journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788512/handgrip-strength-and-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-kidney-failure-patients-comparative-analysis-of-different-normalization-methods
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed E Suliman, Kakei Ryu, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Xiejia Li, Carla Maria Avesani, Peter Barany, Olof Heimbürger, Peter Stenvinkel, Bengt Lindholm
OBJECTIVES: Reduced handgrip strength (HGS) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. We analyzed and compared associations of HGS with mortality risk in dialysis patients, using different normalization methods of HGS. METHODS: HGS and clinical and laboratory parameters were measured in a cohort of 446 incident dialysis patients (median age 56 y, 62% men). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to compare different normalization methods of HGS as predictors of mortality: absolute HGS in kilograms; HGS normalized to height, weight, or body mass index; and HGS of a reference population of sex-matched controls (percentage of the mean HGS value [HGS%])...
April 17, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759340/dietary-inflammatory-potential-and-the-risk-of-nonfatal-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bangquan Liu, Xiyun Ren, Wenjing Tian
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, no evidence exists to link dietary inflammatory potential to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China. Furthermore, the precise mechanisms underlying the link between a pro-inflammatory diet and CVD remain incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary inflammatory potential and nonfatal CVD in the Chinese population and to explore the mediating role of insulin resistance. METHODS: A total of 4822 adults who participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) were included in this analysis...
April 15, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788341/longitudinal-associations-between-food-parenting-practices-and-dietary-intake-in-preschool-children-the-toybox-study
#23
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paloma Flores-Barrantes, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Iris Iglesia, Mai Jm ChinAPaw, Greet Cardon, Marieke De Craemer, Violeta Iotova, Natalya Usheva, Zbigniew Kułaga, Aneta Kotowska, Berthold Koletzko, Julia Birnbaum, Yannis Manios, Odysseas Androutsos, Luis A Moreno, E Leigh Gibson
INTRODUCTION: Food Parenting Practices (FPPs) include the practices parents use in the act of feeding their children, which may further influence their health. OBJECTIVES: To assess associations between changes in FPPs (permissiveness, food availability, guided choices, water encouragement, rules and limits and the use of food as reward) over 1 year and dietary intake (water, energy-dense/nutrient-poor and nutrient-dense foods) at follow-up in 4- to 6-year-old preschool-aged children...
August 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759339/does-the-ratio-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-to-docosahexaenoic-acid-matter-in-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-their-effects-on-cachexia-related-inflammation
#24
REVIEW
Małgorzata Szlendak, Aleksandra Kapała
Chronic inflammation is a hallmark of cancer cachexia. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs): eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are known to contribute to the reduction of inflammation, preservation of lean body mass and total body weight, and reduction of cancer-related symptoms, such as anorexia or neuropathy. This systematic review aimed to assess whether the ratio of EPA to DHA used in supplementation in cancer patients matters in the context of the resolution of inflammation and reduction of the risk of cachexia...
August 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38703635/how-xylitol-gluten-and-lactose-change-human-gut-microbiota-escherichia-coli-and-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-biofilm
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joanna Kwiecińska-Piróg, Karolina Chomont, Dagmara Fydrych, Julita Stawarz, Tomasz Bogiel, Jana Przekwas, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska
OBJECTIVE: The human gut microbiota is composed of many viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Escherichia coli representatives are facultative anaerobic bacteria in the colon that play a crucial role in the metabolism of lactose, vitamin synthesis, and immune system modulation. E. coli forms a biofilm on the epithelial cell surface of the intestine that can be modified by diet compounds, i.e., gluten, xylitol, lactose, and probiotics. METHODS: In the present study, the impact of probiotic-derived Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG strain on non-pathogenic E...
August 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669832/ketogenic-diet-has-a-positive-association-with-mental-and-emotional-well-being-in-the-general-population
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah Garner, Evan Davies, Emma Barkus, Ann-Katrin Kraeuter
OBJECTIVES: A ketogenic diet reduces pathologic stress and improves mood in neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the effects of a ketogenic diet for people from the general population have largely been unexplored. A ketogenic diet is increasingly used for weight loss. Research in healthy individuals primarily focuses on the physical implications of a ketogenic diet. It is important to understand the holistic effects of a ketogenic diet, not only the physiological but also the psychological effects, in non-clinical samples...
August 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579382/branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-drives-dynamic-changes-in-gut-microbiota-without-impairing-glucose-and-lipid-homeostasis-at-the-different-stages-of-insulin-resistance-in-mice-on-a-high-fat-diet
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rui Liu, Yang Yang, Guanjin Shi, Lei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The potential role of dietary branched-chain amino acids on circulating branched-chain amino acid levels and their relationship with metabolic health are complex, and the literature is inconsistent. We aimed to explore the dynamic effects of branched-chain amino acid supplementation on glucose and lipid homeostasis at different stages of insulin resistance in high-fat diet-fed mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were fed with a normal chow diet, high-fat diet, or high-fat diet supplemented with 100% branched-chain amino acids for 12 or 24 wk...
