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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36964271/the-effects-of-vegetarian-diets-on-glycemia-and-lipid-parameters-in-adult-patients-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Yang Xu, Guli Mo, Yu Yao, Chuan Li
Several randomized controlled trials have reported the effects of vegetarian diets on blood lipids and glucose homeostasis in adults, but not in overweight or obese individuals. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of vegetarian diets on blood lipids and glucose homeostasis in overweight or obese adults by systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library through October 2021. We chose to include overweight or obese patients in the studies of the vegetarian diet for metabolic control...
March 24, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36964270/food-hypersensitivity-an-examination-of-factors-influencing-symptoms-and-temporal-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-sensitization-in-an-adult-sample
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Holly C Y Lam, Catherine Neukirch, Christer Janson, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Michael Clausen, N Sabrina Idrose, Pascal Demoly, Randi J Bertelsen, Lidia C Ruiz, Chantal Raherison, Deborah L Jarvis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Food hypersensitivity (FHS) is common, but little is known about the factors associated with severe reactions, age of onset and whether sensitization persists. This study examines the factors associated with self-reported severe food reactions, onset age and the changes in prevalence of sensitization to foods over time in an adult sample. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from adults taking part in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) III (2010-2014) who provided information on food hypersensitivity, including symptoms, suspected culprit food and onset age (n = 4865)...
March 24, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36944719/effect-of-mulberry-fruit-extract-on-glucose-fluxes-after-a-wheat-porridge-meal-a-dual-isotope-study-in-healthy-human-subjects
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanny M Boers, Theo H van Dijk, Guus S Duchateau, David J Mela, Harry Hiemstra, Anne-Roos Hoogenraad, Marion G Priebe
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown the efficacy of mulberry extracts for lowering post-prandial glucose (PPG) responses. The postulated mechanism is slowing of glucose absorption, but effects on glucose disposal or endogenous production are also possible. This research assessed the effect of a specified mulberry fruit extract (MFE) on these three glucose flux parameters. METHODS: The study used a double-blind, randomized, controlled, full cross-over design...
March 21, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36922651/application-of-nrs2002-to-detect-malnutrition-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-agreement-between-nurse-and-dietician-s-screening-steps-and-relation-with-clinical-outcomes
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mieke Deschepper, Veerle Duprez, Bruno Lapauw, Kristof Eeckloo, Sophie Marchand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the agreement between nurse and dietician nutritional risk assessments when using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002) protocol, and to explore the relations of falsely labeling patients 'not at risk' for malnutrition and the screening time difference (STD) between nurse and dietician with the length of stay (LoS). METHODS: Included are all patients hospitalized in a tertiary care center between January 2017 and December 2019 and screened for malnutrition by both a nurse and a dietician...
March 15, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36859659/thiamine-responsive-high-output-heart-failure-of-adults-an-under-recognized-entity
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sobia Nisar, Khalid Mohi-U-Din, Shahid Iqbal Tak, Syed Manzoor Ali Andrabi, Masood Tanvir, Umar Muzaffer, Ozaifa Kareem, Mohd Ashraf Ganie
Thiamine deficiency, commonly presenting as dry and wet beriberi, a lesser-known entity in the present era, is increasingly being reported from Kashmir, a north Indian state. The present study aims to present the clinical profile of patients presenting with high-output heart failure (HOHF). Subjects with a primary diagnosis of denovo heart failure and features suggestive of HOHF were recruited; those who responded to intravenous administration of thiamine alone (responders) were adults with no co-morbidities and those who required other medications particularly diuretics (non-responders) were elderly with co-morbidities and underlying heart disease...
March 1, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36859658/nutrient-intakes-in-adult-and-pediatric-coeliac-disease-patients-on-gluten-free-diet-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Monica Gessaroli, Leonardo Frazzoni, Usama Sikandar, Gabriele Bronzetti, Andrea Pession, Rocco Maurizio Zagari, Lorenzo Fuccio, Maria Luisa Forchielli
Celiac Disease (CD) continues to require a strict lifetime gluten-free diet (GFD) to maintain healthy status. Many studies have assessed the GFD nutritional adequacy in their cohorts, but an overall picture in adults and children would offer a lifetime vision to identify actionable areas of change. We aimed at assessing the nutrient intakes of adult and pediatric CD patients following a GFD diet and identifying potential areas of improvement. Systematic review was carried out across PubMed, Scopus and Scholar up to October 2022, including full-text studies that assessed the nutrient intakes of CD patients on GFD, in terms of macro- and/or micronutrients (absolute or percentage daily average)...
