journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823254/maternal-nutrition-and-its-effects-on-fetal-neurodevelopment
#1
REVIEW
Álvaro Eustáquio de Matos Reis, Ingrid Silva Teixeira, Juliana Marino Maia, Lucas Augusto Almeida Luciano, Lucas Marques Brandião, Maria Luíza Santos Silva, Luiz G S Branco, Renato Nery Soriano
Herein, we present a thorough examination of the impact of maternal nutrition on fetal and infant neurodevelopment, focusing on specific nutrients and their critical roles in perinatal and pediatric health. Through a comprehensive narrative review of the literature, this study highlights the importance of a balanced maternal diet rich in nutrients like eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), folic acid, iron, and iodine in shaping children's neurological functions. Key findings underscore the influence of maternal nutrition during pregnancy and the peri-gestational period on children's cognitive, motor, speech, and socio-emotional development...
May 9, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833779/impact-of-vitamin-b12-supplement-intake-cessation-on-vitamin-b12-status-in-a-healthy-vegan-a-close-interval-monitoring-case-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maximilian Andreas Storz, Roman Huber, Luciana Hannibal
BACKGROUND: Healthy plant-based diets, such as the lacto-ovo-vegetarian and the vegan diet, offer numerous benefits to human health. Poorly designed plant-based diets, however, bear the risk for vitamin- and micronutrient deficiencies. Vitamin B12 (B12, cobalamin) is a nutrient of particular concern in both diets, and should be readily supplemented on a continuous basis to ensure adequate B12 levels and to prevent deficiencies. CASE REPORT: This case reports describes the history of a healthy man in his mid-30s who adopted a vegan diet approximately 10 y ago...
May 7, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820988/anthropometric-evaluation-through-images-findings-from-the-scanner-software-package
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Amanda Pizarro, Sebastián Castro, Alonso Pizarro
OBJECTIVE: To compare the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) agreement between synthetic data and the Smart Computerized Anthropometric NavigatioN and Evaluation Resource (SCANNER) software package. METHODS: One hundred and ten 3D digital humans (55 for each sex) were created to obtain synthetic values. WHtR was obtained through the waist circumference and height division, both in centimeters. These data were programmed and obtained directly from the synthetic models...
May 7, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38865772/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-diabetes-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-and-prospective-cohort-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiyoung Hwang, Hyesook Kim, Oran Kwon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns associated with diabetes in Korean adults and to investigate their association with diabetes risk in both a cross-sectional and prospective study. METHODS: Predefined food groups collected by the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2015-2018, n = 19 721) were entered in a reduced rank regression (RRR) model, followed by stepwise linear regression analyses to identify the most predictive dietary patterns...
May 6, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38843564/advancing-body-composition-assessment-in-patients-with-cancer-first-comparisons-of-traditional-versus-multicompartment-models
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jonathan P Bennett, Katherine L Ford, Mario Siervo, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Henry C Lukaski, Michael B Sawyer, Marina Mourtzakis, Nicolaas E P Deutz, John A Shepherd, Carla M Prado
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Measurement of body composition using computed tomography (CT) scans may be a viable clinical tool for low muscle mass assessment in oncology. However, longitudinal assessments are often infeasible with CT. Clinically accessible body composition technologies can be used to track changes in fat-free mass (FFM) or muscle, though their accuracy may be impacted by cancer-related physiological changes. The purpose of this study was to examine the agreement among accessible body composition method with criterion methods for measures of whole-body FFM measurements and, when possible, muscle mass for the classification of low muscle in patients with cancer...
May 6, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38824907/eating-behaviors-and-dietary-intake-2-to-4-years-following-sleeve-gastrectomy-are-there-any-associations
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nazanin Moslehi, Zahra Kamali, Maryam Barzin, Alireza Khalaj, Parvin Mirmiran
OBJECTIVES: A lack of research exists on associations between eating behaviors and dietary intake among patients undergoing bariatric surgery. This study aimed to ascertain the association between eating behaviors and dietary quantity and quality at mid-term postsleeve gastrectomy (SG). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 146 adults within 2 to 4 years post-SG. Dietary intake and eating behaviors were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire, respectively...
May 3, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823253/assessment-of-the-influence-of-chewing-pattern-on-glucose-homeostasis-through-linear-regression-model
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alessia Riente, Alessio Abeltino, Giada Bianchetti, Cassandra Serantoni, Marco De Spirito, Dario Pitocco, Stefano Capezzone, Rosita Esposito, Giuseppe Maulucci
OBJECTIVE: Maintaining plasma glucose homeostasis is vital for mammalian survival, but the masticatory function, which influences glucose regulation, has, to our knowledge, been overlooked. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In this study, we investigated the relationship between the glycemic response curve and chewing performance in a group of 8 individuals who consumed 80 g of apple. A device called "Chewing" utilizing electromyographic (EMG) technology quantitatively assesses chewing pattern, while glycemic response is analyzed using continuous glucose monitoring...