July 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38569254/evaluation-of-pre-and-postoperative-nutrition-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-orthognathic-surgery-patients
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zehra Margot Çelik, Ferit Bayram, Şule Aktaç, Gülcan Berkel, Fatma Esra Güneş
OBJECTIVE: Orthognathic surgery is a complex orofacial surgery that can significantly impact occlusal function and effect nutritional and quality of life parameters. This study aimed to evaluate alterations in dietary intake, chewing function, physical activity, and oral health-related quality of life of patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In this prospective longitudinal study, the assessments were conducted at: preoperatively (T0) and postoperative first week (T1), second week (T2), first month (T3), and third month (T4) between May 2021 and March 2023...
July 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38460445/sex-differences-in-the-relationships-between-macronutrients-and-all-cause-mortality-in-individuals-with-metabolically-unhealthy-overweight-obesity
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiaqi Zhang, Tong Xu, Yingxiang Huang, Runhong Li, Kaiyuan Wang, Xinli Lin, Lina Jin
This study investigates sex differences in the effects of macronutrient quantity, quality, and timing on mortality in metabolically unhealthy overweight/obesity (MUO) populations. The study included 18,345 participants, including 9204 men and 9141 women. The Cox proportional risk model and isocaloric substitution effects were used to examine the association of macronutrient intake and subtype with all-cause mortality in the MUO populations. After adjusting for the potential covariates, The risk of all-cause mortality was elevated in men in the highest 25% percentile of poor-quality carbohydrates compared with men in the lowest quartile (odds ratio [OR]: 2...
June 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38428222/so-many-measures-in-eras-protocol-which-matters-most
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nan Xie, Hua Xie, Wei Li, Zhongxian Zhu, Xu Wang, Weibing Tang
OBJECTIVES: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), which includes multiple measures, has gradually become the standard perioperative management in pediatric surgery. However, it is still unclear which of its many measures affects the outcomes more. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of children with congenital choledochal cysts who underwent surgical treatment in a specialized children's hospital from January 2019 to December 2022. Data including baseline factors, implementation of ERAS interventions, postoperative complications, and postoperative length of stay (PLOS) were collected...
June 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823252/sucralose-and-stevia-consumption-leads-to-intergenerational-alterations-in-body-weight-and-intestinal-expression-of-histone-deacetylase-3
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francisca Concha Celume, Francisco Pérez-Bravo, Martin Gotteland
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear whether parental consumption of non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) can affect subsequent generations. The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic parental consumption of sucralose and stevia in mice affects body weight gain and liver and intestinal expression of histone deacetylase 3 (Hdac3) in these animals and in the subsequent first filial (F1) and second filial (F2) generations. METHODS: Male and female mice (n = 47) were divided into three groups to receive water alone or supplemented with sucralose (0...
April 9, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749229/impact-of-covid-19-restrictive-measures-during-lockdown-period-on-eating-disorders-an-umbrella-review
#32
REVIEW
Matteo Vavassori, Gabriele Donzelli
The COVID-19 pandemic has sparked or amplified many mental health problems. The aim of this study was to compile evidence from existing systematic reviews to provide an overall assessment of the impact of social restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic on people affected by eating disorders (EDs). PubMed and Scopus were searched up to August 16, 2023. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were selected using the PRISMA 2020 statement. The quality assessment of the included studies was conducted using the JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Systematic Reviews and Research Syntheses...
April 6, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38663128/effect-of-longitudinal-changes-of-cachexia-on-the-efficacy-and-toxicity-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-escc-patients
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haoqian Li, Butuo Li, Xiaoqing Wang, Huan Zhang, Chunni Wang, Bingjie Fan, Linlin Wang
PURPOSE: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have enhanced survival in advanced esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) patients, but their efficacy varies. Cachexia, characterized by muscle loss and significant weight loss, might influence ICI response. This study examines the relationship between cachexia's longitudinal changes and ICI outcomes in ESCC patients. METHODS: ESCC patients undergoing at least two ICI cycles from 2017 to 2021 were studied. Cachexia's baseline and evolving patterns during ICI treatment were observed...
April 5, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38657418/the-importance-of-food-quality-gut-motility-and-microbiome-in-sibo-development-and-treatment
#34
REVIEW
Eliza Knez, Kornelia Kadac-Czapska, Małgorzata Grembecka
The prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is rising worldwide, particularly in nations with high rates of urbanization. Irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel illnesses, and nonspecific dysmotility are strongly linked to SIBO. Moreover, repeated antibiotic therapy promotes microorganisms' overgrowth through the development of antibiotic resistance. The primary cause of excessive fermentation in the small intestine is a malfunctioning gastrointestinal motor complex, which results in the gut's longer retention of food residues...
