Anastasija Jemcov, Janine V Olthuis, Margo C Watt, Sherry H Stewart
Cognitive models of insomnia posit a role for anxiety sensitivity (AS) in sleep difficulties. While sleep disturbances have been linked to AS, particularly AS cognitive concerns, prior studies have rarely accounted for the correlated construct of depression. We used pre-treatment intervention trial data from 128 high AS, treatment-seeking adults with a DSM-5 diagnosis of an anxiety, depressive, or posttraumatic stress disorder to determine whether AS cognitive concerns and/or depression are independently associated with sleep impairment domains (e...
May 21, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Samantha N Hellberg, Chase DuBois, Nicholas S Myers, Carly Rodriguez, Megan Butcher, Heidi J Ojalehto, Bradley Riemann, Jonathan S Abramowitz
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with particular cognitive processes, such as beliefs about the importance of intrusive thoughts. The present study examined the explanatory power of guilt sensitivity to OCD symptom dimensions after controlling for well-established cognitive predictors. METHODS: 164 patients with OCD completed self-reported measures of OCD and depressive symptoms, obsessive beliefs, and guilt sensitivity. Bivariate correlations were examined, and latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to generate groups based on symptom severity scores...
May 19, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Bruno Messina Coimbra, Chris Maria Hoeboer, Mirjam van Zuiden, Rachel E Williamson, Ana Teresa D'Elia, Andrea Feijo Mello, Marcelo Feijo Mello, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Tonic immobility (TI) is a reflexive, involuntary response that causes motor inhibition, vocal suppression, and analgesia. TI is elicited by extreme fear and perception of entrapment in a life-threatening situation. Research suggests that TI is a frequent peritraumatic response and may be related to subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, findings are mixed and, as of yet, no systematic or meta-analytic review examining associations between TI and PTSD has been published...
May 19, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Felicia N Rosen, Lucas S LaFreniere
BACKGROUND: Intentional attempts to savor positive emotions may be infrequent in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) due to avoidance of emotional contrasts. Yet purposeful enjoyment may help reduce worry and increase wellbeing in GAD. We sought to explore 1) the frequency, intensity, and duration of positive emotions from savoring in GAD and 2) its effect on pre-existing worry. METHOD: The same 139 participants participated in two studies. They first took baseline measures...
May 12, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Julia Y Gorday, Joseph R Bardeen, Travis A Rogers, Natasha Benfer
Functional contextualist models of psychopathology suggest that psychological inflexibility and psychological flexibility are of central importance for understanding the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptomatology. To our knowledge, these two constructs and their domain-specific factors (e.g., cognitive fusion, experiential avoidance) have not been assessed in their entirety and examined in relation to PTS symptoms using a longitudinal study design. As such, the primary aim of the present study was to use cross-lagged panel analysis, an analytic approach that allows stronger causal inferences to be made regarding the nature of temporal relations among study variables, to determine the directional relations among PTS symptoms and psychological flexibility and inflexibility over an eight-month time period...
May 12, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
David Forbes, Amy B Adler, David Pedlar, Gordon J G Asmundson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Yaron Alon, Yair Bar-Haim, Chelsea Dyan Gober Dykan, Benjamin Suarez-Jimenez, Xi Zhu, Yuval Neria, Amit Lazarov
Amplified attention allocation to negative information in one's environment has been implicated in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Attention bias variability (ABV), the magnitude of attention fluctuation between negative and neutral cues, has also been found to be elevated in PTSD. While eye-tracking methodology has been used in research on attention allocation in PTSD, ABV was only explored using manual reaction-time-based indices. Thirty-seven participants with PTSD, 34 trauma-exposed healthy controls (TEHC), and 30 non-exposed healthy controls (HC) completed an eye-tracking free-viewing task in which matrices comprised of neutral and negatively-valenced faces were presented...
