Lin Lin, Xinying Jiang, Lingling Liu, Jingcan Wu, Tiantian Yu, Yuting Wei, Man Li, Hui Peng, Cheng Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the prognostic role of Masked Morning Hypertension (MMH) in non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD). METHODS: 2,130 NDD-CKD patients of inpatient department were categorized into four blood pressure groups: clinical normotension (CH-), clinical hypertension (CH+) with morning hypertension (MH+), and without MH+ (MH-) respectively. The correlation between these four blood pressure types and the primary (all-cause mortality) and secondary endpoints (cardio-cerebrovascular disease [CVD] and end-stage kidney disease [ESKD]) was analyzed...
April 16, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Myrthe van der Bruggen, Bart Spronck, Siske Bos, Maarten H G Heusinkveld, Stefano Taddei, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Tammo Delhaas, Rosa Maria Bruno, Koen D Reesink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Ri Zhang, Yu Pan, Yong K Ren, Qiao B Sun, Ting T Fu, Xu Zhao, Yan Liu, Yi Nong Jiang
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the association between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and left atrial (LA) stiffness in patients with hypertension and to explore the mediating effect of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on this association. METHODS: Essential hypertensive patients (n=292) aged 18 to 83 years were enrolled and divided into two groups based on the LA stiffness index (LASI): Group I (LASI≤0.32, n=146) and Group II (LASI>0.32, n=146). The LASI was defined as the ratio of early diastolic transmitral flow velocity/lateral mitral annulus myocardial velocity (E/e') to LA reservoir strain...
April 12, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Senjie Dai, Yang Yang, Dongying Wang
BACKGROUND: Limited data are published on the relationship of Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) with prehypertension progression or regression. Therefore, we investigated this association through the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. METHODS: Participants with prehypertension were assigned to two groups according to baseline CVAI, and after 4 years of follow-up, their blood pressure was analyzed for deterioration or improvement. We constructed logistic regression models for assessing the association of CVAI with progression or regression of prehypertension...
April 10, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Chibuike J Alanaeme, Lama Ghazi, Oluwasegun P Akinyelure, Ying Wen, Ashley Christenson, Bharat Poudel, Erin E Dooley, Ligong Chen, Shakia T Hardy, Kathryn Foti, C Barrett Bowling, Michelle T Long, Lisandro D Colantonio, Paul Muntner
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of many chronic conditions has increased over the past several decades among US adults. Many adults with hypertension have other chronic conditions. METHODS: We estimated changes in the age-adjusted prevalence of multiple (≥3) chronic conditions, not including hypertension, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, from 1999-2000 to 2017-2020, among US adults with and without hypertension (24,851 and 24,337 participants, respectively)...
April 5, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Xuelin Wang, Feier Song, Lujing Jiang, Ziling Huang, Songyuan Luo, Xin Li, Xuyu He
BACKGROUND: Optimal antihypertensive medication for chronic Type B aortic dissection remains undecided. This study compared the efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan with valsartan to determine suitable antihypertensive drug combinations. METHODS: In this single-center, open-label, randomized, controlled trial, patients with chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection and mild hypertension were randomized to receive sacubitril/valsartan 100/200 mg or valsartan 80/160 mg...
April 2, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Nikit Venishetty, Jarett D Berry, James A de Lemos, Elaine Wu, Min Jae Lee, Paul E Drawz, Vijay Nambi, Christie M Ballantyne, Anthony A Killeen, Joachim H Ix, Michael G Shlipak, Simon B Ascher
BACKGROUND: Nighttime blood pressure (BP) has greater prognostic importance for cardiovascular disease (CVD) than daytime BP, but less is known about nighttime and daytime BP associations with measures of subclinical CVD. METHODS: Among 897 Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial Study (SPRINT) participants with 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring obtained near the 27-month study visit, 849 (95%) had N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) measured at the 24-month study visit...
March 30, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Bo Bian, Heye Chen, Tianming Teng, Jinyong Huang, Xuefang Yu
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis (AS) stands as the primary contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD), a pervasive global health concern. Extensive research has underscored the pivotal role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in CVD development. However, the specific functions of numerous circRNAs in AS remain poorly understood. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis revealed a significant up-regulation of circ_0104652 in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
March 27, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
D Chemla, D Agnoletti, P Attal, S Millasseau, J Blacher, M Jozwiak
BACKGROUND: A novel method for estimating central systolic aortic pressure (cSAP) has emerged, relying solely on peripheral mean (MBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures. We aimed to assess the accuracy of this Direct Central Blood Pressure estimation using cuff alone (DCBPcuff=MBP²/DBP) in comparison to the use of generalized transfer function to derive cSAP from radial tonometry (cSAPtono). METHODS: This retrospective analysis involved International Database of Central Arterial properties for Risk Stratification (IDCARS) data (Aparicio et al...