April 5, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669829/effect-of-a-high-fat-high-fructose-diet-on-the-composition-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-and-its-association-with-metabolic-and-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-letrozole-induced-mouse-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joanna Maria Pieczyńska-Zając, Anna Maria Malinowska, Ewa Pruszyńska-Oszmałek, Paweł Antoni Kołodziejski, Sławomira Drzymała-Czyż, Joanna Bajerska
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that dysbiosis of the gut microbiota is associated with the pathogenesis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), and that improper diet can aggravate these changes. This study thus aimed to investigate the effects of a high-fat/high-fructose (HF/HFr) diet on the gut microbial community and their metabolites in prepubertal female mice with letrozole (LET)-induced PCOS. We also tested the correlations between the relative abundance of microbial taxa and selected PCOS parameters...
April 4, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38678640/barriers-and-facilitators-to-nutritional-recommendations-identified-by-participants-of-a-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-program-in-a-low-resource-context-in-brazil
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Camila Kümmel Duarte, Luciana de Abreu Silva, Paula Moraes Berti de Andrade, Tábata Monaliza Marcelino Martins, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi
OBJECTIVES: Nutritional recommendations, a core component of cardiovascular rehabilitation, play a vital role in managing cardiovascular diseases. However, adherence to these recommendations is complex, particularly in low-resource settings. This study explored the barriers and facilitators influencing adherence to nutritional recommendations among participants in a low-resource cardiovascular rehabilitation program in Brazil. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was employed...
April 3, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669831/a-review-on-vitamin-a-deficiency-and-depleted-immunity-in-south-asia-from-deficiency-to-resilience
#37
REVIEW
Rahul Kumar, Maria Jose Oruna-Concha, Keshavan Niranjan, Karani S Vimaleswaran
In the developing world, the twin challenges of depleted health and growing issue of food waste management loom large, demanding simultaneous attention and innovative solutions. This review explores how these issues can be effectively mitigated while shedding light on the transformative impact of food waste valorization on health management. A spotlight is cast on vitamin A deficiency (VAD), an acute public health concern, especially prevalent in South Asia, driven by economic constraints, sociocultural factors, inadequate diets, and poor nutrient absorption...
April 3, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669830/proposal-and-validation-of-an-equation-to-identify-sarcopenia-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-derived-parameters
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Takashi Shida, Sho Hatanaka, Takahisa Ohta, Yosuke Osuka, Narumi Kojima, Keiko Motokawa, Masanori Iwasaki, Fumiko Miyamae, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Awata, Hiroyuki Sasai
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a simpler approach for diagnosing sarcopenia by using only bioelectrical impedance vector analysis parameters. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional study. The research was conducted based on the Itabashi Longitudinal Study on Aging, a community-based cohort study, with data collected from the 2022 and 2023 surveys in Itabashi Ward, Tokyo, Japan. The development cohort consisted of 1146 participants from the 2022 survey, and the validation cohort included 656 participants from the 2023 survey...
April 3, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38696907/impact-of-oral-nutritional-supplement-composition-on-healing-of-different-chronic-wounds-a-systematic-review
#39
REVIEW
Allan Carlos Soares do Espírito Santo, Clara Sandra de Araújo Sugizaki, Alcides Corrêa de Morais Junior, Nara Aline Costa, Maria Marcia Bachion, João Felipe Mota
Chronic wounds are characterized by prolonged non-healing, significantly affecting patients' quality of life. Oral formulas may enhance the wound healing process and contribute to cost reduction in care. This review aimed to evaluate the effects of oral nutritional supplementation on chronic wound healing and provide insights into formula characteristics. A comprehensive search across Cinahl, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases yielded nine studies from the past decade involving 741 patients ages 52 to 81...
April 2, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38677250/high-adherence-to-the-french-dietary-guidelines-decreases-type-2-diabetes-risk-in-females-through-pathways-of-obesity-markers-evidence-from-the-e3n-epic-prospective-cohort-study
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daouda Seck, Sanam Shah, Emmanuelle Correia, Chloé Marques, Raphaëlle Varraso, Bamba Gaye, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Nasser Laouali
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been associated with low adherence to the 2017 French food-based dietary guidelines, as assessed by the Programme National Nutrition Santé - guidelines score 2 (PNNS-GS2). Whether the association between T2D and PNNS-GS2 is direct or mediated by obesity has been little investigated. RESEARCH METHODS: The study included 71,450 women from the E3N-EPIC cohort, mean age of 52.9 y (SD 6.7). The simplified PNNS-GS2 was derived via food history questionnaire...
April 2, 2024: Nutrition
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