April 25, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Peter G van der Velden, Carlo Contino, Ruud Muffels, Mara S Verheijen, Marcel Das
Potentially traumatic events (PTEs) are associated with a higher risk of mental health problems and a lack of emotional support. The extent to which pre- and/or post-trauma financial problems further increase this risk, while controlling for pre-trauma mental health problems and lack of support and compared to nonvictims, is largely unknown. To better understand this risk, data was extracted from four surveys of VICTIMS study using the Dutch population-based longitudinal LISS-panel. Multivariate logistic regression analyses (MLRA) showed that nonvictims (nnonvictims total =5003) with persistent financial problems (present at T1 and present at T2 one year later) more often suffered from severe anxiety and depression symptoms (ADS; Adjusted OR (aOR)= 1...
April 24, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Hyunsik Kim, Michael G Wheaton, Edna B Foa, H Blair Simpson
Exposure and response prevention (EX/RP) is a recommended psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Yet, not all patients benefit equally from EX/RP. Prior studies have examined EX/RP predictors by predicting endpoint symptoms and/or pre-post symptom change, rather than accounting for trajectories of symptom change across treatment. We pooled data from four NIMH-funded clinical trials, yielding a large sample (N = 334) of adults who received a standard course of manualized EX/RP. Independent evaluators rated OCD severity using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS)...
April 7, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Mark A Whisman, Taylor Collazos
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common psychiatric disorder that is associated with high levels of distress and impairment. The present study was conducted to examine the 10-year longitudinal associations between marital dissolution, three measures of marital quality, and GAD among married participants from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) survey, a probability sample of American adults aged 24-74 years. Results indicated that GAD at baseline was significantly and positively associated with incidence of marital dissolution during the 10-year follow-up and marital strain (i...
April 7, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Rachel de Jong, Annemieke Hofs, Miriam J J Lommen, Wiljo J P J van Hout, Peter J De Jong, Maaike H Nauta
INTRODUCTION: Exposure may be especially effective when within exercises, there is a strong violation of threat expectancies and much opportunity for fear reduction. Outcomes of exposure may therefore improve when exposure is conducted in large steps (LargeSE) relative to small steps (SmallSE). METHODS: Children and young people with a specific phobia (SP) (N = 50, age 8-17, 64 % girls) participated in a preregistered single-blind, randomized controlled microtrial comparing LargeSE and SmallSE in a four-week baseline-treatment design...
April 6, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Norman B Schmidt, Daniel Capron, Amanda M Raines, Brian Albanese, Nicole Short, Brittany M Mathes, Danielle M Morabito, Kevin Saulnier, Nicholas Allan
Despite their brevity, prior work indicates that computer-based interventions can substantially impact risk factors for psychopathology including anxiety sensitivity (AS), thwarted belongingness (TB), and perceived burdensomeness (PB). However, very few studies have assessed the long-term (> 1 year) effects of these interventions. The primary aim of the current study was to evaluate post-hoc, the long-term (3 year) durability of brief interventions targeting risk factors for anxiety and mood psychopathology using data from a pre-registered randomized clinical trial...
