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Journals International Journal of Geria...

International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38629845/developmental-priming-of-early-cerebrovascular-ageing-implications-across-a-lifetime
#1
REVIEW
Helen B Stolp, Egle Solito
INTRODUCTION: Neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and stroke represent a substantial health burden to the world's ageing population. Cerebrovascular dysfunction is a key contributor to these conditions, affecting an individual's risk profile, age of onset, and severity of neurological disease. Recent data shows that early-life events, such as maternal health during pregnancy, birth weight and exposure to environmental toxins can 'prime' the vascular system for later changes...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622754/safety-profile-of-hypnotics-or-sedatives-on-community-dwelling-older-adults-aged-75-or-older-in-japan-a-retrospective-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nobuhiro Handa, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Seigo Mitsutake, Koki Ono, Masahiro Akishita
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to assess if daily use of hypnotics increases mortality, aspiration pneumonia and hip fracture among relatively healthy individuals aged 75 years or older who lead independent lives in the community. METHOD AND PATIENTS: Of the adults aged 75 years or older residing in Hokkaido prefecture of Japan (n = 705,538), those who did not meet several exclusion criteria were eligible for generating propensity score-matched cohorts (n = 214,723)...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613138/marijuana-use-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-population-based-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Natacha M De Genna, Erin Jacobsen, Mary Ganguli
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of population-level data on marijuana use and mental health and functioning in older adults. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data (n = 910) from a well-characterized cohort, the Monongahela-Youghiogheny Healthy Aging Team (MYHAT) study. MYHAT is an age-stratified random sample of the population age 65 years and older from a small-town in the USA. Half the sample was female and half were over 75 (Mean age = 77)...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613130/age-related-differences-in-the-impact-of-resilience-on-mental-health-outcomes-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-hong-kong
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauren Ka Shun Lei, Yi Nam Suen, Christy Lai Ming Hui, Sherry Kit Wa Chan, Edwin Ho Ming Lee, Wong Tak Hing Michael, Eric Yu Hai Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated changes in mental health in Hong Kong over two years and examined the role of resilience and age in mitigating the negative effects of public health emergencies, particularly the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Complete data of interest from two telephone surveys conducted in 2020 (n = 1182) and 2021 (n = 1108) were analysed. Participants self-reported depressive and anxiety symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire 4-item version (PHQ), psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) using three items from the Prodromal Questionnaire Brief (PQB), and resilience using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 2-item version (CD-RISC-2)...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563601/association-of-socioeconomic-status-and-poststroke-cognitive-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jingyuan Tian, Qiuyi Wang, Shuang Guo, Xiaoqing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors are at high risk of coping with cognitive problems after stroke. In recent decades, the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health-related outcomes has been a topic of considerable interest. Learning more about the potential impact of SES on poststroke cognitive dysfunction is of great importance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the association between SES and poststroke cognitive function by quantifying the effect sizes of the existing studies...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38558175/personality-traits-and-the-risk-of-urinary-incontinence-evidence-from-three-longitudinal-samples
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition with a substantial negative impact on older adults' quality of life. This study examines whether individual differences in behavioral, cognitive, and emotional traits assessed by the five major dimensions of personality are related to the risk of concurrent and incident UI. METHODS: Participants were older women and men (N > 26,000) from the Midlife in the United States Survey, the Health and Retirement Study, and the English Longitudinal Study of Aging...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38549234/revisiting-the-association-between-grandparenting-and-mental-health-in-china-new-evidence-from-the-harmonized-charls
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Youhua Wang, Chunhong Xiao, Di Wu, Yue Li
BACKGROUND: In the context of the global aging challenge, an increasing number of middle-aged and older adults (MAOAs) are engaging in grandparenting. However, the effect of grandparenting on the mental health of caregivers has shown inconsistent findings. To effectively promote healthy aging, it is imperative to adopt a comprehensive perspective and employ a rigorous approach to further investigate the relationship between these two social phenomena. METHODS: The data from the Harmonized China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study were analyzed, focusing on MAOAs with at least one grandchild...
