journal

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32457472/relationship-between-age-at-giving-fortified-powdered-cow-s-milk-and-cessation-of-breastfeeding-on-the-nutritional-status-of-a-chilean-child-cohort-followed-from-birth-to-3-years-of-age
#1
Rodrigo Retamal, C G Nicholas Mascie-Taylor, Rodrigo Villegas, Lorena Rodríguez-Osiac
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine how much of the variation in weight-for-height (WHZ) z-scores were associated with age at which breastfeeding ceased and provision of fortified cow's milk (Leche Purita Fortificada, LPF) commenced in a cohort of children studied from birth to 3 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Longitudinal data were obtained from routine medical check-ups on 8373 children from nine Chilean counties through convenience sampling. WHZ z-scores were generated at six-monthly intervals using WHO 2006 standards from birth to 3 years old (seven measurements)...
May 26, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32435054/testing-the-carbohydrate-insulin-model-of-obesity-in-a-5-month-feeding-study-the-perils-of-post-hoc-participant-exclusions
#2
David S Ludwig, Kimberly F Greco, Clement Ma, Cara B Ebbeling
A large feeding study reported that total energy expenditure (TEE) was greater on a low- versus high-carbohydrate diet, supporting the carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity. Recently, the validity of this finding was challenged in a post-hoc analysis excluding participants with putative non-adherence to the study diets. Here, we show why that analysis, based on a post-randomization variable linked to the outcome, introduced severe confounding bias. With control for confounding, the diet effect on TEE remained strong in a reanalysis...
May 20, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32433599/nutritional-management-of-covid-19-patients-in-a-rehabilitation-unit
#3
REVIEW
Luigia Brugliera, Alfio Spina, Paola Castellazzi, Paolo Cimino, Pietro Arcuri, Alessandra Negro, Elise Houdayer, Federica Alemanno, Alessandra Giordani, Pietro Mortini, Sandro Iannaccone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32433598/effects-of-probiotics-and-paraprobiotics-on-subjective-and-objective-sleep-metrics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Christopher Irwin, Danielle McCartney, Ben Desbrow, Saman Khalesi
Inadequate sleep (i.e., duration and/or quality) is becoming increasingly recognized as a global public health issue. Interaction via the gut-brain axis suggests that modification of the gut microbial environment via supplementation with live microorganisms (probiotics) or nonviable microorganisms/microbial cell fractions (paraprobiotics) may improve sleep health. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the effect of consuming probiotics/paraprobiotics on subjective and objective sleep metrics...
May 20, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32424357/sensitivity-of-total-body-electrical-resistance-measurements-in-detecting-extracellular-volume-expansion-induced-by-infusion-of-nacl-0-9
#5
J M Schotman, M M G J van Borren, J F M Wetzels, H J Kloke, L J M Reichert, H de Boer
BACKGROUND: Fluid balance management in hospitalized patients is hampered by the limited sensitivity of currently available tools. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of total body electrical resistance (TBER) measurements for the detection of extracellular volume (ECV) expansion. METHODS: TBER and plasma resistivity (ρplasma ) were measured during a 4-h infusion of NaCl 0.9% at a rate of 500 mL/h in 23 patients undergoing a diagnostic saline infusion test for primary hyperaldosteronism...
May 18, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32424356/evaluation-of-nutritional-status-in-copd-according-to-the-gold-2015-staging-system-a-prospective-observational-study
#6
Sibel Arinc, Meltem Agca, Feride Yaman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess nutritional statuses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in four categories of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2015 classification and to evaluate associations of body mass index (BMI) and fat-free mass index with respiratory and skeletal muscle strengths. METHODS: This prospective observational study included COPD patients (≥40 years old) who were followed-up for at least 1 year...