April 3, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
R A De Kleine, M H M Hutschemaekers, G J Hendriks, M Kampman, S Papalini, A Van Minnen, B Vervliet
Anxiety-related disorders are characterized by high levels of avoidance, but experimental research into avoidance learning in patients is scarce. To fill this gap, we compared healthy controls (HC, n = 47) with patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD, n = 33), panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA, n = 40), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, n = 66) in a computer-based avoidance learning task, in order to examine (1) differences in rates of avoidance responses, (2) differences in action-safety learning during avoidance, and (3) differences in subjective relief following successful avoidance...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Sarah E Woronko, Sarah C Jessup, Thomas Armstrong, Alexander L Anwyl-Irvine, Edwin S Dalmaijer, Bunmi O Olatunji
Although attentional bias for threat has been implicated in anxiety disorders, traditional attentional bias measures have been criticized for lack of reliability and validity, and eye tracking technologies can be cost-prohibitive. MouseView.js was recently developed to mimic eye tracking online by using the computer cursor as a proxy for gaze, and although it is equally reliable, MouseView.js' utility for capturing attentional bias for threat in anxiety-related disorders remains unclear. To fill this knowledge gap, snake phobic and non-phobic participants (N = 62) completed a behavioral avoidance task (BAT) and the MouseView...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Sandra J Llera, Michelle G Newman
BACKGROUND: This study examined the incremental validity of the Contrast Avoidance Model (CAM) in predicting generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms when compared against well-established constructs in the GAD literature: intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and negative problem orientation (NPO). METHOD: In this study, 185 students (108 of whom endorsed clinical levels of GAD symptoms) completed questionnaires to assess for all constructs. GAD symptoms were regressed on measures of contrast avoidance (CA; Contrast Avoidance-General Emotion and Contrast Avoidance-Worry Questionnaires; Llera & Newman, 2017) tendencies in addition to measures of IU and NPO in separate analyses...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Ursula R Silverstone, Pasquale Roberge, Martin D Provencher, Peter J Norton
Sudden gains, incidences of unexpectedly large and stable session to session symptom reductions during psychotherapy, have been shown in samples of individuals receiving treatment for both anxiety and depressive disorders, although seemingly more frequently in sample receiving treatment for depressive disorders. This may suggest that sudden gains are a function of depression, but the high comorbidity between anxiety and depressive disorders makes this difficult to assess. Study One utilised a sample of 117 adults undergoing CBT for a principal anxiety disorder to explore the effect of comorbid depression on sudden gain prevalence...
March 11, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Lucy A Matson, Ella K Moeck, Melanie K T Takarangi
Disgust reactions commonly occur during/following trauma and predict posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms. Yet, disgust is not mentioned in DSM-5 PTSD criteria. To investigate disgust's clinical significance in PTSD, we measured the relationship between disgust (and fear) reactions to a personal trauma, and problematic intrusion characteristics (e.g., distress) and intrusion symptom severity. We focused on intrusions because they are a transdiagnostic PTSD symptom, though we also measured overall PTS symptoms to replicate prior work...
April 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Seung Yeon Baik, Michelle G Newman
The contrast avoidance model (CAM) suggests that individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are sensitive to a sharp increase in negative and/or decrease in positive affect. They thus worry to increase negative emotion to avoid negative emotional contrasts (NECs). However, no prior naturalistic study has examined reactivity to negative events, or ongoing sensitivity to NECs, or the application of CAM to rumination. We used ecological momentary assessment to examine effects of worry and rumination on negative and positive emotion before and after negative events and intentional use of repetitive thinking to avoid NECs...
April 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
David C Rozek, Victoria L Steigerwald, Shelby N Baker, Georgina Gross, Kelly P Maieritsch, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Noelle B Smith
OBJECTIVE: Veterans seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly report general and veteran-specific barriers to treatment such as stigma and challenges with navigating the Veterans Health Affairs (VHA) system. This study aimed to characterize barriers endorsed by a national sample of veterans seeking care in VHA PTSD specialty outpatient clinics, as well as to examine the impact of demographics on endorsed barriers. METHODS: This study included 17,069 veterans referred to PTSD specialty outpatient clinics in the VHA during Fiscal Year 2019...
April 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Sara Scheveneels, Nele De Witte, Tom Van Daele
Phobic individuals are often reluctant to engage in exposure in vivo (IVE). We examined whether providing exposure in virtual reality (VRE) can increase the acceptability. In Study 1, we provided 186 fearful participants with (hypothetical) VRE and IVE treatment offers and examined their willingness to engage in treatment, estimated success, negative beliefs, acceptance/refusal and their preference. Almost 70 % preferred VRE over IVE and acceptance rates were higher for the VRE offer (58 %) than for IVE (35 %)...
March 2, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.