March 22, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
I B Ragnarsdóttir, T Akhter, K Junus, L Lindström, S Lager, A K Wikström
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia in a first pregnancy is a strong risk factor for preeclampsia in a second pregnancy. Whether chronic hypertension developed after a first pregnancy (interpregnancy hypertension) affects the recurrence risk of preeclampsia is unknown. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of 391,645 women with their first and second singleton births between 2006 and 2017. Exposure groups were women with preeclampsia in their first pregnancy, interpregnancy hypertension, or both risk factors...
March 19, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Sophie Samuel, Kyndol Craver, Charles Miller, Brittany Pelsue, Catherine Gonzalez, Teresa A Allison, Brian Gulbis, H Alex Choi, Seokhun Kim
BACKGROUND: While Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) inhibitors have a longstanding history in blood pressure control, their suitability as first-line in-patient treatment may be limited due to prolonged half-life and kidney failure concerns. METHODS: Using a cohort design, we assessed the impact of RAS inhibitors, either alone or in combination with beta-blockers, on mortality, while exploring interactions, including those related to end-stage renal disease and serum creatinine levels...
March 19, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Maycon Junior Ferreira, Emerson Sebastião, Paulo Henrique Silva Pelicioni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Peng Hao, Siting Feng, Min Suo, Shen Wang, Keyang Zheng, Xiaofan Wu
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness has been confirmed to be associated with cognitive impairment. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is widely regarded as the gold standard for assessing arterial stiffness, yet it is not readily accessible. In response, the use of estimated pulse wave velocity (ePWV) has been proposed as a more accessible and cost-effective alternative. ePWV not only offers ease of calculation but also covers a broader spectrum of vascular aging processes, some of which may be distinct from those detected by cfPWV...
March 15, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Jing Fang, Wen Zhou, Donald K Hayes, Hilary K Wall, Gregory Wozniak, Alina Chung, Fleetwood Loustalot
BACKGROUND: Self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP) is an important out-of-office resource that is effective in improving hypertension control. Changes in SMBP use during the COVID-19 pandemic have not been described previously. METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data were used to quantify changes in SMBP use between 2019 (prior COVID-19 pandemic) and 2021 (during COVID-19 pandemic). Fourteen states administered the SMBP module in both years...
March 14, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Jakob Nyvad, Kent Lodberg Christensen, Gratien Andersen, Mark Reinhard, Michael Maeng, Sebastian Nielsen, Martin Bjergskov Thomsen, Jesper Møller Jensen, Bjarne Linde Nørgaard, Niels Henrik Buus
OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with accelerated vascular calcification and increased central systolic blood pressure when measured invasively (invCSBP) relative to cuff-based brachial systolic blood pressure (cuffSBP). The contribution of aortic wall calcification to this phenomenon has not been clarified. We therefore examined the effects of aortic calcification on cuffSBP and invCSBP in a cohort of patients representing all stages of CKD. METHODS: During elective coronary angiography, invCSBP was measured in the ascending aorta with a fluid-filled catheter with simultaneous recording of cuffSBP using an oscillometric device...
March 13, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Silvia Palomo-Piñón, Neftali Eduardo Antonio-Villa, Luis Rey García-Cortés, Moises Moreno-Noguez, Luis Alcocer, Humberto Álvarez-López, Ernesto G Cardona-Muñoz, Adolfo Chávez-Mendoza, Enrique Díaz-Díaz, José Manuel Enciso-Muñoz, Héctor Galván-Oseguera, Martin Rosas-Peralta
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Mexico. However, there is limited data available to understand blood pressure management and cardiometabolic profiles. AIMS: To assess the prevalence of controlled and uncontrolled blood pressure, as well as the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors among patients from the Mexican Registry of Arterial Hypertension (RIHTA). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of participants living with arterial hypertension registered on RIHTA between December 2021 and April 2023...
March 11, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Kun-Hui Li, Jie-Min Lin, Si-Qi Luo, Min-Yan Li, Yi-Yong Yang, Meng-Meng Li, Pan-Yan Xia, Jin-Zi Su
The effectiveness of Renal Denervation (RDN) in reducing blood pressure and systemic sympathetic activity in hypertensive patients has been established. However, the underlying central mechanism remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the role of RDN in regulating cardiovascular function via the central Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) pathway. Ten-week-old Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) were subjected to Selective Afferent Renal Denervation (ADN) using capsaicin solution. We hypothesized that ADN would effectively reduce blood pressure and rebalance the RAS component of PVN in SHR...
March 9, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Eric J MacLaughlin, Joseph J Saseen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
Cesare Cuspidi, Rita Facchetti, Fosca Quarti-Trevano, Raffaella Dell'Oro, Giuseppe Mancia, Guido Grassi
BACKGROUND: Findings regarding the association between Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and cardiac hypertension-mediated organ damage (HMOD), such as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) assessed by echocardiography, in elderly hypertensive patients are scanty. We sought to investigate this issue in the hypertensive fraction of the general population treated with anti-hypertensive drugs enrolled in the Pressioni Monitorate E Loro Associazioni (PAMELA) study. METHODS: The study included 239 out of 562 participants who attended the second and third survey of the PAMELA study performed after 10 and 25 years from the initial evaluation...
March 5, 2024: American Journal of Hypertension
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