Alaa Al-Mohammad, Edward W Dyson, Vittorio M Russo, Antonino Russo
Spinal Ewing's Sarcoma is a rare tumour predominantly affecting children and adolescents. We describe the case of an 18-year-old male patient who first presented with a primary extradural cervical Ewing's sarcoma tumour, and 5 years later had a recurrence with thoracolumbar and lumbosacral intradural extramedullary Ewing's sarcoma tumours. Both presentations were successfully treated by surgical resection and adjuvant chemo- and radiotherapy, and he remains disease-free at 12 months follow-up. This is the first reported case of seeding of tumour from an extradural primary Ewing's sarcoma to intradural metastases...
September 18, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Christopher Akhunbay-Fudge, Oluwafikayo Fayeye, Edward Goacher, Su Lone Lim, Daniel O'Hara, John Goodden, Paul Chumas
BACKGROUND: Although resection of mesial temporal lobe lesions can be achieved with relatively low morbidity, resective surgery is not without risk. Whilst many lesions found in the anterior mesiotemporal lobe are low-grade entities, transforming and high-grade lesions have also been demonstrated. We investigate the feasibility of utilising serial quantitative volumetric imaging, to determine if a strategy of imaging surveillance can be safely employed for the management of radiologically diagnosed anterior mesial temporal low-grade tumours without a confirmed histological diagnosis...
September 13, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Aaron Lerch, Anthony Minh Tien Chau
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains with the use of post-operative subfascial drains for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, with limited guidelines and a paucity of conclusive evidence. Thus, the aim of this meta-analysis was to analyse and collate an evidence summary to determine the efficacy of such drains. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline (2002-2022.11), PubMed (2003-2022.11), Scopus (2002-2022.11), Cochrane Library (2015-2022.11) databases and reference lists of articles was conducted as per Cochrane systematic reviews standards...
September 12, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Bethan Williams, Giles Critchley
BACKGROUND: With an increasing elderly population, the number of neurosurgical patients aged 65 and over is rising. Ageing is closely related to multimorbidity and frailty, which are both recognised risk factors for postoperative complications and mortality. Comanagement by geriatricians and surgeons has been shown to reduce the length of admission and improve postoperative outcomes in orthopaedics, but evidence for this in neurosurgical patients is limited. AIMS: To evaluate the demographics of the elderly neurosurgical population, and determine if input by medical teams or completion of frailty scores impacts patient outcomes...
September 12, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Jeremi Chabros, Saeed Kayhanian, Ivan Timofeev, Angelos Kolias, Adel E Helmy, Fahim Anwar, Peter J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: The increased popularity of cycling is leading to an anticipated increase in cycling-related traffic accidents and a need to better understand the demographics and epidemiology of craniospinal injuries in this vulnerable road user group. This study aims to systematically investigate and characterise cycling-related head and spine injuries seen in the Major Trauma Centre for the Eastern region, which has the highest cycling rates in the UK. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing the incidence, patterns, and severity of head and spine injuries in pedal cyclists presenting to the Major Trauma Centre in Cambridge between January 2012 and December 2020...
September 12, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Ahmed Abougamil, Harishchandra L Srinivasan, Carlos E Fiandeiro, Robin D C Kumar, Steven Bibby, Thomas C Booth, Harutomo Hasegawa, Daniel C Walsh
PURPOSE: We report what we believe is the first application of robotically constrained image-guided surgery to approach a fistulous micro-arteriovenous malformation in a highly eloquent location. Drawing on institutional experience with a supervisory-control robotic system, a series of steps were devised to deliver a tubular retractor system to a deeply situated micro-arteriovenous malformation. The surgical footprint of this procedure was minimised along with the neurological morbidity...
August 31, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Aled Lester, Zoe James, Dmitri Sastin, Chirag Patel, Anthony Jesurasa, Paul Leach
OBJECTIVES: Transferring paediatric patients with suspected abusive head trauma (AHT) to paediatric neurosurgical centres, disrupts safeguarding investigations. Therefore, it is desirable that suspected AHTs are transferred only when clinically necessary. The aim of this study was to describe referral patterns of patients referred to a tertiary paediatric neurosurgical centre with suspected AHT, with the view of informing future transfer of AHT patients. DESIGN: A retrospective review was performed of all suspected AHT patients referred to the University Hospital of Wales between 2012 and 2021...
August 26, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
See Yung Phang, Cullen McCulloch, Christopher Barrett
OBJECTIVES: Surgical fusion through posterior instrumentation and pedicle screw placement is a long established method for stabilising traumatic spinal fractures. Post-surgical complications include infection and metal work failure, the most common aetiology of which is pedicle screw fracture. Metal work failure rates vary from 15% to 60%. Research relating to factors which predict metal work failure in post-traumatic thoracolumbar spinal fixation is lacking. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors for metalwork failure in patients who had posterior fixation for traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures...
August 22, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Luciano Mastronardi, Martin Sames, Alberto Campione, Petr Vachata, Carlo Giacobbo Scavo, Jiri Cee, Fabio Boccacci, Tomas Radovnicky
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to study the association between end-of-surgery facial nerve stimulation threshold and extent of tumor resection in case of grade IV vestibular schwannomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Grade IV VSs represent a surgical challenge as a risk/benefit ratio must be considered in balancing a satisfactory extent of resection against a good postoperative functional outcome. We reviewed a cumulative series of 57 patients with large/giant VSs who were operated on by retrosigmoid approach in the period from 2008 to 2018 in two European centers, namely San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy and Masaryk Hospital, Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic...