May 3, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38810531/temporal-trends-of-food-consumption-patterns-in-tuvalu-under-the-context-of-climate-change-community-based-behavior-and-attitude-survey-in-tuvalu-combat-since-2020
#8
REVIEW
Po-Jen Lin, Maria Soledad Hershey, Tai-Lin Irene Lee, Chih-Wei Shih, Selotia Tausi, Vine Sosene, Pauke P Maani, Malo Tupulaga, Yu-Tien Hsu, Chia-Rui Chang, Stephanie M Wu, José Francisco López-Gil, Lois I Tang, Shi-Chian Shiau, Yuan-Hung Lo, Chih-Fu Wei
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze temporal trends of food consumption patterns, attitudes, and health-related knowledge in Tuvalu, a small Pacific Island country facing the triple threat of obesity, climate change, and food insecurity. METHODS: Two waves of the COMmunity-based Behavior and Attitude (COMBAT) survey were conducted in 2020 and 2022. Descriptive characteristics of changes in obesity proportion, food intake, and sociodemographic factors were assessed...
May 3, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788511/take-the-bull-by-the-horns-and-tackle-the-potential-downsides-of-the-ketogenic-diet
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yiming Meng, Jing Sun, Guirong Zhang
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a distinctive dietary regimen known for its low-carbohydrate and high-fat composition. Recently, it has garnered considerable interest from the scientific community and the general population because of its claimed efficacy in facilitating weight reduction, improving the management of glucose levels, and raising overall energy levels. The core principle of the KD is the substantial decrease in carbohydrate consumption, which is subsequently substituted by ingesting nourishing fats...
May 2, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781749/phase-angle-a-robust-predictor-of-malnutrition-and-poor-prognosis-in-gastrointestinal-cancer
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiajun Yang, Hailun Xie, Lishuang Wei, Guotian Ruan, Heyang Zhang, Jinyu Shi, Hanping Shi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among phase angle (PA), malnutrition, and prognosis in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: In total, 870 patients with gastrointestinal cancer were enrolled. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between PA and survival risk. Restricted cubic spline regression was used for flexibility analysis to explore sex-specific associations between PA and survival...
April 27, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38810532/impact-of-body-composition-grip-strength-and-physical-performance-on-clinical-outcomes-for-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer-during-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Da Zhou, Junbo Zuo, Chenghao Zeng, Li Zhang, Xuejin Gao, Guoli Li, Xinying Wang
OBJECTIVE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) is critical in treating locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC). However, the effect of body composition, grip strength, and physical performance during neoadjuvant chemotherapy remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the impact of these factors on perioperative clinical outcomes in LAGC patients undergoing NC. METHODS: A total of 162 consecutive patients receiving NC at two centers were prospectively registered between June 2022 and September 2023...
April 24, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38797043/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-cutoff-points-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-low-muscle-mass-related-to-malnutrition-predicts-mortality
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Camila Saueressig, Bruna Cherubini Alves, Vivian Cristine Luft, Lucilene Rezende Anastácio, Bárbara Chaves Santos, Lívia Garcia Ferreira, Ana Luísa Ferreira Fonseca, Rosângela Passos de Jesus, Lucivalda Pereira Magalhães de Oliveira, Ramona Souza da Silva Baqueiro Boulhosa, André Castro Lyra, Fernando Gomes Romeiro, Dan Linetzky Waitzberg, Giliane Belarmino, Valesca Dall'Alba
OBJECTIVES: Muscle loss is one of the phenotypic criteria of malnutrition, is highly prevalent in patients with cirrhosis, and is associated with adverse outcomes. Mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) estimates the skeletal muscle mass and is especially helpful in cases of fluid overload. This study aimed to propose MAMC cutoff points for patients with cirrhosis and demonstrate its association with 1-year mortality. METHODS: This is an analysis of cohort databases from five reference centers in Brazil that included inpatients and outpatients with cirrhosis aged ≥18 y...
April 23, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788512/handgrip-strength-and-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-kidney-failure-patients-comparative-analysis-of-different-normalization-methods
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed E Suliman, Kakei Ryu, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Xiejia Li, Carla Maria Avesani, Peter Barany, Olof Heimbürger, Peter Stenvinkel, Bengt Lindholm
OBJECTIVES: Reduced handgrip strength (HGS) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. We analyzed and compared associations of HGS with mortality risk in dialysis patients, using different normalization methods of HGS. METHODS: HGS and clinical and laboratory parameters were measured in a cohort of 446 incident dialysis patients (median age 56 y, 62% men). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to compare different normalization methods of HGS as predictors of mortality: absolute HGS in kilograms; HGS normalized to height, weight, or body mass index; and HGS of a reference population of sex-matched controls (percentage of the mean HGS value [HGS%])...
