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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Page 2

Yong Wang, Jing Chen, Rui Zhao, Lin Xia, Ya-Ping Cui, Zhi-Yong Rao, Yong Zhou, Xiao-Ting Wu
BACKGROUND: The association between coffee and colorectal adenoma risk remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies to sum up the existing proof about this matter. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Medline, and Embase for studies published before 1 September 2018 on coffee consumption and colorectal adenoma in any language. The different ORs were calculated for cohort and case-control studies in this study, and we use a random-effects model to aggregate the relative risks of individual studies and conduct dose response, heterogeneity, and publication bias...
July 15, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Amanda C Cunha Figueiredo, Thaís Rangel Bousquet Carrilho, Mônica Araujo Batalha, Dayana R Farias, Erica Guimarães Barros, Gilberto Kac
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between vitamin D status during pregnancy and total gestational weight gain (GWG), GWG rates and postpartum weight retention. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 163 women from Rio de Janeiro was followed at 5th -13th (baseline), 20th -26th , 30th -36th gestational weeks and at 30-62 days postpartum. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was evaluated during each trimester and was categorized as adequate (≥50 nmol/L) or inadequate (<50 nmol/L)...
July 15, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Maryanne Zilli Canedo da Silva, Barbara Perez Vogt, Nayrana Soares do Carmo Reis, Jacqueline Costa Teixeira Caramori
Patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) may be affected by sarcopenia, which is a progressive and generalized skeletal muscle disorder characterized by muscle mass atrophy with decline of muscle strength and function. The aim was to evaluate differences in the diagnosis and prevalence of sarcopenia according to European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP). The screening for sarcopenia was performed in PD patients older than 18 years, with evaluation of appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMMI), handgrip strength (HGS) and gait speed (GS)...
July 12, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Julia L Finkelstein, Anura V Kurpad, Beena Bose, Tinku Thomas, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Christopher Duggan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency, and inflammation during pregnancy and their associations with adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes in India. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-six women participating in a randomised trial of vitamin B12 supplementation were monitored to assess haemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin (SF), hepcidin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) during pregnancy. Women received vitamin B12 supplementation (50 µg per day) or placebo daily; all women received daily prenatal iron-folic acid supplementation...
July 11, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Amy Yau, Jean Adams, Martin White, Mary Nicolaou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic inequalities in diet quality are consistently reported, but few studies have investigated whether and how such inequalities vary across ethnic groups. This study aimed to examine differences in diet quality and socioeconomic patterning of diet quality across ethnic groups. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study were used. Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish and Moroccan adults (aged 18-70 years) were randomly sampled, stratified by ethnicity...
July 10, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mayila Maimaiti, Xiaoguang Ma, Xueyin Zhao, Menghan Jia, Jiayu Li, Min Yang, Yuan Ru, Fei Yang, Ninglin Wang, Shankuan Zhu
OBJECTIVES: Community food environment is closely associated with residents' health status, and it has received substantial research attention in recent years. However, such studies are sparse in China. This study aims to reveal the characteristics of food environment in China. SUBJECTS: A ground-truthing field census of food outlets was conducted in Xi Hu district, Hangzhou. A novel categorizing system was developed to better characterize food outlets in the study area...
July 10, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mads F Hjorth, Lars Christensen, Louise Kjølbæk, Lesli H Larsen, Henrik M Roager, Pia Kiilerich, Karsten Kristiansen, Arne Astrup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pre-treatment gut microbial Prevotella-to-Bacteroides (P/B) ratio and markers of glucose metabolism (i.e., fasting glucose and insulin) have been suggested as biomarkers for optimal weight management. However, both biomarkers need further validation, and the interactions between them for optimal weight management are largely unknown. To investigate differences in weight loss maintenance between subjects with low and high P/B ratio and the potential interactions with markers of glucose metabolism and dietary fiber intake...
July 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Pavida Pachariyanon, Smathorn Thakolwiboon, Arunee Motes, J Drew Payne, Kenneth Nugent
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Thiamine deficiency is a treatable disease with an excellent prognosis. However, it is often unrecognized because of the diversity of its clinical presentations. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Herein, we report two atypical cases of nonalcoholic thiamine deficiency that presented with refractory hypotension in the absence of lactic acidosis. RESULTS: Case 1 developed recurrent hypotension, right-sided heart failure, and a classic triad of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after gastrointestinal surgery...
July 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Desirée Gutiérrez-Marín, Veronica Luque, Natàlia Ferré, Mary S Fewtrell, Jane E Williams, Jonathan C K Wells
BACKGROUND: Most body composition techniques assume constant properties of fat free mass (FFM) (hydration and density) regardless of nutritional status, which may lead to biased values. AIM: To evaluate the interactive associations of age and body mass index (BMI) with hydration and density of FFM. METHODS: Data from subjects aged between 4 and 22 years old from several studies conducted in London, UK were assessed. Hydration (HFFM ) and density (DFFM ) of FFM obtained from the four-component model in 936 and 905 individuals, respectively, were assessed...
July 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jaqueline Aragoni da Silva, Kelly Samara da Silva, Thiago Sousa Matias, Danielle Biazzi Leal, Elusa Santina Antunes de Oliveira, Markus Vinicius Nahas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: An in-depth understanding of the relationship between food consumption and physical activity is relevant since these behaviours could influence each other, while both have an effect on obesity and chronic diseases. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of various combinations of food consumption (fruits, vegetables, sweets and snacks) on the associations with PA domains (leisure and commute) among Brazilian industrial workers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This is part of a cross-sectional national survey developed in Brazil using data from the "Lifestyle and Leisure Habits of Industrial Workers" project...
