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Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804317/government-initiatives-for-better-oral-health-a-glimpse
#1
LETTER
Arpit Gupta, Vijay Prakash Mathur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804316/neonatal-molar-in-a-child-with-langerhan-cell-histiocytosis
#2
Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Sunil Kumar, Afsal Mm, Deepak Khandelwal
Teeth which erupt in the 1st month of postnatal life are known as "neonatal tooth." The incidence of these teeth ranges from 1:2000 to 1:3500 live births. Natal teeth are more common in mandibular central incisor region, followed by maxillary incisor region and mandibular canine region. The neonatal or natal teeth in the maxillary molar region are a rare occurrence. This article represents a rare case of the neonatal tooth with Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804315/long-term-management-of-an-ankylosed-young-permanent-incisor-replanted-within-2-h-of-avulsion-a-case-report-with-a-10-year-follow-up
#3
Tarun Walia, Neeta Chandwani
Tooth avulsion is a severe form of luxation injury that involves damage to both the pulp and the periodontal ligament. Avulsed teeth need to be replanted immediately in order to restore esthetics and function. Delayed replantation often results in ankylosis of the tooth which is a common sequela following avulsion injuries. An ankylosed tooth with a necrotic periodontal membrane does not move along with a growing alveolus leading to an arrest in height and width of the alveolar bone causing the tooth to be infraoccluded in a growing individual...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804314/retention-of-moisture-tolerant-fluoride-releasing-sealant-and-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-containing-sealant-in-6-9-year-old-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sachin Gowardhan Khatri, Kavita Ashok Madan, Samuel Raj Srinivasan, Shashidhar Acharya
Context: Pits and fissures of teeth have been recognized as the most susceptible areas for initiation of caries. The ability of the resin sealant to thoroughly fill pits, fissures, and/or morphological defects and remain completely intact and bonded to enamel surface is the primary basis for its caries prevention. Aim: The present study evaluated and compared the retention rates and development of caries in permanent molars of children sealed with amorphous calcium phosphate-containing (Aegis™) and moisture-tolerant fluoride-releasing (Embrace WetBond™) sealant over a period of 1 year...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804313/estimation-of-salivary-ph-and-viability-of-streptococcus-mutans-on-chewing-of-tulsi-leaves-in-children
#5
Nikita V Lolayekar, Sharmin S Kadkhodayan
Background: The current concepts of dental caries focus on cariogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans fermenting carbohydrates to form organic acids, which cause a drop in pH, resulting in demineralization of the tooth surface.[l] Studies show that Tulsi has broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity.[2] Hence, this study aimed at estimating the change in salivary pH and viability of S. mutans on chewing of Tulsi leaves, in children. Aims: This study aimed to estimate the change in salivary pH and viability of S...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804312/comparative-assessment-of-dentin-removal-following-hand-and-rotary-instrumentation-in-primary-molars-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#6
Prasad K Musale, Krutika R Jain, Sneha S Kothare
Objective: Pediatric endodontics has witnessed many advances in recent years, thus facilitating a faster and efficient treatment option in root canal therapy in children. This in vitro evaluation aims to determine the amount of dentin removal in primary mandibular first and second molars instrumented with hand and rotary files using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Method: Sixty primary mandibular molars were divided into two groups: Group I was prepared by manual instrumentation using K-type files and Group II was prepared with rotary instrumentation using 0...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804311/comparison-of-instrumentation-time-and-obturation-quality-between-hand-k-file-h-files-and-rotary-kedo-s-in-root-canal-treatment-of-primary-teeth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Veerale Panchal, Ganesh Jeevanandan, Emg Subramanian
Introduction: Pulpectomy has been a treatment of choice in all necrotic primary teeth. Advancing technology has brought the rotary system to reduce the manual dexterity and improve the quality of treatment for pulpectomy. Advancing technology in pediatric dentistry should be used for the better treatment protocol. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the obturation quality and instrumentation time after root canal instrumentation with rotary Kedo-S files, hand K-files, and H-files in primary molars...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804310/evaluation-of-streptococcus-mutans-serotypes-e-f-and-k-in-saliva-samples-of-6-12-year-old-school-children-before-and-after-a-short-term-daily-intake-of-the-probiotic-lozenge
