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Journals Korean Journal of Internal Med...

Korean Journal of Internal Medicine

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38867645/efficacy-comparison-of-high-genetic-barrier-nucleos-t-ide-analogues-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jaejun Lee, Ahlim Lee, Pil Soo Sung, Jeong Won Jang, Si Hyun Bae, Jong Young Choi, Seung Kew Yoon, Hyun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Four high-genetic barrier nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) for chronic hepatitis B (CHB), namely entecavir (ETV), tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), and besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV), have been established. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of four high-genetic barrier NAs using a network meta-analysis of randomized trials and propensity score-matched cohorts. METHODS: Systematic search was performed using PubMed, Cochrane library, and EMBASE and included randomized controlled trials and cohort studies that used propensity score matching...
June 13, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38867644/clinical-course-of-asymptomatic-duodenal-subepithelial-lesions
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seokin Kang, Kwangbeom Park, Do Hoon Kim, Yuri Kim, Hee Kyong Na, Jeong Hoon Lee, Ji Yong Ahn, Kee Wook Jung, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is limited knowledge regarding the management of duodenal subepithelial lesions (SELs) owing to a lack of understanding of their natural course. This study aimed to assess the natural course of asymptomatic duodenal SELs and provide management recommendations. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with duodenal SELs and followed up for a minimum of 6 months were retrospectively investigated. RESULTS: Among the 443,533 patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy between 2008 and 2020, duodenal SELs were identified in 0...
June 13, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38798047/drug-retention-of-biologic-and-targeted-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-korean-patients-with-seropositive-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bong-Woo Lee, Jennifer Jooha Lee, Wan-Uk Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term retention rates of biologic and targeted synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (b/tsDMARDs) in Korean patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: This study was conducted with 1,538 treatment courses of 1,063 patients, including adalimumab (n = 332), etanercept (n = 369), infliximab (n = 146), abatacept (n = 152), tocilizumab (n = 299), tofacitinib (n = 136), and baricitinib (n = 104), in patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis who started b/tsDMARD treatment between 2008 and 2020 at Seoul St...
May 27, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38798046/literature-review-of-non-pharmacological-treatment-for-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jina Yeo, Mi Ryoung Seo, Jun Won Park, Yeon-Ah Lee, Ju Ho Lee, Eun Ha Kang, Seon Mi Ji, Han Joo Baek
Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the sacroiliac joints and axial spine. Along with pharmacotherapy, non-pharmacological interventions for axSpA are crucial and constitute the cornerstone of treatment. Here, we review the evidence for non-pharmacological treatment of axSpA as a basis for the 2023 Korean treatment recommendations for patients with axSpA. The effectiveness of the core non-pharmacological approaches, such as education, smoking cessation, and exercise, has been reaffirmed...
May 27, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38798045/acute-pancreatitis-by-huge-gastric-phytobezoar
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dong-Ge Han, Yi-Xue Zhou, Wei Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38798044/bilateral-leg-pain-and-swelling-with-abnormal-imaging-findings-in-a-patient-with-voriconazole
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyeon Mu Jang, Hyeonwoo Kwon, Yunsuk Choi, Sung-Han Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38773943/a-case-of-esophagogastric-junctional-outlet-obstruction-caused-by-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin Ook Jang, Tae Un Kim, Hwaseong Ryu, Byung-Soo Park, Su Jin Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38742279/approaches-and-considerations-in-the-endoscopic-treatment-of-t1-colorectal-cancer
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yunho Jung
The detection of early colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing through the implementation of screening programs. This increased detection enhances the likelihood of minimally invasive surgery and significantly lowers the risk of recurrence, thereby improving patient survival and reducing mortality rates. T1 CRC, the earliest stage, is treated endoscopically in cases with a low risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). The advantages of endoscopic treatment compared with surgery include minimal invasiveness and limited tissue disruption, which reduce morbidity and mortality, preserve bowel function to avoid colectomy, accelerate recovery, and improve cost-effectiveness...
May 14, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38699800/screening-and-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation-using-wearable-devices
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yoon Jung Park, Myung Hwan Bae
In recent years, the development and use of various devices for the screening of atrial fibrillation (AF) have significantly increased. Such devices include 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), photoplethysmography systems, and single-lead ECG and ECG patches. This review outlines several studies that have focused on the feasibility and efficacy of such devices for AF screening, and summarizes the risks and benefits involved in the initiation of anticoagulant therapy after early detection of AF. We also describe several ongoing trials on unresolved issues associated with AF screening...
May 3, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38695105/artificial-intelligence-in-colonoscopy-from-detection-to-diagnosis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eun Sun Kim, Kwang-Sig Lee
This study reviews the recent progress of artificial intelligence for colonoscopy from detection to diagnosis. The source of data was 27 original studies in PubMed. The search terms were "colonoscopy" (title) and "deep learning" (abstract). The eligibility criteria were: (1) the dependent variable of gastrointestinal disease; (2) the interventions of deep learning for classification, detection and/or segmentation for colonoscopy; (3) the outcomes of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, area under the curve (AUC), precision, F1, intersection of union (IOU), Dice and/or inference frames per second (FPS); (3) the publication year of 2021 or later; (4) the publication language of English...
