Journals European Journal of Clinical N...

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nimmathota Arlappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A Mireille Baart, Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Hanne B T de Jong, Jeanne H M de Vries, Edith J M Feskens
BACKGROUND: Dietary indices are useful measures to investigate associations between dietary intake and disease development. The Dutch Healthy Diet index 2015 (DHD2015-index), a measure of diet quality, assesses adherence to the 2015 Dutch dietary guidelines. We assessed the DHD2015-index in the Lifelines cohort study, and compared calculations from basic and detailed dietary intake data. This article replaces the retracted article that was published on 16 May 2022 [1]. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed with a specially developed Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) called Flower-FFQ, which consists of one main questionnaire (heart-FFQ), which asks for intakes of major food groups, and three complementary questionnaires (petal-FFQs), which ask for detailed information on food types within major food groups of the heart-FFQ...
November 28, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hana Kahleova, Haley Brennan, Tatiana Znayenko-Miller, Richard Holubkov, Neal D Barnard
This secondary analysis assessed the association of a plant-based index (PDI), healthful (hPDI), and unhealthful (uPDI), with weight loss in overweight adults. Participants (n = 244) were randomly assigned to a vegan (n = 122) or control group (n = 122) for 16 weeks. Three-day dietary records were analyzed and PDI indices were calculated. A repeated measure ANOVA was used for statistical analysis. All three scores increased in the vegan group; the effect sizes were: PDI +10...
November 28, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Lanting Wang, Yi Long, Zixiong Zhang, Jiajia Lin, Jing Zhou, Gang Li, Bo Ye, He Zhang, Lin Gao, Zhihui Tong, Weiqin Li, Lu Ke, Zhengying Jiang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The optimal energy delivery for mechanically ventilated patients is controversial, particularly during the first week of ICU admission. This study aimed to investigate the association between different caloric adequacy and 28-day mortality in a cohort of critically ill adults on mechanical ventilation. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter, cluster-randomized controlled trial. Eligible patients were divided into four quartiles (Q1-Q4) according to caloric adequacy calculated by the actual average daily energy delivery during the first seven days of ICU stay divided by energy requirement as a percentage...
November 25, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Patricia Eustachio Colombo, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Esa-Pekka A Nykänen, Emma Patterson, Anna Karin Lindroos, Alexandr Parlesak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current dietary habits have substantial negative impacts on the health of people and the planet. This study aimed to develop a novel approach for achieving health-promoting and climate-friendly dietary recommendations for a broad range of consumers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hierarchical clustering analysis was combined with linear programming to design nutritionally adequate, health-promoting, climate-friendly and culturally acceptable diets using Swedish national dietary data (n = 1797)...
November 21, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fumiya Kawase, Yoshiyuki Masaki, Hiroko Ozawa, Manami Imanaka, Aoi Sugiyama, Hironari Wada, Shinya Kobayashi, Takayoshi Tsukahara
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Resting energy expenditure (REE) constitutes the largest component of total energy expenditure and undergoes an age-related decline that is unexplained by decreased fat-free mass. Phase angle (PhA) is a cellular health indicator that is possibly associated with REE. We investigated the association of REE and PhA in hospitalized older adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This single-center, cross-sectional analysis utilized the baseline data from a prospective longitudinal study and included 131 eligible patients aged ≥70 years...
November 21, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tingkai Cui, Jingchao Zhang, Yu Han, Yuanyuan Su, Zhi Li, Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Relationship between dietary intake and sensory sensitivity and intelligence in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is not well described. This study aims to investigate nutrition status in children with ASD and ID and its association with sensory sensitivity and intelligence. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 84 students (34 ASD and 48 ID) in a special education school were recruited. Dietary intakes were evaluated with 3-day food dairy. Sensory sensitivity was measured using short sensory profile (SSP)...
November 17, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sarah Andersen, Rebecca Fichera, Merrilyn Banks, Teresa Brown, Glen Kennedy, Nicholas Weber, David Williams, Judy Bauer
BACKGROUND/ OBJECTIVES: Nutrition support is frequently required post allogeneic haematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation (HPCT) however the tolerance of enteral nutrition (EN) can vary. This mixed methods study aimed to explore staff perceptions, barriers and enablers to the use of EN post HPCT and report the implementation and outcomes of a nutrition protocol. SUBJECT/ METHODS: A survey on barriers and enablers to the use of EN was developed and distributed to medical and nursing staff...
November 15, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Allison I Daniel, Julie Jemutai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mette Bohl, Søren Gregersen, Yuyue Zhong, Kim Henrik Hebelstrup, Kjeld Hermansen
BACKGROUND: Cereals foods with a high content of dietary fibres or amylose have potential to lower postprandial glucose levels. Optimisation of cereal foods may improve management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: We investigated the impact on 4 h postprandial glucose responses given as incremental area under curve (iAUC) of bread made of either 50% RNAi-based (genetically modified) amylose-only barley flour (AmOn) (and 50% wheat flour), 50% hulless barley flour (and 50% wheat flour) or 75% hulless barley (and 25% wheat flour) in subjects with T2D compared with 100% wheat flour bread...
