Xinlin Xu, Eyad Saleh, Margaret Rose Lacke, Jack J Jiang, Peiyun Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze vocal fold vibration onset in patients with adductor laryngeal dystonia (ADLD) by analyzing vocal vibration opening onset position (VVOOP). STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study SETTING: A voice center. METHODS: Eleven patients with ADLD diagnosed in our voice center were enrolled in the ADLD group. Eleven healthy subjects matched by exact age and gender to the ADLD patients were selected as the control group. All subjects underwent laryngeal high-speed video endoscopy...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Voice
Daisuke Inukai, Hiroki Yokoi, Shumpei Yamanaka, Hiromu Nakamura, Takashi Maruo, Tetsuya Ogawa, Kenichi Kondo, Yogaku Lee, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Yasushi Fujimoto
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Some people who practice singing on a daily basis may be able to produce a voice higher than the upper limit of the normal range (extra high voice), but there is much regarding the movement of the larynx that remains unknown. We have been conducting dynamic analysis of the larynx using multi-row detection computed tomography (MD-CT) at our university and report herein an analysis of the extra high voice. STUDY DESIGN: Observational. METHODS: Images of a normal male participant capable of extremely high-frequency speech (the highest speech range is C7 [2093 Hz] and the singing application range is up to B5 [988 Hz]) during speech were captured by MD-CT...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Voice
Ryoji Oguro, Kazuhiro Omura, Norihiko Uchio, Norie Imagawa, Tatsuya Kitamura, Hironori Takemoto, Nobuyoshi Otori
OBJECTIVES: Resonance properties of the nasal and sinus cavities are involved in the individuality of speech. However, detailed information on how alterations in the nasal cavity morphology affect voice quality is lacking. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of structural changes in the nasal cavity on voice production by spraying a topical adrenaline solution with a vasoconstrictive effect into the nasal cavity, causing nasal mucosal contraction. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Voice
Jorge A Diaz, Anand Balaji Rangarathnam, Angela Medina, Vindhya Devi Khare, Hélène R Fisher
INTRODUCTION: Goals of voice therapy and vocal pedagogy share similar principles and therefore, therapy approaches designed to improve the disordered voice may be equally effective when used to enhance healthy voice and vice versa. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of flow phonation voice exercises on vocal characteristics of students in undergraduate vocal music training programs and examine their potential use in vocal pedagogy. METHODS: A total of 10 cis females were recruited and were randomized into two groups: an experimental group (group 1, n = 6) receiving five sessions of flow phonation intervention across 5 weeks; and a control group (group 2, n = 4) that did not receive any direct intervention other than vocal hygiene education...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Voice
Lucia Longo, Lucia Libera Pipitone, Armando Cilfone, Luca Gobbi, Laura Mariani
PURPOSE: Reinke's edema (RE) is a pathological condition involving increased volume of the vocal folds and resulting in significant impact on speech, fundamental frequency, and vocal range. Literature reports few studies which analyze vocal features according to the severity of RE. The aims of this study were to investigate the aerodynamics, acoustic characteristics, and sound spectrograms of a group of RE patients and to assess whether there was any correlation with their endoscopic grading...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Voice
Defne Abur, Robert E Hillman, Cara E Stepp
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Behavioral voice therapy is the most common treatment for hyperfunctional voice disorders (HVDs) but has limited long-term effectiveness since the comprehensive mechanisms underlying HVDs remain unclear. Recent work has implicated disordered sensorimotor integration during speech in some speakers with HVDs and suggests that auditory processing is a key factor to consider in HVD assessment and therapy. The purpose of this case-series study was to assess whether current voice therapy approaches for HVDs resulted in improvements to auditory-motor function...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Voice
Srirangam Vijayakumar Narasimhan, Srikanth Reethushree
