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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Ali Farajbakhsh, Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi, Mohsen Mazidi, Peyman Rezaie, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Saeedeh Poor Ahmad, G A Ferns, Richard Ofori-Asenso, Siavash Babajafari
OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a clustering of metabolic abnormalities that are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate the effects of sesame oil enriched with vitamin E (vit E), sesame oil alone and sunflower oil on lipid profile, fasting blood glucose (FBG), malondialdehyde (MDA), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP), homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), and blood pressure (BP) in patients with MetS...
May 14, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
S Roche, N E Lara-Pompa, S Macdonald, K Fawbert, J Valente, J E Williams, S Hill, J C Wells, M S Fewtrell
BACKGROUND: Clinical use of bioelectric impedance is limited by variability in hydration. Analysis of raw bioelectric impedance vectors (BIVA), resistance (R), reactance (Xc) and phase angle (PA) may be an alternative for monitoring disease progression/treatment. Clinical experience of BIVA in children is limited. We investigated predictors of BIVA and their ability to predict clinical outcomes in children with complex diagnoses. METHODS: R, Xc and PA were measured (BODYSTAT Quadscan 4000) on admission in 108 patients (4...
May 10, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Eita Goto
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Small for gestational age (SGA) may be associated with increased rates of mortality and morbidity not only during the infantile period but also in later life. This study was performed to determine the dose-response relationships of maternal height and weight with risk of SGA. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dose-response meta-analyses were performed to summarize adjusted relative risks of SGA per 1-cm in maternal height and 1-kg increase in weight (linear model) and for varying levels relative to 160 cm in height and 55 kg in weight (nonlinear model)...
May 10, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Amir Hadi, Sajjad Moradi, Abed Ghavami, Saman Khalesi, Marzieh Kafeshani
This study aimed to systematically review randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to clarify the effects of pro-/synbiotic supplementation on anthropometric and biochemical measurements in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar were searched through September 2018. Eight RCTs (nine treatment arms) were included. Pro-/synbiotic supplementation significantly reduced fasting blood sugar (-2.52 mg/dl, 95% confidence interval (CI): -4.10 to -0...
May 3, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Minoru Kouzuki, Miyako Taniguchi, Hideki Matsumoto, Katsuya Urakami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gina Segovia-Siapco, Joan Sabaté
Since publication of the original version of this article, the authors noticed that some values of Table 4 were arranged under incorrect columns. These values have now been arranged correctly in both the HTML and PDF versions of this article.
April 25, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Stephen J Roy, Brandon G Fico, Brett D Baker, Stephanie S Lapierre, Jay A Shah, Drew D Gourley, Laura A Delfausse, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: High consumption of low- and non-fat dairy products improves vascular dysfunction associated with elevated arterial blood pressure (BP). Currently, it is unknown if conventional full-fat dairy products improve vascular functions. OBJECTIVES: To determine if adding whole milk and full-fat dairy products to the normal routine diet improves vascular function in adults with elevated BP. DESIGN: Sixty adults (age ± SEM; 58 ± 2 years) with elevated BP (systolic/diastolic; 120-159/ < 99 mmHg) were randomized into a controlled crossover intervention trial consisting of two 4-week dietary periods...
April 25, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Pili Kamenju, Ellen Hertzmark, Edmond K Kabagambe, Emily R Smith, Alfa Muhihi, Ramadhani A Noor, Salum Mshamu, Christina Briegleb, Christopher Sudfeld, Honorati Masanja, Wafaie W Fawzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels among 3-month-old Tanzanian infants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Infants (n = 238) and mothers (n = 193) randomly selected from participants in the neonatal vitamin A supplementation randomized controlled trial. A cross-sectional study of maternal-infant pairs at 3 months postpartum. RESULTS: All infant total, n-3, n-6, and individual PUFA levels were correlated with maternal levels...
April 25, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gerard Ngueta
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Most studies assessing the association between coffee consumption and hypertension ascertained caffeine intake in terms of number of cups per days, and yield mixed results. Although the inter-individuals variability in the caffeine metabolism is known, the relation of caffeine metabolites with hypertension remains unsettled. We examined the association of caffeine and 13 direct and indirect caffeine metabolites with hypertension in U.S. adults. METHODS: Using data from 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we included 2278 individuals aged 18 to 80 years...
April 24, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Nestle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kellee Harper-Hanigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jeremy P Loenneke, Scott J Dankel, Zachary W Bell, Robert W Spitz, Takashi Abe, Tomohiro Yasuda
The purpose of this paper was to use a Bayesian approach to compare the relative change in muscle size between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound measured muscle thickness (MTH) following 6 weeks of concentric and eccentric blood flow restricted exercise. Changes at each site were as follows: concentric 50% site (MRI: 10.2%, MTH: 8.7%), concentric 10 cm site (MRI: 12%, MTH: 4.5%), eccentric 50% site (MRI: -1.7%, MTH: 2.6%), and eccentric 10 cm site (MRI: 5.2%, MTH: 0.5%). When testing the difference between estimates using a default prior of 0...