November 8, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ji-Qiao Zhu, Xiao-Yong Ye, Shi-Wei Yang, Jia-Zong Liu, Zhang-Yong Ren, Ya-Nan Jia, Zhe Liu, Cheng Ding, Jian-Tao Kou, Xian-Liang Li, Dong-Dong Han, Qiang He
BACKGROUND: Metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease was proposed by international consensus to redefine the metabolic abnormal condition. However, its impact on liver transplant recipients with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma has not been explored. METHODS: A two-center retrospective cohort study on liver transplant recipients with hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma was performed to analyze the impact of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease on the clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis...
November 7, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kaveri Pathak, Yun Zhao, Emily K Calton, Anthony P James, Philip Newsholme, Jill Sherriff, Mario J Soares
BACKGROUND: L-Leucine (Leu) supplementation may benefit fat-free mass (FFM) per se and glucose metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether Leu supplementation during energy restriction blunted the loss of FFM, enhanced the loss of fat mass (FM) and improved glucose tolerance. DESIGN: Thirty-seven adults, aged 20-65 years, with increased waist circumference and at least one other metabolic syndrome (MetS) component, were selected. We employed a two-arm parallel, double blind, randomized control trial (RCT) design...
November 3, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nagisa Mori, Neil Murphy, Norie Sawada, David Achaintre, Taiki Yamaji, Augustin Scalbert, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Junta Tanaka, Motoki Iwasaki, Hiroyasu Iso, Manami Inoue, Marc J Gunter, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: In recent years, an increasing number of epidemiological studies have suggested a role of polyphenols in the prevention of chronic diseases. Prospective cohort studies have typically measured polyphenol concentrations in a single blood sample and the reproducibility of plasma polyphenol measurements is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the reproducibility of 35 plasma polyphenols collected at an interval of 1-year. We also examined correlations of these polyphenols with food group intakes calculated from weighed food records (WFR) and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
October 27, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Miika M Wynne-Ellis, Jaakko J Mursu, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, Jukka T Salonen, Jyrki K Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Average testosterone concentrations in men have declined over the last few decades. The reasons for this are not fully known, but changes in dietary fat quality have been suggested to have a role. This study aimed to investigate the associations of different dietary fatty acids with serum androgen concentrations. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 2546 men with a mean age of 53 from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study were included in this cross-sectional study...
October 27, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Alisson Diego Machado, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Isabela Martins Benseñor, Silvia Maria Titan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The association between dietary acid load (DAL) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression remains controversial. Also, there is a gap in the literature on the association between DAL and mortality. In this study, we evaluated the association between NEAP (net endogenous acid production) and PRAL (potential renal acid load) and the risk of events of all-cause mortality and kidney replacement therapy (KRT) in people with CKD. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We included 442 patients (250 diabetics) from the Progredir Cohort Study, based in São Paulo, Brazil...
October 27, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Elham Makiabadi, Reza Nakhaeizadeh, Mohammad Soleimani, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has been reported to be associated with lower postoperative plasma antioxidant and zinc levels. We hypothesized that perioperative supplementation of vitamin E and zinc might improve short-term postoperative outcomes. METHODS: In this placebo-controlled double-blind, randomized study, patients undergoing CABG performed with cardiopulmonary bypass were recruited. The intervention group received zinc and vitamin E supplementation (1200 IU vitamin E and 120 mg elemental zinc) the day before surgery, followed by postoperative daily supplementation of 30 mg zinc and 200 IU vitamin E from the 2nd day after surgery to 3 weeks...
October 27, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
María José Yusta-Boyo, Enrique Gutiérrez González, Marta García-Solano, Almudena Rollán Gordo, Isabel Peña-Rey, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Population´s dietary intake of saturated fat, sodium, and sugars is higher than the current recommendations in Spain and most European countries. Nationwide food reformulation strategies have the potential to improve nutritional quality; however, evaluations are only available in a few countries and are difficult to compare. This study shows the degree of compliance with the nutrient reduction objectives included in a 4-year (2016-2020) Spanish food reformulation initiative...
October 24, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Antonio Corsello, Lorenzo Scatigno, Giulia Fiore, Stefano Baresi, Francesca Eletti, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Caterina Strisciuglio, Dario Dilillo, Elvira Verduci
In recent years there has been growing interest in the use of nutraceuticals and biotics in both pediatric and adult clinical practice. The overlapping and often ambiguous symptoms of both functional and organic gastrointestinal disorders have led to a search for alternative therapeutic approaches that avoid the use of synthetic or chemical treatments. However, while nutraceuticals and natural supplements are widely used, their health benefits are often not supported by adequate scientific evidence, and an unregulated use of nutraceuticals can be potentially harmful...
October 24, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Alice Maguolo, Giorgia Mazzuca, Carmel E Smart, Claudio Maffeis
The main goal of therapeutic management of type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is to maintain optimal glycemic control to prevent acute and long-term diabetes complications and to enable a good quality of life. Postprandial glycemia makes a substantial contribution to overall glycemic control and variability in diabetes and, despite technological advancements in insulin treatments, optimal postprandial glycemia is difficult to achieve. Several factors influence postprandial blood glucose levels in children and adolescents with T1DM, including nutritional habits and adjustment of insulin doses according to meal composition...
October 24, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Victoria Chen, Tauseef A Khan, Laura Chiavaroli, Amna Ahmed, Danielle Lee, Cyril W C Kendall, John L Sievenpiper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2023: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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