#8
Muthukrishnan Kavitha, G S Prathima, Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Adimoulame Sanguida, G Ezhumalai, Venkatesan Ramesh
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the variations in the levels of Streptococcus mutans in saliva before and after short-term daily intake of the probiotic lozenge. To estimate the prevalence of S. mutans serotypes e, f, and k and its variations in salivary levels before and after short-term daily intake of the probiotic lozenge. Materials and Methods: This double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted among 60 children of 6-12 years old, who were given lozenge twice daily containing probiotic bacteria twice daily, one in the morning and another in the evening after brushing for 1 month...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804309/comparative-evaluation-of-biodentine-2-chlorhexidine-with-rmgic-and-calcium-hydroxide-as-indirect-pulp-capping-materials-in-primary-molars-an-in-vivo-study
#9
Kondala Rao Boddeda, Ch Radha Rani, Narsimha Rao V Vanga, Srinivas Kumar Chandrabhatla
Background: Indirect pulp therapy (IPT) is conventional treatment of deep dentinal carious lesions without risk of pulp exposure. Development of new biomaterials with biocompatibility and seal has changed the attitudes toward IPT. Aim/Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic success of biodentine, 2% chlorhexidine gluconate with resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC), and calcium hydroxide as indirect pulp-capping materials in primary molars over an observation period of 12 months...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804308/a-comparative-evaluation-of-fractural-strength-and-marginal-discrepancy-of-direct-composite-veneers-using-four-different-tooth-preparation-techniques-an-in-vitro-study
#10
Harleen Narula, Virinder Goyal, Kanika Gupta Verma, Purshottam Jasuja, Suruchi Juneja Sukhija, Ashish Kakkar
Background: The direct composite veneers follow the concept of no preparation or minimal preparation that has developed an appropriate enamel bonding procedure. The composite veneers can be easily repaired and thus they are economically favorable. The long-term clinical performance of direct composite veneers depends on a number of factors, with fracture resistance and marginal adaptation being one of the significance. Aim and Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the fractural strength and marginal discrepancy of direct composite veneers using four different tooth preparation techniques (window preparation, feather preparation, bevel preparation, and incisal overlap preparation)...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804307/antimicrobial-efficacy-of-nanosilver-and-chitosan-against-streptococcus-mutans-as-an-ingredient-of-toothpaste-formulation-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Faiyaz Ahmed, S T Prashanth, Kumari Sindhu, Amit Nayak, Sushmita Chaturvedi
Context: Dental caries is the most prevalent oral infection affecting the humankind worldwide, and Streptococcus mutans is the major microrganism involved in its pathology. Mechanical plaque control in children is not performed efficiently and thus necessitates the inclusion of certain antimicrobial agents in the toothpaste. Aim: To analyze the antibacterial efficacy of nanosilver, chitosan, and fluoride as an ingredient in the dentifrices against S. mutans strains and comparing them with each other...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804306/influence-of-plant-extracts-mixed-with-endodontic-sealers-on-the-growth-of-oral-pathogens-in-root-canal-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Sonali Saha, Gurpreet Dhinsa, Ujjala Ghoshal, Amrin Nayani Fatima Afzal Hussain, Soumyabrata Nag, Aarti Garg
Introduction: Microbes are considered as the primary etiological agents in endodontic diseases. Ways of reducing these agents are root canal debridement and antibacterial filling materials. One of the factors in determining the success of endodontic treatment previously was sealing root canals with materials possessing potent bactericidal effect. Due to cytotoxic reactions of sealers and their inability to eliminate bacteria completely from dentinal tubules, trend to use natural plants extracts have been introduced...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804305/an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-nickel-and-chromium-release-from-different-commercially-available-stainless-steel-crowns
#13
Evette Natasha Amanna, Sham S Bhat, Sundeep K Hegde
Aim: The aim of the present study was to estimate nickel and chromium release from commercially available stainless steel crowns (SSCs) in artificial saliva. Materials and Methods: Ten crowns from three manufacturers were immersed in 10 ml of artificial saliva and stored in separate tubes in an incubator at 37°C for 28 days. The crowns were removed from each tube on every 7th day, and placed in other tubes with fresh artificial saliva. Flame type atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to check for the release of metal ions in the solution inside each tube at the end of 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days and the control samples...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804304/assessment-of-intelligence-quotient-using-raven-s-coloured-progressive-matrices-among-school-children-of-hyderabad-karnataka-region-and-its-correlation-with-prevalence-of-dental-caries