BACKGROUND: It is often considered appropriate to assess vocal fatigue using a self-reported tool or a subjective measure, as vocal fatigue is primarily described through self-reported symptoms. The vocal fatigue handicap questionnaire (VFHQ) is a self-rated questionnaire that addresses the concern of vocal fatigue in persons with voice disorders. Adapting and validating this questionnaire into the Kannada language can be helpful in assessing the physical, emotional, and functional effects of vocal fatigue among Kannada-speaking individuals...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Voice
Barbara Steffan, Tanja Grossmann, Magdalena Grill, Andrijana Kirsch, Andrea Groselj-Strele, Markus Gugatschka
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of short- and long-term cigarette smoke extract (CSE) stimulation on the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components and inflammatory cytokines in an in vitro model for studying Reinke's edema using human vocal fold fibroblasts (hVFF). STUDY DESIGN: Experimental pilot study using intervention with CSE in vitro. METHODS: Immortalized hVFF were pretreated with 5% CSE or control medium over a period of 2 or 8 weeks, followed by a final 3-day incubation time...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Voice
Andres F Llico, Savannah N Shanley, Aaron D Friedman, Leigh M Bamford, Rachel M Roberts, Victoria S McKenna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between temporal and spectral-based acoustic measures derived using Praat and custom smartphone algorithms across patients with a wide range of vocal pathologies. METHODS: Voice samples were collected from 56 adults (11 vocally healthy, 45 dysphonic, aged 18-80 years) performing three speech tasks: (a) sustained vowel, (b) maximum phonation, and (c) the second and third sentences of the Rainbow passage...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Voice
Daniel A Alfonso-Ying, Christine M Clark, Theresa Scognamiglio, Hal Rives, Lucian Sulica
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Cysts are benign vocal fold lesions typically divided into mucous retention or epidermoid subtypes. The conventional paradigm that the former are translucent and the latter opaque fails to encompass the heterogeneity of cyst appearance on laryngoscopy. This study aims to characterize the relationships between clinical cyst characteristics and histopathology. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort METHODS: Clinicodemographic data, videostroboscopy findings, and histopathology results were retrospectively reviewed for adults who underwent surgical excision of vocal fold cysts at our institution between 2006 and 2021...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Voice
Matthias Echternach, Jonas Kirsch, Fabian Burk, Louisa Traser, Bernhard Richter, Michael Burdumy, Marie Köberlein
INTRODUCTION: Vocal tract adjustments are important for resonatory modification of the voice and also with respect to interactions concerning the voice source production. It is not clear, however, how fast, separated notes (staccato) influence vocal tract adjustments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve professional singers (four sopranos, three mezzo-sopranos, three tenors, and two baritones/basses) were recorded with dynamic real-time 2D-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with 25 fps singing a scale in legato and different staccato speeds (60, 120, 180, and 240 bps)...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Voice
Petru Gurău
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of flexible endoscopic laryngeal surgery (FELS) using unconventional tools in the treatment of laryngeal papillomatosis (LP). METHODS: We applied FELS using forceps, diathermy snare, and Nd:YAG laser for 47 patients with LP. In 38 cases (81%), surgeries were performed under topical anesthesia with spontaneous respiration and in seven cases we used general anesthesia with superimposed high-frequency jet ventilation. In two cases, both types of anesthesia were used in different sessions...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Voice
Chetna Chopra, Edward Gracely, Ghiath Alnouri, Bridget Rose, Robert T Sataloff
BACKGROUND: Voice therapy generally is considered first-line treatment for dysphonia and vocal fold paresis. It requires a commitment of time, effort and resources; currently, there is no good indicator to identify which patients are good candidates for voice therapy. The Grit scale, developed by psychologist Angela Duckworth, provides a method to quantify perseverance and commitment to long-term goals. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the Grit scale score could correlate with patient adherence to voice therapy and outcomes, by which subjects with higher Grit scale scores demonstrate greater adherence and better outcomes...