April 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38526446/blood-biomarkers-in-dynamic-prediction-of-conversion-to-alzheimer-s-disease-an-application-of-joint-modeling
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manqiong Yuan, Shuli Lian, Xueru Li, Xianxian Long, Ya Fang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the accuracy of longitudinal trajectories of blood biomarkers for predicting future onset of AD among MCI participants as well as to demonstrate dynamic prediction of the individual conversion risk applying joint modeling. METHODS: A total of 446 participants with MCI at baseline from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database were included. We introduced joint modeling to analyze the effects of the longitudinal blood biomarkers on the conversion risk to AD, and further to build individual-specific prediction risk model...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38511929/bipolar-symptoms-somatic-burden-and-functioning-in-older-age-bipolar-disorder-a-replication-study-from-the-global-aging-geriatric-experiments-in-bipolar-disorder-database-gage-bd-project
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Martha Sajatovic, Soham Rej, Osvaldo P Almeida, Kursat Altinbas, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Izabela G Barbosa, Alexandra J M Beunders, Hilary P Blumberg, Farren B S Briggs, Annemiek Dols, Brent P Forester, Orestes V Forlenza, Ariel G Gildengers, Esther Jimenez, Federica Klaus, Beny Lafer, Benoit Mulsant, Benson Mwangi, Paula Villela Nunes, Andrew T Olagunju, Stephen Oluwaniyi, Melis Orhan, Regan E Patrick, Joaquim Radua, Tarek Rajji, Kaylee Sarna, Sigfried Schouws, Christian Simhandl, Harmehr Sekhon, Jair C Soares, Ashley N Sutherland, Antonio L Teixeira, Shangying Tsai, Sonia Vidal-Rubio, Eduard Vieta, Joy Yala, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTIVES: The Global Aging & Geriatric Experiments in Bipolar Disorder Database (GAGE-BD) project pools archival datasets on older age bipolar disorder (OABD). An initial Wave 1 (W1; n = 1369) analysis found both manic and depressive symptoms reduced among older patients. To replicate this finding, we gathered an independent Wave 2 (W2; n = 1232, mean ± standard deviation age 47.2 ± 13.5, 65% women, 49% aged over 50) dataset. DESIGN/METHODS: Using mixed models with random effects for cohort, we examined associations between BD symptoms, somatic burden and age and the contribution of these to functioning in W2 and the combined W1 + W2 sample (n = 2601)...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497928/sex-specific-neuropsychological-correlates-of-apathy-and-depression-across-neurodegenerative-disorders
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Kapustin, Shankar Tumati, Melissa Wong, Nathan Herrmann, Roger A Dixon, Dallas Seitz, Mark J Rapoport, Krista L Lanctôt
BACKGROUND: Apathy and depression are common neuropsychiatric symptoms across neurodegenerative disorders and are associated with impairment in several cognitive domains, yet little is known about the influence of sex on these relationships. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between these symptoms with neuropsychological performance across a combined cohort with mild or major neurodegenerative disorders, then evaluated the impact of sex. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a cohort analysis of participants in the COMPASS-ND study with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), vascular MCI, Alzheimer's disease, mixed dementia, Parkinson's disease, frontotemporal dementia, and cognitively unimpaired (CU) controls...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497900/association-between-hypertension-and-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-older-adults-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#11
LETTER
Huili Shen, Xuening Liu, Linna Wu, Jiahua Jia, Xueqin Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38491809/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-brain-morphology-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-cerebrovascular-disease-and-parkinson-disease-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Neda Rashidi-Ranjbar, Nathan W Churchill, Sandra E Black, Sanjeev Kumar, Maria C Tartaglia, Morris Freedman, Anthony Lang, Thomas D L Steeves, Richard H Swartz, Gustavo Saposnik, Dametrios Sahlas, Paula McLaughlin, Sean Symons, Stephen Strother, Bruce G Pollock, Tarek K Rajji, Miracle Ozzoude, Brian Tan, Stephen R Arnott, Robert Bartha, Michael Borrie, Mario Masellis, Stephen H Pasternak, Andrew Frank, Dallas Seitz, Zahinoor Ismail, David F Tang-Wai, Leanne K Casaubon, Jennifer Mandzia, Mandar Jog, Christopher J M Scott, Dar Dowlatshahi, Ayman Hassan, David Grimes, Connie Marras, Mojdeh Zamyadi, David G Munoz, Joel Ramirez, Courtney Berezuk, Melissa Holmes, Corinne E Fischer, Tom A Schweizer
OBJECTIVES: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) increase risk of developing dementia and are linked to various neurodegenerative conditions, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI due to Alzheimer's disease [AD]), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), and Parkinson's disease (PD). We explored the structural neural correlates of NPS cross-sectionally and longitudinally across various neurodegenerative diagnoses. METHODS: The study included individuals with MCI due to AD, (n = 74), CVD (n = 143), and PD (n = 137) at baseline, and at 2-years follow-up (MCI due to AD, n = 37, CVD n = 103, and PD n = 84)...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488836/sex-differences-in-cognitive-function-trajectories-and-their-determinants-in-older-adults-evidence-from-the-chinese-longitudinal-healthy-longevity-survey
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lihui Tu, Xiaozhen Lv, Changzheng Yuan, Hui Chen, Xin Yu, Huali Wang, Qinge Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To examine sex differences in the cognitive trajectories of a nationally representative sample of older people living in China and to explore potential determinants of these trajectories. METHODS: The study included 2230 women and 2171 men who were cognitively healthy and aged over 60 at the first observation from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey based on the 2008-2018 cohort. Cognitive function was measured using the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488826/the-tao-hong-si-wu-decoction-ameliorates-diabetes-associated-cognitive-dysfunction-by-inhibiting-the-formation-of-amyloid-plaques