April 23, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
C Laue, S Ballance, S H Knutsen, E Papazova, E Soeth, A Pannenbeckers, J Schrezenmeir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Investigating the effect on post-prandial glycemic and venous serum insulin response of an apple drink following the conversion of its glucose to gluconate. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial with cross-over design, 30 male adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) received a drink of 500 ml: 1. Verum: Apple juice treated with invertase, glucose oxidase/catalase (glucose 0.05 g; gluconate 18...
April 10, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Christian Ritz, Arne Astrup, Thomas M Larsen, Mads F Hjorth
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Precision medicine is changing the way people are diagnosed and treated into a more personalized approach. Using a novel statistical approach, we demonstrate how two diets cause differential weight loss depending on pre-treatment fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FI) levels. SUBJECTS/METHODS: One hundred and eighty-one overweight people with increased waist circumference were randomly assigned to receive an ad libitum New Nordic Diet (NND) high in dietary fiber and whole grain or an Average Danish (Western) Diet (ADD) for 26 weeks...
April 9, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xiaohua Liang, Yun He, Min Chen, Qu Ping, Jie Chen
The aim of this study is to determine whether lecithin retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) as well as biomarkers of vitamin A (VA) and vitamin D are related to indices of obesity in childhood. A total of 164 children (aged 6-12 years, female 49.39%), comprising 66 children in the overweight/obese group and 98 children in the lean group, were included. LRAT expression was remarkably lower in the overweight/obese group than in the lean group (P < 0.01). Compared with the lean group, the overweight/obese group had elevated VA (0...
April 9, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Qi Xiang, Haicheng Yuan, Wang Cai, Shuo Qie
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Protocols for enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) provide comprehensive and evidence-based guidelines to improve perioperative care. It remains elusive whether early enteral nutrition (EEN) will play an active role in the ERAS protocols. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is a safe and efficient method to treat patients with bile duct stones. This study aims to assess the safety, tolerability, and outcomes of EEN after LCBDE. SUBJECTS /METHODS: From January 2014 to April 2017, a total of 100 patients with postoperative LCBDE were chosen and randomly divided into control group and EEN group...
April 9, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Itsuko Miyazawa, Katsuyuki Miura, Naoko Miyagawa, Keiko Kondo, Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Akira Fujiyoshi, Izumi Chihara, Yosikazu Nakamura, Atsushi Hozawa, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Yoshikuni Kita, Katsushi Yoshita, Tomonori Okamura, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The association between carbohydrate intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has been investigated, but whether the quality of carbohydrate is more important than its amount is not known. We examined the associations between intake of dietary fibre (DF), carbohydrate, available carbohydrate, and starch with long-term CVD mortality in a Japanese population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We prospectively followed 8925 participants (3916 men and 5009 women) aged 30-79 years without CVD at baseline who participated in the National Nutrition Survey in Japan...
April 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Miguel Silva, Jorge Gama, Nuno Pinto, Glaucia Pivi, Hugo Brancal, Lurdes Carvalho, Virgílio Loureiro, Maria Vaz Patto
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sulfites are additives commonly used in food and wine industries that are associated to adverse clinical effects such as headaches. The objective of this study is to investigate the possible association between sulfite concentration in wine and the occurrence of headaches in young adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eighty volunteers, aged between 18 and 25 years, were evaluated. Sub-groups (with or without previous headaches related with wine) were created and volunteers were submitted to two wine tests (minimum and maximum sulfite concentration accordingly to weight)...
April 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sarju Raj Singh Maharjan, Keruo Jiang, Adrian Slee, Andrew Davenport
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of sarcopenia. Previous studies have proposed equations to estimate muscle mass based on triceps skin-fold thickness and mid-upper arm circumference, with or without adjustment for hand grip strength (HGS). We wished to evaluate their usefulness compared to multifrequency segmental bioimpedance (MFBIA) measured appendicular lean mass (ALM). We audited 160 CKD patients attending outpatient clinics, 65.6% male, median age 73 (62-81.5) years. We calculated muscle mass using six proposed equations based on anthropometric measurements...
March 29, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Minatsu Kobayashi, Shizuka Sasazuki, Taichi Shimazu, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Tetsuya Mizoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Eating a variety of foods has been recommended in the dietary guidelines of many developed nations, as well as global dietary guidelines. We investigated the potential effect of dietary diversity on the risk of total mortality and major causes of mortality in a large-scale cohort study involving the Japanese population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: From 1995 to 2012, 79,904 participants (37,240 men and 42,664 women) aged 45 to 74 years, without histories of ischemic heart disease, stroke, or cancer were followed-up for a median of 14...
March 19, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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