March 1, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36806783/macronutrient-intake-during-infancy-and-neurodevelopment-in-preschool-children-from-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ana Rita Marinho, Daniela Correia, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Carla Lopes, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain
BACKGROUND: Although the deleterious effect of micronutrient deficiency at sensitive periods on neurodevelopment is well established, the potential influence of macronutrient intake on early life neurodevelopment of healthy term infants has been seldomly studied. We aimed to explore whether macronutrient intake at 12 months was related to neurodevelopmental scores in preschool children. METHODS: Analyses were based on data from the EDEN mother-child cohort. Macronutrient intake was assessed by 3-day food records at 12 months of age...
February 20, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36801963/the-double-pyramid-bridging-nutrition-and-sustainability-recommendations-with-traditional-ways-of-eating
#8
LETTER
Katarzyna Dembska, Marta Antonelli, Annalisa Giosuè, Ilaria Calabrese, Olga Vaccaro, Gabriele Riccardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36801962/prediction-of-whole-body-composition-utilizing-cross-sectional-abdominal-imaging-in-pediatrics
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca J Deyell, Sunil Desai, Andrea Gallivan, Alecia Lim, Michael B Sawyer, Steven B Heymsfield, Wei Shen, Vickie E Baracos
BACKGROUND: Although body composition is an important determinant of pediatric health outcomes, we lack tools to routinely assess it in clinical practice. We define models to predict whole-body skeletal muscle and fat composition, as measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in pediatric oncology and healthy pediatric cohorts, respectively. METHODS: Pediatric oncology patients (≥5 to ≤18 years) undergoing an abdominal CT were prospectively recruited for a concurrent study DXA scan...
February 17, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36797490/the-association-between-dietary-trajectories-across-childhood-and-blood-pressure-in-early-adolescence-the-longitudinal-study-of-australian-children
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Denelle Cosier, Karen Charlton, Danielle A J M Schoenaker
BACKGROUND: Cardio-metabolic risk factors, including hypertension, are increasingly appearing in childhood. The aims of this study were to examine the associations between dietary trajectories across childhood and subsequent blood pressure (BP) at age 10/11, and to further determine whether these associations were explained by BMI or fat mass. METHODS: Data from 4360 participants from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were analysed. Dietary scores were computed based on similarity of intake to the Australian Dietary Guidelines...
February 16, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36797489/evidence-for-protein-leverage-in-a-general-population-sample-of-children-and-adolescents
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christoph Saner, Alistair M Senior, Hanyue Zhang, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Costan G Magnussen, Matthew A Sabin, Markus Juonala, Marco Janner, David P Burgner, Ursula Schwab, Eero A Haapala, Berit L Heitmann, Stephen J Simpson, David Raubenheimer, Timo A Lakka
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The strong regulation of protein intake can lead to overconsumption of total energy on diets with a low proportion of energy from protein, a process referred to as protein leverage. The protein leverage hypothesis posits that protein leverage explains variation in energy intake and potentially obesity in ecological settings. Here, we tested for protein leverage and the protein leverage hypothesis in children and adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A population sample of children, mean (SD) age 7...
February 16, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36788356/growth-and-neuro-developmental-outcomes-of-probiotic-supplemented-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Harshad Panchal, Gayatri Athalye-Jape, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
Gut dysbiosis is associated with sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants, which can adversely affect long-term growth and neurodevelopment. We aimed to synthesise evidence for the effect of probiotic supplementation on growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. MEDLINE, EMBASE, EMCARE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and grey literature were searched in February 2022. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Meta-analysis was performed using random effects model. Effect sizes were expressed as standardized mean difference (SMD), mean difference (MD) or risk ratio (RR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
February 14, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36788355/association-of-plant-based-dietary-patterns-in-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-gestational-weight-gain-results-from-a-prospective-birth-cohort
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmad Jayedi, Sheida Zeraattalab-Motlagh, Hanieh Moosavi, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Alireza Emadi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Plant-based dietary patterns are becoming more popular worldwide. We aimed to examine the relationship between plant-based dietary patterns and the risk of inadequate or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) in Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: We prospectively followed 657 pregnant women in Iran. Adherence to the plant-based diet, represented by plant-based (PDI), healthy (hPDI) and unhealthy plant-based (uPDI) dietary indexes was evaluated by applying a 90-item food frequency questionnaire during the first trimester of pregnancy...