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ming Cai, Zhen Chen, Mengling Zhang, Wenwen Xia, Wentao Dai, Mengdie Zhao, Ruonan Xie, Zhaojie Ji, Lan Han, Daiyin Peng
OBJECTIVES: The herbs in Tao Hong Si Wu Decoction (THSWD) are beneficial in the treatment of cognitive impairment. However, the underlying mechanisms of THSWD in treating diabetes-associated cognitive dysfunction (DACD) are not entirely explored. This study is aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of THSWD in DACD model rats and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Ultra-high-phase liquid chromatography was employed to identify the main compounds contained in the THSWD extract...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38470426/exploring-the-interplay-of-frailty-physical-function-physical-activity-nutritional-status-and-their-association-with-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults-with-the-frailty-phenotype
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cristina Casals, Juan Corral-Pérez, Laura Ávila-Cabeza-de-Vaca, Andrea González-Mariscal, Yolanda Carrión-Velasco, María Carmen Rodríguez-Martínez, Ana María Jiménez-Cebrián, María Ángeles Vázquez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the interplay between frailty, physical function, physical activity, nutritional status, and their impact on the quality of life and depressive status in older adults with frailty. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 235 pre-frail/frail older adults residing in Spanish communities was conducted. Frailty was assessed using Fried's criteria, physical function was evaluated using the Short Physical Performance Battery, and physical activity levels were measured via wrist-worn accelerometers...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38468424/longitudinal-association-of-spirituality-with-depressive-symptom-trajectories-among-older-adults-in-mainland-china
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xue Hu, Wanrui Ma, Yan Tong, Mengyun Xiong, Zhehao He, Qiuhui Lei, Harold G Koenig, Zhizhong Wang
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between spirituality and depressive symptoms among the Chinese elderly is not well known. The current study explores this relationship using longitudinal data and trajectory modeling of depressive symptoms. METHODS: A longitudinal study design was used to measure depressive symptoms repeatedly from 2012 to 2021 using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Group-based trajectory modeling analysis was conducted to determine the trajectories of depressive symptoms, and multiple logistic regression was used to explore the association between spirituality and depressive symptom trajectories...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38459700/can-personality-disorder-be-accurately-assessed-in-older-age-a-differential-item-functioning-analysis-of-icd-11-inventories
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gina Rossi, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Arjan C Videler, Carmen Diaz-Batanero
OBJECTIVES: The contested categorical personality disorder (PD) criteria are not well suited to inform PD diagnoses in older adults. Yet, the classification of PDs is undergoing a critical transition phase with a paradigm shift to a dimensional approach for diagnosing PDs. No special attention was given to the expression of PDs in older age when the dimensional ICD-11 model was developed. Given that PDs are highly prevalent in older adults, there is an urgent need to examine if ICD-11 related instruments are able to adequately assess for PDs in older adults...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38429957/variability-in-alzheimer-s-disease-mortality-from-european-vital-statistics-2012-2020
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marco Zuin, Gloria Brombo, Michele Polastri, Tommaso Romagnoli, Carlo Cervellati, Giovanni Zuliani
OBJECTIVE: Data regarding the trends in Alzheimer's disease (AD) mortality in the modern European Union (EU-27) member states are lacking. We assess the sex- and age-specific trends in AD mortality in the EU-27 member states between years 2012 and 2020. METHODS: Data on cause-specific deaths and population numbers by sex for each country of the EU-27 were retrieved through publicly available European Statistical Office (EUROSTAT) dataset from 2012 to 2020. AD-related deaths were ascertained when the ICD-10 code G30 was listed as the primary cause of death in the medical death certificate...
March 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38400786/long-term-effect-of-extreme-temperature-on-cognitive-function-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-china
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zirong Ye, Xueru Li, Haoxiang Lang, Jiawei Xin, Haibin Xu, Ya Fang
BACKGROUND: Several studies have explored the association between temperature and cognitive function. However, few studies have examined the effect of extreme temperature on cognitive function. In this study, we aimed to quantify the long-term effect of extreme temperature (e.g., heat waves, cold spells, and hot night excess (HNE)) on cognitive performance in middle-aged and older people in China. METHOD: We investigated 7915 aged >45 years people from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), surveyed in 2011 and 2015...
February 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38393311/sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-people-with-oldest-older-age-bipolar-disorder-in-a-global-sample-results-from-the-global-aging-and-geriatric-experiments-in-bipolar-disorder-project
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Peijun Chen, Martha Sajatovic, Farren B S Briggs, Benoit Mulsant, Annemiek A Dols, Ariel Gildengers, Joy Yala, Alexandra J M Beunders, Hilary P Blumberg, Soham Rej, Orestes V Forlenza, Esther Jimenez, Sigfried Schouws, Melis Orhan, Ashley N Sutherland, Eduard Vieta, Shangying Tsai, Kaylee Sarna, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTS: Studies of older age bipolar disorder (OABD) have mostly focused on "younger old" individuals. Little is known about the oldest OABD (OOABD) individuals aged ≥70 years old. The Global Aging and Geriatric Experiments in Bipolar Disorder (GAGE-BD) project provides an opportunity to evaluate the OOABD group to understand their characteristics compared to younger groups. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of the GAGE-BD database, an integrated, harmonized dataset from 19 international studies...
February 2024: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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