May 18, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32410784/clinical-significance-of-nutritional-risk-screening-for-older-adult-patients-with-covid-19
#7
Gaoli Liu, Shaowen Zhang, Zhangfan Mao, Weixing Wang, Haifeng Hu
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional risks among older patients with COVID-19 and their associated clinical outcomes using four nutritional risk screening (NRS) tools: Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutrition Assessment Shortcut (MNA-sf), and Nutrition Risk Index (NRI). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with COVID-19 older than 65 years who were treated in our hospital from January 28, 2020 to March 5, 2020, and explored the relationship between nutritional risk and clinical outcomes...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32410783/diabetes-and-covid-19-evidence-current-status-and-unanswered-research-questions
#8
REVIEW
Ritesh Gupta, Akhtar Hussain, Anoop Misra
Patients with diabetes who get coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of a severe disease course and mortality. Several factors especially the impaired immune response, heightened inflammatory response and hypercoagulable state contribute to the increased disease severity. However, there are many contentious issues about which the evidence is rather limited. There are some theoretical concerns about the effects of different anti-hyperglycaemic drugs. Similarly, despite the recognition of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as the receptor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2), and the role of ACE2 in lung injury; there are conflicting results with the use of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) in these patients...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32404903/dna-methylation-pattern-changes-following-a-short-term-hypocaloric-diet-in-women-with-obesity
#9
C F Nicoletti, C Cortes-Oliveira, N Y Noronha, M A S Pinhel, W S Dantas, A Jácome, J S Marchini, B Gualano, A B Crujeiras, C B Nonino
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of short-term hypocaloric diet-induced weight loss on DNA methylation profile in leukocytes from women with severe obesity. METHODS: Eleven women with morbid obesity (age: 36.9 ± 10.3 years; BMI: 58.5 ± 10.5 kg/m2 ) were assessed before and after 6 weeks of a hypocaloric dietary intervention. The participants were compared with women of average weight and the same age (age: 36.9 ± 11.8 years; BMI: 22...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32404902/glucose-transporter-1-deficiency-syndrome-nutritional-and-growth-pattern-phenotypes-at-diagnosis
#10
Simona Bertoli, Silvia Masnada, Ramona De Amicis, Arianna Sangiorgio, Alessandro Leone, Mirko Gambino, Chiara Lessa, Anna Tagliabue, Cinzia Ferraris, Valentina De Giorgis, Alberto Battezzati, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Pierangelo Veggiotti, Chiara Mameli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Glucose Transporter 1 Deficiency Syndrome (GLUT1-DS; OMIM #606777) is a rare disease caused by dominant mutations in SLC2A1 encoding GLUT1, which is a ubiquitous transporter of glucose across plasma membranes, particularly across the blood-brain barrier. Hypoglycorrhachia symptoms are the cornerstones of GLUT1-DS, but delayed growth has also been suggested. This led us to investigate, at diagnosis, the relationship between the glycemia/glycorrhachia ratio and the nutritional and growth pattern phenotype of 30 GLUT-DS patients...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32404901/association-between-gene-promoter-methylation-of-the-one-carbon-metabolism-pathway-and-serum-folate-among-patients-with-hyperhomocysteinemia
#11
Xiaowen Huang, Qinglin Zhao, Dankang Li, Bingnan Ren, Limin Yue, Fengxian Shi, Xiliang Wang, Caifang Zheng, Xiaorui Chen, Chengda Zhang, Weidong Zhang
AIM: Age and lower folate concentrations are well-known risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the potential roles of age and folate deficiency in hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), especially in HHcy patients with abnormal methylation levels of key enzyme genes promoter in homocysteinemia (Hcy) pathway, have not been thoroughly evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the promoter methylation levels of six key enzyme genes and age and serum folate level to better understand the pathogenesis of HHcy...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32404900/longitudinal-association-between-physical-activity-and-blood-pressure-risk-of-hypertension-among-chinese-adults-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1991-2015
#12
Qinpei Zou, Huijun Wang, Chang Su, Wenwen Du, Yifei Ouyang, Xiaofang Jia, Zhihong Wang, Gangqiang Ding, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of physical activity (PA) in adults with or without prehypertension at baseline on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and hypertension risk by gender. METHODS: A total of 5986 men and 6525 women (≥18 years old) without hypertension-related disease at baseline who attended surveys from China Health and Nutrition Survey (1991-2015) at least twice were selected. In terms of the nested data structure, three-level random intercept growth model and three-level logistic regression were used to estimate the relationship between the PA and SBP/DBP or hypertension risk...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32404899/clinical-significance-of-nutritional-risk-screening-for-older-adult-patients-with-covid-19
#13
Gaoli Liu, Shaowen Zhang, Zhangfan Mao, Weixing Wang, Haifeng Hu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional risks among older patients with COVID-19 and their associated clinical outcomes using four nutritional risk screening (NRS) tools: Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutrition Assessment Shortcut (MNA-sf), and Nutrition Risk Index (NRI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with COVID-19 older than 65 years who were treated in our hospital from January 28, 2020 to March 5, 2020, and explored the relationship between nutritional risk and clinical outcomes...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32404898/diabetes-and-covid-19-evidence-current-status-and-unanswered-research-questions
#14
REVIEW
Ritesh Gupta, Akhtar Hussain, Anoop Misra
Patients with diabetes who get coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of a severe disease course and mortality. Several factors especially the impaired immune response, heightened inflammatory response and hypercoagulable state contribute to the increased disease severity. However, there are many contentious issues about which the evidence is rather limited. There are some theoretical concerns about the effects of different anti-hyperglycaemic drugs. Similarly, despite the recognition of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as the receptor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2), and the role of ACE2 in lung injury; there are conflicting results with the use of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) in these patients...