May 2, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680009/primary-peritoneal-carcinoma-presented-with-abdominal-pain-in-patient-with-kidney-transplantation
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eunmi Jo, Sang Heon Song
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38649160/principles-and-practices-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs-in-korea
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ki Tae Kwon, Shin-Woo Kim
This review addresses the escalating challenge posed by antibiotic resistance, highlighting its profound impact on global public health, including increased mortality rates and healthcare expenditures. The review focuses on the need to adopt the One Health approach to effectively manage antibiotic usage across human, animal, and environmental domains. Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) are considered as comprehensive strategies that encompass both core and supplementary initiatives aimed at enhancing prudent antibiotic use...
April 23, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38649159/impact-of-the-coronavirus-disease-2019-pandemic-on-the-incidence-of-other-infectious-diseases-in-the-hematology-hospital-in-korea
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seohee Oh, Yu-Sun Sung, Mihee Jang, Yong-Jin Kim, Hyun-Wook Park, Dukhee Nho, Dong-Gun Lee, Hyeon Woo Yim, Sung-Yeon Cho
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, hospitals have implemented infection control measures to minimize the spread of the virus within facilities. This study aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) and common respiratory virus (cRV) infections in hematology units. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients hospitalized in Catholic Hematology Hospital between 2019 and 2020...
April 23, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38649158/a-retrospective-study-on-the-efficacy-of-roxadustat-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-with-erythropoietin-hyporesponsiveness
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jie Liu, Shuang Li, Fan Yang, Tianyu Li, Rui Li, Yousuf Waheed, Chen Meng, Shulin Li, Kun Liu, Yanshan Tong, Haisheng Xu, Chuankuo Tian, Xinglei Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Roxadustat, an oral medication for treating renal anemia, is a hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor used for regulating iron metabolism and promoting erythropoiesis. To investigate the efficacy and safety of roxadustat in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) with erythropoietin hyporesponsiveness. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective study, 81 PD patients (with erythropoietin hyporesponsiveness) were divided into the roxadustat group (n = 61) and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) group (n = 20)...
April 23, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38638007/development-and-validation-of-novel-simple-prognostic-model-for-predicting-mortality-in-korean-intensive-care-units-using-national-insurance-claims-data
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ah Young Leem, Soyul Han, Kyung Soo Chung, Su Hwan Lee, Moo Suk Park, Bora Lee, Young Sam Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intensive care unit (ICU) quality is largely determined by the mortality rate. Therefore, we aimed to develop and validate a novel prognostic model for predicting mortality in Korean ICUs, using national insurance claims data. METHODS: Data were obtained from the health insurance claims database maintained by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of South Korea. From patients who underwent the third ICU adequacy evaluation, 42,489 cases were enrolled and randomly divided into the derivation and validation cohorts...
April 19, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38638006/a-patient-with-dyspnea-and-multiple-pulmonary-nodules
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jae Seok Jeong, Jun Hyung Park, Ji In Maeng, Myoung Ja Chung, Yong Chul Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632896/risk-factors-for-progressing-to-critical-illness-in-patients-with-hospital-acquired-covid-19
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kyung-Eui Lee, Jinwoo Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Hong Yeul Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Risk factors for progression to critical illness in hospital-acquired coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remain unknown. Here, we assessed the incidence and risk factors for progression to critical illness and determined their effects on clinical outcomes in patients with hospital-acquired COVID-19. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed patients admitted to the tertiary hospital between January 2020 and June 2022 with confirmed hospital-acquired COVID-19...
April 18, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632895/impact-of-an-expanded-reimbursement-policy-on-utilization-of-implantable-loop-recorders-in-patients-with-cryptogenic-stroke-in-korea
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hye Bin Gwag, Nak Gyeong Ko, Mihyeon Jin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The reimbursement policy for cryptogenic stroke (CS) was expanded in November 2018 from recurrent strokes to the first stroke episode. No reports have demonstrated whether this policy change has affected trends in implantable loop recorder (ILR) utilization. METHODS: We identified patients who received an ILR implant using the Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database between July 2016 and October 2021. Patients meeting all the following criteria were considered to have CS indication: 1) prior stroke history, 2) no previous history of atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF/AFL), and 3) no maintenance of oral anticoagulant for ≥4 weeks within a year before ILR implant...
April 18, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38590104/a-rare-case-of-esophageal-ulcer-esophageal-tuberculosis
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dong-Ge Han, Xiao-Xia Wang, Wei Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38576235/effectiveness-of-korean-red-ginseng-on-fatigue-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Soo-Kyung Cho, Yeo-Jin Song, Jung-Yong Han, Hye Won Kim, Eunwoo Nam, Yoon-Kyoung Sung
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) in managing fatigue in Korean patients with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to KRG (2 g/day, n = 60) or placebo (n = 60) groups for 12 weeks of blind phase and then open-label KRG from weeks 12 to 24 (placebo-KRG, continuous-KRG). The primary outcome was the improvement rate in fatigue, defined by an increase in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue scores at 12 weeks...
April 5, 2024: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
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