Journals European Journal of Clinical N...

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Isabela M Sponchiado, Larissa S Limirio, Flávia M S de Branco, Erick P de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have suggested a potential positive association between serum vitamin D levels and muscle strength in older adults, it remains unclear whether this relationship is sex-dependent. AIM: To evaluate the association between serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and muscle strength in older adults and to assess whether this association is dependent on sex. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 2001 and 2002...
July 11, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Qinggang Yuan, Lixiang Liu, Kai Wang, Shizhen Zhou, Ji Miao, Bo Gao, Chao Ding, Wenxian Guan
BACKGROUND: It was reported that the cachexia index (CXI: <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mfrac><mml:mrow><mml:mi>ALB</mml:mi> <mml:mo>*</mml:mo> <mml:mi>SMI</mml:mi></mml:mrow> <mml:mrow><mml:mi>NLR</mml:mi></mml:mrow> </mml:mfrac> </mml:math> ) was an essential index for predicting the prognosis of tumor patients. However, since for SMI needs to be measured by CT imaging methods and its calculation was inconvenient...
July 10, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Meredith Kinoshita, Martin J White, Anne Doolan
Breastmilk confers empirical benefits for preterm infants, however direct breastfeeding rates in this population remain low. For preterm infants, it may be useful to assess the volume of breastmilk transferred from mother to baby when breastfeeding, particularly during transition to oral feeding when breastfeeding attrition is high. Establishing breastfeeding in preterm infants is complex and without knowledge of milk intake during breastfeeds there is risk of inaccurate feed supplementation with subsequent effects on growth and nutrition...
July 9, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jing Wang, Xiaofen Xiao, Hui Zhang, Dan Wu, Feifei Luo, Juling Yu
Low-protein diet (LPD) is the core of dietary and nutritional therapy for non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. In addition, physical exercise could prevent and treat various illnesses and chronic diseases. The objective of the study was to search for and appraise evidence on the effect of additional physical exercise on patients' nutritional status and indicators of disease progression when compared with the LPD alone. PubMed Central, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Knowledge for randomized controlled trials (published between January 1, 1956 and May 17, 2023) were searched...
July 3, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carolina Aguirre, María Fernanda Tumani, Fernando Carrasco, Jorge Inostroza, Ana María Obregón, Álvaro Reyes, Paulina Pettinelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The Relative Fat Mass (RFM) is an alternative index to body mass index (BMI) for estimating whole body fat percentage (BF%). Our aims were to determine the accuracy of the RFM for 1) identifying individuals with elevated BF% and, 2) estimating the BF% compared to Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a Chilean adult population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Body composition was assessed by DXA in 270 healthy participants (125 women/145 men). Anthropometric measurements were assessed to calculate RFM and BMI...
June 28, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Amrita Vijay, Ana M Valdes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yuanyuan Li, Qing Xiao, LiangKai Chen, Guang Li, Benchao Li, Tingting Li, Yan Deng, Fengping Li, Bo Yang, Shuang Rong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of serum saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and prevalent mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. METHODS: A total of 607 Chinese adults aged at least 45 years were included in the baseline survey of The Lifestyle and Healthy Aging of Chinese Square Dancer Study. Serum concentrations of individual SFAs including 6 even-chain SFAs (C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C20:0, C22:0, and C24:0) and 4 odd-chain SFAs (C15:0, C17:0, C21:0, and C23:0), were quantified by Gas chromatography system with a mass spectrometer...
June 26, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Juliana Omena, Vanessa Monteiro Voll, Flávia Fioruci Bezerra, Bernardo Ferreira Braz, Ricardo Erthal Santelli, Carmen Marino Donangelo, Gustavo Federico Jauregui, Andrea Soares Ribeiro, Cláudia Dos Santos Cople Rodrigues, Marta Citelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is marked by hypoxia, inflammation, and secondary iron overload (IO), which potentially modulate hepcidin, the pivotal hormone governing iron homeostasis. The aim was to evaluate the iron incorporation in red blood cells (RBC) in SCA pediatric patients, considering the presence or absence of IO. SUBJECTS/METHODS: SCA children (n = 12; SCAtotal ) ingested an oral stable iron isotope (57 Fe) and iron incorporation in RBC was measured after 14 days...
June 22, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kyunghwa Lee, In-Ae Song, Sunghee Lee, Keonhee Kim, Tak Kyu Oh
BACKGROUND: The South Korean government implemented a multidisciplinary nutritional support team (NST) system to focus on the proper evaluation and supply of nutritional status in hospitalized patients who are at a higher risk of malnutrition. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study included patients diagnosed with sepsis who were admitted to hospitals from 2016 to 2020. The NST should consist of four professional personnel (physicians, full-time nurses, full-time pharmacists, and full-time clinical dietitians)...
June 19, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Arne Astrup
Scientists were chasing an incretin hormone, and when GLP-1 was finally discovered, we found that it had a pronounced satiety effect, slowed down gastric emptying, and actually reduced postprandial insulin response. These mechanisms are the basis for the highly efficacious GLP-1 analogues that today offer safe and effective treatment in millions of people living with obesity. Moreover, the combined GLP-1 mechanisms of weight loss and delayed carbohydrate absorption may also be the key drivers of remission of type 2 diabetes and reduced cardiovascular events found by GLP-1 analogues...
