journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324252/bayesian-decision-making-under-uncertainty-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mathi Manavalan, Xin Song, Tobias Nolte, Peter Fonagy, P Read Montague, Iris Vilares
Bayesian decision theory suggests that optimal decision-making should use and weigh prior beliefs with current information, according to their relative uncertainties. However, some characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients, such as fast, drastic changes in the overall perception of themselves and others, suggest they may be underrelying on priors. Here, we investigated if BPD patients have a general deficit in relying on or combining prior with current information. We analyzed this by having BPD patients ( n = 23) and healthy controls ( n = 18) perform a coin-catching sensorimotor task with varying levels of prior and current information uncertainty...
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324251/public-stigma-and-continuum-beliefs-across-personality-disorder-severity-levels
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Johannes Stricker, Laureen Hasenburg, Louisa Jakob, Tobias Weigl, Reinhard Pietrowsky
Stigmatizing attitudes toward persons with personality disorders are common. Preliminary evidence suggests that continuum beliefs (the view that presented symptoms lie on a continuum with normality) are associated with reduced personality disorder stigma. This study aimed to evaluate whether this association holds across the entire spectrum of personality disorder severity and whether greater personality disorder severity is linked to higher stigma. A general population sample ( N = 848) completed questions about a vignette depicting mild, moderate, or severe personality disorder severity...
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324250/a-state-wide-initiative-to-improve-health-system-responses-to-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-crisis-a-retrospective-audit
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dianna R Bartsch, Cathy McLeod Everitt, Jana Bednarz, Cathy Ludbrook, Paul Cammell
Gold Card SA is a four-session structured psychological intervention offered soon after an acute crisis presentation to people with symptoms characteristic of borderline personality disorder. This study describes individual and system-level outcomes from a large-scale health-care improvement initiative to implement Gold Card SA across South Australia. An uncontrolled pre-post study design was utilized examining service user ( n = 332) patient-reported outcome measures and hospital service utilization records (6 months before and after Gold Card SA)...
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324249/commentary-special-issue-on-interpersonal-trust
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peter Fonagy, Chloe Campbell, Elizabeth Allison, Patrick Luyten
This commentary reviews the Journal of Personality Disorders special issue "Interpersonal Trust and Borderline Personality Disorder: Insights From Clinical Practice and Research," published in Volume 37, Number 5, October 2023.
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324248/commentary-special-issue-on-interpersonal-trust
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John F Clarkin
This commentary reviews the Journal of Personality Disorders special issue "Interpersonal Trust and Borderline Personality Disorder: Insights From Clinical Practice and Research," published in Volume 37, Number 5, October 2023.
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324247/adverse-childhood-experiences-are-associated-with-personality-disorder-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rosalie Broekhof, Hans M Nordahl, Ingeborg Ulltveit-Moe Eikenæs, Sara G Selvik
There is a lack of studies that have prospectively examined adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in association with a personality disorder (PD). Data from a sample of 8,199 adolescents first assessed for ACEs were linked with subsequent data from the Norwegian Patient Register in order to obtain diagnoses of a PD in adulthood (after a 14-year follow-up). We used logistic regression analysis. Any type of ACE gave a 3.8-fold higher risk of developing a PD. Abuse, more specifically emotional abuse, came out as one of the strongest predictors...
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38324246/personality-disorder-symptoms-in-intermittent-explosive-disorder-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicole K Ciesinski, Deborah A G Drabick, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is characterized by recurrent reactive aggression. IED is associated with significant personality pathology that is suggestive of higher levels of general personality disorder (PD). However, little is known about how personality factors impact the severity and presentation of IED. The present study employed a latent class analysis to assess for distinct PD symptom classes within IED and to evaluate whether these classes differed in terms of severity and behavioral presentation...
February 2024: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038660/self-reported-gonadal-pubertal-timing-predicts-adolescent-borderline-personality-symptoms-two-extended-replications-with-prospective-and-cross-sectional-data
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kiran Boone, Diana J Whalen, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Katherine R Luking
The current study investigated the understudied relationship between pubertal timing and borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms in males and females. We conducted hierarchical linear regressions in a longitudinal Cohort 1 ( N = 117) and a cross-sectional Cohort 2 ( N = 127). Cohort 1: Pubertal timing was self-reported at age 10; BPD symptoms and covariates were assessed between ages 13 and 19. Cohort 2: All assessments were between ages 8 and 12. Covariates: race, age, internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and income-to-needs ratio...
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038659/social-and-occupational-functioning-in-individuals-with-bpd-a-systematic-review
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abhijatya Dhar, Phillipa Hay, Tanya Meade
This systematic review aimed to explore social and occupational functioning levels in individuals with BPD and whether this varies according to symptomatic status, age, or gender. A multi-database search was conducted for articles, and of the 1164 records identified, 19 were included in this review. Of the 15 studies reporting on social functioning, 13 indicated significant levels of impairment, and of the 14 studies reporting on global functioning, all indicated significant impairment across both clinical and in-remission populations...
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038658/loneliness-is-associated-with-lower-self-and-clinician-rated-levels-of-personality-functioning
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julia I Kunz, Anna Frey, Katja Bertsch, Barbara B Barton, Leonie Blei, Hannah M Schirle, Franziska Konvalin, Andrea Jobst, Richard Musil, Frank Padberg, Matthias A Reinhard
Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with interpersonal dysfunction, loneliness, and reduced social embeddedness. This study investigates loneliness and social network size in association with self- and clinician-rated personality functioning regarding the DSM-5's Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD). Eighty psychiatric inpatients including participants with and without PDs completed the Semi-structured Interview for Personality Functioning, the Level of Personality Functioning Scale - Brief Form, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, and the Social Network Index...