February 14, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36754978/letter-to-the-editor-about-published-meta-analysis-of-tmao-and-stroke
#14
LETTER
Rozenn N Lemaitre, Paul N Jensen, Dariush Mozaffarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36754977/higher-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-increased-likelihood-of-central-nervous-system-demyelination-in-a-case-control-study-of-australian-adults
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adriana Mannino, Alison Daly, Eleanor Dunlop, Yasmine Probst, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Ingrid A F van der Mei, Lucinda J Black
BACKGROUND: Consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) has been linked to risk of chronic diseases, with scant evidence in relation to multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We tested associations between UPF consumption and likelihood of a first clinical diagnosis of central nervous system demyelination (FCD) (267 cases, 508 controls), a common precursor to MS. We used data from the 2003-2006 Ausimmune Study and logistic regression with full propensity score matching for age, sex, region of residence, education, smoking history, body mass index, physical activity, history of infectious mononucleosis, dietary misreporting, and total energy intake...
February 8, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36754976/intraindividual-double-burden-of-malnutrition-among-women-15-49-years-in-india-myanmar-and-nepal-evidence-from-the-recent-demographic-and-health-surveys
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Christian Sewor, Srinivasan Kannan
BACKGROUND: There is a concurrent increase in anaemia and overweight/obesity among women in the South and South East Asia regions. Despite these, studies on the co-existence of anaemia and overweight/obesity in these countries are abysmally limited. This secondary analysis sought to estimate the burden of the intraindividual double burden of malnutrition (IDBM), i.e., co-existence of anaemia and overweight/obesity among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in India, Myanmar, and Nepal, and explore the impact of socio-demographic and economic factors on this health outcome...
February 8, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36737479/relation-of-fruit-juice-with-adiposity-and-diabetes-depends-on-how-fruit-juice-is-defined-a-re-analysis-of-the-efsa-draft-scientific-opinion-on-the-tolerable-upper-intake-level-for-dietary-sugars
#17
REVIEW
Victoria Chen, Tauseef A Khan, Laura Chiavaroli, Amna Ahmed, Danielle Lee, Cyril W C Kendall, John L Sievenpiper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36732571/beneficial-effects-of-premeal-almond-load-on-glucose-profile-on-oral-glucose-tolerance-and-continuous-glucose-monitoring-randomized-crossover-trials-in-asian-indians-with-prediabetes
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Rajneesh Tiwari, Meenu Sharma, Ravindra M Pandey, Ashish Datt Upadhyay, Hem Chandra Sati
BACKGROUND: Rapid conversion from prediabetes to diabetes and frequent postprandial hyperglycemia (PPHG) is seen in Asian Indians. These should be the target of dietary strategies. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that dietary intervention of preloading major meals with almonds in participants with prediabetes will decrease overall glycemia and PPHG. DESIGN: The study included two phases: (1) an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-based crossover randomized control study, the effect of a single premeal almond load (20 g) given before OGTT was evaluated (n = 60, 30 each period)...
February 2, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36726032/palaeolithic-diet-score-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-among-postmenopausal-women-overall-and-by-hormone-receptor-and-histologic-subtypes
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sanam Shah, Yahya Mahamat-Saleh, Mariem Hajji-Louati, Emmanuelle Correia, Youssef Oulhote, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Nasser Laouali
BACKGROUND: The Palaeolithic diet (PD) has gained popularity globally. There is emerging evidence of its putative health benefits as short-term effects on chronic diseases have been reported. We evaluated the association between long-term adherence to the PD and breast cancer (BC) risk among postmenopausal women. METHODS: 65,574 women from the Etude Epidémiologique auprès de femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale (E3N) cohort were followed from 1993 to 2014...
February 1, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36726031/development-and-validation-of-anthropometric-predictive-equations-that-estimate-the-total-body-water-and-fat-free-mass-in-tunisian-adults
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Donia El Kouki, Khalid El Kari, Jihéne Draoui, Houda Ben Jemaa, Nadia Ben Amor, Andries Monyeki, Henda Jamoussi, Hassan Aguenaou, Abdallah Aouidet, Amani Mankaï
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate equations that estimate total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM) in adults using anthropometric measurements. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 178 adults (77 men and 101 women; aged 18-59 years). Participants were distributed by sex and age groups, and then randomly assigned to equal two groups; the development (n = 89) and the validation (n = 89). The anthropometric measurements included height and weight...
February 1, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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