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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

C Laue, S Ballance, S H Knutsen, E Papazova, E Soeth, A Pannenbeckers, J Schrezenmeir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Investigating the effect on post-prandial glycemic and venous serum insulin response of an apple drink following the conversion of its glucose to gluconate. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial with cross-over design, 30 male adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) received a drink of 500 ml: 1. Verum: Apple juice treated with invertase, glucose oxidase/catalase (glucose 0.05 g; gluconate 18...
April 10, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Christian Ritz, Arne Astrup, Thomas M Larsen, Mads F Hjorth
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Precision medicine is changing the way people are diagnosed and treated into a more personalized approach. Using a novel statistical approach, we demonstrate how two diets cause differential weight loss depending on pre-treatment fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FI) levels. SUBJECTS/METHODS: One hundred and eighty-one overweight people with increased waist circumference were randomly assigned to receive an ad libitum New Nordic Diet (NND) high in dietary fiber and whole grain or an Average Danish (Western) Diet (ADD) for 26 weeks...
April 9, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xiaohua Liang, Yun He, Min Chen, Qu Ping, Jie Chen
The aim of this study is to determine whether lecithin retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) as well as biomarkers of vitamin A (VA) and vitamin D are related to indices of obesity in childhood. A total of 164 children (aged 6-12 years, female 49.39%), comprising 66 children in the overweight/obese group and 98 children in the lean group, were included. LRAT expression was remarkably lower in the overweight/obese group than in the lean group (P < 0.01). Compared with the lean group, the overweight/obese group had elevated VA (0...
April 9, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Qi Xiang, Haicheng Yuan, Wang Cai, Shuo Qie
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Protocols for enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) provide comprehensive and evidence-based guidelines to improve perioperative care. It remains elusive whether early enteral nutrition (EEN) will play an active role in the ERAS protocols. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is a safe and efficient method to treat patients with bile duct stones. This study aims to assess the safety, tolerability, and outcomes of EEN after LCBDE. SUBJECTS /METHODS: From January 2014 to April 2017, a total of 100 patients with postoperative LCBDE were chosen and randomly divided into control group and EEN group...
April 9, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Itsuko Miyazawa, Katsuyuki Miura, Naoko Miyagawa, Keiko Kondo, Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Akira Fujiyoshi, Izumi Chihara, Yosikazu Nakamura, Atsushi Hozawa, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Yoshikuni Kita, Katsushi Yoshita, Tomonori Okamura, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The association between carbohydrate intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has been investigated, but whether the quality of carbohydrate is more important than its amount is not known. We examined the associations between intake of dietary fibre (DF), carbohydrate, available carbohydrate, and starch with long-term CVD mortality in a Japanese population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We prospectively followed 8925 participants (3916 men and 5009 women) aged 30-79 years without CVD at baseline who participated in the National Nutrition Survey in Japan...
April 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Miguel Silva, Jorge Gama, Nuno Pinto, Glaucia Pivi, Hugo Brancal, Lurdes Carvalho, Virgílio Loureiro, Maria Vaz Patto
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sulfites are additives commonly used in food and wine industries that are associated to adverse clinical effects such as headaches. The objective of this study is to investigate the possible association between sulfite concentration in wine and the occurrence of headaches in young adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eighty volunteers, aged between 18 and 25 years, were evaluated. Sub-groups (with or without previous headaches related with wine) were created and volunteers were submitted to two wine tests (minimum and maximum sulfite concentration accordingly to weight)...
April 8, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sarju Raj Singh Maharjan, Keruo Jiang, Adrian Slee, Andrew Davenport
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of sarcopenia. Previous studies have proposed equations to estimate muscle mass based on triceps skin-fold thickness and mid-upper arm circumference, with or without adjustment for hand grip strength (HGS). We wished to evaluate their usefulness compared to multifrequency segmental bioimpedance (MFBIA) measured appendicular lean mass (ALM). We audited 160 CKD patients attending outpatient clinics, 65.6% male, median age 73 (62-81.5) years. We calculated muscle mass using six proposed equations based on anthropometric measurements...
March 29, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Minatsu Kobayashi, Shizuka Sasazuki, Taichi Shimazu, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Tetsuya Mizoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Eating a variety of foods has been recommended in the dietary guidelines of many developed nations, as well as global dietary guidelines. We investigated the potential effect of dietary diversity on the risk of total mortality and major causes of mortality in a large-scale cohort study involving the Japanese population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: From 1995 to 2012, 79,904 participants (37,240 men and 42,664 women) aged 45 to 74 years, without histories of ischemic heart disease, stroke, or cancer were followed-up for a median of 14...
March 19, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Emily Jeffery, Y C Gary Lee, Robert U Newton, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Joanne McVeigh, Anna K Nowak, Hui Min Cheah, Bella Nguyen, Deirdre B Fitzgerald, Jenette Creaney, Leon Straker, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an incurable cancer and optimizing daily physical activity and quality of life are key goals of patient management. Little is known about the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and malnutrition in MPM or their associations with patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and malnutrition in MPM and investigate if activity levels and quality of life differed according to body composition and nutritional status...