September 5, 2023: Journal of Voice
Juliana K Litts, Sandeep Shelly, Kaila F J Harris, Catherine B Whiteside, Amanda I Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: Provide a mixed-methods update on clinical presentation of patients with upper airway dyspnea (UAD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, mixed-methods study. METHODS: Data were collected from 30 patients presenting to two tertiary ENT clinics with a chief complaint of dyspnea. Exclusionary criteria included abnormal structural laryngeal findings, uncontrolled pulmonary disorders, and medical conditions affecting breathing. Objective data collected included laryngeal exam findings, patient-reported outcome measures and symptom questionnaires, medications, and psychological diagnoses...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Voice
Keith A Chadwick, David Liao, Isaac L Alter, Rachel Coleman, Katerina Andreadis, Rebecca Riekki, Jack Waldman, Hal Rives, Mary Pitti, Anaïs Rameau
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no research reporting solely on outcomes of voice and communication modification training (VCMT) in individuals who identify as non-binary and genderqueer (NBGQ) in the English literature. This study aimed to describe the objective and subjective impact of VCMT on the voice of NBGQ individuals undergoing a 12-week gender-affirming VCMT program. METHODS: A retrospective consecutive case series of NBGQ individuals enrolled in a VCMT program was performed...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Voice
Bailey Balouch, Lauren E Melley, Heather Yeakel, Parastou Azadeh Ranjbar, Jane Tong, Daniel Eichorn, Ghiath Alnouri, Matthew Brennan, Quynh Tran, Robert T Sataloff
INTRODUCTION: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is one of the most common conditions encountered in otolaryngology. Gluten sensitivity may mimic the signs and symptoms of LPR or act as an aggravating cofactor with LPR. Gluten sensitivity and food intolerance also have been implicated as conditions that may be associated specifically with LPR symptoms and signs resistant to traditional medical treatment. Medical management of LPR may be insufficient to control symptoms and laryngeal signs of reflux, constituting resistant LPR...
September 2, 2023: Journal of Voice
Ana C Constantini, Vanessa V Ribeiro, Mara Behlau
The terminology and classification of voice disorders are complex topics. For this reason, developing a consensus in the scientific community regarding such a topic would bring a wide range of benefits to this field of study. The study is originally divided into parts A and B, and part A explored general propositions of voice disorder classification systems. Now, Part B of this study explores the classification of voice disorders in specific conditions and diagnoses. A scoping review was performed after an electronic and manual search, resulting in the inclusion of 20 studies in Part B...
September 2, 2023: Journal of Voice
Chin-Wen Chang, Sherry Fu, Yi-Hsuan Yu, Li-Chun Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of bi-weekly voice therapy (BWVT) with weekly voice therapy on perception, acoustics, and quality of life for individuals with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD). METHODS: Thirty participants with MTD were enrolled either BWVT (40 min/session, two sessions per week for 4 weeks) or weekly voice therapy (40 min/session, once a week for 8 weeks). Auditory perceptual ratings, acoustic parameters, and the Mandarin version of the voice-related quality of life questionnaire (MV-RQOL) scores were statistically analyzed before and after treatment...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Voice
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Jad Hosri, Patrick Abou Raji Feghali, Yara Yammine, Christophe Abi Zeid Daou, Christopher Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to review the current literature on the effect of hypovitaminosis D on voice. STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. METHODS: The literature search from electronic databases included PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar. Search terms included voice, voice quality, voice disorders, larynx, laryngology, acoustic analysis, vitamin D, calcitriol, cholecalciferol, vitamin D deficiency, and vitamin D insufficiency...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Voice
Dylan J Cooper, Seth E Kaplan
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory reaction to vocal fold injection laryngoplasty with hyaluronic acid (HA) is a rare condition whose optimal management is not established. In this study, we aim to review the presentation of these reactions and outline an approach for evaluation and management. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients at our institution who underwent vocal fold injection augmentation with HA during the period extending from August 2018 until October 2022...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Voice
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