June 28, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Paul N Jensen, Barbara V Howard, Lyle G Best, Marcia O'Leary, Richard B Devereux, Shelley A Cole, Jean W MacCluer, Tauqeer Ali, Elisa T Lee, Fawn L Yeh, Jeunliang Yeh, Jason G Umans, Amanda M Fretts
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NAS) are marketed as healthier alternatives to sugar, but the relationship between consumption of NAS and development of diabetes is unclear. This study assessed the associations of diet soda and NAS consumption with (1) early markers of insulin and glucose homeostasis (cross-sectionally) and (2) incident diabetes (over an average of 8 years of follow-up) among American Indians, a population with high rates of obesity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study population included Strong Heart Family Study participants without cardiovascular disease or diabetes who participated in the 2007-2009 study exam (n = 1359)...
June 28, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Giuseppe Della Pepa, Claudia Vetrani, Marilena Vitale, Lutgarda Bozzetto, Giuseppina Costabile, Paola Cipriano, Anna Mangione, Lidia Patti, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela Albarosa Rivellese, Giovanni Annuzzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Plasma lipoprotein composition, especially in the postprandial state, could be relevant for cardiovascular risk and could be influenced by eating habits. This study evaluated the effects of a polyphenol-rich diet on postprandial lipoprotein composition in individuals at high cardiometabolic risk. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Seventy-eight individuals with high waist circumference and at least another component of the metabolic syndrome were randomized to either a high-polyphenol (HighP) or low-polyphenol (LowP) diet...
June 27, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yoji Kokura, Shinta Nishioka, Takatsugu Okamoto, Masako Takayama, Ichiro Miyai
We retrospectively analysed large-scale, nationwide data from the Kaifukuki (convalescent) Rehabilitation Ward (KRW) survey of 2015. Patients were classified into two groups based on changes in body mass index (BMI) during their KRW stay: increased BMI and non-increased BMI. The primary outcome was motor functional independence measure (FIM) score at discharge, and the secondary outcomes were motor FIM gain and full oral intake at discharge. We analysed 4605 patients (64% women; mean age, 79.3 years). Of these patients, 1128 and 3477 were classified into the increased and non-increased groups, respectively...
June 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Weiwen Chai, Gertraud Maskarinec, Adrian A Franke, Kristine R Monroe, Song-Yi Park, Laurence N Kolonel, Lynne R Wilkens, Loïc Le Marchand, Robert V Cooney
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: γ-Tocopherol has unique properties that protect against nitrogen oxide-mediated cellular damage. To elucidate the potential role of γ-tocopherol in the aging process, we examined the associations of serum γ-tocopherol levels with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Among participants in the biorepository subcohort of the Multiethnic Cohort Study, pre-cancer diagnostic serum γ-tocopherol levels were measured in a subset of 3904 men and 4461 women...
June 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Aly Diana, Jillian J Haszard, Lisa A Houghton, Rosalind S Gibson
Excessive maternal fat mass may impair lactogenesis and lead to lower breastmilk volume. We investigated this relationship in rural Indonesian exclusively breastfeeding mother-infant (2-5.3 months) dyads (n = 112) by measuring breastmilk intake by deuterium oxide dose-to-mother technique (DDMT) and maternal fat mass by DDMT, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and body mass index (BMI). We also compared fat mass assessed by DDMT and BIA. In this population, we found a significant negative relationship between breastmilk intake and maternal fat mass measured by DDMT (β = -5...
June 24, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Taja Jordan, Peter Popovič, Nada Rotovnik Kozjek
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic intestinal failure (CIF) and long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN), liver steatosis is a known late complication, which can progress to intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a qualitative and quantitative assessment of liver steatosis. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of liver steatosis and find possible new factors that could be connected to liver steatosis in CIF patients on HPN therapy...
June 24, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Welma Stonehouse, Bianca Benassi-Evans, Genevieve James-Martin, Mahinda Abeywardena
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hypercholesterolaemic effects of saturated fatty acids (SFA) may be influenced not only by the chain length, but also by their specific location within the triacylglycerol (TAG) molecule. We examined the hypothesis that dietary fats rich in SFA, but containing mostly unsaturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position with most SFA in sn-1 and -3 (palm olein [PO] and cocoa butter [CB]) will have similar serum lipid outcomes to unsaturated olive oil (OO). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Thirty-eight participants (20-40 yr, 18...
June 21, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Philip Prinz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ines Perrar, Ute Alexy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Merab Acham, Anke Wesselius, Frits H M van Osch, Evan Yi-Wen Yu, Piet A van den Brandt, Emily White, Hans-Olov Adami, Elisabete Weiderpass, Maree Brinkman, Graham G Giles, Roger L Milne, Maurice P Zeegers
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between milk and other dairy product consumption and bladder cancer (BC) have been reported. We aimed to investigate possible associations with BC risk for total and individual dairy products by bringing together the world's data on this topic. METHODS: Thirteen cohort studies, included in the BLadder cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants (BLEND) study, provided data for 3590 BC cases and 593,637 non-cases. Associations between milk and other dairy product consumption and BC risk were investigated using Cox proportional hazard regression analyses stratified by study center and adjusted for potential confounders...
June 17, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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