March 18, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Minjia Mo, Shijie Wang, Zun Chen, Xiamusiye Muyiduli, Shuojia Wang, Yu Shen, Bule Shao, Minchao Li, Danqing Chen, Zexin Chen, Yunxian Yu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Optimal doses of vitamin D (VitD) supplement in different populations are unclear. We aim to evaluate the relationship between VitD supplementation and post-intervention serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration, to provide a recommended dosage of VitD for achieving an optimal 25(OH)D concentration for different populations. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Literature search was conducted in Embase, etc. Randomized controlled trials about VitD supplemental intakes and their effect on 25(OH)D concentration were enrolled...
March 14, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Arwa S Almasaudi, Ross D Dolan, Stephen T McSorley, Paul G Horgan, Christine Edwards, Donald C McMillan
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death. Surgery is the primary modality of treatment, but it is not without complications. Post-operative complications have been linked to preoperative of weight loss and loss of lean tissue, and also to obesity. Given sex differences in body composition, an examination of body composition and post-operative complications may provide valuable information. Therefore, the aim was to examine the relationship between male/female body composition and post-operative complications in patients with operable colorectal cancer...
March 11, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jill M Morrison, Celia V Laur, Heather H Keller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Screening for nutrition risk in community-dwelling older adults increases the likelihood of early intervention to improve nutritional status, with short screening tools preferred. SCREEN-II-AB is a valid 8-item tool. The current study determines whether SCREEN-III, a proposed 3-item version, adequately classifies nutrition risk in comparison. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Baseline data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging were used. Seventy-two percent (n = 24,456) of eligible participants (>55 years, complete SCREEN-II-AB) were included...
February 28, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jonathan C K Wells, Peter S W Davies, Mary S Fewtrell, Tim J Cole
BACKGROUND: Until recently, pediatric body composition reference data were very limited, hindering interpretation of measurements. In the last decade, such data emerged for several techniques for children ≥ 5 years, but equivalent data for younger age groups remain lacking, due to their poor compliance with most techniques. OBJECTIVES: To provide reference data for use in clinical practice and research from 6 weeks to 5 years, that are based on measurements of total body water (TBW) by isotope dilution...
February 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sutapa Agrawal, Rockli Kim, Jewel Gausman, Smriti Sharma, Rajan Sankar, William Joe, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Most interventions to foster child growth and development in India focus on improving food quality and quantity. We aimed to assess the pattern in food consumption and dietary diversity by socioeconomic status (SES) among Indian children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The most recent nationally representative, cross-sectional data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4, 2015-16) was used for analysis of 73,852-74,038 children aged 6-23 months...
February 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Manfred J Müller, M Soares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Philip Prinz
This review will focus on the question of whether dietary sugars are a relevant determinant in the global rise of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents, and children. Initially, the review describes the current definitions for sugars in the diet and makes reference to them while analyzing their role in overweight and obesity as well as diet-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cancer. Second, it will focus particularly on sucrose and the question of whether it is the molecular composition of sucrose (glucose and fructose) or its energy content that promotes body weight gain and diet-related diseases...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Patrícia Calado Ferreira Pinheiro Gadelha, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Patrícia Brazil Pereira Coelho, Pedrita Mirella Albuquerque Queiroz, Regiane Maio, Alcides da Silva Diniz
This study evaluates the relation between consumption of ultraprocessed foods, nutritional status, and dyslipidemia in schoolchildren from Recife/PE, Brazil. This is a cohort study conducted in 2008-2009 and 2012-2013, with 238 students recruited from the public school system of the city of Recife, Northeast Brazil. Demographic data, stage of sexual maturation, socioeconomic, lifestyle, anthropometric, and lipid profiles were collected. There was a high prevalence of overweight, abdominal obesity, and dyslipidemia in both the time periods...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
W Tu, J Wu, G Jian, J Lori, Y Tang, H Cheng, X Wu, N Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia is usually associated with other comorbidities; so it is difficult to distinguish the effects of hyperuricemia from other coexisting comorbidities in patients who suffer a stroke. SUBJECT/METHODS: Data for this study were collected from the patients of Kangjian Community Health Center of Shanghai. Selected participants ≥65 years of age were available at enrollment (2009-2013). Subjects were excluded if they had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, pre-existing cardiovascular disease, or hyperlipidemia...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Duong Duc Pham, Seung Ku Lee, Chol Shin, Nan Hee Kim, Chae Hun Leem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Klaas R Westerterp
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Seasonal variation in body mass is a model for the study of body mass regulation. Here a long-term study is presented on body mass, body composition, and activity-induced energy expenditure in a subject with a large seasonal variation in body mass of about 3.0 kg. SUBJECT/METHODS: Body mass was assessed daily over >20 consecutive years. Daily assessment of activity-induced energy expenditure was performed over the last 10 years. Body composition was assessed monthly for 1 year in the middle and at the end of the observation interval...
February 20, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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