August 17, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Leanne Tan, Daniel Loh, Wayne Ming Quan Yap, Arun-Kumar Kaliya-Perumal, Ji Min Ling, Lester Lee, Colum Nolan, Jacob Yoong-Leong Oh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. PURPOSE: To determine the frequency and predictors of implant-related complications in adults after posterior cervical fusion. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Published literature on lumbosacral fusion suggest that implant-related complications are not uncommon. Although posterior cervical fusion is a common operation, data on frequency and predictors of implant-related complications after posterior cervical fusion is still scarce...
August 3, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Ram Kishan Nekkanti, Easwer Hariharan Venkat, Gowtham Matham, Akhilesh Gowda G B, Rajalakshmi Poyuran
INTRODUCTION: Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumours (AT/RT) are malignant CNS tumours predominantly seen in infants and children. Adult AT/RTs have a predilection for mid-line structures, such as the pineal and pituitary glands. We report a case of AT/RT in a young adult, with its origin from the third ventricle. This is the first documented case of adult AT/RT in the third ventricle. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old male presented with acute onset headache and vomiting...
July 26, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Hong Kyung Shin, Han Ga Wi Nam, Il Choi, Jin Hoon Park, Sung Woo Roh, Sang Ryong Jeon
BACKGROUND: In multilevel posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with posterior screw fixation, obtaining sufficient lumbar lordosis (LL) is difficult, especially in patients with osteoporosis. We performed intraoperative table modification (TM) using gravitational dropping of the patient's lumbar spine, to improve restoration of LL. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent three- or four-level PLIF between 2005 and 2019...
July 16, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Joseph Yoon, Ryan Goh, Craig Winter
The diagnosis of multiple cerebral aneurysms in patients with a spontaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage is not uncommon. The incidence of rupture from a second aneurysm, whilst the patient is recovering from a first bleed is however extremely rare. We report a 21-year-old female with a WFNS grade 1 subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to a ruptured 5mm right posterior communicating artery aneurysm which was secured with clipping. Sixteen days later, whilst an in-patient, she suffered a second SAH from a left anterior choroidal artery aneurysm which was subsequently coiled...
July 12, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Megan E H Still, Rachel S F Moor, Amanda N Stanton, Justin D Hilliard, Benjamin N Jacobs, Lance S Governale
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus treatment can be very challenging. While some hydrocephalic patients can be treated endoscopically, many will require ventricular shunting. Frequent shunt issues over a lifetime is not uncommon. Although most shunt malfunctions are of the ventricular catheter or valve, distal failures occur as well. A subset of patients will accumulate non-functioning distal drainage sites. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a 27-year-old male with developmental delay who was shunted perinatally for hydrocephalus from intraventricular hemorrhage of prematurity...
July 9, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Jack K Donohue, Zhishuo Wei, Hansen Deng, Ajay Niranjan, L Dade Lunsford
Background : Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare cancer of the respiratory system that rarely metastasizes to the brain. We report a case of sarcomatoid MPM (SMPM) managed with Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to achieve intracranial tumor control and improve neurological symptoms. Illustrative case : This 67-year-old female patient underwent SRS twice in order to treat a total of 15 brain metastases. One-month follow-up imaging after the first SRS demonstrated local tumor response and seven tumors with symptomatic vasogenic edema that responded to initial corticosteroids followed by bevacizumab...
July 9, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Maartje E Zonderland, Gudrun Gudmundsdottir, Niels Juul, Camilla Bjerregaard, Kim Schulz Larsen, Gorm von Oettingen
INTRODUCTION: This study addresses surgical scheduling within the Department of Neurosurgery at Aarhus University Hospital (AUH). The department provides neurosurgical care to a population of 1.3 million in central Denmark, and has treatment obligations for specific neurosurgical diseases for the entire country, which has a population of 5.8 million. Efficient utilisation of the department's four operating suites is crucial to ensure that patients have timely access to both non-elective and elective neurosurgical procedures...
July 5, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Mário Vicente Guimarães, Ana Luiza Costa Zaninotto, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Josué Andrade Martins, Jorge Maurício Bronze Batista Júnior, Natália Moreno Coelho de Sousa, Julia Souza E Costa, Feres Eduardo Aparecido Chaddad Neto, Wellingson Silva Paiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Andrew Brodbelt, Jake Timothy, Nicholas Haden, Joshi George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Mathew Kunnel Jomon, Joshua Pepper, Nigel O'Connor, Rupert Price
A 77-year old female with a history of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) was diagnosed with a spinal schwannoma that was managed conservatively over a decade. During this time, follow up imaging revealed this lesion had been growing and the patient had become symptomatic from it necessitating surgical decompression. However, the patient had been diagnosed with multiple myeloma and underwent treatment with Pomalidomide chemotherapy which delayed surgery for the spinal schwannoma. Further imaging of the spine revealed significant regression in the size of the spinal schwannoma...
August 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Hüseyin Berk Benek, Emrah Akcay, Hakan Yilmaz, Reyhan Yis, Alaattin Yurt
Nocardia brain abscess is an uncommon but potentially life threatening opportunistic infection that generally occurs in immunocompromised patients. Nocardia cyriacigeorgica is a recently described species rarely reported as a cause of human disease. Pemphigus vulgaris is managed with immunosuppression. There have been four prior reports of brain abscess caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica .
August 2023: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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