May 13, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32398872/assessing-established-bmi-variants-for-a-role-in-nighttime-eating-behavior-in-robustly-phenotyped-southwestern-american-indians
#15
Çiğdem Köroğlu, Marci E Gluck, Michael Traurig, Susanne B Votruba, Jonathan Krakoff, Emma J Stinson, Peng Chen, Clifton Bogardus, Paolo Piaggi, Leslie J Baier
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nighttime eating (NE) behavior has a genetic component and predicts weight gain. We hypothesized that some genetic variants, which affect NE would also show an effect on body mass index (BMI). We aimed to determine which known BMI variants associate with NE in Southwestern American Indians (SWAIs), who are at elevated risk for obesity. METHODS: Known BMI variants from the GIANT-UK Biobank meta-analysis (N = 700,000) were analysed in SWAIs characterized for NE during an inpatient 3-day protocol...
May 12, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32398871/perspective-improving-vitamin-d-status-in-the-management-of-covid-19
#16
REVIEW
Maryam Ebadi, Aldo J Montano-Loza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32393753/a-retrospective-study-of-the-incidence-and-characteristics-of-long-stay-adult-inpatients-with-hospital-acquired-malnutrition-across-five-australian-public-hospitals
#17
Talia Woodward, Christine Josephson, Lynda Ross, Jan Hill, Breanne Hosking, Fiona Naumann, Rachel Stoney, Michelle Palmer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: While malnutrition is prevalent in hospitals, little is known about patients who first become malnourished during the hospital stay. This study aimed to determine the incidence and describe the characteristics of patients who developed hospital-acquired malnutrition (HAM) across five Australian public hospitals. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective clinical audit of hospital data was conducted. Adult patients (aged ≥ 18 years) with a length of stay (LOS) > 14 days in a Metro South Health hospital between July 2015 and January 2019 were eligible...
May 11, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32393752/response-to-comments-on-the-role-of-appetite-related-hormones-adaptive-thermogenesis-perceived-hunger-and-stress-in-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
LETTER
George Thom, Stephan U Dombrowski, Naomi Brosnahan, Yasmin Y Algindan, M Rosario Lopez-Gonzalez, Giles Roditi, Michael E J Lean, Dalia Malkova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32382075/comments-on-the-role-of-appetite-related-hormones-adaptive-thermogenesis-perceived-hunger-and-stress-in-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
LETTER
Catia Martins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32382074/placental-expression-of-leptin-fetal-sex-independent-relation-with-human-placental-growth
#20
P Kochhar, C Manikandan, G Ravikumar, P Dwarkanath, C N Sheela, S George, A Thomas, J Crasta, T Thomas, A V Kurpad, A Mukhopadhyay
OBJECTIVES: Leptin (LEP) is a vital placental hormone that is known to affect different aspects of placental function and fetal development. The present study aimed to determine the association of placental LEP transcript abundance with maternal, placental, and newborn parameters. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, placental samples (n = 105) were collected from small (SGA) and appropriate (AGA) for gestational age full-term singleton pregnancies (n = 44 SGA and n = 61 AGA)...
May 7, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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