#14
G Dhanu, Raghavendra Havale, S P Shrutha, Nafiya Quazi, T P Shafna, Awaiz Ahemd
Background: Intelligence is the ability of a mind to acquire knowledge and skills; gain for a fact; to take care of issues; to adjust to new circumstances; and one's ability for rationale, understanding, mindfulness, arranging, and imagination. In a general description, it is a capacity to recognize information and to employ it as knowledge toward a modified behavior within an environment. This thought helps children to maintain oral hygiene in a better way. Materials and Methods: The present research was undertaken on 240 schoolgoing children aged 7-11 years of government schools of Hyderabad-Karnataka region, in order to estimate the relation between intelligence quotient (IQ) of a child with dental caries...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804303/knowledge-and-attitude-of-pediatricians-toward-digit-sucking-habit-in-children
#15
Vinod Kumar, Veena Shivanna, Rajkumar Chowdary Kopuri
Background: Finger sucking and prolonged dummy sucking are the most prevalent oral habits among infants, toddlers, and children. Pediatricians are more likely to see infants and children much earlier than dentists. Thus, it is essential for these specialists to be aware of the harmful nature of digit sucking habit and its associated complications. Aims and Objectives: The present study was designed to evaluate the knowledge and attitude among pediatricians about digit sucking habit in children...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804302/dental-caries-experience-in-relation-to-body-mass-index-and-anthropometric-measurements-of-rural-children-of-nellore-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Veguru Prathyusha Reddy, V Chandrasekhara Reddy, R V S Krishna Kumar, K M Sudhir, G Srinivasulu, Athuluru Deepthi
Context: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries consists of multiple contributing factors. There have been no studies documented in the literature in this part of rural India assessing the prevalence of dental caries in relation to BMI. Hence, an attempt was made to study dental caries in relation to BMI and anthropometric measurements. Aims: The aims were to study dental caries experience in relation to BMI and anthropometric measurements of rural children in Nellore district...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804301/prevalence-of-pacifier-use-and-the-impact-of-maternal-education-and-regularity-of-dental-visits-on-the-age-of-pacifier-withdrawal
#17
Ateet Ashok Kakti, Ayat Salman Alabdullah, Abrar Alahmed, Zainab Alhowajji, Eman Alswailem, Hanan Alhassan
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pacifier use among Saudi children and analyze the effects of maternal education and dental visits on the age of pacifier withdrawal. Methods: The dental histories of mothers of 300 children with age group of 2-7 years were obtained along with their educational level, frequency of dental checkups, and age of pacifier withdrawal. Data were analyzed using the cross-tabulation and Chi-square tests. Results: Forty percent (n = 133) of the children used pacifier...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804300/knowledge-attitude-and-practical-behavior-of-parents-regarding-their-child-s-oral-health-in-new-delhi
#18
Gyanendra Kumar, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon, Ramanand Vignesh, Aditi Garg
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practical behavior of parents regarding their children's oral health in New Delhi. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 500 parents who reported in outpatient department in the Department of General Medicine at Maulana Azad Medical College and in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry at Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804299/child-oral-health-care-literacy-in-india-can-access-to-services-be-improved
#19
EDITORIAL
Sudhindra M Baliga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30324935/sequelae-of-delayed-replantation-of-maxillary-permanent-incisors-after-avulsion-a-case-series-with-24-month-follow-up-and-clinical-review
#20
Shaik Hasanuddin, J Sharada Reddy
Replantation of avulsed incisors in young children is a successful treatment modality. Almost all replanted teeth exhibit ankylosis followed by inflammatory or replacement resorption, as immediate replantation is practically rare. The purpose of the review is to report a series of cases of prolonged delay in replantation of avulsed incisors and discuss its sequelae, leading to different patterns of root resorption after a minimum follow-up period of 24 months. The present case series is a follow-up of five cases of delayed replantation (more than 24 h delay) without any root surface treatment...
October 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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