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038657/the-8-year-course-of-acute-physical-pain-reported-by-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-comparison-subjects-with-other-personality-disorders
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alma M Bitran, Christina M Temes, Tess C Gecha, Isabel V Glass, Frances R Frankenburg, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Mary C Zanarini
The present study examines the 8-year course of physical pain and its interference with functioning in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a comparison group of patients with other personality disorders (other-PD). Participants completed the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) at five assessments, each separated by 2 years. Results showed that across all 13 domains assessed, participants with BPD reported significantly higher levels of acute physical pain and its functional interference than other-PD comparison subjects...
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038656/predictors-of-effects-in-brief-psychiatric-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Loris Grandjean, Stéphane Kolly, Ueli Kramer
If evidence points to the equal efficacy of all bona fide treatments for borderline personality disorder (BPD) in general, it may not necessarily be true for a specific individual, nor do such general conclusions help in the triage of clients in clinical services. We investigated potential therapy outcome predictors for participants with a BPD diagnosis (N = 99). They were assessed on scales including the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2 (OQ-45), the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64, and the Borderline Symptom List...
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038655/specificity-of-insecure-attachment-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-in-psychiatric-inpatient-and-community-dwelling-adolescents
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Onyinyechi Obi-Obasi, Kiana Cano, Carla Sharp
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been conceptualized as a disorder of attachment. However, the specificity of attachment insecurity to BPD in adolescents remains unclear. In this study, an inpatient sample (n = 521), of which 173 (33.2%) met the criteria for BPD, and a control sample of community-dwelling adolescents (n = 294) ages 12-17 were compared on a self-report measure of attachment security. In addition, hierarchical regression analyses were carried out to examine the incremental contribution of BPD symptoms, over and above internalizing and externalizing symptoms, in predicting attachment security...
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38038654/author-index-to-volume-37-journal-of-personality-disorders
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37903026/interpersonal-trust-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-comparisons-with-healthy-and-psychiatric-controls
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carla Sharp, Amanda Venta, Veronica McLaren
The aim of the current study was to utilize a well-known trust versus lottery paradigm to evaluate interpersonal trust in adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The study included 126 healthy controls, 59 inpatient adolescents with a diagnosis of BPD, and 137 inpatient adolescents without BPD. Alongside diagnostic measures, a questionnaire-based measure for assessing trust beliefs was administered to probe group differences in trust beliefs and associations between game behavior and trust beliefs...
October 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37903025/evaluating-change-in-transference-interpersonal-functioning-and-trust-processes-in-the-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-single-case-study-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kevin B Meehan, Nicole M Cain, Michael J Roche, Eric A Fertuck, Julia F Sowislo, John F Clarkin
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is an empirically supported treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD) that improves functioning via targeting representations of self affectively relating to others, particularly as evoked in the therapeutic relationship. If change in TFP operates as theorized, then shifts in patterns of "self affectively relating to others" should be observed in the transference prior to shifts in daily relationships. Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), a patient with BPD rated daily interpersonal events for 2-week periods during 18 months of TFP; at 9 and 18 months these ratings included interactions with the therapist...
October 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37903024/trust-in-therapeutic-work-with-adolescents-with-and-without-personality-disorders-a-transference-focused-therapy-perspective
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karin Ensink, Lina Normandin
Trust is central to successful therapeutic work with adolescents, but establishing trust can be challenging, especially with adolescents with personality disorders. We present our understanding of trust in working with adolescents with and without personality disorders. We draw on complementary and overlapping perspectives, namely the attachment model, Kernberg's object relations model, and Fonagy's mentalization model. In Kernberg's object relations conceptualization, difficulties in trust experienced by patients with borderline personality disorders result from paranoia associated with splitting and identity diffusion...
October 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37903023/modulation-of-trust-in-borderline-personality-disorder-by-script-based-imaginal-exposure-to-betrayal
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rosa Shapiro-Thompson, Tanya V Shah, Caroline Yi, Nasir Jackson, Daniel Trujillo Diaz, Sarah K Fineberg
Interpersonal and trust-related difficulties are central features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In this study, we applied script-driven betrayal imagery to evoke mistrustful behavior in a social reinforcement learning task. In 21 BPD and 20 healthy control (HC) participants, we compared this approach to the standard confederate paradigm used in research studies. The script-driven imagery evoked a transient increase in negative affect and also decreased trusting behavior to a similar degree in both groups...
October 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37903022/accuracy-and-bias-in-facial-trustworthiness-appraisals-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Annemarie Miano, Sophia Lustig, Luca Meyerding, Sven Barnow
Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have shown a negativity bias, whereas the general population has shown a positivity bias in their trustworthiness appraisal of others. We tested if individuals with BPD are more negative but also more realistic with their appraisals. Trustworthiness was objectified on an external criterion. The influence of childhood trauma was investigated. Facial photographs of peace prize laureates and sentenced murderers were presented. Participants with BPD and healthy controls (HC) rated the trustworthiness of the targets...
October 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37903021/interpersonal-trust-and-borderline-personality-disorder-insights-from-clinical-practice-and-research-introduction
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eric A Fertuck, Emanuele Preti
Individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) show a pervasive sense that others cannot be trusted, are vulnerable to negative therapeutic reactions, and can oscillate between idealized and persecutory interactions with others. These trust processing impairments impact both the immediate and wider social milieu of individuals with BPD, including therapist-patient interactions. Recently, research started unraveling the social-cognitive mechanisms of these impairments in BPD. In this Special Issue, we attempt to close the gap between research findings and clinical theories on trust processing impairment in BPD...
October 2023: Journal of Personality Disorders
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