April 17, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759340/dietary-inflammatory-potential-and-the-risk-of-nonfatal-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bangquan Liu, Xiyun Ren, Wenjing Tian
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, no evidence exists to link dietary inflammatory potential to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China. Furthermore, the precise mechanisms underlying the link between a pro-inflammatory diet and CVD remain incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary inflammatory potential and nonfatal CVD in the Chinese population and to explore the mediating role of insulin resistance. METHODS: A total of 4822 adults who participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) were included in this analysis...
April 15, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823252/sucralose-and-stevia-consumption-leads-to-intergenerational-alterations-in-body-weight-and-intestinal-expression-of-histone-deacetylase-3
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francisca Concha Celume, Francisco Pérez-Bravo, Martin Gotteland
OBJECTIVES: It is unclear whether parental consumption of non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) can affect subsequent generations. The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic parental consumption of sucralose and stevia in mice affects body weight gain and liver and intestinal expression of histone deacetylase 3 (Hdac3) in these animals and in the subsequent first filial (F1) and second filial (F2) generations. METHODS: Male and female mice (n = 47) were divided into three groups to receive water alone or supplemented with sucralose (0...
April 9, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759339/does-the-ratio-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-to-docosahexaenoic-acid-matter-in-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-their-effects-on-cachexia-related-inflammation
#16
REVIEW
Małgorzata Szlendak, Aleksandra Kapała
Chronic inflammation is a hallmark of cancer cachexia. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs): eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are known to contribute to the reduction of inflammation, preservation of lean body mass and total body weight, and reduction of cancer-related symptoms, such as anorexia or neuropathy. This systematic review aimed to assess whether the ratio of EPA to DHA used in supplementation in cancer patients matters in the context of the resolution of inflammation and reduction of the risk of cachexia...
April 7, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788341/longitudinal-associations-between-food-parenting-practices-and-dietary-intake-in-preschool-children-the-toybox-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Paloma Flores-Barrantes, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Iris Iglesia, Mai Jm ChinAPaw, Greet Cardon, Marieke De Craemer, Violeta Iotova, Natalya Usheva, Zbigniew Kułaga, Aneta Kotowska, Berthold Koletzko, Julia Birnbaum, Yannis Manios, Odysseas Androutsos, Luis A Moreno, E Leigh Gibson
INTRODUCTION: Food Parenting Practices (FPPs) include the practices parents use in the act of feeding their children, which may further influence their health. OBJECTIVES: To assess associations between changes in FPPs (permissiveness, food availability, guided choices, water encouragement, rules and limits and the use of food as reward) over 1 year and dietary intake (water, energy-dense/nutrient-poor and nutrient-dense foods) at follow-up in 4- to 6-year-old preschool-aged children...
April 6, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749229/impact-of-covid-19-restrictive-measures-during-lockdown-period-on-eating-disorders-an-umbrella-review
#18
REVIEW
Matteo Vavassori, Gabriele Donzelli
The COVID-19 pandemic has sparked or amplified many mental health problems. The aim of this study was to compile evidence from existing systematic reviews to provide an overall assessment of the impact of social restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic on people affected by eating disorders (EDs). PubMed and Scopus were searched up to August 16, 2023. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were selected using the PRISMA 2020 statement. The quality assessment of the included studies was conducted using the JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Systematic Reviews and Research Syntheses...
April 6, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38663128/effect-of-longitudinal-changes-of-cachexia-on-the-efficacy-and-toxicity-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-escc-patients
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haoqian Li, Butuo Li, Xiaoqing Wang, Huan Zhang, Chunni Wang, Bingjie Fan, Linlin Wang
PURPOSE: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have enhanced survival in advanced esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) patients, but their efficacy varies. Cachexia, characterized by muscle loss and significant weight loss, might influence ICI response. This study examines the relationship between cachexia's longitudinal changes and ICI outcomes in ESCC patients. METHODS: ESCC patients undergoing at least two ICI cycles from 2017 to 2021 were studied. Cachexia's baseline and evolving patterns during ICI treatment were observed...
April 5, 2024: Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38657418/the-importance-of-food-quality-gut-motility-and-microbiome-in-sibo-development-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Eliza Knez, Kornelia Kadac-Czapska, Małgorzata Grembecka
The prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is rising worldwide, particularly in nations with high rates of urbanization. Irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel illnesses, and nonspecific dysmotility are strongly linked to SIBO. Moreover, repeated antibiotic therapy promotes microorganisms' overgrowth through the development of antibiotic resistance. The primary cause of excessive fermentation in the small intestine is a malfunctioning gastrointestinal motor complex, which results in the gut's longer retention of food residues...
April 5, 2024: Nutrition
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