June 18, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
David Hakimian, Elizabeth Wall, Jean Herlitz, Edward Scott Lozano, Edwin McDonald, Carol Semrad, Dejan Micic
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is a complication of long-term PN use, attributed to the use of ω-6 injectable lipid emulsions (ILE). Fish oil (FO) ILE have been successful in reversing liver injury in neonates. Evidence for pure FO ILE use in adult patients is limited. METHODS: Case series of the use of FO lipid emulsions in adults with IFALD from the University of Chicago PN registry. Analysis of medical charts and PN formulations was performed...
June 17, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shuhao Lin, Sofia Cienfuegos, Mark Ezpeleta, Vasiliki Pavlou, Mary-Claire Runchey, Krista A Varady
This study examined the effects of time restricted eating (TRE) on sex hormones in males and females, versus daily calorie restriction (CR). Adults with obesity (n = 90) were randomized to 1 of 3 groups for 12-months: 8-h TRE (eating only between 12:00 to 8:00 pm, with no calorie counting); CR (25% energy restriction daily); or control. Body weight decreased (P < 0.01) in the TRE and CR groups, relative to controls, in males, premenopausal females, and postmenopausal females, by month 12...
June 12, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Darel Wee Kiat Toh, Shalini Ponnalagu, Stefan Gerardus Camps, Joseph Lim, Melvin Xu Nian Koh, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acute glycemic responses offer important insights into glucose homeostasis although the repeatability of these measurements particularly in Asian populations remains unclear. This research aimed to critically investigate the inconsistencies of the postprandial glycemic profile within individuals, and identify potential variables predicting greater inconsistencies. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of three randomized controlled trials which fed subjects with glucose (and other carbohydrate-rich foods), and measured postprandial blood glucose at regular intervals...
June 12, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Findlay Crystal, Robert Fulai, Patrick Kaonga, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis (HD) patients are reported to be at greater risk of malnourishment, and at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. However, most studies report from economically advanced countries. We therefore assessed the nutritional status and diet among HD patients attending a public university hospital in a sub-Saharan African country. SUBJECTS: We performed nutritional assessments in HD patients attending the largest dialysis centre, in the country, collecting demographic and clinical data, dietary intake, along with anthropometric and bioimpedance body composition measurements in May 2022...
June 12, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Vanessa Pereira, Inês Barreiros-Mota, Filipa Cortez, Inês Castela, Diana Teixeira, Conceição Calhau, Cláudia Camila Dias, André Moreira-Rosário, Marta P Silvestre
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The escalating obesity epidemic necessitates effective, sustainable weight loss (WL) and maintenance strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Weight Loss Maintenance 3 Phases Program (WLM3P) in achieving a clinically significant long-term weight loss (WL) (≥5% initial WL at 18 months) in adults with obesity compared to a standard low-carbohydrate diet (LCD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this two-phase trial, 112 participants targeting initial WL (0-6 months) and subsequent maintenance (7-18 months) were randomly assigned to either WLM3P or LCD groups...
June 6, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Undurti N Das
Inflammatory markers are inversely associated with bone density, geometry, and strength in postmenopausal women, and elderly subjects suggesting that osteoporosis is a low-grade systemic inflammatory condition. But glucocorticoids that are potent anti-inflammatory compounds instead of arresting/preventing osteoporosis induce osteoporosis. These results indicate that IL-6 and TNF-α, post-menopausal state, and steroids produce osteoporosis by an unidentified mechanism. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, estrogen, and steroids bring about their actions by influencing the metabolism of essential fatty acids (EFAs)...
June 5, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Alessio Correani, Cristina Spagnoli, Lucia Lanciotti, Chiara Monachesi, Luca Antognoli, Flavia De Angelis, Chiara Biagetti, Ilaria Burattini, Virgilio Carnielli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between mother's own milk (MOM) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants <32 weeks. METHODS: Clinical data of AGA preterm infants (24+0/7 -31+6/7 weeks) were reviewed. Infants with ≥66% of cumulative prescribed enteral volumes as MOM from birth to 36 weeks were allocated to the high provision of MOM group (H-MOM), whereas those with <66% were assigned to the low provision of MOM group (L-MOM)...
May 30, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A Kofi Amegah, Roland Ayinemi, Christian Sewor, Haile Mekonnen Fenta, Kelvin Yeboah, Seidu Awal Mohammed, Duah Dwomoh, Samuel K Annim, Saverio Stranges, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important determinant of foetal health. In West Africa, maternal and child undernutrition remains a major public health problem and it is important to establish the mechanistic pathway linking the two disorders to help address the problem. We therefore assessed the mediating role of low birth weight (LBW) in the relationship of maternal undernutrition with child undernutrition in West Africa. METHODS: We included recent (2010-2019) DHS data from thirteen West African countries...
May 28, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Andrew J Sinclair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Manon Le Guiniec, A L Borel
Holoprosencephaly is an anomaly in the division of the prosencephalon into cerebral hemispheres during the second month of gestation. Patients can present with early-onset obesity favoured by the cognitive impairment. We present a case of a 24 year-old woman with holoprosencephaly and class III obesity who was treated by 2.4 mg/week SEMAGLUTIDE. Her body weight decreased from 115.3 to 94.3 kg after one-year (18% of total body weight loss). In addition, she presented a marked reduction in self- and hetero-aggressive behaviour when exposed to the sight of food...
May 27, 2024: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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